1559-1579-Elizabeth I

Coronation of Elizabeth I

On 15 Jan 1559 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland was crowned I King England and Ireland: Tudor by Owen Oglethorpe Bishop Carlisle at Westminster Abbey.
Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk carried the train. Nicholas Heath Archbishop York censed. Edward Dymoke attended as the Queen's Champion. Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk, Francis Talbot 5th Earl Shrewsbury, 5th Earl Waterford, Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel, Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter and William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke attended.

Funeral of Frances Brandon

On 05 Dec 1559 Frances Brandon Marchioness Dorset was buried in St Edmund's Chapel in Westminster Abbey at a ceremony conducted by John Jewel Bishop Salisbury. Her daughter Catherine Grey Countess Hertford was Chief Mourner. Mary Grey was present. Her effigy was paid for by Adrian Stokes: recumbent effigy is dressed in the ermine robes signifying she was a duchess with a pendant around her neck possibly designed by Cornelius Cure. .

1562 News Years Day Gift Giving

On 01 Jan 1562 the New Years Gift Giving was held. Those who gave gifts provide an interesting who's who of the Elizabethan Court soon after Elizabeth I's Coronation. Queen Elizabeth was present since a number are described as "With the Qene her Majestie. ".
For 'dimy' read 'demi' ie half-sovereigns.
Neweeyeur's Gyftes gevon to the Quene her Majestie by those Parsons whose Names hereafter ensue, the first of January, the Yere above wrytten.
By the Lady Margaret Strainge, a little round mounte of golde to conteyne a pomaunder in it. With the Qene her Majestie. Note. Lady Margaret Strange married Henry Stanley Lord Strange on 07 Feb 1555. In 1561 he had not succeeded to Earldom of Derby and was known by the courtesy title Lord Strange. She is listed first since she was one of the few remaining direct descendants of Henry VII, being a great-granddaughter by his daughter Mary Tudor. Margaret Clifford was first in line to succeed in 1568 but died in 1596 before Elizabeth I.
Dukes, Marquises and Earls
By the Duke of Norfolke, in a purse of purple silke and golde knit, in sundry coynes of golde £20 0s 0d.
By the Marquis of Winchester, High Threasourer of Englande, in a purse of crymsen satten, in angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Marquis of Northampton, in a purse of crymsen silke and gold knit, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Arundell, Lord Steward, in a paper, in angels, £30 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Shrewesburye, in a red silke purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Darbye, in a purse of crymsen satten, embraudered with golde, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Pembroke, in a purse of black silk and silver knit, in new angells £30 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Bedforde, in a purse of black silk and golde knytt, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Rutlande, in a purse of red silk and golde knytt, in dimy soveraigns and angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Huntingdon, in a red silk purse, in angells £15 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Westmerlande, in a red silk purse, in dimy soveraigns £10 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Oxforde, in a red silk purse, in dimy soveraigns £10 0s 0d.
By the Thomas Percy 7th Earl NorthumberlandEarle of Northumberlande, in a purse of black silke and silver knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d. With the Quene her Highness.
By the Earle of Warwike, a smocke wrought with black silk, a peire of slevis, and a partelett wrought with gold, silver, and black silke. Delivered to the Lady Cobham.
By the Viscounte Mountague, in a purse of cloth of golde, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
Bishops. The list of Bishops ends with "With her said Majestie"; unclear whether this refers to all the Bishops listed.
By the Archbusshop of Caunterbury, in a red silk purse, in dimy soveraigns £40 0s 0d.
By the Archbusshop of York, in soveraigns £30 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Duresme, in a purse of crymson silk and gold knytt, in angells £30 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Ely, in a red vellat purse, in angells £30 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Wynchester, in a purse of crymsen silk and gold knytt and set with pearles, in angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of London, in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Salisbury, in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Worcester, in a black vellat purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Lyncoln, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Chychester, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Norwich, in a blew silk purse £13 6s 8d.
By the Busshop of Hereforde, in a green silk purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Lychfield and Coventry, in a red satten purse, in angells £13 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Rochester, in a red purse, in gold £13 6s 8d.
By the Busshop of Saint Davies, in a red silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Bathe, in a purse of red silk, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Exetour, in a blew silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Peterborowe, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Chester, in a red purse, in angells and soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
Duchesses and Countesses
