Biography of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu

Timeline

Around 1431 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury.

On 03 Feb 1449 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu instructed not attend the forthcoming parliament and remain in the north guarding the border.

Knighting at Greenwich

On 05 Jan 1453 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu, Thomas Neville, William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke, brothers Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond and Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford and Roger Lewkenor were knighted by King Henry VI at Greenwich.

Battle of Heworth Moor

On 24 May 1453 Thomas Neville and Maud Stanhope 4th Baroness Cromwell, Baroness Willoughby Eresby were married. Maud Stanhope 4th Baroness Cromwell, Baroness Willoughby Eresby was the niece and heiress of Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell meaning traditional Percy lands would become Neville lands. The Percy's, being the older family, especially Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont, took umbrage. . John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu was ambushed at Heworth Moor by Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont leading a force of 700+ men when returning with his brother's wedding party from Tattershall Castle to Sheriff Hutton. .

Around 10 Aug 1453 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu summoned with Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont to appear before a Royal Council; he ignored it.

On Sep 1453 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu ransacked the manor of Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont breaking windows and tiles.

On 20 Oct 1453 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu, and his brothers Thomas Neville and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury, met with Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland and to negotiate peace.

Neville - Percy Battle

On 31 Oct 1454 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu and Thomas Neville captured Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont and Richard Percy at Stamford Bridge. .

On Dec 1456 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu attacked by Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset at Cheapside.

After 1457 Isabel Neville was born to John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe.

John Neville married Isabel Ingaldsthorpe

On 25 Apr 1457 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe were married by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier at Canterbury Cathedral during the John Neville married Isabel Ingaldsthorpe.

In 1459 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu was appointed as Steward of the Honour of Pontefract.

Battle of Blore Heath

On 23 Sep 1459 John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley attempted to ambush John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu whilst he was travelling to Ludlow to join up with the main Yorkist army. Forewarned by scouts he arranged his troops into battle order. The Yorkist army included John Conyers, Thomas Harrington, James Harrington, Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury, William Stanley Lord Chamberlain, Roger Kynaston, John Savile, Walter Strickland and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock. The Lancastrian army included brothers John Dutton, Thomas Dutton and Peter Dutton who were killed. James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley was killed by Roger Kynaston. John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley and Edmund Dudley were captured. Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles fought.
After the battle James Harrington, John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu and Thomas Neville were captured at Acton Bridge and imprisoned at Chester Castle having been detached from the main Yorkist force.

Parliament of the Devils

On 09 Oct 1459 Thomas Tresham was appointed as Speaker of the House of Commons at Coventry during the Parliament of the Devils. John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu was attainted.

On Jul 1460 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu was released at Chester Castle.

Around 1461 George Neville 1st Duke Bedford was born to John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe.

On Jan 1461 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu was created 1st Baron Montagu (4C 1461).

After 17 Feb 1461 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu was imprisoned at York Castle.

Second Battle of St Albans

On 18 Feb 1461 the Lancastrian army defeated the Yorkist army at Second Battle of St Albans and rescued Henry VI King England, II King France. The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter and included Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland, John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk, Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles. Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley, William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme, John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford and Thomas Tresham were knighted.
The Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury, William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel, John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex. John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu was captured. Robert Poynings and James Luttrell Baron Dunster were killed.
John Grey was killed fighting for Lancaster. A death that was to have far reaching consequences; his widow Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England subsequently married Edward IV King England.
After the battle William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville and Thomas Kyriell were beheaded after having protected Henry VI King England, II King France during the battle against all decent laws of battle. Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England reneged on their immunity and tried them in front of her seven year old son Prince Edward who ordered them to be beheaded.

After 10 May 1461 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu raised the siege at Carlisle.

On 21 Mar 1462 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu was appointed 189th Knight Garter: Edward IV.

On 06 May 1463 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu was appointed as Warden of the East Marches.

On 26 May 1463 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu relieved at Norham Castle.

Battle of Hedgeley Moor

On 25 Apr 1464 a Yorkist army commanded by John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu defeated a Lancastrian army commanded by Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset at Hedgeley Moor during the Battle of Hedgeley Moor. Lancastrians Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley and Ralph Percy were killed.

Battle of Hexham

On 15 May 1464 a Yorkist army commanded by John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu defeated a Lancastrian army commanded by Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset at Hexham during the Battle of Hexham. Those fighting for York included John Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire, John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles. Of the Lancastrian army William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme fought. Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford and Philip Wentworth 4th Baron Despencer were both captured. Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset was beheaded following the battle.
On 18 May 1464 Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford was executed at Newcastle on Tyne. Philip Wentworth 4th Baron Despencer was executed at Middleham. .

