1520-May 1536-Field of the Cloth of Gold
Field of the Cloth of Gold
On Jun 1520 Henry VIII hosted Field of the Cloth of Gold at Balinghem. Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset carried the Sword of State. John Stokesley Bishop London attended as Henry VIII's chaplain. Edmund Braye 1st Baron Braye, Gruffydd ap Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth, Anthony Poyntz, William Coffin Master, William "Great" Courtenay, Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex, William Paston, William Denys, Richard Cecil, William Parr 1st Baron Parr Horton, Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland, John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt, Henry Guildford, Marmaduke Constable, William Compton, William Blount 4th Baron Mountjoy, Thomas Cheney, Henry Willoughby, John Rodney, John Marney 2nd Baron Marney, William Sidney, John Vere 14th Earl Oxford, John Vere 15th Earl Oxford, Edmund Walsingham, Thomas West 8th Baron De La Warr, 5th Baron West, Robert Willoughby 2nd Baron Willoughby Broke, 10th Baron Latimer, Anthony Wingfield and Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham attended. William Carey jousted. Margaret Dymoke attended. William Sandys 1st Baron Sandys Vyne organised. Jane Parker Viscountess Rochford attended.
In Jun 1520 Arthur Hopton attended Field of the Cloth of Gold.
After Jun 1520 William Sandys 1st Baron Sandys Vyne was created 1st Baron Sandys Vyne for having organised the Field of the Cloth of Gold.
Trial and Execution of the Duke of Buckingham
In Apr 1521 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham was arrested and imprisoned at Tower of London. He was accused of listening to prophecies of the King's death and intending to kill the King. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk presided at his trial. Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset and Henry Guildford acted as judges. Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham, Anthony Poyntz and Edmund Walsingham as jurors. .
On 17 May 1521 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham was executed at Tower Hill for no specific reason other than his having a significant amount of Plantagenet blood and was, therefore, considered a threat by Henry VIII. He was posthumously attainted by Act of Parliament on 31 July 1523, disinheriting his children. .
Henry VIII Meeting with Charles V Holy Roman Emperor
On May 1522 Henry VIII met with Charles Habsburg-Spain V Holy Roman Emperor at Dover. William Blount 4th Baron Mountjoy, William Compton, John Marney 2nd Baron Marney and John Vere 15th Earl Oxford were present. Henry VIII Meeting with Charles V Holy Roman Emperor.
Sacking of Morlaix
On 01 Jul 1522 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk was present at Morlaix during the Sacking of Morlaix. Giles Hussey was knighted by Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk.
Knighting of Henry Fitzroy
On 18 Jun 1525 Henry Fitzroy, Henry VIII's illegitimate son, was created 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset, 1st Earl Lincoln (7C 1525) at Bridewell Palace by his father Henry VIII.
Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland was created 1st Earl Cumberland, Warden of the West Marches and Governor Carlisle Castle.
Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter was created 1st Marquess Exeter (1C 1525).
Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland was created 1st Earl Rutland (3C 1525).
Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland carried the Sword of State. Thomas More read the patents of nobility. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk, Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset, !Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk, William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel and John Vere 14th Earl Oxford attended.
Around 18 Jun 1525 Henry Clifford 2nd Earl Cumberland and Eleanor Brandon were married at Bridewell Palace. .
Battle of Pavia
In 1525 Richard Pole was killed during the Battle of Pavia. Robert Stewart 4th Lord Aubigny fought.
Cranmer appointed Archbishop Canterbury
After 01 Sep 1532 Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury, whilst staying in Mantua, received a royal letter dated 01 Sep 1532 by which he was appointed Archbishop Canterbury ; he was ordered to return to England. Cranmer's appointment, supported, if not arranged, by the Boleyn family who he subsequently supported. .
Anne Boleyn's Investiture as Marchioness of Pembroke
On 01 Sep 1532 Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England was created 1st Marquess Pembroke with Henry VIII performing the investiture at Windsor Castle. Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde, Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk, Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk, Eleanor Paston Baroness Ros Helmsley, Jean Dinteville, Edward Lee Archbishop York, John Stokesley Bishop London were present. Stephen Gardiner Bishop Winchester read the Patent of Creation. .
Henry and Anne Visit France
Around Nov 1532 Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England met with Francis I King France at Calais. Henry Howard was present. .
Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn
On 25 Jan 1533 Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England were married by Rowland Leigh Bishop Coventry and Lichfield at Whitehall Palace. Thomas Heneage and Henry Norreys witnessed. .
Statute in Restraint of Appeals
In Mar 1533 Parliament enacted the Statute in Restraint of Appeals by which Henry VIII forbade all appeals to the Pope in Rome on religious or other matters, making the King the final legal authority in all such matters in England, Wales, and other English possessions. Considered to be a cornerstone of the English Reformation.
Cranmer declares Henry and Catherine's Marriage Invalid
On 23 May 1533 Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury declared the marriage of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon invalid. .
Cranmer declares Henry and Anne's Marriage Valid
Coronation of Anne Boleyn
On 01 Jun 1533 the six months pregnant Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England was crowned Queen Consort England by Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury at Westminster Abbey. See Coronation of Anne Boleyn.
