Biography of Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk

Timeline

In 1443 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk and Katherine Moleyns at Stoke-by-Nayland.

On 30 Sep 1472 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey were married.

In 1473 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey.

In 1476 Edward Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey.

Around 1478 Edmund Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey.

Marriage of Richard Duke of York and Anne Mowbray

On 15 Jan 1478 Edward IV's youngest son Richard of Shrewsbury and Anne Mowbray were married at St Stephen's Chapel in Westminster. She had recently inherited the vast Mowbray inheritance when her father John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk died in 1476. The ceremony was attended by Edward's daughters Elizabeth, Mary York and Cecily York Viscountess Welles. The day before Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk was knighted In 1483 Parliament changed the succession so Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk would continue to enjoy her inheritance (she died in 1481) effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death. .

In 1480 Elizabeth Howard Countess Wiltshire, Countess Ormonde was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey.

In 1483 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk was appointed as Privy Council.

In 1483 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk was appointed 222nd Knight Garter: Richard III.

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England by marriage Queen Consort England. See Coronation of Richard III.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk was appointed as Lord High Steward. William Brandon, Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel, Thomas St Leger, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby, Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England, Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk, Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland attended.
Robert Dymoke attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby was appointed as Knight of the Bath.
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III. History doesn't record her reason.

On 25 Jul 1483 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk was appointed as Lord Admiral of all England Ireland and Aquitaine. Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England. Westminster. Grant for life to the king's kinsman Henry REF(PE0$CC$7145), duke of Norfolk, of the office of admiral of England, Ireland and Aquitaine REF(TH0$CC$3749), with certain specified powers and the accustomed fees. By p. s.

On 22 Aug 1485 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk succeeded 13th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283), 14th Baron Segrave (1C 1295). Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey by marriage Baron Mowbray (1C 1283), Baron Segrave (1C 1295).

Battle of Bosworth

On 22 Aug 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth those supporting Henry Tudor included:
John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne
Richard Guildford
Walter Hungerford
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby
John Wingfield
Edward Woodville
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon
Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney
William Stanley Lord Chamberlain
Roger Kynaston
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney
William Brandon
James Harrington
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk
John Sacheverell, and
Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath.
William Norreys, Gilbert Talbot, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford and John Savage commanded.
Robert Poyntz was knighted.

Richard III King England was killed at Ambion Hill during the Battle of Bosworth. Those who fought for Richard III included:
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby
John Conyers
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley
Richard Fitzhugh 5th Baron Fitzhugh
John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton
Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham
Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent
Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln
Humphrey Stafford
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford
Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk was wounded.
Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell fought and escaped.
John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth was captured.
John Babington, William Brandon, James Harrington, John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk, John Sacheverell, William Alington, Robert Mortimer, Robert Brackenbury, Richard Ratclyffe, Richard Bagot and Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley were killed.
William Catesby was executed at Leicester after the battle.
George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin, 5th Baron Mohun Dunster held as a hostage by Richard III before the Battle of Bosworth.
Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland betrayed Richard III King England by not committing his forces at the Battle of Bosworth.

In 1489 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk was restored 1st Earl Surrey (3C 1483). Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey by marriage Earl Surrey (3C 1483).

Yorkshire Rebellion

On 28 Apr 1489 Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland was hanged at York by the rebels when attempting to collect the tax. The King then sent an army of 8000 north led by Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk. The rebels dispersed; their leader John à Chambre was hanged for treason. The rebels then chose John Percy as their leader. His leadership proved less than reliable; he eventually fled to the court of Margaret of Burgundy (sister of Edward IV and Richard III) who remained sympathetic to the Yorkist cause. .

On 17 Aug 1497 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk and Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk were married. Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk by marriage Earl Surrey (3C 1483).

Around 1499 Catherine Howard Countess Bridgewater was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk and Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk.

Death of Prince Arthur

On 23 Apr 1502 Arthur Tudor Prince Wales 's funeral was held at St Laurence's Church presided over by William Smyth Bishop Lincoln. George Grey 2nd Earl Kent, George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford, Richard Grey 3rd Earl Kent, John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Powis and Richard Pole attended. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk was Chief Mourner. Edward Howard and Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex carried The Canopy. .

Marriage of James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor

On 08 Aug 1503 James IV King Scotland and Margaret Tudor were married at Holyrood Abbey, Holyrood. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk and James Hamilton 1st Earl Arran were present. .

Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

On 24 Jun 1509 Henry VIII was crowned VIII King England and Ireland: Tudor at Westminster Abbey. Catherine of Aragon was created Queen Consort England.
Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham, Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde and Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk attended. Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland was knighted. Robert Dymoke attended as the Kings's Champion. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex was created Knight of the Bath and served as Lord Sewer.

In 1510 William Howard 1st Baron Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk and Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk at Hampton Court Palace.

Battle of Flodden

On 09 Sep 1513 at the Battle of Flodden the English army was commanded by Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk, Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk, Edmund Howard, Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland, Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle and Marmaduke Constable.
The English army included: Henry "Shepherd Lord" Clifford 10th Baron Clifford, William Conyers 1st Baron Conyers, Thomas Berkeley 5th Baron Berkeley and Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape. Randall Babington, John Bigod and Thomas Fitzwilliam were killed.
Marmaduke Constable, William Constable, George Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Aston, Edmund Walsingham, Thomas Burgh 7th Baron Cobham Sternborough, 5th Baron Strabolgi, 1st Baron Burgh and Walter Stonor was knighted by Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk.
The Scottish army suffered heavy casualties. James IV King Scotland, Alexander Stewart Archbishop St Andrews, Andrew Stewart 1st Lord Avondale, Matthew Stewart 2nd Earl Lennox, James Traquair, Archibald Campbell 2nd Earl Argyll, Robert Douglas, William Douglas 6th Lord Drumlanrig, George Douglas, William Douglas, John Douglas 2nd Earl Morton, Alexander Elphinstone 1st Lord Elphinstone, John Erskine, William Hay 4th Earl Erroll, Thomas Hay, Adam Hepburn 2nd Earl Bothwell, George Hepburn Bishop Isles, Adam Hepburn Master, Thomas "Younger of Cushnie" Lumsden, John Maxwell 4th Lord Maxwell, William Murray, Colin Oliphant, William Ruthven, George Seton 5th Lord Seton, Henry 03 Lord Sinclair, John Hay 2nd Lord Hay, David Home and William Sinclair 2nd Earl Caithness were killed.
George Home 4th Lord Home and John Stewart 2nd Earl Atholl fought.

In 1514 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk was appointed as Earl Marshal.

In 1514 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk arranged Mary Tudor's marriage to Louis XII of France.

On 01 Feb 1514 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk was restored 2nd Duke Norfolk (3C 1483). Some documentation describes this as a creation rather than restoration although he is always referred to as 2nd. Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk by marriage Duke Norfolk (3C 1483).

On 01 May 1517 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk suppressed Evil May Day riots at London.

Sacking of Morlaix

On 01 Jul 1522 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk was present at Morlaix during the Sacking of Morlaix. Giles Hussey was knighted by Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk.

On 21 May 1524 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk died at Framlingham Castle.

After 21 May 1524 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk was reburied at Church of St Michael the Archangel.

After 21 May 1524 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk was buried at Thetford Priory.

On 16 Jun 1524 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk was appointed as Lord High Treasurer.

Muriel Howard Viscountess Lisle was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey.

Elizabeth Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk and Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk.

Charles Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey.

Henry Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey.

John Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey.

Richard Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk and Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk.

Anne Howard Countess Oxford was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk and Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk.

Thomas Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk and Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk.

Richard Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey.

Dorothy Howard Countess Derby was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk and Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk.

Henry Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Howard

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 18 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 10 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 16 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 11 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 5 Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 9 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 6 Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France

Ancestry

Father: John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk

GrandFather: Robert Howard

Great GrandFather: John Howard

Great Great GrandFather: Robert Howard

Great Great Great GrandFather: John Howard

Great Great Great GrandMother: Joan Cornwall

Great Great GrandMother: Margaret Scales

Great Great Great GrandFather: Roger Scales 3rd Baron Scales

Great Great Great GrandMother: Catherine Ufford Baroness Scales

Great GrandMother: Alice Tendring

GrandMother: Margaret Mowbray Baroness Grey Ruthyn

Great GrandFather: Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk

Great Great GrandFather: John Mowbray 4th Baron Mowbray, 5th Baron Segrave

Great Great Great GrandFather: John Mowbray 3rd Baron Mowbray

Great Great Great GrandMother: Joan Plantagenet Baroness Mowbray

Great Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Segrave 5th Baroness Segrave, Baroness Mowbray

Great Great Great GrandFather: John Segrave 4th Baron Segrave

Great Great Great GrandMother: Margaret Plantagenet 2nd Countess Norfolk

Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk

Great Great GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel

Great Great Great GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey

Great Great Great GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey

Great Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Bohun Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey

Great Great Great GrandFather: William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton

Great Great Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton

Mother: Katherine Moleyns