Biography of Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492

Anne Grey was born to John Grey 1432-1461 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492


Funeral of Edward IV

On 10 Apr 1483, in the morning, the coffin of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was moved to St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster Palace, Westminster. Edward Story Bishop Chichester -1503 sang the masses. Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1415-1483, Chamberlain to Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492, offered on the Queen's behalf.


Around 1437 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 was born to Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (32) and Jacquetta of Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 (22) at Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire


Around 1454 John Grey 1432-1461 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (17) were married


In 1455 Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 was born to John Grey 1432-1461 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (18)


In 1457 Richard Grey 1457-1483 was born to John Grey 1432-1461 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (20)


In 1460 John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 was appointed as Esquire to the Body to Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (23).


Second Battle of St Albans

On 18 Feb 1461 the Lancastrian army defeated the Yorkist army at Second Battle of St Albans and rescued Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (39).The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) and included Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461, John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45), Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470. Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464, William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46), John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12) and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41) were knighted.
The Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (33), William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (43), John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57). John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (30) was captured. Robert Poynings 1419-1461 and James Luttrell Baron Dunster 1427-1461 (34) were killed.
John Grey 1432-1461 was killed fighting for Lancaster.A death that was to have far reaching consequences; his widow Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (24) subsequently married Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18).
After the battle William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 (68) and Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (65) were beheaded after having protected Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (39) during the battle against all decent laws of battle. Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (30) reneged on their immunity and tried them in front of her seven year old son Prince Edward who ordered them to be beheaded.


Edward IV marries Eleanor Talbot (possibly)

Around Jun 1461 , the record is very vague, Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Eleanor Talbot 1436-1468 were possibly secretly married by Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (41).The marriage came to light after Edward's death. Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (41) provided the information to the future Richard III King England 1452-1485 (8) in 1483; Richard used the information to justify his succeeding to be King since Edward IV's (19) children with Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (24) were, therefore, illegitimate as a result of their marriage being bigamous and George Duke of Clarence's (11) children were barred from the throne as a consequence of their father's attainder.


After 1464 Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (19) was appointed Lady in Waiting to Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (27).


Marriage of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville

Around May 1464 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (22) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (27) were married at Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire. Jacquetta of Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 (49), Elizabeth's mother, being the only witness.


Coronation of Elizabeth Woodville

On 26 May 1465 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (28) was crowned as Queen Consort England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (47) at Westminster Abbey. Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (23) attended. John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499, Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (25) and Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (12) were appointed Knight of the Bath..


On 11 Feb 1466 Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (23) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (29) at Westminster Palace, Westminster


Around 1675 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503. From a work of 1500.

Tournament Bastard of Burgundy

On 14 Jun 1467 the Tournament ended with a great banquet attended by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (30) at the Grocer's Hall.John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (40) and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (49) were present.


On 16 Jun 1467 a great banquet was hosted by the King's older sister Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 (27) and, in the absence of her husband Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (36) who remained, her future husband Thomas St Leger 1440-1483.Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (30) attended as did Antoine "Bastard of Burgundy" 1421-1504 (46).


On 11 Aug 1467 Mary York 1467-1482 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (30) at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire


On 20 Mar 1469 Cecily York Viscountess Welles 1469-1507 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (26) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (32) at Westminster Palace, Westminster.Named after her father's mother Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (53).


On 12 Aug 1469 Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (64) and his son John Woodville 1445-1469 were beheaded at Kenilworth Castle by supporters of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (41).


Edward V born in Sanctuary

On 02 Nov 1470 the future Edward V was born to Edward IV (28) and Elizabeth Woodville (33) in Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey.His father was abroad in Flanders.His Godparents included the Abbot and Prior of Westminster, and Elizabeth St John Baroness Scrope Bolton, Baroness Zouche Harringworth -1494.