By the Duchess of Norfolke, in a prse of crymsen silk and gold knyt, in angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Duchess of Somerset, in a purse of silver and black silk, in royalls and ducketts £14 0s 0d. Proably the Dowager Duchess of Somerset since her husband Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset had been executed in 1552, and their children disinherited as a result.
By the Frances Vere, in a purse of tawny silk and gold, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d. Dowager since her husband Henry Howard 1516-1547, by courtesy Earl Surrey, had been executed in 1547.
By the Anne Talbot Countess Pembroke, in a cherry bag of crymsen satten, in new angells £15 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Bedford, in a purse of crymsen silk and silver knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Dorothy Howard Countess Derby, in a purse of crymson sattin embrodred with gold, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Oxford, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Shrewisbury, Dowager, in a purse of black silk knytt, in dimy soveraignes £12 0s 0d.
By the Gertrude Manners Countess Shrewsbury, Countess Waterford, in a red silk purse knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Huntingdon, Dowager, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Katherine Dudley Countess Huntingdon, in a red purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Anne Somerset Countess Northumberland, in a purse of black silk and silver knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Rutland, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £13 6s 8d.
Viscountesses
By the Vicountess Hereford, Dowager, six hankercheffes edged with gold. Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.
By the Vicountess Mountague, in a purse of cloth of gold, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
Lordes
By the Lorde Keeper of the Great Seale, Bacon, in a purse of silver knytt, in angells £13 6s 8d.
By the William Howard 1st Baron Howard, in a purse of crymsen silk and gold knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d
By the Lorde Pagett, in a greene purse in dimy soveraignes £13 6s 8d.
By the Lorde Clynton, Lord Admyrall, in gold £10 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Riche, in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Lorde North, in a purse of purple silk and silver, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Lumley, in a paper, in angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Edward Hastings 1st Baron Hastings Loughborough, in a red silk purse, in French crowns £13 0s 0d.
By the Henry Stafford 1st Baron Stafford, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Windsor, in a purse of crymsn silk and gold knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
By John Grey, a haunce pott of allabaster garnished with silver gilt. Delivered in charge to John Asteley, Esq. Master and Threasourer of her Highnes Jewels and Plate. Lord John Grey assumed to be a courtesy title his father being Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset.
By the Henry Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley, in a red purse, in gold £10 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Mountejoye, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Edward Neville 7th Baron Bergavenny, in a purse of red silke, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Scrowpe, in a purse of blak silk and silver knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Henry Carey 1st Baron Hunsdon, in a purse of crymsen silk, in double ducketts £13 6s 8d.
By the Lorde Strainge, in a purse of red silk and gold, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d. Lord Strange being the courtesy title for the Earldom of Derby. He wouldn't inherit until 1572.
By the Lorde Darcey of Chichey, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes, £10 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Shefild, in a red silk purse, in gold £10 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Shandowes, in a blak silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
Ladyes
By the Lady Howarde, in a purse of crymsen silk and knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Clinton, a peire of sleevis of gold, pulled out with lawne. Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.
By the Lady Pagett, in gold £6 13s 4d.
By the Katherine Howard Baroness Berkeley, Lord Barkeley's wife, in gold £5 0s 0d.
By the Lady Mountejoye, in a red silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Lady Abergavenny, in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.
By the Lady Caree of Hundesdon, in a blak purse knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Lady Taylboyes, Sir Peter Carewe's wyfe, in a purse of blak silk and silver, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Cobham, a partelett and a peire of sleeves of sypers wrought with silver and blak silke. Re-delivered to herself.
By the Lady Dakers, a warming ball of gold, per oz. 3 oz. dim. With her said Majestie.
By the Douglas Howard Baroness Sheffield, a paire of sleeves wrought with fringe of blak silk and lozeng of gold. Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.
By the Lady Scrope, in a purse of blak silk and silver, in angells £7 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Shandowes, a peire of sleeves and a partlett of gold and silver knytt, cawle fashion. Delivered to the said Lady Cobham
By the Catherine Carey, a feyne carpett of needleworke, theverende frienged and buttoned with gold and silk. Delivered to John Torneworth, Groom of the Privy Chamber.
By the Lady Butler, in a little white purse, in French crowns £6 0s 0d. With her said Majestie. Unclear as to who Lady Butler refers to.
By the Lady Raclyef, a peire of sleeves of cameryk, all over sett with purle, and two sweet bags. Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.

