Biography of Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501

Timeline

Around 1454 John Grey 1432-1461 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (16) were married

In 1455 Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 was born to John Grey 1432-1461 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (17)

Second Battle of St Albans

On 18 Feb 1461 the Lancastrian army defeated the Yorkist army at Second Battle of St Albans and rescued Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (39). The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 and included Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461, John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45), Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470. Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464, William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46), John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12) and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41) were knighted.
The Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (33), William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (43), John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (56). John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (30) was captured. Robert Poynings 1419-1461 and James Luttrell Baron Dunster 1427-1461 (34) were killed.
John Grey 1432-1461 was killed fighting for Lancaster. A death that was to have far reaching consequences; his widow Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (23) subsequently married Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18).
After the battle William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 (68) and Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (64) were beheaded after having protected Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (39) during the battle against all decent laws of battle. Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 reneged on their immunity and tried them in front of her seven year old son Prince Edward who ordered them to be beheaded.

On Oct 1466 Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (11) and Anne Holland 1461-1474 were married at Greenwich, Kent

Before 06 Jun 1474 Anne Holland 1461-1474 died

On 05 Sep 1474 Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (19) and Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529 (14) were married

In 1475 Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (20) was created 1st Marquess Dorset (3C 1475). Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529 (14) by marriage Marchioness Dorset (3C 1475).

In 1476 Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (21) was appointed 216th Knight Garter: Edward IV

Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York

On 29 Jul 1476 Edward I's paternal grand-father Edward of York, his father Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460{Richard of York} and and his younger brother Edmund were reburied at St Mary and All Saints in Fotheringhay in a ceremony attended by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34), George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (26), Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (21), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (45), Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (36). .

On 22 Jun 1477 Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 was born to Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (22) and Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529 (16)

In 1479 Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (24) was created 1st Earl Huntingdon (6C 1479). Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529 (18) by marriage Countess Huntingdon (6C 1479).

In 1479 Leonard Grey 1st Viscount Grane 1479-1541 was born to Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (24) and Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529 (18)

In 1480 Dorothy Grey Baroness Mountjoy, Baroness Willoughby Broke, Baroness Latimer 1480-1552 was born to Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (25) and Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529 (19)

On 23 Jan 1483 Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28) succeeded 7th Baron Ferrers Groby. Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529 (22) by marriage Baroness Ferrers Groby.

On 25 Mar 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (40) returned to Westminster from Windsor, Berkshire. A few days later he became sufficiently unwell to add codicils to his will, and to have urged reconciliation between William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28) ; it isn't clear what the cause of the friction between the two men was although it appears well known that Hastings resented the Woodville family.

Death of Edward IV

On 09 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (40) died at Westminster. Those present included Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28).

Elizabeth Woodville takes Sanctuary at Westminster Abbey

Around 03 May 1483 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46) took Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey, Westminster with Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28). Her brother Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury 1447-1484 was with her.

