Twenty Trees

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History of Bedfordshire

Bedfordshire is in Home Counties

Amesbury Abbey

In 1241 Eleanor Plantagenet 1184-1241 (57) died at Bristol Castle, Bristol. She was buried at Amesbury Abbey.

On 15 Aug 1285 Mary Plantagenet 1279-1332 (6) was appointed Nun at Amesbury Abbey.

Ampthill

On 19 Nov 1516 Elizabeth Hussey Countess Kent -1516 died at Ampthill.

Westoning, Ampthill

Around 1155 William Boclande 1155-1216 was born at Westoning, Ampthill.

On 28 Mar 1222 Maud Saye 1155-1222 (67) died at Westoning, Ampthill.

Arlessey

In 1483 John Greene 1445-1483 (38) died at Arlessey.

Bedford

Around 1115 Hugh Beauchamp 1040-1115 (75) died at Bedford.

In 1130 Matilda Adeliza Taillebois 1044-1130 (86) died at Bedford.

Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton

The Chronicles of Froissart Chapter XX - How king Robert of Scotland died. Mar 1328. Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton. AND when that the Scots were departed by night from the mountain, whereas the king of England (15) had besieged them, as ye have heard herebefore, they went twentytwo mile through that savage country without resting, and passed the river of Tyne right near to Carlisle ; and the next day they went into their own land, and so departed every man to his own mansion. And within a space after there was a peace purchased between the kings of England and Scotland ; and as the English chronicle saith,' it was done by the special counsel of the old queen (33) and sir Roger Mortimer (40) ; for by their means there was a parliament holden at Northampton, at the which the king (15) being within age granted to the Scots to release all the fealties and homages that they ought to have done to the crown of England, by his charter ensealed, and also there was delivered to the Scots an indenture, the which was called the Ragman, wherein was contained all the homages and fealties that the king of Scots and all the prelates, earls and barons of Scotland ought to have done to the crown of England, sealed with all their seals, with all other rights that sundry barons and knights ought to have had in the realm of Scotland. And also they delivered to them again the black cross of Scotland, the which the good king Edward conquered and brought it out of the abbey of Scone, the which was a precious relic ; and all rights and interests that every baron had in Scotland was then clean forgiven. And many other things were done at that parliament to the great hurt and prejudice of the realm of England, and in manner against the wills of all the nobles of the realm, save only of Isabel (33) the old queen and the bishop of Ely and the lord Mortimer (40) : they ruled the realm in such wise, that every man was miscontent. So that the earl Henry of Lancaster (47) and sir Thomas Brotherton (27), earl marshal, and sir Edmund of Woodstock (26), the king's uncle, and divers other lords and commons were agreed together to amend these faults, if they might. And in that meantime the queen Isabel (33) and sir Roger Mortimer (40) caused another parliament to be holden at Salisbury, at the which parliament sir Roger Mortimer (40) was made earl of March against all the barons' wills of England, in prejudice of king and his realm, and sir John of Eltham (11) the king's brother was made earl of Cornwall. To the which parliament the earl Henry of Lancaster (47) would not come, wherefore the king was brought in belief that he would have destroyed his person; for the which they assembled a great host and went toward Bedford, whereas the earl Henry (47) was with his company. Then the earl marshal (27) and the earl of Kent (26), the king's uncle, made a peace between the king (15) and the earl of Lancaster (47), on whose part was sir Henry lord Beaumont (48), sir Fulke Fitz-Warin (43), sir Thomas Rocelin, sir William Trussel, sir Thomas Wither and about a hundred knights, who were all expelled out of England by the counsel of queen Isabel and the earl Mortimer : for he was so covetous, that he thought to have the most part of all their lands into his own hands, as it is more plainly shewed in the English chronicle, the which I pass over and follow mine author.

On 14 Feb 1389 John Beauchamp 1330-1389 (59) died at Bedford.

On 18 Aug 1562 John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562 (82) died at Bedford. He was buried at All Saints Church, Turvey. On 18 Aug 1562 His son John Mordaunt 2nd Baron Mordaunt 1508-1571 (54) succeeded 2nd Baron Mordaunt.

In 1581 John Puckering 1544-1596 (37) was elected MP Bedford.

In 1601 Thomas Fanshawe 1580-1631 (21) was elected to MP Bedford.

In 1606 Christopher Hatton 1581-1619 (24) was elected MP Bedford.

In 1768 Samuel Whitbread 1720-1796 (47) was elected MP Bedford.

Biggleswade

In 1263 Warin Lisle 1263-1296 was born to Robert Lisle 1246-1284 (17) and Mabel Muscgros at Biggleswade.

