May 1536-1540-Jane Seymour, Bigod's Rebellion and the Exeter Conspiracy
Betrothal of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour
On 20 May 1536 Henry VIII and Jane Seymour Queen Consort England were betrothed the day after Anne Boleyn had been beheaded. .
Marriage of Henry VII and Jane Seymour
On 30 May 1536 Henry VIII and Jane Seymour were married at Whitehall Palace by Stephen Gardiner Bishop Winchester. Jane was appointed as Queen Consort England. .
Neville Triple Wedding
On 02 Jul 1536 three weddings between the Neville, and Manners and Vere families, were celebrated at one mass at Holywell. Those present included Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon, Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk, Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk, Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk, Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter, John Vere 15th Earl Oxford and Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland.
Henry Neville 5th Earl Westmoreland and Anne Manners were married,
Henry Manners 2nd Earl Rutland and Margaret Neville were married, and
John Vere 16th Earl Oxford and Dorothy Neville were married.
Pilgrimage of Grace
In 1536 the North rose against religious policies of Henry VIII. Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon condemned the traitors. John Neville 3rd Baron Latimer Snape was implicated. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk, Henry Howard and Edmund Knyvet undertook the suppression of the rebels. .
Execution of the Fitzgeralds
On 03 Feb 1537 the six Fitzgeralds, nephew and five uncles, Thomas "Silken" Fitzgerald 10th Earl Kildare, James Fitzgerald, Oliver Fitzgerald, Richard Fitzgerald, John Fitzgerald and Walter Fitzgerald were executed at Tyburn. .
In Jan 1537 Bigod's Rebellion was an armed rebellion by Catholics in Cumberland and Westmoreland against Henry VIII. It was led by Francis Bigod.
. The rebellion failed. The rebels arrested, convicted of treason, and subsequently executed during the course of 1537. A total of 216 rebels were executed. .
On 17 Jan 1537 Thomas Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Darcy Templehurst wrote to Robert Aske and Robert Constable . . . "Of Sir Fras Bigod I heard, this day at dinner, as you wrote; and more, that Hallum was taken at Hull yesterday with a letter in his purse from Sir Francis Bigod promising that he and all the West Countries would rise and come forward. This day with my servant, Alan Gefreyson, I sent you my news which are of such bruits, rages, and furies as the like I have not read nor heard of. I sent to my cousin Ellerker and Whartton for the premises concerning Hull. My advice is that you stay the people till the coming of my lord of Norfolk, which, I hear, shall be shortly, and all the gentlemen that is above of the North with him. He brings gracious answers of the Parliament and petitions. Good Mr. Aske, where you write desiring me to stay my quarters; there has yet been no stir in my rooms and lands, but what was caused by other wild countries and dales. I shall do my duty, and play my part therein, though I lie in my bed. I hear my lord of Cumberland is likely to have business for two prisoners he keeps. .
On 18 Jan 1537 Francis Bigod . . . "Though the commons at first had me in suspicion for my learning and conversation with such a lewd one as they judged were enemies both to Christ's Church and the commonwealth, and I was even in danger of my life at Pountefrett, they have now the greatest confidence in me. Now messengers come from Bishopric, Richmondshire, and the West, for me to go forward with the commons, especially to bring John Halom, whom the mayor of Hull has imprisoned, to their great offence. I have sworn to go with the commons having good reason to doubt the Duke of Norfolk is coming rather to bring them to captivity like those of Lincolnshire than to fulfil our petitions. There is no man they trust so much as Constable whom Bygott would gladly join and follow his advice, if he will be true to them. " He begs an answer and sends a copy of their oath. .
On 25 May 1537 Margaret Stafford burned at the stake at Smithfield. .
On 02 Jun 1537 Thomas Percy, Francis Bigod, and John Bulmer and Ralph Bulmer were hanged at Tyburn. .
On 02 Jun 1537 George Lumley was beheaded at Tower Hill. .
On 30 Jun 1537 Thomas Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Darcy Templehurst was beheaded at Tower Hill. .
On 06 Jul 1537 Robert Constable was hanged in chains from the Beverley Gate in Kingston upon Hull witnessed by Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk. .
On 12 Jul 1537 Robert Aske was hanged at York, Yorkshire[York]. George Lumley, William Lumley and Nicholas Tempest were hanged at Tyburn. Thomas Moigne hanged at Tyburn. .
Around May 1537 John Hussey 1st Baron Hussey Sleaford was beheaded at Lincoln. .
Around May 1537 Thomas Moigne was hanged, drawn and quartered at Lincoln. .
Christening Edward VI
On 15 Oct 1537 the future Edward VI was christened by John Stokesley Bishop London at the Chapel Royal in Hampton Court Palace. Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury performed the Baptismal Rites, and was appointed Godfather. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk and Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland were Godparents.
Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex, 3rd Count Eu carried the Salt. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk was Godfather and supported the Marchioness of Exeter. Richard Long was knighted. Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex, Philip Boteler, John Vere 15th Earl Oxford and John Gage Lord Chamberlain attended. Mary Scrope carried Lady Mary's train. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex carried a covered basin. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex carried the canopy.
Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset helped his young niece the future Elizabeth I to carry the Crisom. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter supported his wife Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter to carry the child. Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde bore a taper of virgin wax. William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel carried the train of the Prince's robe. Christopher Barker proclaimed the Prince's titles. Arthur Hopton attended. .
Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset was created 1st Earl Hertford (2C 1537), 1st Viscount Beauchamp.
Edward VI King England and Ireland was created as Duke Cornwall, Earl Chester (9C 1537).
Nicholas Carew, Francis Bryan, Anthony Browne and John Russell 1st Earl Bedford surrounded the font.
Henry Knyvet, Edward Neville, Thomas Seymour 1st Baron Seymour Sudeley, Richard Long and John Wallop carried the canopy.
Death of Jane Seymour
On 24 Oct 1537 Jane Seymour Queen Consort England died at Hampton Court Palace at two in the morning as a result of complications arising childbirth. .
Funeral of Jane Seymour
On 12 Nov 1537 Jane Seymour Queen Consort England was buried in the Henry VIII Vault in St George's Chapel in Windsor.
Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland was Chief Mourner.
Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde, Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk, John Gage Lord Chamberlain, Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk, Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk, Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland, Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland, Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex, John Vere 15th Earl Oxford and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter attended. .
Before Aug 1538 the Exeter Conspiracy was an attempt to overthrow Henry VIII and replace him with Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter, grandson of Edward VI, Henry's first cousin. Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon presided. John Vere 15th Earl Oxford sat in judgement. Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland was juror.
The Exeter Conspiracy was an attack by Henry VIII on Cardinal Reginald Pole. He, Cardinal Pole, was safe in Rome. Instead Henry destroyed mnost of the Pole family in England.
On 08 Dec 1538 Edward Neville was beheaded at Tower Hill. .
In Jan 1539 Geoffrey Pole was, somewhat surprisingly given the executions of the rest of his family, pardoned. .
In Jan 1539 Cardinal Reginald Pole was attainted in absentia. .
On 09 Jan 1539 Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter were beheaded at Tower Hill. .
On 03 Mar 1539 Nicholas Carew KG was beheaded at Tower Hill. .
On 27 May 1541 Margaret Pole Countess Salsbury was executed at Tower Green. .
Around Sep 1542 , after three years of imprisonment, Henry Pole died, possibly starved to death.
On 03 Aug 1553 Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon was finally released from imprisonment after fifteen years by Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland who was a close friend of his mother Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter. .