Buckingham's Rebellion

In Oct 1483 Buckingham's Rebellion was an attempt to replace Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) with Henry Tudor (26). Richard Haute -1487 took part. He escaped execution, and was subsequently pardoned.
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (29) was attainted.
On 02 Nov 1483 Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (29) was beheaded in Salisbury Marketplace for his part in the rebellion.
On 08 Nov 1483 Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 was executed at Exeter Castle, Exeter, Devon.
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28) and Eleanor Bohun Countess Ormonde 1304-1363 escaped to Henry VII in Brittany. Walter Hungerford 1464-1516, Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 and Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509 took part. !The rebellion was suppressed by Richard Guildford 1450-1506 and Robert Willoughby 1st Baron Willoughby Broke 1452-1502.
On 04 Dec 1483 George Browne 1440-1483 was beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 23 Jan 1484 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) was subject to an attainder in the first Parliament of Richard III for her involvement. Whilst the Act was described as an Attainder Richard in effect transferred all of Margaret's property to her husband Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) as follows:
An act for the attainder of Margaret, countess of Richmond (40):
Because Margaret, countess of Richmond, mother of the king's great rebel and traitor, Henry, earl of Richmond, has lately conspired, leagued and committed high treason against our sovereign lord King Richard III in various ways, and in particular by sending messages, writings and tokens to the said Henry, urging, instigating and stirring him by them to come into this realm to make war upon our said sovereign lord; to which urging, instigation and stirring the said Henry applied himself, as experience has recently shown. Also, the said countess supplied great sums of money within the city of London as well as elsewhere in this realm to be employed in the execution of the said treason and malicious purpose; and the said countess also conspired, leagued and plotted the destruction of our said sovereign lord, and knew of and assented to, and assisted in the treason planned and committed by Henry, late duke of Buckingham, and his supporters, for which he and some of his supporters have been attainted by an act in this present parliament. Nevertheless, our said sovereign lord, of his special grace, mindful of the good and faithful service which Thomas, Lord Stanley, has given and intends to give our said sovereign lord, and for the sincere love and trust which the king has in him, and for his sake, remits and will forbear the great punishment of attainting the said countess, which she or anyone else doing the same has deserved; and in consideration of the foregoing, our said sovereign lord wills that it be enacted, ordained and decreed, by the assent of the lords spiritual and temporal and the commons assembled in this present parliament, and by authority of the same, that the said countess henceforth shall be legally unable to have, inherit or enjoy any manors, lands or tenements, or other hereditaments or possessions whatsoever, and also henceforth shall be unable to bear or have any name of estate or dignity; and that the said countess shall forfeit to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs all the castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments and possessions, whatsoever they may be, of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised or possessed of estate of fee-simple, fee-tail, term of life, in dower or otherwise. And be it ordained by the said authority that all the said castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments with the appurtenances of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised of estate of fee-simple or fee-tail, shall remain to the said Thomas for term of his life, and after his death to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs. And moreover, all the lordships, manors, lands, tenements, rents, services and reversions of which the said countess, or any other person to her use, is now seised of estate, term of her life or in dower, shall remain to the said Thomas during her life. And if the said Thomas dies during the lifetime of the said countess, they shall remain to the king; saving to every person and persons, except the said countess and her heirs, their right, title and interest in the said lands and tenements.

23 Oct 1483 Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (31). Leicester, Leicestershire. Precept to the sheriff of Devon to issue a proclamation (English) denouncing Thomas Dorset, late Marquess of Dorset (28), who holds unshameful and mischievous woman called Shore's wife in adultery, William Norreys 1441-1507, William Knyvet 1440-1515, Sir Thomas Bourghchier of Barnes, Sir George Broun, knights, John Cheyne, John Noreis, Walter Hungerford, John Russh and John Harecourt of Staunton, who have assembled the Person by the comfort of the great rebel the late duke of Bukyngham and bishops of Ely and Salisbury, and offering rewards for their capture and pardon for all who withdraw from them. By K.

In 1491 Mary Grey Baroness Ferrers Chartley 1491-1538 was born to Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (36) and Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529 (30)

On 08 Jun 1492 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (55) died at Bermondsey, Southwark, Surrey. She was buried at the Altar, St George's Chapel.

Around 1497 Elizabeth Grey Countess Kildare 1497-1548 was born to Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (42) and Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529 (36)

On 20 Sep 1501 Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (46) died

On 12 May 1529 Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529 (68) died. He was buried at Church St Mary the Virgin, Astley, Warwickshire

Cecily Grey Baroness Dudley was born to Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 and Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529

John Grey -1523 was born to Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 and Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529

Margaret Grey was born to Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 and Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529

Eleanor Grey was born to Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 and Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529

Richard Grey was born to Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 and Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529

Funeral of Edward IV

On 17 Apr 1483, the coffin of Edward IV was carried to Westminster Abbey by Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524, John Savage 1444-1544, Thomas Wortley 1433-1514, Thomas Molyneux 1445-1483, probably John Welles 1st Viscount Welles 1450-1498 who had married Edward's daughter Cecily), John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499, Walter Hungerford 1464-1516, Guy Wolston 1433-1490, John Sapcote 1448-1501, Thomas Tyrrell 1453-1512, John Risley, Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525, John Norreys, Louis de Bretelles and John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch 1294-1314.
Those in the procession included:
Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, widow of Edward's sister Anne
William Parr 1434-1483
John Astley 1373-1488
William Stonor 1450-1494
Henry Ferrers 1443-1500
James Radclyffe 1440-1484
George Browne 1440-1483
Gilbert Debenham
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 walked in front of the coffin with Edward's personal arms.
John Marlow Abbot Bermondsey followed by:
Thomas Kempe Bishop London 1382-1489
John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield 1400- (Bishop of Chester?)
Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491
Edward Story Bishop Chichester -1503
Richard Bell Bishop Carlisle -1496
James Goldwell Bishop Norwich -1499
William Dudley Bishop Durham 1425-1483
John Russell Bishop Rochester, Bishop Lincoln -1494
Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (as Bishop Ely)
Edmund Audley Bishop Rochester, Bishop Hereford, Bishop Salisbury -1524 (as Bishop Rochester)
Peter Courtenay Bishop Exeter, Bishop Winchester -1492, and
Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury 1447-1484
Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 brought up the rear.
Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486, then Archbishop of Canterbury, took no part due to infirmity.
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 ; the King's nephew,
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501
William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1451-1491 (some sources say Earl of Huntingindon?)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504
Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1415-1483
John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487
George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492
John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490
Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485
Edward Grey 1st Viscount Lisle 1432-1492
Henry Lovell 9th Baron Marshal, 8th Baron Morley 1476-1489
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491
John Brooke 7th Baron Cobham 1447-1512
Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495
Thomas Bourchier -1492
Thomas Bourchier -1533.