John Vere 15th Earl Oxford bore the Crown. Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk carried the Salt. Margaret Paternal Marchioness Dorset rode in the procession. William Coffin Master was appointed as Master of the Horse. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex served as Lord Sewer. Henry Parker and William Coffin Master were knighted. Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley and Thomas Stanley 2nd Baron Monteagle were created Knight of the Bath. Margaret Paternal Marchioness Dorset rode in the procession. Arthur Hopton attended.
Christening of Elizabeth I
On 10 Sep 1533 the future the future Elizabeth I was christened at the Palace of Placentia.
Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter, Walter Blount, Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury and Margaret Paternal Marchioness Dorset were Godparents.
Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex, 3rd Count Eu carried the covered gilt basin. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk escorted the Dowager Duchess of Norfolk. Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk carried the Salt. Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk carried the Chrisom. Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk carried Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter carried a taper of virgin wax.
Edward Stanley 3rd Earl Derby, Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde, Henry Grey 4th Earl Kent and George Boleyn 2nd Viscount Rochford supported the train of the mantle.
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk, William Howard 1st Baron Howard and John Hussey 1st Baron Hussey Sleaford carried the canopy. .
First Act of Supremacy
On 03 Nov 1534 Parliament enacted the First Act of Supremacy by which Henry VIII and his heirs were declared to be Supreme Head of the Church of England. Henry had now abandoned Rome completely.
Trial and Execution of Bishop Fisher and Thomas More
Before 22 Jun 1535 Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon presided over the Trial and Execution of Bishop Fisher and Thomas More both of whom refused to take the Oath Of Supremacy.
On 22 Jun 1535 John Fisher Bishop Rochester was beheaded on Tower Hill. .
On 06 Jul 1535 Thomas More was beheaded. on Tower Hill. .
Death of Catherine of Aragon
On 07 Jan 1536 Catherine of Aragon died at Kimbolton Castle in the arms of her great friend Maria Salinas Baroness Willoughby Eresby. .
Henry VIII Tournament
On 24 Jan 1536 Henry VIII held a tournament at the Palace of Placentia some two weeks after Catherine of Aragon died. Henry VIII was badly injured badly causing him to suffer with a wound in his leg thereafter. It is reported the injury caused a change in Henry's character thereafter becoming increasingly despotic. .
Funeral of Catherine of Aragon
On 29 Jan 1536 Catherine of Aragon was buried at Chancel at a service for a Princess rather than Queen. Eleanor Brandon was Chief Mourner. Henry VIII refused their daughter Henry VIII permission to attend. On the same day Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England miscarried a boy; regarded as the start of Anne's demise. .
Arrest and Imprisonment of Anne Boleyn
On 02 May 1536 Queen Anne Boleyn was charged with treason and accused of 'despising her marriage and entertaining malice against the King, and following daily her frail and carnal lust'. She was imprisoned in the Tower of London. Five ladies were appointed to serve Anne whilst in prison including her aunt by marriage Elizabeth Wood, wife of her uncle James Boleyn and her aunt Anne Boleyn. .
Trial of Anne Boleyn
On 15 May 1536 Queen Anne Boleyn tried at the King's Hall in the Tower of London. .
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk was appointed Lord High Steward and presided. Henry Howard attended. Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu was one of the judges. Elizabeth Browne Countess Worcester was the principal witness.
The jurors were:
Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk,
Edward Clinton 1st Earl Lincoln,
Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon,
Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland,
John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt,
Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland,
Henry Parker 11th Baron Marshal, 10th Baron Morley,
Edward Stanley 3rd Earl Derby,
Thomas Stanley 2nd Baron Monteagle,
John Vere 15th Earl Oxford,
Thomas Wentworth 1st Baron Wentworth,
Henry Somerset 2nd Earl Worcester,
Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland,
Thomas Burgh 7th Baron Cobham Sternborough, 5th Baron Strabolgi, 1st Baron Burgh,
Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter,
William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel,
Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel,
Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon,
Edward Powers Lord Powers,
William Sandys 1st Baron Sandys Vyne,
Andrew Windsor 1st Baron Windsor, and
George Brooke 9th Baron Cobham.
Execution of Anne Boleyn's Co-accused
On 17 May 1536 George Boleyn 2nd Viscount Rochford, Henry Norreys and Mark Smeaton were beheaded at Tower Hill. .
Execution of Anne Boleyn
On 19 May 1536 Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England was beheaded at Tower Green. Unusually a sword was used. Her execution was witnessed by Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk, Catherine Carey and Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset.
Anne's last words, as reported by Edward Hall, were as follows:
Good Christian people, I am come hither to die, for according to the law, and by the law I am judged to die, and therefore I will speak nothing against it. I am come hither to accuse no man, nor to speak any thing of that, whereof I am accused and condemned to die, but I pray God save the king and send him long to reign over you, for a gentler nor a more merciful prince was there never; and to me was he ever a good, a gentle and sovereign lord. And if any person will meddle of my cause, I require them to judge the best. And thus I take my leave of the world and of you all, and I heartily desire you all to pray for me. O Lord, have mercy on me, to God I commend my soul. "
To Christ I commend my soul, Jesu receive my soul.