Biography of Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury

Timeline

In 1400 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland.

Before 1423 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury were married. Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury by marriage Baroness Montagu.

In 1423 Joan Neville Countess Arundel was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury.

In 1424 Cecily Neville Duchess Warwick was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury.

In 1428 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury.

On 03 Nov 1428 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury jure uxoris 5th Earl Salisbury (2C 1337).

On 03 Nov 1428 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury succeeded 7th Baron Montagu.

Around 1430 Alice Neville Baroness Fitzhugh was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury.

Before 1431 Thomas Neville was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury.

Around 1431 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury.

In 1432 George Neville Archbishop York was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury.

In 1438 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury was appointed 152nd Knight Garter: Henry VI.

In 1442 Katherine Neville Baroness Bonville, Baroness Hastings was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury.

In 1447 Eleanor Neville Baroness Stanley was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury.

In 1452 Thomas Strickland indentured to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury to provide bowmen horsed and harnessed, 69; billmen horsed and harnessed, 74; bowmen without horses, 71; billmen without horses, 76.

In 1452 Walter Strickland indentured to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury to provide bowmen horsed and harnessed, 69; billmen horsed and harnessed, 74; bowmen without horses, 71; billmen without horses, 76.

On 27 Mar 1454 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury was appointed as Lord Chancellor.

On Jan 1455 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury resigned as Lord Chancellor.

First Battle of St Albans

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced with the First Battle of St Albans. Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury, Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury, Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham and Walter Strickland.
The Lancastrians Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset, Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland, William Cotton, Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford and Richard Fortescue were killed. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham was wounded and captured. Henry VI King England, II King France, John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley and Edmund Dudley were captured. Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock both fought.

Loveday

On 24 Mar 1458 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier presided at Westminster Abbey at a ceremony known as the "Loveday". John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford, Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury, Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury, Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset, Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales, Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland, Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England attended in an attempt to reconcile the Lancastrian and Yorkist factions.

Battle of Blore Heath

On 23 Sep 1459 John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley attempted to ambush John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu whilst he was travelling to Ludlow to join up with the main Yorkist army. Forewarned by scouts he arranged his troops into battle order. The Yorkist army included John Conyers, Thomas Harrington, James Harrington, Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury, William Stanley Lord Chamberlain, Roger Kynaston, John Savile, Walter Strickland and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock. The Lancastrian army included brothers John Dutton, Thomas Dutton and Peter Dutton who were killed. James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley was killed by Roger Kynaston. John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley and Edmund Dudley were captured. Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles fought.
After the battle James Harrington, John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu and Thomas Neville were captured at Acton Bridge and imprisoned at Chester Castle having been detached from the main Yorkist force.

Battle of Ludford Bridge

On 12 Oct 1459 the Battle of Ludford Bridge nearly took place at Ludford Bridge. In the event a large number of the Calais garrison refused to fight against Henry VI King England, II King France who was present. The Yorkist leaders left overnight: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales, the future Edward IV King England, Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland, Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury, Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury and John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham. Thomas Parr was present. The Lancastrian army included Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel.

Around Nov 1459 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury fled to at Calais.

Battle of Wakefield

On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle. The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter and Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland, and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon and William Gascoigne, both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde, John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford, John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby, Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley and Thomas St Leger.
The Yorkist army was heavily defeated. Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales, Thomas Neville, Thomas Harrington, William Bonville 6th Baron Harington and Edward Bourchier were killed. Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland. William Bonville was executed. Thomas Parr fought in the Yorkist army.
Following the battle Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland was executed by John "Butcher" Clifford by which he gained his sobriquet "Butcher".

After 30 Dec 1460 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury was buried.

Before 1465 John Conyers retained by Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury.

Margaret Neville Countess Oxford was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury.

Ralph Neville was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury.

Robert Neville was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury.

First Battle of St Albans

Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales, Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales and Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury were required by an Act of Parliament to pay for the burial and masses for those who died at the First Battle of St Albans.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Neville

Maternal Family Tree: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 16 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 8 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 14 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 9 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great Grand Son of Edward III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 9 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 7 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Ancestry

Father: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Neville

Great x 2 GrandMother: Euphemia Clavering Baroness Neville Raby Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Fitzroger 5th Baron Warkworth

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Zouche Baroness Warkworth Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke, Baroness Neville Raby Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley Stratton Audley Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: James Audley

Great x 3 GrandMother: Ela Longespée Great Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isolde Mortimer Baroness Audley Stratton Audley Great x 3 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore Great x 2 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Fiennes Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Percy 7th Baron Percy Topcliffe

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Warenne Baroness Percy Topcliffe

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel Great x 3 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo Countess Arundel

Great GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Clifford

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Vipont

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maud Clare Baroness Clifford, Baroness Welles Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Clare Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Juliana Fitzgerald Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Mother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland Granddaughter Edward III King England

GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster Son Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: Edward III King England Son Edward II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward II King England Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England Son Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland Great x 3 Grandson Stephen I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland Great x 5 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster

Great GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet