Biography of Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March

Timeline

On 25 Apr 1287 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March was born to Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore and Margaret Fiennes.

Battle of Falkirk

On 22 Jul 1298 Edward "Longshanks" I King England defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry with infantry completing the defeat. The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials including:
Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick
Walter Beauchamp
Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk
Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex
Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford
Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester
William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby
Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley
Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley
Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor
Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton
John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Wilton
John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster
Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March
William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley
John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave
Nicholas Segrave
Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford
Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster
John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey
Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy
Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon
Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel
Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan
John Capet II Duke Brittany
Philip Darcy
Robert Fitzroger
Roger Fitzwalter
Simon Fraser
Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke
John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell, and
Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury.
William Scrope was knighted.
John Stewart was killed.
William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock fought.

On 20 Sep 1301 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March and Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore, 2nd Baroness Geneville were married.

In 1303 Edmund Mortimer was born to Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March and Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore, 2nd Baroness Geneville.

In 1304 Margaret Mortimer Baroness Berkeley was born to Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March and Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore, 2nd Baroness Geneville.

In Jul 1304 Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore died at Wigmore Castle. His son Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March succeeded 3rd Baron Mortimer Wigmore. Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore, 2nd Baroness Geneville by marriage Baroness Mortimer Wigmore.

In 1307 Maud Mortimer was born to Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March and Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore, 2nd Baroness Geneville.

Coronation of Edward II and Isabella

On 25 Feb 1308 Edward II King England was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Henry Woodlock, Bishop Winchester. Isabella Capet Queen Consort England was crowned as Queen Consort England. .
Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall carried the Royal Crown.
William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal carried the Gilt Spurs.
Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex carried the Royal Sceptre.
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster carried the Royal Rod.
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln carried the sword Curtana (the sword of Edward the Confessor).
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March carried the table bearing the Royal Robes.
Thomas Grey and Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter attended.

In 1309 Geoffrey Mortimer was born to Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March and Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore, 2nd Baroness Geneville.

In 1310 John Mortimer was born to Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March and Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore, 2nd Baroness Geneville.

In 1312 Joan Mortimer was born to Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March and Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore, 2nd Baroness Geneville.

Around 1312 Blanche Mortimer Baroness Grandison was born to Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March and Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore, 2nd Baroness Geneville at Wigmore.

Around 1314 Katherine Mortimer Countess Warwick was born to Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March and Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore, 2nd Baroness Geneville.

In 1313 Isabella Mortimer was born to Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March and Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore, 2nd Baroness Geneville.

In 1317 Agnes Mortimer was born to Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March and Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore, 2nd Baroness Geneville.

Around 1322 Beatrice Mortimer was born to Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March and Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore, 2nd Baroness Geneville at Wigmore.

In 1322 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March was imprisoned at Tower of London.

Battle of Boroughbridge

On 16 Mar 1322 the rebel army led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln attempted to cross the bridge at Boroughbridge. Their path was blocked by forces loyal to the King led by Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle. Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex was killed. Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere, Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March, John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort and John Maltravers 1st Baron Maltravers fought for the rebels. Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford, Nicholas Longford, Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln, John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray were captured. Warin Lisle hanged after the battle. .
Following the battle Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester and his wife Margaret Clare Countess Gloucester were both imprisoned. He in Nottingham Castle and she in Sempringham Priory.
John Clinton 2nd Baron Clinton, Ralph Greystoke 1st Baron Greystoke, William Latimer 2nd Baron Latimer Corby, Robert Lisle 1st Baron Lisle, Domhnall Mar II Earl Mar and Peter Saltmarsh fought for the King.
Adam Everingham 1st Baron Laxton was captured.

On Aug 1323 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March escaped to France and to Isabella Capet Queen Consort England at Tower of London.

Return of Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer

In Oct 1326 Isabella Capet Queen Consort England landed at Orford with Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March, John Maltravers 1st Baron Maltravers and Nicholas Abrichecourt. .

On 24 Nov 1326 Hugh "Younger" Despencer hanged in Hereford. Isabella Capet Queen Consort England and Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March were present.
He was dragged naked through the streets, for the crowd's mistreatment. He was made a spectacle, which included writing on his body biblical verses against the capital sins he was accused of. Then he was hanged as a mere commoner, yet released before full asphyxiation could happen.
He was then tied firmly to a ladder and his genitals sliced off and burned while he was still conscious. His entrails were slowly pulled out; finally, his heart was cut out and thrown into a fire.
His body was beheaded and cut into four pieces. His head was mounted on the gates of London.

Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton

On 17 Mar 1328 Robert the Bruce signed the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton bringing to an end the First Scottish War of Independence. The English Parliament signed at Northampton on 03 May 1328. The terms of the Treaty included:
Scotland to pay England £100,000 sterling,
The Kingdom of Scotland as fully independent,
Robert the Bruce, and his heirs and successors, as the rightful rulers of Scotland, and
The border between Scotland and England as that recognised under the reign of Alexander III (1249–1286).
The Treaty lasted four years only being regarded by the English nobility as humiliating; the work of Edward's mother Isabella Capet Queen Consort England and Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March rather than King Edward}. Two years afterKing Edward commenced his personal reign he commenced the Second War of Scottish Independence commenced in Aug 1332.

Mortimer Double Marriage and Tournament

On 31 May 1328 the Mortimer family leveraged their new status at a lavish ceremony that celebrated two marriages in Hereford. Edward Plantagenet and Beatrice Mortimer were married. Laurence Hastings 1st Earl Pembroke and Agnes Mortimer were married. Edward III King England and his mother Isabella Capet Queen Consort England attended as well as Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March. .

Roger Mortimer created Earl of March

In Oct 1328 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March was created 1st Earl March (1C 1328) by his own authority to the surprise, perhaps astonishment, of the nobility who compared his behaviour as similar to the usurped Edward II. .

Execution of Edmund of Woodstock

On 19 Mar 1330 the King's uncle Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent was beheaded at Winchester Castle by a convicted latrine cleaner who was also facing the death penalty; no-one else would undertake the task. He had been convicted of plotting against the court believing his brother Edward II was still alive. It later emerged the plot had been created by Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March to entrap Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent. Edward III King England was unable to show leniency risking complicity in the plot. .

On 19 Oct 1330 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March taken to at Leicester.

After 19 Nov 1330 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March was imprisoned at Tower of London.

On 26 Nov 1330 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March was tried at Westminster Hall.

Execution of Roger Mortimer

On 29 Nov 1330 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March was hanged naked at Tyburn accused of assuming royal power and of various other high misdemeanours. His body hung at the gallows for two days and nights. .

Before 06 Jul 1336 Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford abducted Margaret Audley Countess Stafford. She being the heir of the very wealthy Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester ; considerably more wealthy than Ralph. Edward III King England was sympathetic despite the complaint of her father since Ralph had been one of Edward III King England 's key supporters during the plot to arrest Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March. Margaret Audley Countess Stafford 's father was subsequently created Earl as a quid pro quo.

Edward III arrests Roger Mortimer

Nottingham Castle through tunnels, met with Edward III King England, and arrested Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March and his son Geoffrey Mortimer in the presence of Isabella Capet Queen Consort England. .

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Mortimer

Descendants Family Trees:

Llewellyn "The Great" Aberffraw

John "Lackland" I King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 15 Grand Son of Egbert King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 5 Grand Son of Gruffudd ap Cynan King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 10 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 5 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 3 Grand Son of John "Lackland" I King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 7 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 14 Grand Son of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine, I King Franks

Kings France: Great x 7 Grand Son of Henry I King France

Ancestry

Father: Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore Great x 2 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer Wigmore Great Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great GrandFather: Ralph Mortimer

Great x 2 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer

Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh Mortimer

Great x 3 GrandMother: Matilda Gernon

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabel Ferrers

Great x 3 GrandFather: Walchelin Ferrers

Great GrandMother: Gwladus verch Llewelyn "Dark Eyed" Aberffraw Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Llewellyn "The Great" Aberffraw

Great x 3 GrandFather: Iorwerth "Drwyndwn aka Flat Nosed" Aberffraw

Great x 3 GrandMother: Marared ferch Madog Mathrafal

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Plantagenet Daughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England Son Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Adela Plantagenet

GrandMother: Maud Braose

Great GrandFather: William Braose

Great x 2 GrandFather: Reginald Braose

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Braose 4th Baron Bramber

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud "Lady of Hay" St Valery Baroness Bramber

Great x 2 GrandMother: Graecia Briwere

Great GrandMother: Eva Marshal

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Marshal

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Fitzgilbert

Great x 3 GrandMother: Sybil Salisbury

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabel Clare 4th Countess Pembroke

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard "Strongbow" Clare 2nd Earl Pembroke, 1st Earl Buckingham

Great x 3 GrandMother: Aoife NI Diarmait Macmurrough Countess Pembroke, Countess Buckingham

Mother: Margaret Fiennes Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

GrandFather: William Fiennes

Great GrandFather: Enguerrand Ingleram Fiennes

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Fiennes

Great x 3 GrandFather: Engeurrand "Crusader" Fiennes

Great x 3 GrandMother: Sibylle Flanders

Great x 2 GrandMother: Agnes Dammartin

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alberic Dammartin

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mathilde Clermont

Great GrandMother: Isabel Provence

GrandMother: Blanche Beaumont Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandFather: John Beaumont Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: John I King Jerusalem

Great x 3 GrandFather: Erard Brienne II Count Brienne

Great x 3 GrandMother: Agnès Montfaucon Count Brienne

Great x 2 GrandMother: Beregaria Ivrea Great Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alfonso IX King Leon

Great x 3 GrandMother: Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandMother: Jeanne Chateaudun

Great x 2 GrandFather: Geoffrey Chateaudun VI Viscount Châteaudun

Great x 3 GrandFather: Geoffrey Chateaudun V Viscount Châteaudun

Great x 2 GrandMother: Clemence Roches Count Blois