Biography of John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk

Timeline

In 1425 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk was born to Robert Howard and Margaret Mowbray Baroness Grey Ruthyn.

Before 29 Sep 1442 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk and Katherine Moleyns were married.

In 1443 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk and Katherine Moleyns at Stoke-by-Nayland.

In 1445 Margaret Howard was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk and Katherine Moleyns.

In 1446 Anne Howard was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk and Katherine Moleyns in Tendring.

In 1450 Jane Howard was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk and Katherine Moleyns.

Before 22 Jan 1467 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk and Margaret Chedworth Baroness Mowbray, Baroness Segrave were married.

In 1468 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk was appointed as Lord Treasurer.

Battle of Tewkesbury

On 04 May 1471 Edward IV was victorious at the Battle of Tewkesbury.
His brother Richard, Richard Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Powick, John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk, George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny, John Savage, John Savage, Thomas St Leger, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet, Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh fought. William Brandon, George Browne, Ralph Hastings, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby, James Tyrrell, Roger Kynaston were knighted. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings commanded.
Margaret of Anjou was captured. Her son Edward Lancaster Prince Wales was killed.
John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon, John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock and John Beaufort were killed. Edmund Beaufort 4th Duke Somerset and Hugh Courtenay were beheaded after the battle.
On 06 May 1471 Gervase Clifton was beheaded at Tewkesbury after the Battle of Tewkesbury.

On 05 May 1471 Humphrey Tuchet was tried by John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk and Richard III King England (as Duke Gloucester) at Market Square.

On 24 Apr 1472 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk was appointed 207th Knight Garter: Edward IV.

Treaty of Picquigny

On 29 Aug 1475 Edward IV signed the Treaty of Picquigny; in effect a non-aggression pact or, possible, a protection racket. France would pay Edward a pension of 50,000 crowns per year as long as he didn't invade France. Cardinal Bourchier arbitrated on behalf of Edward. William Hastings received a pension of 2000 crowns per year, John Howard and Thomas Montgomery 1200 each, Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1000, Cardinal John Morton 600.
Edward's youngest brother Richard opposed the Treaty considering it dishonourable. Roger Cheney was present at the signing, and remained as a hostage until Edward IV King England returned to England.

Marriage of Richard Duke of York and Anne Mowbray

On 15 Jan 1478 Edward IV's youngest son Richard of Shrewsbury and Anne Mowbray were married at St Stephen's Chapel in Westminster. She had recently inherited the vast Mowbray inheritance when her father John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk died in 1476. The ceremony was attended by Edward's daughters Elizabeth, Mary and Cecily. The day before Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk was knighted In 1483 Parliament changed the succession so Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk would continue to enjoy her inheritance (she died in 1481) effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death. .

On 19 Nov 1481 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk succeeded 12th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283), 13th Baron Segrave (1C 1295). Margaret Chedworth Baroness Mowbray, Baroness Segrave by marriage Baroness Mowbray (1C 1283), Baron Segrave (1C 1295).

Mowbray Succession Changed

In Jan 1483 Edward IV King England had Parliament re-enact earlier legislation regarding the Mowbray succession so that his son, Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk, who had married Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk (who had died in 1481), would continue to benefit from them effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death. .

Funeral of Edward IV

On 20 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England was buried at Altar. Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York celebrated the mass. John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk attended. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln was chief mourner. John Savage and Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle were pall-bearers. .

Richard III Rewards his Supporters

On 28 Jun 1483 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk was created 1st Duchess Norfolk (3C 1483) by Richard III King England. William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley was created 1st Earl Nottingham (4C 1483). Significant insofar as both men were heirs to the vast Mowbray estates that had been inherited by Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk who had then been married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk. Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 's father Edward IV King England had attempted by very flawed legal process to legislate so that even in the event of Anne's death his son Richard would continue to benefit from the inheritance. Richard III King England was restoring John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley to their rightful inheritance. .

30 Jun 1483 Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III. Richard III King England. Westminster. Commission to the king's kinsman John duke of Norfolk, to execute the office of steward of England at the king's coronation. By K.

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England by marriage Queen Consort England. See Coronation of Richard III.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk was appointed as Lord High Steward. William Brandon, Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel, Thomas St Leger, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby, Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England, Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk, Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland attended.
Robert Dymoke attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby was appointed as Knight of the Bath.
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III. History doesn't record her reason.

25 Jul 1483 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk was appointed as Lord Admiral of all England Ireland and Aquitaine. Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III. Richard III King England. Westminster. Grant for life to the king's kinsman Henry, duke of Norfolk, of the office of admiral of England, Ireland and Aquitaine, with certain specified powers and the accustomed fees. By p. s.