Death of Amy Robsart wife of Robert Dudley

On 08 Sep 1560 , the day of the Abingdon Fair, Amy Robsart died from falling down stairs at Cumnor Place. She was wife of Robert Dudley 1st Earl Leicester, favourite of Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland. Robert Dudley 1st Earl Leicester was with Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland at Windsor Castle at the time. Foul play was suspected but not proven. The event was regarded as suspicious by many. The Queen's reputation being tarnished she could not risk a marriage with Dudley. .

Battle of Corrichie

Battle of Corrichie Mary Queen of Scots Forces

Battle of Corrichie Earl Huntly's Forces

Elizabeth I's visit to Cambridge University

In Aug 1564 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland visited Cambridge University accompanied by William Howard 1st Baron Howard and William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley. William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley was created as Master of Arts: Cambridge University. John Astley Master of the Jewel House was created as Master of Arts: Cambridge University. .

Marriage of Richard Keyes and Mary Grey

On 19 Aug 1565 Thomas Keyes and Mary Grey were married. Elizabeth Stafford and Ursula Stafford were witnesses.

Elizabeth I's visit to Oxford University

Marriage of Mary "Queen of Scots" and James Hepburn

On 15 May 1567 James "Lord Bothwell" Hepburn 1st Duke Orkney and Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland were married in the Great Hall, Holyrood House, Holyrood.

Battle of St Denis

On 10 Nov 1567 William Norreys was present at St Denis during the Battle of St Denis.

On 10 Nov 1567 John Norreys was present at St Denis during the Battle of St Denis.

Royalists

Protestants (Hugenots)

Battle of Langside

In 1568 Robert Seton 1st Earl Winton fought during the Battle of Langside.

On 13 May 1568 William "Younger" Douglas 7th Lord Drumlanrig fought at Langside, Glasgow during the Battle of Langside.

On 13 May 1568 John Campbell killed at Langside, Glasgow during the Battle of Langside.

Battle of Langside Regent

Battle of Langside Mary Queen of Scots

Rising of the North

In 1569 Christopher Neville distinguished himself. during the Rising of the North.

In 1569 Cuthbert Neville died during the Rising of the North.

In 1569 Egremont Radclyffe took part during the Rising of the North.

In 1569 Charles Neville 6th Earl Westmoreland took part during the Rising of the North.

Ridolphi Plot

On 29 Aug 1571 Norfolk's secretaries William Barker and Robert Higford entrusted to Thomas Browne, a Shrewsbury draper, what was purported to be a bag of silver coin for delivery to Laurence Bannister, one of Norfolk's officials in the north of England. Browne grew suspicious of the bag's weight, opened it, and discovered 600 pounds in gold from the French ambassador, destined for Scotland on Mary's behalf, and ciphered letters. Because he knew Norfolk was under suspicion, Browne reported his find to William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley, the Secretary of State. Higford and Barker were interrogated, the letters were partly deciphered, and a search for the cipher key at Howard House uncovered a ciphered letter from Mary Stuart hidden under a doormat. .

Around Mar 1571 the Ridolphi Plot was a Catholic plan to assassinate Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland and replace her with her with Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland would would marry Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk. Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland and Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk were cousins through their Great Grandmother Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey.

On 07 Sep 1571 Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk was imprisoned at Tower of London for his involvement in the Ridolphi Plot.

In Jan 1572 Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk was tried for high treason for his involvement in the Ridolphi Plot. Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset acted as judge. George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury, 6th Earl Waterford was appointed as Lord High Steward for the trial.

On 02 Jun 1572 Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk was executed for his involvement in the Ridolphi Plot. He was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church.

Around Sep 1571 William Brooke 10th Baron Cobham was implicated in the Ridolphi Plot and imprisoned at home for months.

Jul 1575: Rathlin Island Massacre

Francis Walsingham's Mission to the Low Countries

In 1578 William Brooke 10th Baron Cobham joined at Low Countries during the Francis Walsingham's Mission to the Low Countries.

Battle of Alcácer Quibir or the Three Kings

On 04 Aug 1578 Sebastian King Portugal killed at the Battle of Alcácer Quibir or the Three Kings. He was succeeded by his great uncle Henrique Aviz Cardinal King Portgal 1512-1580.