Anne Neville declared Legally Dead

1471.Letters of Royal And Illustrious Ladies of Great Britain Volume 1. Letter XXXVIII. Anne Countess of Warwick (14) to the House of Commons.
To the right worshipful and discreet Commons of this present Parliament.
Sheweth unto your wisdoms and discretions the king's true liege woman, Anne countess of Warwick, which never offended his most redoubted highness; for she, immediately after the death of her Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471lord and husband — on whose soul God have mercy — for none offence by her done, but dreading only trouble, being that time within this realm, entered into the sanctuary of Beaulieu for surety of her person, to dispose for the weal and health of the soul of her said lord and husband, as right and conscience required her so to do; making within five days, or near thereabouts, after her entry into the said sanctuary, her labours, suits, and means to the king's highness for her safeguard, to be had as diligently and effectually as her power would extend. She not ceasing, but after her power continiling in such labours, suits, and means, insomuch that, in absence of clerks, she hath written letters in that behalf to the king's highness with her own hand, and not only making such labours, suits, and means to the king's highness, soothly also to the queen's (34) good grace, to my right redoubted lady the king's mother, to my lady the king's eldest daughter, to my lords the king's brethren, to my ladies the king's sisters, to my lady of Bedford (56), mother to the queen, and to other ladies noble of this realm; in which labours, suits, and means, she hath continued hitherto, and so will continue, as she owes to do, till it may please the king, of his most good and noble grace, to have consideration that, during the life of her said lord and husband, she was covert baron, which point she remits to your great wisdoms, and that after his decease, all the time of her being in the said sainctuary, she hath duly kept her fidelity and liegeance, and obeyed the king's commandments. Howbeity it hath pleased the king's highness, by some sinister information to his said highness made, to direct his most dread letters to the abbot of the monastery of Beaulieu, with right sharp commandment that such persons as his highness sent to the said monastery should have guard and strait keeping of her person, which was and is to her great heart's grievance, she specially fearing that the privileges and liberties of the church, by such keeping of her person, might be interrupted and violated, where the privileges of the said sanctuary were never so largely attempted unto this time, as is said; yet the said Anne and Countess, under protestations by her made, hath suffered strait keeping of her person and yet doth, that her fidelity and liegeance to the king's highness the better might be understood, hoping she might the rather have had largess to make suits to the king's highness in her own person for her livelihood and rightful inheritance, which livelihood and inheritance, with all revenues and profits thereto pertaining, with her jointure also, and dower of the earldom of Salisbury, fully and wholly hath been restrained from her, from the time of the death of her said lord and husband unto this day. And forasmuch as our sovereign lord the king of his great grace hath set and assembled his high court of Parliament for reformations, right, and equity to all his subjects and liege people duly to be ministered, the said Anne and Countess humbly beseecheth your great wisdom to ponder and weigh in your consciences her right and true title of her inheritance, as the earldom of Warwick and Spencer's lands, to which she is rightfully born by lineal succession, and also her jointure and dower of the earldom of Salisbury aforesaid. And to shew her your benevolence, that by the king's good grace and authority of this his noble Parliament she may to her foresaid livelihood and rightful inheritance duly be restored and it enjoy, as the laws of Almighty God and of this noble realm, right, also, and conscience doth require; beseeching heartily your great goodnesses, in the reverence of Almighty God and of his most blessed mother, will of grace to consider the poor estate she stands in, how in her own person she may not solicit the premises as she would, an she might, nor is of power any sufficient solicitor in this behalf to make; and though she might, as (she; may not, there is none that dare take it upon him; to have also this poor bill in your tender remembrance, that your perfect charity and good will may solicit the eflFect of the same, which to do, her power at this time may not extend. And shall pray and do pray to God for you..


On 10 Apr 1472 Margaret York 1472-1472 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (29) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (35)


On 30 May 1472 Jacquetta of Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 (57) died


On 17 Aug 1473 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (36) at Westminster Palace, Westminster


On 02 Nov 1475 Anne York 1475-1511 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (33) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (38) at Westminster Palace, Westminster


On Mar 1477 George York 1st Duke Bedford 1477-1479 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (40) at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire


On 14 Aug 1479 Catherine York 1479-1527 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (37) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (42)


On 10 Nov 1480 Bridget York 1480-1517 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (38) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (43) at Eltham Palace, Eltham, Greenwich, Kent


Death of Edward IV

On 09 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (40) died at Westminster.Those present included Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28).


