1330-1339-Edward III and Scottish Independence
Execution of Edmund of Woodstock
On 19 Mar 1330 the King's uncle Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent was beheaded at Winchester Castle by a convicted latrine cleaner who was also facing the death penalty; no-one else would undertake the task. He had been convicted of plotting against the court believing his brother Edward II was still alive. It later emerged the plot had been created by Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March to entrap Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent. Edward III King England was unable to show leniency risking complicity in the plot. .
Edward III arrests Roger Mortimer
Execution of Roger Mortimer
On 29 Nov 1330 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March was hanged naked at Tyburn accused of assuming royal power and of various other high misdemeanours. His body hung at the gallows for two days and nights. .
Second War of Scottish Independence
Battle of Dupplin Moor
On 12 Aug 1332 Battle of Dupplin Moor was fought between the supporters of the infant David II King Scotland, son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland, and the supporters of Edward I King Scotland, supported by the English. The Bruce army included Thomas Randolph 2nd Earl Moray, Robert Bruce, Domhnall Mar II Earl Mar. The Balliol army included David III Strathbogie 11th Earl Atholl, Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford, Thomas Ughtred 1st Baron Ughtred and Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny. The battle is notable for being the first to use dismounted men-at-arms supported by archers; a formation that would bring repeated success to the English both in Scotland and France.
Battle of Annan Moor
On 16 Dec 1332 the Battle of Annan Moor was fought between the supporters of the seven year old David II King Scotland, son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland, and the supporters of Edward I King Scotland, supported by the English. The Bruce army, led by, Archibald Douglas, supported by John Randolph 3rd Earl Moray and Robert II King Scotland surprised Edward I King Scotland and his supporters at Annan and threw them out of Scotland. .
Battle of Dornock
On 25 Mar 1333 the Battle of Dornock was fought between the supporters of the seven year old David II King Scotland, son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland, and the supporters of Edward I King Scotland, supported by the English, commanded by Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland. The English army quickly overwhelmed the Scottish force. William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl was captured and spent two years in prison. .
Battle of Halidon Hill
On 19 Jul 1333 Edward III King England defeated the Scots army at the Battle of Halidon Hill near Berwick on Tweed. English archers, just as at the Battle of Dupplin Moor one year previously, had a significant impact on the massed ranks of Scottish schiltrons. Edward's army included: Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk, who commanded the right wing, Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon, Robert Pierrepoint, Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon, Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan and John Sully. One of the few English casualties was John Neville who was killed. The Scottish army included David II King Scotland. Alexander Bruce, Alan Stewart, James Stewart, John Stewart, William Douglas 1st Earl Atholl, Archibald Douglas, Malcolm Lennox 2nd Earl Lennox, Hugh Ross 4th Earl Ross and Kenneth de Moravia Sutherland 4th Earl Sutherland who were all killed.
Battle of Culblean
On 30 Nov 1335 David III Strathbogie 11th Earl Atholl was killed at Culblean during the Battle of Culblean. Whilst small the battle had a significant impact insofar as it brought an end to the campaign of Edward III King England also ending the aspirations to the Scottish throne of Edward I King Scotland.