Battle of Bosworth

On 22 Aug 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth those supporting Henry Tudor included:
John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne
Richard Guildford
Walter Hungerford
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby
John Wingfield
Edward Woodville
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon
Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney
William Stanley Lord Chamberlain
Roger Kynaston
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney
William Brandon
James Harrington
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk
John Sacheverell, and
Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath.
William Norreys, Gilbert Talbot, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford and John Savage commanded.
Robert Poyntz was knighted.

Richard III King England was killed at Ambion Hill during the Battle of Bosworth. Those who fought for Richard III included:
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby
John Conyers
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley
Richard Fitzhugh 5th Baron Fitzhugh
John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton
Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham
Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent
Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln
Humphrey Stafford
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford
Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk was wounded.
Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell fought and escaped.
John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth was captured.
John Babington, William Brandon, James Harrington, John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk, John Sacheverell, William Alington, Robert Mortimer, Robert Brackenbury, Richard Ratclyffe, Richard Bagot and Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley were killed.
William Catesby was executed at Leicester after the battle.
George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin, 5th Baron Mohun Dunster held as a hostage by Richard III before the Battle of Bosworth.
Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland betrayed Richard III King England by not committing his forces at the Battle of Bosworth.

After 22 Aug 1485 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk was reburied at Church of St Michael the Archangel.

After 22 Aug 1485 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk was buried at Thetford Priory.

Nicholas Howard was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk and Katherine Moleyns.

Katherine Howard Baroness Berners was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk and Margaret Chedworth Baroness Mowbray, Baroness Segrave.

On 17 Apr 1483, the coffin of Edward IV was carried to Westminster Abbey by Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle, John Savage, Thomas Wortley, Thomas Molyneux, probably John Welles 1st Viscount Welles who had married Edward's daughter Cecily), John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne, Walter Hungerford, Guy Wolston, John Sapcote, Thomas Tyrrell, John Risley, Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland, John Norreys, Louis de Bretelles and John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch.
Those in the procession included:
Thomas St Leger, widow of Edward's sister Anne
William Parr
John Astley
William Stonor
Henry Ferrers
James Radclyffe
George Browne
Gilbert Debenham
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk walked in front of the coffin with Edward's personal arms.
John Marlow Abbot Bermondsey followed by:
Thomas Kempe Bishop London
John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield (Bishop of Chester?)
Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells
Edward Story Bishop Chichester
Richard Bell Bishop Carlisle
James Goldwell Bishop Norwich
William Dudley Bishop Durham
John Russell Bishop Rochester, Bishop Lincoln
Cardinal John Morton (as Bishop Ely)
Edmund Audley Bishop Rochester, Bishop Hereford, Bishop Salisbury (as Bishop Rochester)
Peter Courtenay Bishop Exeter, Bishop Winchester, and
Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury
Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York brought up the rear.
Cardinal Thomas Bourchier, then Archbishop of Canterbury, took no part due to infirmity.
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln ; the King's nephew,
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset
William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke (some sources say Earl of Huntingindon?)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby
Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland
John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley
George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny
John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet
Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley
Edward Grey 1st Viscount Lisle
Henry Lovell 9th Baron Marshal, 8th Baron Morley
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers
John Brooke 7th Baron Cobham
Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby
Thomas Bourchier
Thomas Bourchier.

Isabel or Elizabeth Howard was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk and Katherine Moleyns.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Howard

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 4 Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 9 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 5 Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France

Ancestry

Father: Robert Howard Great x 4 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

GrandFather: John Howard Great x 3 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great GrandFather: Robert Howard Great x 2 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Howard

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Howard

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Cornwall Great Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Cornwall Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Fitzalan

Great GrandMother: Margaret Scales Great x 7 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Roger Scales 3rd Baron Scales Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Scales 2nd Baron Scales

Great x 3 GrandMother: Egeline or Eleanor Courtenay Baroness Scales Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Catherine Ufford Baroness Scales

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Norwich Countess Suffolk

GrandMother: Alice Tendring

Mother: Margaret Mowbray Baroness Grey Ruthyn Great x 3 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

GrandFather: Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk Great x 2 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great GrandFather: John Mowbray 4th Baron Mowbray, 5th Baron Segrave Great x 2 Grandson Henry III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Mowbray 3rd Baron Mowbray Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Aline Braose Baroness Mowbray Great x 3 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Plantagenet Baroness Mowbray Great Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster Grandson Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth

Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Segrave 5th Baroness Segrave, Baroness Mowbray Great Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Segrave 4th Baron Segrave

Great x 3 GrandFather: Stephen Segrave 3rd Baron Segrave

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Plantagenet 2nd Countess Norfolk Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Hales Countess Norfolk

GrandMother: Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel Great x 2 Grandson Henry III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel Great x 4 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey Great Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster Grandson Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth

Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Bohun Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey Great Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex

Great x 3 GrandMother: Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland Daughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England