Biography of Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486

Timeline

In 1405 William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420 (30) and Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Count Eu, Countess Stafford 1383-1438 (21) were married

Around 1418 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 was born to William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420 (44) and Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Count Eu, Countess Stafford 1383-1438 (35)

On 28 May 1420 William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420 (46) died at Troyes. He was buried at Llanthony Secunda Priory, Gloucester, Gloucestershire

Around 1432 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (14) educated Oxford University

In 1434 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (15) was appointed as Chancellor University of Oxford

On 15 May 1434 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (16) was appointed as Bishop Worcester

In 1438 Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Count Eu, Countess Stafford 1383-1438 (54) died. He was buried at Llanthony Secunda Priory, Gloucester, Gloucestershire.

In 1443 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (24) was appointed as Bishop Ely

On Apr 1454 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (35) was appointed as Archbishop Canterbury

On Mar 1455 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (36) was appointed as Lord Chancellor

John Neville married Isabel Ingaldsthorpe

On 25 Apr 1457 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (26) and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe 1441-1476 (16) were married by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (38) at Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent during the John Neville married Isabel Ingaldsthorpe

Loveday

On 24 Mar 1458 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (39) presided at Westminster Abbey at a ceremony known as the "Loveday". John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461, Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (58), Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (30), Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (22), Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (46), Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461, Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 attended in an attempt to reconcile the Lancastrian and Yorkist factions.

Richard of York claims the Kingdom of England

On 10 Oct 1460 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49) claimed the Kingdom of England in Westminster Hall witnessed by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (42).

Coronation of Edward IV

On 28 Jun 1461 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (19) was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (43) who was assisted by William Booth Archbishop York 1388-1464 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster during the Coronation of Edward IV

Coronation of Elizabeth Woodville

On 26 May 1465 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (28) was crowned as Queen Consort England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (47) at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (23) attended. John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499, Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (25) and Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (11) were appointed Knight of the Bath. .

In 1473 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (55) was appointed as Cardinal

Anne Neville declared Legally Dead

In 1474 Parliament declared Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that Edward IV's (31) two younger brothers George (24) and the Richard (21), who had married Anne Beauchamp's (47) daughters, Isabel (22) and Anne (17) respectively, could enjoy the significant Beauchamp inheritance after her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471.
Some of the inhertance should have been given to George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) but he was only thirteen at the time; his father John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, younger brother of Warwick the Kingmaker, had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet. He, George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13), died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) and before Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) acceded to the throne. Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male. Upon the death of George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (55).

Treaty of Picquigny

On 29 Aug 1475 Edward IV (33) signed the Treaty of Picquigny; in effect a non-aggression pact or, possible, a protection racket. France would pay Edward a pension of 50,000 crowns per year as long as he didn't invade France. Cardinal Bourchier (57) arbitrated on behalf of Edward. William Hastings (44) received a pension of 2000 crowns per year, John Howard (50) and Thomas Montgomery 1200 each, Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York (52) 1000, Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (55) 600.
Edward's youngest brother Richard (22) opposed the Treaty considering it dishonourable. Roger Cheney 1442-1499 was present at the signing, and remained as a hostage until Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (33) returned to England.

On 16 Jun 1483 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) removed Edward IV's youngest son Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- from Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey to the Tower of London so that he could join his brother in preparation for his Coronation. . Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) was present.

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (27) by marriage Queen Consort England. See Coronation of Richard III.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was appointed as Lord High Steward. William Brandon 1425-1491, Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (33), Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503, Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (39), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (66) carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (40) carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (27) carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (40) carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13) bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 was appointed as Knight of the Bath.
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (68) refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III. History doesn't record her reason.

Coronation of Henry VII

On 30 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) was crowned VII King England and Ireland: Tudor by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (67) at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (42), his mother, attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 attended as the Kings' Champion.
John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) carried the King's train.

On 30 Mar 1486 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (67) died at Knole House, Knole, Sevenoaks, Kent. He was buried at Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent

Funeral of Edward IV

On 17 Apr 1483, the coffin of Edward IV was carried to Westminster Abbey by Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524, John Savage 1444-1544, Thomas Wortley 1433-1514, Thomas Molyneux 1445-1483, probably John Welles 1st Viscount Welles 1450-1498 who had married Edward's daughter Cecily), John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499, Walter Hungerford 1464-1516, Guy Wolston 1433-1490, John Sapcote 1448-1501, Thomas Tyrrell 1453-1512, John Risley, Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525, John Norreys, Louis de Bretelles and John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch 1294-1314.
Those in the procession included:
Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, widow of Edward's sister Anne
William Parr 1434-1483
John Astley 1373-1488
William Stonor 1450-1494
Henry Ferrers 1443-1500
James Radclyffe 1440-1484
George Browne 1440-1483
Gilbert Debenham
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 walked in front of the coffin with Edward's personal arms.
John Marlow Abbot Bermondsey followed by:
Thomas Kempe Bishop London 1382-1489
John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield 1400- (Bishop of Chester?)
Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491
Edward Story Bishop Chichester -1503
Richard Bell Bishop Carlisle -1496
James Goldwell Bishop Norwich -1499
William Dudley Bishop Durham 1425-1483
John Russell Bishop Rochester, Bishop Lincoln -1494
Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (as Bishop Ely)
Edmund Audley Bishop Rochester, Bishop Hereford, Bishop Salisbury -1524 (as Bishop Rochester)
Peter Courtenay Bishop Exeter, Bishop Winchester -1492, and
Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury 1447-1484
Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 brought up the rear.
Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486, then Archbishop of Canterbury, took no part due to infirmity.
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 ; the King's nephew,
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501
William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1451-1491 (some sources say Earl of Huntingindon?)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504
Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1415-1483
John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487
George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492
John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490
Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485
Edward Grey 1st Viscount Lisle 1432-1492
Henry Lovell 9th Baron Marshal, 8th Baron Morley 1476-1489
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491
John Brooke 7th Baron Cobham 1447-1512
Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495
Thomas Bourchier -1492
Thomas Bourchier -1533.

On 05 Jun 1461. Westminster. Patent Rolls. Edward IV. 1461. Grant for life to Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486{Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury}, of the custody of the lordship, manor and park of Langle by Maydeston, co Kent, rendering 5 marks yearly. By Edward IV King England 1442-1483{K}.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Bourchier

Maternal Family Tree: Aoife NI Diarmait Macmurrough Countess Pembroke, Countess Buckingham 1145-1188

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Edward III King England 1312-1377

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 10 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 11 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great Grand Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377

Kings Scotland: Great x 9 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 7 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420

GrandFather: William Bourchier -1375

Great GrandFather: Robert Bourchier 1st Baron Bourchier -1349

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Bourchier -1330

Great x 2 GrandMother: Helen Colchester

Great GrandMother: Margaret Prayers Baroness Bourchier

GrandMother: Eleanor Louvaine

Mother: Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Count Eu, Countess Stafford 1383-1438 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

GrandFather: Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son Edward II King England 1284-1327

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327 Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314 Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304 Great x 3 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland 1252-1311 Great x 5 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

GrandMother: Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess Gloucester 1366-1399 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 7th Earl Hereford, 6th Earl Essex, 2nd Earl Northampton 1341-1373 Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322

Great x 3 GrandMother: Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland 1282-1316 Daughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton 1313-1356 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere 1287-1333 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Joan Fitzalan Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Countess Northampton 1347-1419 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 Great x 4 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372 Great Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322