1480-Apr 1483 Edward IV's Last Years

Capture of Berwick

On 30 Mar 1296 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford captured Berwick on Tweed from William "Hardy" Douglas 2nd Lord Douglas. Richard Cornwall was killed during the course of the siege. 'When the town had been taken in this way and its citizens had submitted, Edward spared no one, whatever the age or sex, and for two days streams of blood flowed from the bodies of the slain, for in his tyrannous rage he ordered 7,500 souls of both sexes to be massacred. . So that mills could be turned by the flow of their blood. ' - Account of the Massacre of Berwick, from Bower’s Scotichronicon. .

On 24 Aug 1482 Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle was knighted by Richard III King England at Berwick on Tweed during the Capture of Berwick.

Mowbray Succession Changed

In Jan 1483 Edward IV King England had Parliament re-enact earlier legislation regarding the Mowbray succession so that his son, Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk, who had married Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk (who had died in 1481), would continue to benefit from them effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death. .

Death of Edward IV

On 09 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England died at Westminster. Those present included Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England, William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset. .

Funeral of Edward IV

On 20 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England was buried at Altar. Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York celebrated the mass. John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk attended. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln was chief mourner. John Savage and Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle were pall-bearers. .

On 10 Apr 1483, in the morning, the coffin of Edward IV King England was moved to St Stephen's Chapel. Edward Story Bishop Chichester sang the masses. Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland, Chamberlain to Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England, offered on the Queen's behalf. .