Before 07 Dec 1296 Warin Lisle 1263-1296 died at Biggleswade.

Blunham, Biggleswade

On 09 Aug 1250 Henry Hastings 1198-1250 (52) died at Blunham, Biggleswade.

Bletsoe

Around 1289 Agnes Grandison Baroness Bardolf 1289-1349 was born to William Grandison 1st Baron Grandison 1262-1335 (27) and Sibylla Tregoz Baroness Grandison at Bletsoe.

In 1387 Elizabeth Paulet 1387-1421 was born in Bletsoe.

On 08 Jul 1400 Oliver St John 1400-1437 was born to John St John 1383-1421 (16) and Elizabeth Paulet 1387-1421 (13) at Bletsoe.

On 31 Aug 1426 John St John 1426-1488 was born to Oliver St John 1400-1437 (26) and Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1410-1482 (16) at Bletsoe.

Around 1430 Edith St John 1430- was born to Oliver St John 1400-1437 (29) and Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1410-1482 (20) at Bletsoe.

On 30 Mar 1450 John St John 1450-1525 was born to John St John 1426-1488 (23) and Alice Bradshaigh at Bletsoe.

After 1488 John St John 1426-1488 died at Bletsoe.

Around 1494 John St John 1494-1562 was born to John St John 1450-1525 (43) and Sybil of Lansgtone Manor 1462-1502 (32) at Bletsoe.

Around 1533 Margaret St John Countess Bedford 1533-1562 was born to John St John 1494-1562 (39) and Margaret Waldegrave at Bletsoe.

On 27 Aug 1562 John St John 1494-1562 (68) died at Bletsoe.

On 17 Jan 1732 St Andrew St John 1732-1795 was born to John St John 11th Baron St John Bletso 1688-1757 (44) at Bletsoe.

Bletsoe Castle, Bletsoe

On Aug 1362 Roger Beauchamp 3rd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1362-1413 was born to Roger Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1361-1406 (32) and Joanne Clopton Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe 1352-1382 (4) at Bletsoe Castle, Bletsoe.

On 03 Jan 1380 Roger Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1305-1380 (75) died at Bletsoe Castle, Bletsoe. His son Roger Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1361-1406 (50) succeeded 2nd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe in Bedfordshire. Joanne Clopton Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe 1352-1382 (22) by marriage Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe in Bedfordshire.

Around 1413 Roger Beauchamp 3rd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1362-1413 (50) died at Bletsoe Castle, Bletsoe.

On 31 May 1443 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 was born to John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (40) and Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1410-1482 (33) at Bletsoe Castle, Bletsoe.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

On 01 Nov 1455 Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 (25) and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (12) were married at Bletsoe Castle, Bletsoe. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (12) by marriage 1st Earl Richmond (7C 1452).

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Brickhill

John Evelyn's Diary 1675 July. 15 Jul 1675. Our cause was pleaded in behalf of the mother, Mrs. Howard and her daughters, before Baron Thurland (68), who had formerly been steward of Courts for me; we carried our cause, as there was reason, for here was an impudent as well as disobedient son (26) against his mother, by instigation, doubtless, of his wife, one Mrs. Ogle (23) (an ancient maid), whom he had clandestinely married, and who brought him no fortune, he being heir-apparent to the Earl of Berkshire (60) [Note. The reference to heir apparent is incorrect insofar as Charles Howard 2nd Earl Berkshire 1615-1679 (60) having a younger brother Thomas Howard 3rd Earl Berkshire 1619-1706 (55) who did inherit the Earldom]. Craven in line to inherit in the event the 2nd or 3rd Earl didn't have issue which proved to be the case but Craven had died by that time so his son Henry Bowes Howard 4th Earl Berkshire, 11th Earl Suffolk 1686-1757 became the 4th Earl. We lay at Brickhill, in Bedfordshire, and came late the next day to our journey's end.
This was a journey of adventures and knight-errantry. One of the lady's servants being as desperately in love with Mrs. Howard's woman, as Mr. Graham (26) was with her daughter (24), and she riding on horseback behind his rival, the amorous and jealous youth having a little drink in his pate, had here killed himself had he not been prevented; for, alighting from his horse, and drawing his sword, he endeavored twice or thrice to fall on it, but was interrupted by our coachman, and a stranger passing by. After this, running to his rival, and snatching his sword from his side (for we had beaten his own out of his hand), and on the sudden pulling down his mistress, would have run both of them through; we parted them, not without some blood. This miserable creature poisoned himself for her not many days after they came to London.

Bury Hatley

Around 1406 Reginald Cockayne 1406-1428 was born to John Cockayne Chief Baron 1360-1429 (46) and Ida Grey 1368-1426 (38) at Bury Hatley.

Campton

On 20 Jan 1288 Robert Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1288-1344 was born to Warin Lisle 1263-1296 (25) and Alice Montfort Baroness Fitzwalter at Campton.

Cardington

On 18 Jan 1764 Samuel Charles Whitbread 1764-1815 was born to Samuel Whitbread 1720-1796 (43) and Harriet Hayton at Cardington.

On 29 Jun 1816 William Frederick Waldegrave 1816-1854 was born to William Waldegrave 8th Earl Waldegrave 1788-1859 (27) in Cardington.

On 13 Sep 1819 Samuel Waldegrave Bishop Carlisle 1819-1869 was born to William Waldegrave 8th Earl Waldegrave 1788-1859 (30) in Cardington.

Chipping Norton

Around 1230 Walter Ledet 1230-1256 was born at Chipping Norton.

Clapham

Clifton

On 15 Jan 1812 Diana Dashwood 1746-1812 (66) died at Clifton.

Cockayne Hatley

Church of St John, Cockayne Hatley

On 22 May 1429 John Cockayne Chief Baron 1360-1429 (69) died at Ashbourne. He was buried at Church of St John, Cockayne Hatley.

Colmworth

Around 1307 Gerard Braybrooke 1307-1358 was born at Colmworth.

Around 1332 Gerard Braybrooke 1332-1403 was born to Gerard Braybrooke 1307-1358 (25) at Colmworth.

Around 1356 Reginald Braybrooke 1356-1405 was born to Gerard Braybrooke 1332-1403 (24) at Colmworth.

Cople

Around 1406 John Peake 1406-1434 was born at Cople.

Around 1432 William Mordaunt 1432-1481 was born at Cople.

In 1434 John Peake 1406-1434 (28) died at Cople.

On 21 Apr 1434 Margaret Peake 1434-1496 was born to John Peake 1406-1434 at Cople.

In 1480 John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562 was born to John Mordaunt 1455-1504 (24) and Edith Latimer 1450-1504 (30) at Cople.

In 1481 William Mordaunt 1432-1481 (49) died at Cople.

Around 1484 Joan Mordaunt 1484- was born to John Mordaunt 1455-1504 (28) and Edith Latimer 1450-1504 (34) at Cople. Date changed to 1484 to be consistent with birth of son Henry in 1500.

Dunstable

John Evelyn's Diary 1688 August. 15 Aug 1688. I went to Althorpe, in Northamptonshire, seventy miles. A coach and four horses took up me and my son at Whitehall, and carried us to Dunstable, where we arrived and dined at noon, and from thence another coach and six horses carried us to Althorpe, four miles beyond Northampton, where we arrived by seven o'clock that evening. Both these coaches were hired for me by that noble Countess of Sunderland (42), who invited me to her house at Althorpe, where she entertained me and my son with very extraordinary kindness; I stayed till the Thursday.

John Evelyn's Diary 1688 August. 23 Aug 1688. I left this noble place and conversation, my lady having provided carriages to convey us back in the same manner as we went, and a dinner being prepared at Dunstable against our arrival. Northampton, having been lately burned and re-edified, is now become a town that for the beauty of the buildings, especially the church and townhouse, may compare with the neatest in Italy itself.
Dr. Sprat (53), Bishop of Rochester, wrote a very honest and handsome letter to the Commissioners Ecclesiastical, excusing himself from sitting any longer among them, he by no means approving of their prosecuting the Clergy who refused to read the Declaration for liberty of conscience, in prejudice of the Church of England.
The Dutch make extraordinary preparations both at sea and land, which with no small progress Popery makes among us, puts us to many difficulties. The Popish Irish soldiers commit many murders and insults; the whole nation disaffected, and in apprehensions.
After long trials of the doctors to bring up the little Prince of Wales by hand (so many of her Majesty's children having died infants) not succeeding, a country nurse, the wife of a tile maker, is taken to give it suck.

Dunstable Priory, Dunstable

Eleanor Crosses

On 09 Dec 1290 Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 body rested at Dunstable Priory, Dunstable.

Eaton

In 1204 William Cantilupe Baron 1159-1239 (45) was granted the manor of Eaton.

Around 1548 Richard Catesby 1500-1553 (48) and Elizabeth Bray were married at Eaton.

On 08 Mar 1553 Richard Catesby 1500-1553 (53) died at Eaton.

Eaton Bray

Around 1524 Dorothy Braye Baroness Chandos, Baroness Knollys 1524-1605 was born to Edmund Braye 1st Baron Braye 1484-1539 (40) at Eaton Bray.