Elizabeth Woodville takes Sanctuary at Westminster Abbey

Around 03 May 1483 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46) took Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey with Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28).Her brother Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury 1447-1484 was with her.


Around 09 Jun 1483 Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (63) informed a Council meeting that the coronation of Edward V King England 1470- could not proceed since he was illegitimate since his father's marriage to his mother Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46) had been bigamous since Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had previously married Eleanor Talbot 1436-1468 at which Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (63) presided. The only witness being Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (63).


Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (27) by marriage Queen Consort England.See Coronation of Richard III.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was appointed as Lord High Steward. William Brandon 1425-1491, Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (33), Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503, Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (39), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (32) and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (66) carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (40) carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (27) carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (40) carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13) bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 was appointed as Knight of the Bath.
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (68) refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III.History doesn't record her reason.


In Mar 1484 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (31) attempted to persuade Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (47) to leave Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey by promising to secure suitable marriages for her daughters.


On 24 Sep 1486 Arthur Tudor Prince Wales 1486-1502 was christened at Winchester Cathedral, Winchester, Hampshire.Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (71) held held the child.
His godparents included Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (51), William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (68), John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (44), Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (36), Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (49) and Cecily York Viscountess Welles 1469-1507.
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (33) was present.


On 08 Jun 1492 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (55) died at Bermondsey, Southwark, Surrey.She was buried at the Altar, St George's Chapel.


Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Woodville

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 19 Grand Daughter of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings England: Great x 6 Grand Daughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Kings Scotland: Great x 11 Grand Daughter of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 9 Grand Daughter of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 10 Grand Daughter of Louis "Fat" VI King France 1081-1137

Ancestry

Father: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469

Woodville Arms. Argent, a Fess and a canton conjoined gules.


GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1385-1441

Woodville Arms. Argent, a Fess and a canton conjoined gules.


Great GrandFather: John Woodville 1341-1403

Woodville Arms. Argent, a Fess and a canton conjoined gules.


GrandMother: Joan Bittelsgate 1390-1448


Great GrandFather: Thomas Bittelsgate 1350-


Great GrandMother: Joan Beauchamp 1370-

Beauchamp Arms. Gules a Fess or between six crosslets or.


Great x 2 GrandFather: John Beauchamp 1330-1396

Beauchamp Arms. Gules a Fess or between six crosslets or.


Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh Beauchamp 1290-1338

Beauchamp Arms. Gules a Fess or between six crosslets or.


Great x 3 GrandMother: Idonea Lisle 1293-1359

Lisle Arms. Or a fess between two chevrons sable.


Mother: Jacquetta of Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272


GrandFather: Peter Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol 1390-1433 Great x 4 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great GrandFather: John Luxembourg 1370-1397 Great x 3 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 2 GrandFather: Guy Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol, I Count Ligny 1340-1371 Great x 8 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135


Great x 3 GrandFather: John Luxembourg Great x 7 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087


Great x 3 GrandMother: Alix Dampierre 1322-1346 Great x 7 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Dampierre Arms. Gules, two lions passant or, armed and langued azure.


Great x 2 GrandMother: Mathilde Chatillon 1335-1373 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 3 GrandFather: Jean Chatillon Count Saint-Pol 1292-1344 Great Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 3 GrandMother: Jeanne Fiennes 1307-1353 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Fiennes Arms. Azure, three lions rampant or. Source.


Great GrandMother: Margaret Brienne 1365-


GrandMother: Margherita Baux 1394-1469 Great x 5 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Baux Arms. Gules, an estoile argent.


Great GrandFather: Francesco Baux 1st Duke Andria 1330-1422

Baux Arms. Gules, an estoile argent.


Great GrandMother: Sueva Orsini 1360-1430 Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 2 GrandFather: Nicholas Orsini Count Great x 3 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandFather: Roberto Orsini Count 1295-1345 Great x 2 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandMother: Sueva del Balzo


Great x 2 GrandMother: Jeanne Sabran