Biography of Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers

Timeline

In 1405 Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers was born to Richard Woodville and Joan Bittelsgate at Maidstone.

In 1429 Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers was appointed as Captain.

In 1433 Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers served at France.

Battle of Gerberoy

On 09 May 1435 a French force commanded by √Čtienne Vignolles heavily defeated an English force commanded by John Fitzalan 14th Earl Arundel at the Battle of Gerberoy. John Fitzalan 14th Earl Arundel was killed. Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers fought.

Before 23 Mar 1437 Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford were married.

Around 1437 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England was born to Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford at Grafton Regis.

Around 1440 Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers was born to Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford.

Around 1445 John Woodville was born to Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford.

In 1447 Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury was born to Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford in Grafton Regis.

On 09 May 1448 Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers was created 1st Baron Rivers (2C 1448). Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford by marriage Baroness Rivers (2C 1448).

In 1450 Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers was appointed 169th Knight Garter: Henry VI.

In 1453 Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers was born to Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford.

Around 1458 Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham, Duchess Bedford was born to Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford.

In 1459 Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers was appointed as Warden of the Cinque Ports.

Battle of Sandwich

On 15 Jan 1460 Yorkist forces commanded by John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury raided Sandwich capturing a number of Lancastrian ships. In addition, the Woodville family: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers, his wife Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford and their son Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers were captured. .

In 1460 John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham captured Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers at Sandwich [Battle of Sandwich].

Battle of Towton

On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for York bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses. Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.
The Yorkist army was commanded by Edward IV King England with John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk, Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter, William Neville 1st Earl Kent, William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy, Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex, John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock.
The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland, Richard Percy, Ralph Bigod, Ralph Bigod, John Bigod, Robert Cromwell, Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland, Ralph Eure, John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby, Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles, John Beaumont, Thomas Dethick, Everard Simon Digby, William Plumpton and William Welles who were killed.
Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme, John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley, William Norreys, Thomas Grey, Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford, John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford, Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles, Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers, James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde, John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde, William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont and Thomas Tresham. Cardinal John Morton was captured.
On 03 Apr 1461 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon was beheaded at York.

Before Mar 1466 Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers was created 1st Earl Rivers (1C 1466).

On Mar 1466 Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers was appointed as Lord Treasurer.

On 24 Aug 1467 Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers was appointed as Constable England.

Battle of Edgecote Moor

On 26 Jul 1469 the Yorkist army suffered a defeat against a Lancastrian army led by Robin of Redesdale at the Battle of Edgecote Moor. The Yorkist army was commanded by John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon and William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke. Thomas Vaughan, John Wogan, Henry Neville, John Conyers and Oliver Dudley were killed. Humphrey Stafford 1st Earl Devon, John Conyers and William Parr fought. Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers and John Woodville were captured. Richard Herbert was executed.

Execution of the Woodvilles

On 12 Aug 1469 Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers and his son John Woodville were beheaded at Kenilworth Castle. .

After 12 Aug 1469 Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers head was displayed at Coventry.

Edward Woodville was born to Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford.

Martha Woodville was born to Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford.

Lewis Woodville was born to Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford.

Anne Woodville was born to Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford at Grafton Regis.

Jacquetta Woodville Baroness Strange Knockin, Baroness Mohun Dunster was born to Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford.

Margaret Woodville Countess Arundel was born to Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford.

Eleanor Woodville was born to Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford.

Mary Woodville Countess Pembroke was born to Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Woodville

Maternal Family Tree: Joan Beauchamp

Ancestry

Father: Richard Woodville

GrandFather: John Woodville

Mother: Joan Bittelsgate

GrandFather: Thomas Bittelsgate

GrandMother: Joan Beauchamp

Great GrandFather: John Beauchamp

Great x 2 GrandFather: Hugh Beauchamp

Great x 3 GrandFather: Humphrey Beauchamp

Great x 2 GrandMother: Idonea Lisle

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Lisle