1400-1414 Epiphany Rising and Rebellions Against Henry IV

Epiphany Rising

In Dec 1399 the Epiphany Rising was an attempt to restore Richard II King England to the throne replacing Henry IV King England.

On 17 Dec 1399 the conspirators met at Abbey House including Thomas Blount, Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester, Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey, John Holland 1st Duke Exeter, Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley, John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury, Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York, Bernard Brocas. They plotted to capture Henry IV King England at a Tournament in Windsor on the Feast of Epiphany hence the Epiphany Rising.

Before 07 Jan 1400 Henry IV King England was forewarned, probably by Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York, and began to raise an army in London. .

On 07 Jan 1400 at Cirencester Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley was beheaded by the townspeople following an unsuccessful attempt to seize the town. Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey and John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury were both captured, tried and beheaded. Bernard Brocas was captured. .

On 14 Feb 1400 King Richard II died at Pontefract Castle, possibly murdered, possibly starved to death, as a consequence of the Epiphany Rising.
On 17 Feb 1400 Richard's corpse was displayed at St Paul's Cathedral
On 06 Mar 1400 Richard's remains were buried at King's Langley Priory.

On 26 Jul 1400 Isabel Despencer Countess Warwick, Countess Worcester was born to Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester and Constance York Countess Gloucester some six months after her father had been beheaded during the Epiphany Rising.

Death of Richard II

On 14 Feb 1400 King Richard II died at Pontefract Castle, possibly murdered, possibly starved to death, as a consequence of the Epiphany Rising.
On 17 Feb 1400 Richard's corpse was displayed at St Paul's Cathedral
On 06 Mar 1400 Richard's remains were buried at King's Langley Priory.

Parliament Jan 1401-Mar 1401

Henry IV 2: 30 Concerning the forfeiture of Earl of Kent and other lords

After 07 Jan 1400. . Henry IV's Parliament. Also, be it remembered that whereas Thomas Holland, formerly earl of Kent, John Holland, formerly earl of Huntingdon, John Montagu 3rd Earl SalisburyJohn Montague, formerly earl of Salisbury, Thomas Despencer 1st Earl GloucesterThomas, formerly Lord Despenser, and Ralph Lumley 1st Baron LumleyRalph Lumley, knight, recently rose up in various parts of England and rode in warlike manner, treacherously, against our lord the Henry IV King Englandking, contrary to their allegiance, to destroy our said lord the king and other great men of the realm, and to populate the said realm with people of another tongue, they were seized and beheaded in their armed uprising by the loyal lieges of oursaid lord the king; and for that reason all the lords temporal present in parliament, by the assent of the king, declared and adjudged the said Thomas, John, John, Thomas, and Ralph to be traitors for their armed uprising against their aforesaid liege lord, and that they should forfeit as traitors all the lands and tenements that they held in fee simple on 5 January, the eve of the feast of the Epiphany of our lord Jesus Christ, in the first year of the reign of our aforesaid lord [1400], or after, as the law of the land requires, together with all their goods and chattels, notwithstanding the fact that they were killed during the said armed uprising without due process of law.

Henry IV 2: 31 The Names of the Lords Present

After 07 Jan 1401. The names of the lords who were present at the said declaration are as follows:
Henry, prince of Wales
Edmund, duke of York
Edward, earl of Rutland
Thomas, earl of Arundel
John, earl of Somerset
Edmund, earl of Stafford
Henry, earl of Northumberland
Ralph, earl of Westmorland
Thomas, earl of Worcester
Michael, earl of Suffolk
Richard, Lord Grey of Codnor
Thomas, Lord Berkeley
John, Lord Charlton
Reginald, Lord Grey of Ruthin
Thomas, Lord Camoys
Thomas, Lord Furnivall
Robert, Lord Scales
John, Lord Beaumont
William, Lord Willoughby
Hugh, Lord Burnell
William, Lord Ferrers of Groby
William, Lord Bergavenny
John, Lord Lovell
Robert, Lord Harrington
Richard Lescrope.

Henry IV 2: 32 Suppression of the Lollards

In Mar 1401. . Henry IV's Parliament enacted "De heretico comburendo" by which heretics were to be burned at the stake in reation to the Lollard movement.
The request ". . . the said church would be injured or gravely oppressed or even perturbed by certain perverse doctrines, or wicked, heretical or erroneous opinions; nevertheless, various perfidious and perverse people of a certain new sect, believing damnable things of the said faith, the sacrament of the church, and its authority, rashly usurping the office of preacher, contrary to divine and ecclesiastical law, perversely and maliciously preach and teach these days, publicly and secretly, under simulation of the colour of sanctity, various new doctrines and wicked, heretical and erroneous opinions, contrary to this same faith and the holy decrees of the sacrosanct church . . . ".
The answer: "and they shall cause these same persons to be publicly burnt in a high place; and may punishment of this sort strike fear into the minds of others. "
On 02 Mar 1401 William Sawtrey was the first heretic to be burned although his burning pre-dated the statute.