On 27 May 1464 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu was created 1st Earl Northumberland (3C 1464).

On 25 Mar 1465 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu was appointed as Chief Steward for the Northern Duchy of Lancaster.

In 1466 Margaret Neville was born to John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe.

In 1466 Anne Neville was born to John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe at Salisbury.

In 1468 Lucy Neville was born to John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe.

On 27 Mar 1470 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu revoked 1st Earl Northumberland (3C 1464).

On 27 Mar 1470 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu was created 1st Marquess Montagu.

Battle of Barnet

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV commanded at the Battle of Barnet supported by hos brothers George and Richard, John Babington, William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings (commanded), Ralph Hastings, William Norreys, William Parr, John Savage, Thomas St Leger, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet, Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh and Thomas Strickland.
The Yorkists William Blount, Humphrey Bourchier, Humphrey Bourchier and Thomas Parr were killed. Henry Stafford was killed making his wife Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond a widow for the second time.
The Lancastrians Warwick the Kingmaker, John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu, William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele and William Tyrrell were killed. Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford and John Paston were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford commanded, and John Paston and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont fought. .

After 14 Apr 1471 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu was buried at Bisham Priory.

Anne Neville declared Legally Dead

In 1474 Parliament declared Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that Edward IV's two younger brothers George and the Richard, who had married Anne Beauchamp's daughters, Isabel and Anne Neville Queen Consort England respectively, could enjoy the significant Beauchamp inheritance after her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471. !Some of the inhertance should have been given to George Neville 1st Duke Bedford but he was only thirteen at the time; his father John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu, younger brother of Warwick the Kingmaker, had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet. He, George Neville 1st Duke Bedford, died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England and before Richard III King England acceded to the throne. Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male. Upon the death of George Neville 1st Duke Bedford the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier. .

Death of George Neville

On 04 May 1483 George Neville 1st Duke Bedford died. He being the son of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu, the nephew of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471[Warwick the Kingmaker} who should, perhaps, have inherited the Earldoms of Warwick and Salisbury from his mother that had been appropriated by George Neville 1st Duke Bedford and Richard III King England. The timing somewhat suspicious. The future Richard III would now enjoy the whole of the Warwick inheritance. .

Elizabeth Neville Baroness Scrope Masham, Baroness Despencer was born to John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe.

Joan Neville was born to John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Neville

Maternal Family Tree: Aoife NI Diarmait Macmurrough Countess Pembroke, Countess Buckingham

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 2 Grand Son of Edward III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of David I King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 4 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Ancestry

Father: Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury

GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland

Great GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby

Great Great GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby

Great Great Great GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby

Great Great Great GrandMother: Euphemia Clavering Baroness Neville Raby

Great Great GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke, Baroness Neville Raby

Great Great Great GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley Stratton Audley

Great Great Great GrandMother: Isolde Mortimer Baroness Audley Stratton Audley

Great GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby

Great Great GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy

Great Great Great GrandFather: Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy

Great Great Great GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy

Great Great GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy

Great Great Great GrandFather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford

Great Great Great GrandMother: Maud Clare Baroness Clifford, Baroness Welles

GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland

Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster

Great Great GrandFather: Edward III King England

Great Great Great GrandFather: Edward II King England

Great Great Great GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England

Great Great GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England

Great Great Great GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland

Great Great Great GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault

Great GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster

Great Great GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet

Mother: Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury

GrandFather: Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury

Great GrandFather: John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury

Great Great GrandFather: John Montagu 1st Baron Montagu, 3rd Baron Monthermer

Great Great Great GrandFather: William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury

Great Great Great GrandMother: Catherine Grandison Countess Salisbury

Great Great GrandMother: Margaret Monthermer Baroness Montagu, 3rd Baroness Monthermer

Great Great Great GrandFather: Thomas Monthermer 2nd Baron Monthermer

Great Great Great GrandMother: Margaret Brewes Baroness Monthermer

Great GrandMother: Maud Francis Countess Salisbury

GrandMother: Eleanor Holland

Great GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent

Great Great GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent

Great Great Great GrandFather: Robert Holland 1st Baron Holand

Great Great Great GrandMother: Maud Zouche Baroness Holand

Great Great GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales

Great Great Great GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent

Great Great Great GrandMother: Margaret Wake Countess Kent

Great GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent

Great Great GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey

Great Great Great GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel

Great Great Great GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel

Great Great GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey

Great Great Great GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster

Great Great Great GrandMother: Maud Chaworth