1300-1309-Scottish Succession

Siege of Caerlaverock Castle

In Jul 1300 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford, Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon, Simon Fraser, John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster and Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu fought at Caerlaverock during the Siege of Caerlaverock Castle.

Baron's Letter to the Pope

Battle of Roslin

On 24 Feb 1303 at Roslin a Scottish force commanded by Simon Fraser and John Comyn 3rd Lord Baddenoch ambushed the English army led by John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave who was captured and subsequently released. .

Battle of the Golden Spurs aka Courtrai

On 11 Jul 1302 the army of Flanders unexpectedly defeated the army of France at Kortrijk during the Battle of the Golden Spurs aka Courtrai. Robert Artois II Count Artois, Raoul Clermont, Raoul Nesle and Godfrey Reginar were killed.

Ambush at Melrose Abbey

In May 1303 John Comyn 3rd Lord Baddenoch ambushed the English army who were camped at Melrose Abbey, Melrose. Thomas Grey was captured. Most of his comrades were killed. .

Battle of Happrew

Around 20 Feb 1304 a chevauchée of English knights including Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford, William Latimer 2nd Baron Latimer Corby, John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster, John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave and the future Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland attempted, unsuccessfully, to capture Simon Fraser and William Wallace at Happrew, Peebles during the Battle of Happrew.

Siege of Stirling Castle

In Apr 1304 Thomas Grey fought under Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan at Stirling Castle, Stirling during the Siege of Stirling Castle.

Capture of William Wallace

On 05 Aug 1305 William Wallace was handed over to the English forces by John Menteith at Robroyston, Glasgow. .

Execution of William Wallace

On 23 Aug 1305 William Wallace hanged at Elms. His head being displayed on London Bridge. .

Robert "The Bruce" murders John "Red Comyn"

On 10 Feb 1305 John Comyn 3rd Lord Baddenoch was murdered by Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland before the High Altar at Greyfriars Monastery Chapel, Greyfriars Monastery, Dumfries. Robert Comyn, John's uncle, was killed by Christopher Seton. Christopher's brother John Seton was also preset.
Murder, in a church, in front of the altar, regarded as a terrible crime. The act gave Edward "Longshanks" I King England just cause to invade Scotland. .

Coronation of Robert the Bruce

On 26 Mar 1306 Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland was crowned I King Scotland: Bruce at Scone Abbey, Scone during the Coronation of Robert the Bruce. Christopher Seton was present.

Battle of Methven

On 19 Jun 1306 the forces of Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke including Robert Pierrepoint ambushed and routed the Scottish army of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland including Simon Fraser, Christopher Seton and John Strathbogie 9th Earl Atholl at Methven during the Battle of Methven. John Strathbogie 9th Earl Atholl was captured as well as many others.

Death of Edward I

On 07 Jul 1307 Edward "Longshanks" I King England died at Burgh by Sands whilst on his way north to Scotland. Edward "Longshanks" I King England gathered around him Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln, Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford and charged them with looking after his son in particular ensuring Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall didn't return from exile. .

Return of Piers Gaveston

On 06 Aug 1307 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall was appointed 1st Earl Cornwall (5C 1307) by Edward II King England to the shock of the nobility; Earl Cornwall usually reserved for the heir. The earldom gave Gaveston substantial landholdings over great parts of England, to the value of £4,000 a year. These possessions consisted of most of Cornwall, as well as parts of Devonshire in the south-west, land in Berkshire and Oxfordshire centred on the honour of Wallingford, most of the eastern part of Lincolnshire, and the honour of Knaresborough in Yorkshire, with the territories that belonged to it. .

Marriage of Piers Gaveston and Margaret de Clare

On 02 Nov 1307 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall and Margaret Clare Countess Gloucester were married. Arranged by Edward II King England. Margaret Clare Countess Gloucester grand-daughter of Edward I through his daughter Joan and, as such, significantly higher than Gaveston in the nobility. .

Tournament at Wallingford

On 02 Dec 1307 Edward II King England held a tournament to celebrate Piers Gaveston's recent wedding. Gaveston took the opportunity to humiliate the older nobility including John Warenne 7th Earl Surrey, Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex and Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel further increasing his unpopularity. .

Marriage of King Edward II and Isabella of France

Boulogne Agreement

On 31 Jan 1308 a group of England's leading nobles signed the Boulogne Agreement that attempted to curtail King Edward's rule. The signatories included Antony Bek, Bishop of Durham and Patriarch of Jerusalem, John Warenne 7th Earl Surrey, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke, Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury and Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick.

On 31 Jan 1308 Edward II King England signed the Boulogne Agreement.

Coronation of Edward II and Isabella

08 Feb 1308 Close Rolls Edward II. Edward II King England. Dover. To William Leyburne. Order to attend the king's coronation with his wife on Sunday next after the feat of St Valentine [14 Feb].
The like to seventy others in various counties.

On 25 Feb 1308 Edward II King England was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Henry Woodlock, Bishop Winchester. Isabella Capet Queen Consort England was crowned as Queen Consort England. .
Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall carried the Royal Crown.
William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal carried the Gilt Spurs.
Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex carried the Royal Sceptre.
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster carried the Royal Rod.
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln carried the sword Curtana (the sword of Edward the Confessor).
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March carried the table bearing the Royal Robes.
Thomas Grey and Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter attended.

de Clare and de Bugh Double Marriage