Biography of William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk

Timeline

On 16 Oct 1396 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk was born to Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk at Cotton.

Siege of Harfleur

In Sep 1415 Henry V King England commenced his invasion of France by undertaking the Siege of Harfleur to provide himself with a port from which to supply future operations. John Mowbray 2nd Duke Norfolk, John Fastolf and Thomas Chaucer fought. William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk was wounded. Benedict Nichols Bishop St David's was present.
On 17 Sep 1415 Nicholas IV Longford died. Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk died of dysentery.

On 25 Oct 1415 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk succeeded 4th Earl Suffolk (3C 1385).

In 1421 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk was appointed 139th Knight Garter: Henry V.

Siege of Orleans

On 12 Oct 1428 the Siege of Orleans commenced at Orleans. During the course of the siege Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury and Jean Poton Xaintrailles were wounded. William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk commanded the English forces during some of the siege.

Relief of Orleans

In 1429 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk commanded at Orleans during the Relief of Orleans.

Battle of Jargeau

On 11 Jun 1429 Joan Arc and Jean Poton Xaintrailles fought at Jargeau, Loiret during the Battle of Jargeau. Alexander Pole was killed. William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk surrendered.

In 1430 Jane Pole was born to William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk. She is believed to the result of William's liaison with a Nun during the trial of Joan of Arc.

On 11 Nov 1430 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk and Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk were married. Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk by marriage Countess Suffolk (3C 1385).

In 1431 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk was ransomed.

In 1434 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk was appointed as Constable Wallingford Castle.

On 27 Sep 1442 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk was born to William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk and Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk.

In 1444 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk was created 1st Marquess Suffolk (1C). Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk by marriage Marchioness Suffolk (1C).

Treaty of Tours

On 28 May 1444 the Treaty of Tours was concluded. The terms included the marriage of Henry VI King England, II King France and Margaret of Anjou in return for which England ceded the strategically important French County of Maine to France; she brought no dowry. The Treaty was negotiated by William de la Pole Duke of Suffolk. The cessation of Maine subsequently came as something of surprise to Edmund Beaufort Earl Somerset who was its Governor. He, Somerset, was offered the Governorship of Normandy instead leading to a further rift between Somerset and Richard Duke of York who had already been offered Normandy. These seeds of the Wars of the Roses were falling on fertile ground.

In 1447 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk was created 1st Earl Pembroke (6C 1447). Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk by marriage Countess Pembroke (6C 1447).

In 1447 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk was appointed as Admiral England.

In 1448 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk was created 1st Duke Suffolk (1C 1448). Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk by marriage Duchess Suffolk (1C 1448).

On 28 Jan 1450 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk was imprisoned at Tower of London.

Murder of William de la Pole

Before 01 May 1450 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk exiled for five years for having lost the English possessions in Northern France including Anjou and Maine which were part of Margaret of Anjou's wedding settlement. .

On 01 May 1450 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk was beheaded at sea whilst travelling into exile his ship having been intercepted by the Nicholas of the Tower. .

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's marriage to Elizabeth of York sister of Edward IV King England.
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet who married Geoffrey Chaucer
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer and Philippa Roet.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: De La Pole

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 8 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 14 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 9 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 4 Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 8 Grand Son of David I King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 9 Grand Son of Louis "Fat" VI King France

Ancestry

Father: Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk

GrandFather: Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk

Great GrandFather: William Pole

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Pole

Great GrandMother: Katherine Norwich

GrandMother: Katherine Wingfield Countess Suffolk

Great GrandFather: John Wingfield

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Wingfield

Mother: Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk Great x 3 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

GrandFather: Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl Stafford Great x 2 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great GrandFather: Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford Great x 7 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund Stafford 1st Baron Stafford

Great x 3 GrandFather: Nicholas Stafford

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Clinton

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Basset Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Basset 1st Baron Basset Drayton Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great GrandMother: Margaret Audley Countess Stafford Great Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley Stratton Audley Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isolde Mortimer Baroness Audley Stratton Audley Great x 3 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Clare Countess Gloucester Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan of Acre Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford Daughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

GrandMother: Philippa Beauchamp Countess Stafford Great x 5 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great GrandFather: Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Fitzjohn Countess Warwick

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Tosny Countess Warwick Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Tosny Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Bohun

Great GrandMother: Katherine Mortimer Countess Warwick Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March Great x 3 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore Great x 2 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Fiennes Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore, 2nd Baroness Geneville Great x 7 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Piers Geneville

Great x 3 GrandMother: Jeanne Lusignan Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England