1390-1399-Henry IV Takes the English Crown

St George's Day Jousting

On 23 May 1390, St George's Day, a Jousting Tournament was held at London Bridge. David Lindsay 1st Earl Crawford so easily unhorsed the King's Champion John Welles 5th Baron Welles as to make the crowd suspect Lindsay of foul play by fastening himself to his saddle. To prove the crowd wrong David Lindsay 1st Earl Crawford leapt from his horse in full armour, then back again. Realising John Welles 5th Baron Welles was injured he rushed to his aid. He visited Welles every day until he recovered. The two became firm friends. .

Death of Anne of Bohemia

On 07 Jun 1394 Anne Bohemia Queen Consort England died of plague (probably) at Sheen Palace. Richard II King England was so distraught at her death he ordered the destruction of Sheen Palace. .

Funeral of Anne of Bohemia

On 03 Aug 1394 Anne Bohemia Queen Consort England was buried at St Edward the Confessor's Chapel with Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury presiding. Richard II King England attended. Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel, brother of the presiding Archbishop, and his wife Philippa Mortimer Countess Pembroke, Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey, arrived late causing Richard, in a rage, to snatch a wand and strike FitzAlan in the face drawing blood. .

Richard II Travels to Ireland

In Oct 1394 Richard II King England travelled to Ireland with William Hankford. .

Marriage of Richard II and Isabella of Valois

On 31 Oct 1396 Richard II King England and Isabella Valois Queen Consort England were married. The marriage being one of the terms of a twenty-eight year peace treaty with France. He twenty-nine, she six. The marriage sowed the seeds subsequent rebellion since there was no prospect of an heir to securee the Crown. .

Arrest and Execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel

Richard II Awards his Half-Brothers Dukedoms

On 29 Sep 1397 King Richard II awarded his older maternal half-brothers Dukedoms for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel. John Holland was created 1st Duke Exeter (1C 1397). Thomas Holland was created 1st Duke Surrey. .

Thomas Mowbray Duel

Richard II's Second Trip to Ireland

In 1398 Richard II King England travelled to Ireland with Rhys ap Tudor Tudor and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor. .

Death of John of Gaunt

Richard II's Last Will

Richard II's Third Trip to Ireland

In May 1399 Richard II King England travelled to Ireland with Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle, Rhys ap Tudor Tudor and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor. .

Henry IV lands at Ravenspur

Execution of Richard II's Favourites

Richard II Abdication

On 12 Aug 1399 Richard II King England negotiated with Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland at Conwy Castle.
On 19 Aug 1399 Richard II King England surrendered to Henry IV King England at Flint Castle.
On 29 Sep 1399 Richard II King England abdicated II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Tower of London. Thomas Grey, William Willoughby 5th Baron Willoughby Eresby, Hugh Burnell 2nd Baron Burnell and Thomas Rempston were present.
On 30 Sep 1399 Henry IV King England became IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. He had usurped his cousin Richard II and Richard's heir the seven year old Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl of March}] who was descended from Edward III's second sonLionel of Antwerp Duke of Clarence. This second usurption was to have far reaching consequences since it subsequently became the descent by which the House of York claimed precedence over the House of Lancaster being one of the causes of the Wars of the Roses.

Coronation of Henry IV

On 13 Oct 1399 Henry IV King England was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury.
Robert Braybrooke Bishop London carried the sacraments and said mass.
The future Henry V King England carried the Sword Curtana. Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick and/or John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset carried a sword wrapped in red and bound with golden straps symbolising two-fold mercy. Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland carried the Lancaster Sword.
Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester carried the Steward's baton. Thomas Erpingham carried a Sword. .
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford was appointed as Knight of the Bath. John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford, John Arundell and Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick were knighted.
Richard Scrope Archbishop York attended.