Battle of Bryn Glas

On 22 Jun 1402 Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr" Mathrafal Prince Powys defeated the army of Edmund Mortimer at Knighton, who was captured, at the Battle of Bryn Glas.
Henry IV King England made no attempt to ransom Edmund Mortimer and, as a consequence, Edmund Mortimer changed his allegiance, and subsequently married Owain's daughter.
On 25 Jun 1402 Walter Devereux died at Bodenham from wounds received during the Battle of Bryn Glas.

Battle of Nesbit Moor

Battle of Homildon Hill

On 14 Sep 1402 John Stewart fought at the Battle of Homildon Hill.

On 14 Sep 1402 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland and his son Henry "Hotspur" Percy lay in wait for the Scots to return from their laying waste to Northumberland at Homildon Hill. The Battle of Homildon Hill was a victory for the English forces whose longbowmen decimated the Scottish schiltrons. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh fought for the English. John Swinton was killed. Thomas Dunbar 5th Earl Moray and Henry Sinclair 2nd Earl Orkney were captured.
Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine was wounded. Henry IV King England forbade the ransoming of Scottish prisoners so that he could concentrate on the Welsh. By doing so he created a rift with the Percy family who subsequently defected to Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr.

On 14 Sep 1402 William Stewart was executed by Henry "Hotspur" Percy having been captured at the Battle of Homildon Hill.

Battle of Shrewsbury

On 21 Jul 1403 Henry IV King England, with his son the future Henry V King England, defeated the rebel army of Henry "Hotspur" Percy at the Battle of Shrewsbury at the site now known as Battlefield. Henry V King England took an arrow to the side of his face leaving him severely scarred. John Stanley was wounded in the throat. Thomas Strickland fought and was awarded £38 and two of the rebel Henry's horses. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick fought for the King. Walter Blount, the King's Standard Bearer, was killed by Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine. Edmund Cockayne and Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford were killed. Hugh Shirley was killed ; he was one of four knights dressed as Henry IV King England.
Of the rebels, Henry "Hotspur" Percy, Madog Kynaston and John Clifton were killed. Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester was beheaded after the battle. Richard Vernon was hanged.

Northern Rising

On 27 May 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop York and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham assembled a force of around 8000 men at Shipton Moor. Believing they had been given safe conduct by Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland and assured their demands would be met, the rebel army disbanded .
On 29 May 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop York and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham were arrested and taken to Pontefract Castle.
On 03 Jun 1405 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter arrived at York. The King denied the accused trial by their peers. Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey, 12th Earl Arundel and Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter sat in judgement of Richard Scrope Archbishop York and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham. William Gascoigne refused to pronounce sentence on Richard Scrope Archbishop York and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham asserting their right to be tried by their peers.
On 08 Jun 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop York and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham was beheaded before a great crowd at York for having led the Northern Rising.

Battle of Pwll Melyn aka Usk

Around May 1405 Richard Grey 4th Baron Grey Codnor and Dafydd Gam Brecon decisively defeated the Welsh army at the Battle of Pwll Melyn aka Usk. Gruffudd ab Owain Glyndŵr Mathrafal was captured. Tudur ap Gruffudd Mathrafal Lord Gwyddelwern killed. The Welsh lost around 1500 men with 300 prisoners being beheaded following the battle. The battle marked the beginning of the end of Owain Glyndŵr's revolt.

Battle of Bramham Moor

On 19 Feb 1408 Thomas Rokeby 's force of Yorkshire levies defeated the Percy army during the Battle of Bramham Moor bringing to an end the Percy rebellion. Of the rebels Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland and Thomas Bardolf 5th Baron Bardolf were killed. .

Siege of Harlech Castle

In 1408 Edmund Mortimer died at Harlech Castle during the Siege of Harlech Castle.

Battle of Île-de-Bréhat

On 15 Sep 1408 Edmund Holland 4th Earl Kent killed at Île-de-Bréhat during the Battle of Île-de-Bréhat.

Death of King Henry IV

On 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV King England died at Jerusalem Chamber (confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem). His sons Henry V King England and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester were present .

Coronation of Henry V

Henry V awards his brothers Dukedoms

Fire and Faggot Parliament

In May 1414 the Fire and Faggot Parliament at Greyfriars Priory. Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford was appointed as Speaker of the House of Commons. It was named for the Suppression of Heresy Act which called for burning the Lollards with bundles of sticks known as faggots.