Biography of John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln

Timeline

Around 1462 John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk and Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk.

On 13 May 1467 John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln was created 1st Earl Lincoln (6C 1467) by Edward IV King England, his uncle. Margaret Fitzalan Countess Lincoln by marriage Earl Lincoln (6C 1467).

Before 1480 John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln and Margaret Fitzalan Countess Lincoln were married.

Funeral of Edward IV

On 20 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England was buried at Altar. Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York celebrated the mass. John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk attended. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln was chief mourner. John Savage and Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle were pall-bearers. .

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England by marriage Queen Consort England. See Coronation of Richard III.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk was appointed as Lord High Steward. William Brandon, Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel, Thomas St Leger, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby, Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England, Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk, Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland attended.
Robert Dymoke attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby was appointed as Knight of the Bath.
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III. History doesn't record her reason.

Battle of Bosworth

On 22 Aug 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth those supporting Henry Tudor included:
John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne
Richard Guildford
Walter Hungerford
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby
John Wingfield
Edward Woodville
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon
Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney
William Stanley Lord Chamberlain
Roger Kynaston
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney
William Brandon
James Harrington
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk
John Sacheverell, and
Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath.
William Norreys, Gilbert Talbot, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford and John Savage commanded.
Robert Poyntz was knighted.

Richard III King England was killed at Ambion Hill during the Battle of Bosworth. Those who fought for Richard III included:
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby
John Conyers
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley
Richard Fitzhugh 5th Baron Fitzhugh
John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton
Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham
Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent
Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln
Humphrey Stafford
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford
Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk was wounded.
Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell fought and escaped.
John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth was captured.
John Babington, William Brandon, James Harrington, John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk, John Sacheverell, William Alington, Robert Mortimer, Robert Brackenbury, Richard Ratclyffe, Richard Bagot and Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley were killed.
William Catesby was executed at Leicester after the battle.
George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin, 5th Baron Mohun Dunster held as a hostage by Richard III before the Battle of Bosworth.
Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland betrayed Richard III King England by not committing his forces at the Battle of Bosworth.

Coronation of Henry VII

On 29 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland processed from Tower of London to Westminster Abbey. Ahead of him marched the heralds and serjeants-at-arms, the Esquire of the Body, the King's Secretary Richard Fox, almoner Christopher Urswick, the mayor of London and the Garter King of Arms. Also ahead of him were Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby, John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley. Following behind were the only two Dukes: Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford, created the day before, and John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk. .

Battle of Stoke Field

On 16 Jun 1487 a Lancastrian army defeated a Yorkist army at the Battle of Stoke Field; considered by many to be the last battle of the Wars of the Roses.
The Lancastrian army of Henry Tudor comprised:
John Vere 13th Earl Oxford
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford
Henry Willoughby
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne
John Mordaunt
Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape
William Norreys
Edward Norreys wounded
John Paston
George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin, 5th Baron Mohun Dunster
Edward Woodville
Thomas Lovell, knighted.
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney.
The Yorksists John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln, Edward Stanhope, Thomas Fitzgerald and Martin Schwartz were killed. Lambert Simnel fought and was captured. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell fought and escaped.

On 17 Apr 1483, the coffin of Edward IV was carried to Westminster Abbey by Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle, John Savage, Thomas Wortley, Thomas Molyneux, probably John Welles 1st Viscount Welles who had married Edward's daughter Cecily), John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne, Walter Hungerford, Guy Wolston, John Sapcote, Thomas Tyrrell, John Risley, Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland, John Norreys, Louis de Bretelles and John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch.
Those in the procession included:
Thomas St Leger, widow of Edward's sister Anne
William Parr
John Astley
William Stonor
Henry Ferrers
James Radclyffe
George Browne
Gilbert Debenham
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk walked in front of the coffin with Edward's personal arms.
John Marlow Abbot Bermondsey followed by:
Thomas Kempe Bishop London
John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield (Bishop of Chester?)
Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells
Edward Story Bishop Chichester
Richard Bell Bishop Carlisle
James Goldwell Bishop Norwich
William Dudley Bishop Durham
John Russell Bishop Rochester, Bishop Lincoln
Cardinal John Morton (as Bishop Ely)
Edmund Audley Bishop Rochester, Bishop Hereford, Bishop Salisbury (as Bishop Rochester)
Peter Courtenay Bishop Exeter, Bishop Winchester, and
Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury
Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York brought up the rear.
Cardinal Thomas Bourchier, then Archbishop of Canterbury, took no part due to infirmity.
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln ; the King's nephew,
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset
William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke (some sources say Earl of Huntingindon?)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby
Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland
John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley
George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny
John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet
Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley
Edward Grey 1st Viscount Lisle
Henry Lovell 9th Baron Marshal, 8th Baron Morley
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers
John Brooke 7th Baron Cobham
Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby
Thomas Bourchier
Thomas Bourchier.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: De La Pole

Maternal Family Tree: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 18 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 10 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 16 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 11 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 3 Grand Son of Edward III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of David I King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 9 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 5 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Ancestry

Father: John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk Great x 5 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

GrandFather: William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk Great x 4 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great GrandFather: Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk

Great x 2 GrandFather: Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Pole

Great x 3 GrandMother: Katherine Norwich

Great x 2 GrandMother: Katherine Wingfield Countess Suffolk

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Wingfield

Great GrandMother: Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk Great x 3 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl Stafford Great x 2 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford Great x 7 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Audley Countess Stafford Great Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Beauchamp Countess Stafford Great x 5 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Katherine Mortimer Countess Warwick Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

GrandMother: Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk Great x 8 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great GrandFather: Thomas Chaucer

Great x 2 GrandFather: Geoffrey Chaucer

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Roet

Great x 3 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet

Great GrandMother: Maud Burghesh Great x 7 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Burghesh Great x 6 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Burghesh Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Tendring

Great x 2 GrandMother: Ismania Hanham

Great x 3 GrandFather: Simon Hanham

Mother: Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England

GrandFather: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales Great Grandson Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York Son Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward III King England Son Edward II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maria Padilla

Great GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster Great Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, 5th Earl Ulster Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Plantagenet Countess March, 5th Countess Ulster Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England

GrandMother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York Great Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke, Baroness Neville Raby Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster Son Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward III King England Son Edward II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster

Great x 3 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet