1200-1216-Magna Carta

Battle of Mirebeau

On 01 Aug 1202 John "Lackland" I King England defeated the army of his nephew Arthur Plantagenet 3rd Duke Brittany and Hugh Lusignan X Count Lusignan, V Count La Marche which was besieging John's mother Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England at Mirebeau Castle, Mirebeau. John "Lackland" I King England took Arthur Plantagenet 3rd Duke Brittany 's army by surprise capturing most. Arthur Plantagenet 3rd Duke Brittany and, probably, his sister Eleanor Plantagenet, both of whom arguably had better claims to the throne than John "Lackland" I King England were captured. .

Death of Eleanor of Aquitaine

On 01 Apr 1204 Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England died at Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon. .

Battle of Damme

On 30 May 1213 William "Longsword" Longespée 3rd Earl Salisbury accidentally encountered a large French fleet. The French crews were mostly ashore. The English captured around 300 ships at anchor, burning a further 100 ships. The battle resulted in a period of peace in England with France being unable to invade, as well as generating significant wealth for England. .

Battle of Bouvines

On 27 Jul 1214 the last battle of the Anglo-French War of 1213-1214. Philip Augustus II King France 's army defeated the combined forces of England, Flanders and the Holy Roman Empire. Thomas St Valery fought at Bouvines during the Battle of Bouvines.

Magna Carta

On 15 Jun 1215 John "Lackland" I King England met with his Baron's at Runnymede where he agreed to the terms of the Magna Carta which attempted to reduce the King's authority through political reform. Those who signed as surety included:
Roger Bigod 2nd Earl Norfolk,
his son Hugh Bigod 3rd Earl Norfolk,
Henry Bohun 1st Earl Hereford,
Richard Clare 3rd Earl Hertford,
his son Gilbert Clare 5th Earl Gloucester, 4th Earl Hertford,
William "The Younger" Marshal 2nd Earl Pembroke, !.

William Mowbray 6th Baron Thirsk, 4th Baron Mowbray,
Saer Quincy 1st Earl Winchester,
Robert Ros, Richard Percy 5th Baron Percy Topcliffe,
Robert Vere 3rd Earl Oxford, !
Eustace Vesci,
John Fitzrobert Baron Warkworth,
John Lacy 8th Baron Bowland, 8th Baron Halton, 7th Baron Lacy,
William Dalbini, Geoffrey Mandeville 2nd Earl Essex,
Robert Fitzwalter,
William Forz 3rd Earl Albermarle aka Aumale,
William Hardell Lord Mayor,
William Huntingfield,
William Llanvallei,
William Malet 1st Baron Curry Mallet,
Roger Montbegon, Richard Montfichet,
Geoffrey Saye signed as surety the Magna Carta.
Ranulf de Blondeville Gernon 6th Earl Chester, 1st Earl Lincoln witnessed.

Death of King John

On 19 Oct 1216 John "Lackland" I King England died at Newark Castle. . John Monmouth was present. On his deathbed, John appointed a council of thirteen executors to help Henry reclaim the kingdom and requested that his son be placed into the guardianship of William Marshal.