Edward Grey was born to Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 and Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529

Bridget Grey was born to Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 and Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529

Anthony Grey was born to Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 and Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529

Edward Grey -1516 was born to Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 and Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529

George Grey was born to Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 and Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529

Anthony Grey was born to Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 and Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Grey

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 18 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 6 Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Kings Scotland: Great x 9 Grand Son of David I King Scotland 1084-1153

Kings Franks: Great x 10 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 7 Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

Ancestry

Father: John Grey 1432-1461 Great x 5 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

GrandFather: Edward Grey 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1415-1457 Great x 6 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great GrandFather: Reginald Grey 3rd Baron Grey Ruthyn 1362-1440 Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandFather: Reginald Grey 2nd Baron Grey Ruthyn 1322-1388 Great x 7 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Grey 1st Baron Grey Ruthyn 1290-1353 Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Hastings Baroness Grey Ruthyn Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alianore Strange Baroness Grey Ruthyn 1331-1396 Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Strange 2nd Baron Strange Blackmere 1306-1349 Great x 3 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Ankaret Boteler Baroness Strange Blackmere 1309-1361

Great GrandMother: Joan Astley Baroness Grey Ruthyn 1366-1448 Great x 8 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Astley 4th Baron Astley 1340-1404 Great x 7 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Astley 3rd Baron Astley 1308-1366

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Beauchamp Baroness Astley 1316-1359 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Willoughby Baroness Astley 1345-1413 Great x 8 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Willoughby 2nd Baron Willoughby Eresby 1303-1349 Great x 7 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Roscelyn Baroness Willoughby Eresby, Baroness Latimer

GrandMother: Elizabeth Ferrers 6th Baroness Ferrers Groby 1419-1483 Great x 4 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: Henry Ferrers 1394-1425 Great x 5 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Ferrers 5th Baron Ferrers Groby 1372-1445 Great x 4 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Ferrers 4th Baron Ferrers Groby 1355-1388 Great x 3 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Hoo Baroness Ferrers Groby

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Clifford Baroness Ferrers Groby 1372-1415 Great x 5 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Clifford 5th Baron Clifford 1333-1389 Great x 4 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Beauchamp Baroness Clifford 1335-1403 Great x 5 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great GrandMother: Isabel Mowbray Baroness Berkeley 1400- Great x 3 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 Great x 2 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Mowbray 4th Baron Mowbray, 5th Baron Segrave 1340-1368 Great x 2 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Segrave 5th Baroness Segrave, Baroness Mowbray Great Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandMother: Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 Great x 2 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Bohun Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1350-1385 Great Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Mother: Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469

Great GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1385-1441

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Woodville 1341-1403

Great GrandMother: Joan Bittelsgate 1390-1448

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Bittelsgate 1350-

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Beauchamp 1370-

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Beauchamp 1330-1396

GrandMother: Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great GrandFather: Peter Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol 1390-1433 Great x 4 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Luxembourg 1370-1397 Great x 3 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Guy Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol, I Count Ligny 1340-1371 Great x 8 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mathilde Chatillon 1335-1373 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Brienne 1365-

Great GrandMother: Margherita Baux 1394-1469 Great x 5 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandFather: Francesco Baux 1st Duke Andria 1330-1422

Great x 2 GrandMother: Sueva Orsini 1360-1430 Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Nicholas Orsini Count Great x 3 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Jeanne Sabran