Declaration of Arbroath
On 06 Apr 1320 fifty-one Scottish magnates signed a letter to Pope John XXII declaring Scotland to be an independent sovereign state. The signatories included Malcolm Lennox 2nd Earl Lennox. .
Siege of Leeds Castle
In Oct 1321 Isabella Capet Queen Consort England was returning from Canterbury to London. She sought accommodation at Leeds Castle which was under the protection of Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere the wife of Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere. Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere refused entry to the Queen killing around six of her retinue when they tried to force entry. Edward II King England commenced the Siege of Leeds Castle. Once Edward II King England gained possession of the castle, he had the garrison hanged from the battlements. Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere, her five children, and Bartholomew "The Elder" Burghesh 1st Baron Burghesh, her nephew, were imprisoned in the Tower of London.
Battle of Boroughbridge
On 16 Mar 1322 the rebel army led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln attempted to cross the bridge at Boroughbridge. Their path was blocked by forces loyal to the King led by Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle. Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex was killed. Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere, Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March, John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort and John Maltravers 1st Baron Maltravers fought for the rebels. Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford, Nicholas Longford, Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln, John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray were captured. Warin Lisle hanged after the battle. .
Following the battle Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester and his wife Margaret Clare Countess Gloucester were both imprisoned. He in Nottingham Castle and she in Sempringham Priory.
John Clinton 2nd Baron Clinton, Ralph Greystoke 1st Baron Greystoke, William Latimer 2nd Baron Latimer Corby, Robert Lisle 1st Baron Lisle, Domhnall Mar II Earl Mar and Peter Saltmarsh fought for the King.
On 25 Mar 1322 Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle was created 1st Earl Carlisle (1C 1322) in reward for his capture of Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln at the Battle of Boroughbridge.
Trial and Execution of Lord Badlesmere
Despencer War Executions
Return of Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer
Coronation of Edward III
On 01 Feb 1327 Edward III King England was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Walter Reynolds, Archbishop Canterbury. .
Weardale Campaign and the Battle of Stanhope Park
Before 15 Jun 1327 the Weardale Campaign and the Battle of Stanhope Park commenced with the Scottish army crossed the border into England after truce negotiations had broken down. One army crossed in the west, one in the east.
On 04 Aug 1327 ,during the night , James "Black" Douglas ambushed Edward III's camp at Stanhope Park. Douglas reached Edward III's collapsed tent nearly capturing the English King. .
On 07 Aug 1327 the Scots quietly broke camp and returned to Scotland. The English did not pursue. .
After 07 Aug 1327 . The Weardale Campaign had been a success for the Scots. The campaign had been ruinously expensive for the English, costing about £70,000, with the cost of the Hainault mercenaries being £41,000. The campaign led to the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton that brought to an end the First Scottish War of Independence. .
Death of Edward II
On 21 Sep 1327 Edward II King England was murdered at Berkeley Castle. There is speculation as to the manner of his death, and as to whether he died at all. Some believe he may have lived the rest of his life in Europe. .
Marriage of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault
Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton
On 17 Mar 1328 Robert the Bruce signed the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton bringing to an end the First Scottish War of Independence. The English Parliament signed at Northampton on 03 May 1328. The terms of the Treaty included:
Scotland to pay England £100,000 sterling,
The Kingdom of Scotland as fully independent,
Robert the Bruce, and his heirs and successors, as the rightful rulers of Scotland, and
The border between Scotland and England as that recognised under the reign of Alexander III (1249–1286).
The Treaty lasted four years only being regarded by the English nobility as humiliating; the work of Edward's mother Isabella Capet Queen Consort England and Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March rather than King Edward}. Two years afterKing Edward commenced his personal reign he commenced the Second War of Scottish Independence commenced in Aug 1332.
Mortimer Double Marriage and Tournament
On 31 May 1328 the Mortimer family leveraged their new status at a lavish ceremony that celebrated two marriages in Hereford. Edward Plantagenet and Beatrice Mortimer were married. Laurence Hastings 1st Earl Pembroke and Agnes Mortimer were married. Edward III King England and his mother Isabella Capet Queen Consort England attended as well as Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March. .
Roger Mortimer created Earl of March
In Oct 1328 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March was created 1st Earl March (1C 1328) by his own authority to the surprise, perhaps astonishment, of the nobility who compared his behaviour as similar to the usurped Edward II. .