Eyeworth

In 1568 Katherine Anderson Lady Dunham Massey 1568-1639 was born to Edmund Anderson 1525-1605 (43) at Eyeworth.

In 1581 Francis Anderson 1581-1615 was born to Edmund Anderson 1525-1605 (56) at Eyeworth.

On 01 Aug 1605 Edmund Anderson 1525-1605 (80) died at Eyeworth.

On 19 Feb 1773 Stephen Anderson 3rd Baronet Anderson 1708-1773 (64) died at Eyeworth.

Penelope Anderson Lady Bicester aka Bisseter -1691 was born in Eyeworth.

Grizel Anderson Countess Mulgrave was born to Edmund Anderson 1525-1605 at Eyeworth.

Higham Gobion

On 20 Jan 1609 Henry Boteler 1538-1609 (71) died at Higham Gobion.

On 27 May 1637 John Boteler 1st Baron Boteler Brantfield 1566-1637 (71) died at St Martin's in the Fields. He was buried at Higham Gobion. After 27 May 1637 His son William Boteler 2nd Baron Boteler Brantfield -1647 succeeded 2nd Baron Boteler Brantfield.

Kempston

Leighton Buzzard

Lidlington

On 08 Jun 1575 Roger Dudley 1540-1587 (35) and Susannah Thorne 1560- were married at Lidlington.

Melchbourne

On 05 Oct 1828 Frederick Montagu 1828-1854 was born to George Montagu 6th Duke Manchester 1799-1855 (29) and Millicent Sparrow Duchess Manchester 1798-1848 (30) at Melchbourne.

Pabenham

Around 1335 Laurence Pavenham 1335-1399 was born at Pabenham.

South Mylles

In 1532 Elizabeth Empson 1435-1532 (97) died at South Mylles.

Southill

All Saints Church, Southill

Southill Park

On 14 Dec 1812 George Byng 4th Viscount Torrington 1740-1812 (72) died. His brother John Byng 5th Viscount Torrington 1743-1813 (69) succeeded 5th Viscount Torrington. He enjoyed the Viscountcy for only twenty-four days dying on 08 Jan 1813. Further, the seat of the Viscountcy Southill Park had been sold to pay off debts.

Stotfold

In 1445 John Greene 1445-1483 was born at Stotfold.

Stratton

On 12 Sep 1702 John Cotton 3rd Baronet Cotton 1621-1702 (81) died in Stratton. His grandson John Cotton 4th Baronet Cotton 1680-1731 (22) succeeded 4th Baronet Cotton of Conington (1611).

Sutton

On 08 Mar 1316 Alicia Ledet Baroness Latimer Corby 1251-1316 (65) died at Sutton.

Thursley

In 1497 Alexander St John 1497-1551 was born to John St John 1450-1525 (46) and Sybil of Lansgtone Manor 1462-1502 (35) at Thursley.

In 1551 Alexander St John 1497-1551 (54) died at Thursley.

Turvey

On 30 Dec 1455 John Mordaunt 1455-1504 was born to William Mordaunt 1432-1481 (23) at Turvey.

On 05 Sep 1504 Edith Latimer 1450-1504 (54) died at Turvey.

On 11 Sep 1504 John Mordaunt 1455-1504 (48) died at Turvey.

Woburn

Eleanor Crosses

On 08 Dec 1290 Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 body rested at Woburn.

On 27 Aug 1562 Margaret St John Countess Bedford 1533-1562 (29) died at Woburn. She was buried at Chenies.

In 1657 Anne Russell 1650-1657 (7) died at Woburn.

On 05 Jan 1771 John Russell 4th Duke Bedford 1710-1771 (60) died at Woburn. He was buried at Bedford Chapel, St Michael's Church, Chenies. His grandson Francis Russell 5th Duke Bedford 1765-1802 (5) succeeded 5th Duke Bedford (6C 1694), 5th Marquess Tavistock.

On 02 Mar 1802 Francis Russell 5th Duke Bedford 1765-1802 (36) died at Woburn. He was buried at Bedford Chapel, St Michael's Church, Chenies. His brother John Russell 6th Duke Bedford 1766-1839 (35) succeeded 6th Duke Bedford (6C 1694), 6th Marquess Tavistock.

Woburn Abbey, Woburn

On 12 Sep 1623 Frances Clinton Baroness Chandos 1552-1623 (71) died at Woburn Abbey, Woburn.

Wymington

On 22 Oct 1407 Margaret St John 1365-1407 (42) died at Wymington.