1260-1269-Second Baron's War
Battle of Northampton
On 06 Apr 1264 the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England, Philip Marmion 5th Baron Marmion and Roger Leybourne fought for the King at Northampton Castle during the Battle of Northampton. Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester fought for the rebels with his son Simon "Younger" Montfort who was captured.
On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future Edward IV King England and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury, George Neville Archbishop York, William Neville 1st Earl Kent, Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent, Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton defeated the Lancastrian army at the Battle of Northampton. Henry VI King England, II King France was captured. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham, John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury, 2nd Earl Waterford, Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont and John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont were killed. Thomas Tresham fought. William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont and William Norreys were knighted. Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland was executed following the battle. .
Battle of Lewes
On 14 May 1264 the army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester including Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford, Henry Hastings and Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave defeated the army of Henry III King England during the Battle of Lewes at Lewes. Henry III King England, his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England, Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex, Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall, John "Red Comyn" Comyn 1st Lord Baddenoch, Philip Marmion 5th Baron Marmion and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield were captured. John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey, John Balliol, Robert Bruce 5th Lord Annadale, Roger Leybourne and William Valence 1st Earl Pembroke fought for the King. Guy Lusignan was killed. Fulk IV Fitzwarin drowned. Walter Cantilupe Bishop Worcester was present and blessed the Montfort army before the battle.
Prince Edward's Escape from Kenilworth Castle
Battle of Evesham
On 03 Aug 1265 Walter Cantilupe Bishop Worcester had dinner with Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester. .
Simon Beauchamp, Ralph Basset 1st Baron Basset Drayton, William Devereux, Hugh Troyes, Richard Trussel, Peter Montfort, William Mandeville, William Crepping, William Birmingham, Guy Balliol and Thomas Astley were killed. Henry Hastings, Humphrey Bohun, Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave, John Vesci, John Fitzjohn and Guy Montfort Count Nola were captured. .
Battle of Chesterfield
On 15 May 1266 Henry "Almain" Cornwall and John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey fought for the King at Chesterfield during the Battle of Chesterfield. Henry Hastings, John Clinton, Roger Mandeville, John Eyvil, Baldwin Wake all fought on the rebel side. The rebel Robert Ferrers 6th Earl Derby was captured.
Dictum of Kenilworth
On 31 Oct 1266 the Dictum of Kenilworth was issued. The Dictum was a peace agreement between Henry III King England and the rebels who were besieged in the impregnable Kenilworth Castle. The committee included:
Walter Branscombe Bishop Exeter
Walter Giffard Archbishop York
Nicholas Ely Bishop Worcester, Bishop Winchester
Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, 7th Earl Hertford
Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex
Roger Somery 2nd Baron Dudley, and
Robert Ferrers 6th Earl Derby and Henry Hastings were fined seven times their annual income. The Dictum, however, required the rebels to pay their fines before being restored to their lands; something of a Catch-22 since if they weren't restored to their lands, they would have no income to pay the fine.
Surrender of Kenilworth
On 12 Sep 1266 the garrison at Kenilworth Castle surrendered. .
Statute of Marlborough