Biography of Cardinal Thomas Bourchier

Timeline

Around 1418 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier was born to William Bourchier 1st Count Eu and Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Count Eu, Countess Stafford.

Around 1432 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier educated Oxford University.

In 1434 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier was appointed as Chancellor University of Oxford.

On 15 May 1434 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier was appointed as Bishop Worcester.

In 1443 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier was appointed as Bishop Ely.

On Apr 1454 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier was appointed as Archbishop Canterbury.

On Mar 1455 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier was appointed as Lord Chancellor.

John Neville married Isabel Ingaldsthorpe

On 25 Apr 1457 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe were married by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier at Canterbury Cathedral during the John Neville married Isabel Ingaldsthorpe.

Loveday

On 24 Mar 1458 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier presided at Westminster Abbey at a ceremony known as the "Loveday". John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford, Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury, Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury, Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset, Richard 3rd Duke York, Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland, Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England attended in an attempt to reconcile the Lancastrian and Yorkist factions.

Richard of York claims the Kingdom of England

On 10 Oct 1460 Richard 3rd Duke York claimed the Kingdom of England in Westminster Hall witnessed by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier. .

Coronation of Edward IV

On 28 Jun 1461 Edward IV King England was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier who was assisted by William Booth Archbishop York at Westminster Abbey during the Coronation of Edward IV.

Coronation of Elizabeth Woodville

On 26 May 1465 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England was crowned as Queen Consort England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier at Westminster Abbey. Edward IV King England attended. John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne, Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers and Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers were appointed Knight of the Bath. .

In 1473 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier was appointed as Cardinal.

Anne Neville declared Legally Dead

In 1474 Parliament declared Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that Edward IV's two younger brothers George and the Richard, who had married Anne Beauchamp's daughters, Isabel and Anne respectively, could enjoy the significant Beauchamp inheritance after her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471. !Some of the inhertance should have been given to George Neville 1st Duke Bedford but he was only thirteen at the time; his father John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu, younger brother of Warwick the Kingmaker, had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet. He, George Neville 1st Duke Bedford, died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England and before Richard III King England acceded to the throne. Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male. Upon the death of George Neville 1st Duke Bedford the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier. .

Treaty of Picquigny

On 29 Aug 1475 Edward IV signed the Treaty of Picquigny; in effect a non-aggression pact or, possible, a protection racket. France would pay Edward a pension of 50,000 crowns per year as long as he didn't invade France. Cardinal Bourchier arbitrated on behalf of Edward. William Hastings received a pension of 2000 crowns per year, John Howard and Thomas Montgomery 1200 each, Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1000, Cardinal John Morton 600.
Edward's youngest brother Richard opposed the Treaty considering it dishonourable. Roger Cheney was present at the signing, and remained as a hostage until Edward IV King England returned to England.

On 16 Jun 1483 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier removed Edward IV's youngest son Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk from Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey to the Tower of London so that he could join his brother in preparation for his Coronation. . Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham was present. .

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England by marriage Queen Consort England. See Coronation of Richard III.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk was appointed as Lord High Steward. William Brandon, Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel, Thomas St Leger, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby, Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England, Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk, Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland attended.
Robert Dymoke attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby was appointed as Knight of the Bath.
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III. History doesn't record her reason.

Coronation of Henry VII

On 30 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland was crowned VII King England and Ireland: Tudor by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier at Westminster Abbey. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond, his mother, attended.
Robert Dymoke attended as the Kings' Champion.
John Vere 13th Earl Oxford carried the King's train. .

On 30 Mar 1486 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier died at Knole House.

After 30 Mar 1486 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier was buried at Canterbury Cathedral.

On 17 Apr 1483, the coffin of Edward IV was carried to Westminster Abbey by Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle, John Savage, Thomas Wortley, Thomas Molyneux, probably John Welles 1st Viscount Welles who had married Edward's daughter Cecily), John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne, Walter Hungerford, Guy Wolston, John Sapcote, Thomas Tyrrell, John Risley, Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland, John Norreys, Louis de Bretelles and John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch.
Those in the procession included:
Thomas St Leger, widow of Edward's sister Anne
William Parr
John Astley
William Stonor
Henry Ferrers
James Radclyffe
George Browne
Gilbert Debenham
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk walked in front of the coffin with Edward's personal arms.
John Marlow Abbot Bermondsey followed by:
Thomas Kempe Bishop London
John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield (Bishop of Chester?)
Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells
Edward Story Bishop Chichester
Richard Bell Bishop Carlisle
James Goldwell Bishop Norwich
William Dudley Bishop Durham
John Russell Bishop Rochester, Bishop Lincoln
Cardinal John Morton (as Bishop Ely)
Edmund Audley Bishop Rochester, Bishop Hereford, Bishop Salisbury (as Bishop Rochester)
Peter Courtenay Bishop Exeter, Bishop Winchester, and
Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury
Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York brought up the rear.
Cardinal Thomas Bourchier, then Archbishop of Canterbury, took no part due to infirmity.
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln ; the King's nephew,
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset
William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke (some sources say Earl of Huntingindon?)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby
Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland
John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley
George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny
John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet
Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley
Edward Grey 1st Viscount Lisle
Henry Lovell 9th Baron Marshal, 8th Baron Morley
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers
John Brooke 7th Baron Cobham
Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby
Thomas Bourchier
Thomas Bourchier.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Bourchier

Maternal Family Tree: Aoife NI Diarmait Macmurrough Countess Pembroke, Countess Buckingham

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 18 Grand Son of Egbert King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 11 Grand Son of Gruffudd ap Cynan King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 11 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great Grand Son of Edward III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 9 Grand Son of David I King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 7 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Ancestry

Father: William Bourchier 1st Count Eu

GrandFather: William Bourchier

Great GrandFather: Robert Bourchier 1st Baron Bourchier

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Bourchier

Great x 2 GrandMother: Helen Colchester

Great GrandMother: Margaret Prayers Baroness Bourchier

GrandMother: Eleanor Louvaine

Mother: Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Count Eu, Countess Stafford Granddaughter Edward III King England

GrandFather: Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester Son Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: Edward III King England Son Edward II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward II King England Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England Son Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland Great x 3 Grandson Stephen I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland Great x 5 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

GrandMother: Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess Gloucester Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 7th Earl Hereford, 6th Earl Essex, 2nd Earl Northampton Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex

Great x 3 GrandMother: Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland Daughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandMother: Joan Fitzalan Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Countess Northampton Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel Great x 4 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey Great Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster Grandson Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth