Surrey

In 1615 Charles Howard 1615-1672 was born to Francis Howard 1585-1651 (29) and Jane Monson 1588-1685 (27) at Surrey.

On 20 Mar 1672 Charles Howard 1615-1672 (57) died at Surrey.

Albury, Surrey

Ashford, Surrey

On 28 Jul 1758 George Henry Hay 8th Earl Kinnoul 1689-1758 (69) died in Ashford, Surrey.

Ashtead, Surrey

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 May. 10 May 1684. I went to visite my brother in Surrey. Call'd by the way at Ashted, where Sr Rob Howard (58) (Auditor of the Exchequer) entertain'd me very civilly at his new built house, which stands in a Park on the Downe, the avenue South ; tho' downe hill to the house, which is not greate, but with the outhouses very convenient. The stairecase is painted by Verrio (48) with the storie of Astrea; amongst other figures is the Picture of the Painter himselfe, and not unlike him ; the rest is well done, onely the columns did not at all please me ; there is also Sir Robert's own Picture in an oval ; the whole in fresca. The place has this greate defect, that there is no water but what is drawn up by horses from a very deepe well.

Bagshot, Surrey

Bagshot Manor, Bagshot, Surrey

Around 27 Mar 1534 Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (66) died at Bagshot Manor, Bagshot, Surrey.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

Bagshot Park, Bagshot, Surrey

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Oct. 22 Oct 1685. I accompanied my Lady Clarendon to her house at Swallowfield in Berks, dining by the way at Mr. Graham's (36) lodge at Bagshot; the house, new repair'd and capacious enough for a good family, stands in a Park. Hence we went to Swallowfield; this house is after the antient build ing of honourable gentlemen's houses, when they kept up antient hospitality, but the gardens and waters as elegant as 'tis possible to make a flat, by art and industrie, and no meane expence, my lady being so extraordinarily skill'd in ye flowery part, and my lord in diligence of planting; so that I have hardly seene a seate whrch shews more tokens of it than what is to be found here, not only in the delicious and rarest fruits of a garden, but in those innumerable timber trees in the ground about the seate, to the greatest ornament and benefit of the place. There is one orchard of 1000 golden, and other cider pippins; walks and groves of elms, limes, oaks, and other trees. The garden is so beset with all manner of sweete shrubbs, that it per fumes the aire. The distribution also of the quarters, walks, and parterres, is excellent. The nurseries, kitchin garden full of ye most desireable plants; two very noble Orangeries well furnished; but above all, the canall and fishponds, the one fed with a white, the other with a black running water, fed by a quick and swift river, so well and plen tifully stor'd with fish, that for pike, carp, breame and tench, I never saw any thing approching it. We had at every meale carp and pike of size fit for the table of a Prince, and what added to ye delight was to see the hundreds taken by the drag, out of which, the cooke standing by, we pointed out what we had most mind to, and had carp that would have ben worth at London twenty shillings a piece. The waters are flagg'd about with Calamus aromaticus, with wch my lady has hung a closet, that retains the smell very perfectly. There is also a certaine sweete willow and other exotics : also a very fine bowllng-greene, meadow, pasture, and wood; in a word, all that can render a country seate delightful. There is besides a well furnish'd library in ye house.

On 30 Nov 1834 William Frederick Hanover 2nd Duke Gloucester and Edinburgh 1776-1834 (58) died at Bagshot Park, Bagshot, Surrey. He was buried at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire.

On 16 Jan 1942 Arthur William Patrick Albert Windsor 1st Duke Connaught and Strathearn 1850-1942 (91) died at Bagshot Park, Bagshot, Surrey. His grandson Alastair Windsor 2nd Duke Connaught and Strathearn 1914-1943 (27) succeeded as 2nd Duke Connaught and Strathearn.

Bletchingley, Surrey

Before 1516 Richard "The Great Black Knight of the North" Cholmondeley 1515-1563 was born at Bletchingley, Surrey.

Bletchworth, Surrey

Bletchworth Castle, Bletchworth, Surrey

Brookwood, Surrey

Camberwell, Surrey

In 1653 William Parr Vicar 1617-1691 (36) was appointed Vicar of Camberwell, Surrey.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Oct. 27 Oct 1685. At the Royal Society an urn full of bones was presented, dug up in an highway, whilst repairing it, in a field in Camberwell in Surrey; it was found intire with its cover, amongst many others, be liev'd to be truly Roman and antient. Sir Richd Bulkeley described to us a model of a charriot he had invented, wch it was not possible to overthrow in whatever uneven way it was drawn, giving us a wonderfull relation of what it had perform'd in that kind, for ease, expedition, and safety; there were some incon veniencies yet to be remedied — it would not contain more than one person; was ready to take fire every 10 miles, and being plac'd, and playing on no fewer than 10 rollers, it made a most prodigious noise, almost intolerable. A remedy was to be sought for these inconveniencies.

18 Apr 1686. John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Apr. In the afternoone I went to Camberwell to visit Dr. Parr (69). After sermon I accompanied him (69) to his house, where he shew'd me the Life and Letters of the late learned Primate of Armagh (Usher), and among them that letter of Bp. Bramhal's to the Primate, giving notice of the Popish practices to pervert this Nation, by sending an hundred priests into England, who were to conforme themselves to all sectaries and conditions for the more easily dispersing their doctrine amongst us. This letter was the cause of yfc whole impression being seiz'd, upon pretence that it was a political or historical account of things not re lating to theology, tho' it had ben licens'd by ye Bishop; which plainely shew'd what an interest the Papists now had, that a Protestant booke, containing the life and le'tters of so eminent a man, was not to be pub lish'd. There were also many letters to and from most of ye learned persons his correspondents in Europe. The book will, I doubt not, struggle through this unjust impediment. Several Judges were put out, and new complying ones put in.

Cheam, Surrey

Lumley Chapel, Cheam, Surrey

On 27 Jul 1578 Jane Fitzalan Baroness Lumley 1537-1578 (41) died. He was buried at Lumley Chapel, Cheam, Surrey.

Nonsuch Park, Cheam, Surrey

Nonsuch Palace, Nonsuch Park, Cheam, Surrey

Elizabeth's Royal Progress 1591

On 02 Aug 1591 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (57) left at Nonsuch Palace, Nonsuch Park, Cheam, Surrey to commence her Royal Progress.She travelled south to Mansion House, Leatherhead, Surrey ; the home of Edmund Tilney 1536-1610 (55).

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

In Sep 1599 when the Queen (65) moved her Court to Nonsuch Palace, Nonsuch Park, Cheam, Surrey Margaret Radclyffe of Ordsall Hall 1573-1599 (26) returned to her childhood home of Ordsall Hall, Ordsall, Lancashire where her condition continued to deteriorate.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

Robert Devereux Earl Essex loses the Plot

On 28 Sep 1599 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (33) presented himself to Elizabeth (66) in her bedchamber at Nonsuch Palace, Nonsuch Park, Cheam, Surrey "where he found the queen newly up, the hair about her face”. Elizabeth had just a simple robe over her nightdress, her wrinkled skin was free of cosmetics and, without her wig, Essex saw her bald head with just wisps of thinning grey hair 'hanging about her ears'". The Queen confined the Earl to his rooms with the comment that "an unruly beast must be stopped of his provender.".

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

Chertsey, Surrey

Chertsey Abbey, Chertsey, Surrey

Chobham Place, Surrey

Croydon, Surrey

09 Feb 1308 Close Rolls Edward II 1307-1313. King Edward II of England (23). Dover, Kent.To Alice, late wife of Roger Bigod, earl of Norfolk and Marshall of England.Order to meet the king at Dover, Kent on his return from France with his consort about Sunday next after the feast of the Purification of St Mary [02 Feb].Witnessed by Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (24).
The like to:
Elizabeth, countess of Hereford and Essex (25).
Henry de Lancastre (27)
Robert de Monte Alto
Almaric de Sancto Amando[Ibid]
To R Archbishop of Canterbury (63).Order to attend the king's coronaion on Sunday next after the feast of St Valentine [14 Feb] at Westminster, to execute what pertains to his office.
To the sheriff of Surrey.Order to proclaim in market towns, etc., that no knight, esquire, or other shall, under pain of forfeiture, pressure to tourney or make jousts or bordices (torneare, justos seu burdseicas facere), or otherwise go armed at Croydon, Surrey or elsewhere before the king's coronation.

On 02 Sep 1600 Francis Howard 1540-1600 (60) died at Croydon, Surrey.

Croydon Minster, Croydon, Surrey

On 23 Mar 1757 Thomas Herring Archbishop Canterbury 1693-1757 (64) died. He was buried in Croydon Minster, Croydon, Surrey.

Around 1745 William Hogarth 1697-1764 (47). Portrait of Thomas Herring Archbishop Canterbury 1693-1757 (52).

Halling House, Croydon, Surrey

On 21 Oct 1585 Francis Howard 1585-1651 was born to Francis Howard 1540-1600 (45) and Frances Gouldwell at Halling House, Croydon, Surrey.

Dorking, Surrey

In 1599 Christopher Hussey 1599-1686 was born to John Hussey -1632 and Mary Wood at Dorking, Surrey.

Before 24 May 1632 John Hussey -1632 died. On 24 May 1632 John Hussey -1632 was buried at Dorking, Surrey.

On Jul 1688 Ambrose Browne 1659-1688 (29) died.On 24 Jul 1688 Ambrose Browne 1659-1688 (29) was buried at Dorking, Surrey.

Ockley, Dorking, Surrey

On 23 Aug 1420 Thomas Hoo 1370-1420 (50) died at Ockley, Dorking, Surrey.

Westcott, Dorking, Surrey

On 12 Aug 1233 Eleanor Vitre Countess Salisbury 1158-1233 (75) died in Westcott, Dorking, Surrey.

East Horsley, Surrey

On 30 Mar 1547 Henry Knyvet of Charlton Wiltshire 1510-1547 (37) died at East Horsley, Surrey.

Elizabeth's Royal Progress 1591

After 02 Aug 1591 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (57) arrived at East Horsley, Surrey where she stayed with Thomas Cornwallis 1518-1604.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

Elmbridge, Surrey

Walton-on-Thames, Elmbridge, Surrey

On 31 Jan 1603 the will of Richard Drake 1535-1603 (68) was proved.He asked to be buried in St George's Church, Esher, Surrey. He appointed his son Francis Drake -1634 as his executor.He left his widow Ursula Stafford 1553- the lease on the manor of Walton-on-Thames, Elmbridge, Surrey, as well as a house on Fetter Lane, Farringdon Without, City of London and his coach and horses.

Around 1577 George Gower 1540-1596 (37). Portrait of Richard Drake 1535-1603 (42).
The heraldic escutcheon shows seven quarters as follows:
1: . Drake of Ash in the parish of Musbury, Devon
2: Argent, on a chief gules three cinquefoils of the first; Billet of Ash
3: Gules, on a fess argent two mullets sable; Hamton of Rockbere and Ash
4: Ermine, on a chief indented sable three crosslets fitchee or; Orwey of Orwey and Ash
5: Barry of seven argent and sable
6: Azure, six lioncels rampant argent crowned gules, 3, 2, 1; Forde of Forde
7: Argent, two chevrons sable (Esse/Ash of Ash);Esse/Ash of Ash

Epsom, Surrey

On 31 Aug 1701 Edward Henry Calvert 1701-1730 was born to Benedict Calvert 4th Baron Baltimore 1679-1715 (22) and Charlotte Lee Baroness Baltimore 1679-1721 (22) at Epsom, Surrey.

On 19 Jul 1703 Jane Calvert 1703-1778 was born to Benedict Calvert 4th Baron Baltimore 1679-1715 (24) and Charlotte Lee Baroness Baltimore 1679-1721 (24) at Epsom, Surrey.

On 28 Jun 1716 George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland 1665-1716 (50) died at Epsom, Surrey.

Carshalton, Epsom, Surrey

Sibylle Flanders -1223 was born to Guillaume Flanders 1088-1130 at Carshalton, Epsom, Surrey.

Esher, Surrey

On 06 Jan 1782 Louisa Maria La Coast Hanover 1782-1835 was born illegitimately to William Henry Hanover 1st Duke Gloucester and Edinburgh 1743-1805 (38) and Almeria Carpenter 1745-1809 (37) at Esher, Surrey.

Claremont House, Esher, Surrey

On 06 Nov 1817 Charlotte Augusta Hanover 1796-1817 (21) died at Claremont House, Esher, Surrey. He buried at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire.

On 19 Jul 1884 Charles Edward Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1884-1954 was born to Leopold Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1st Duke Albany 1853-1884 and Helena Waldeck Duchess Albany at Claremont House, Esher, Surrey.

On 23 Jan 1906 Princess May of Teck 1906-1994 was born to Alexander Teck 1st Earl Athlone 1874-1957 (32) and Princess Alice Countess Athlone 1883-1981 (22) at Claremont House, Esher, Surrey.

St George's Church, Esher, Surrey

On 31 Jan 1603 the will of Richard Drake 1535-1603 (68) was proved.He asked to be buried in St George's Church, Esher, Surrey. He appointed his son Francis Drake -1634 as his executor.He left his widow Ursula Stafford 1553- the lease on the manor of Walton-on-Thames, Elmbridge, Surrey, as well as a house on Fetter Lane, Farringdon Without, City of London and his coach and horses.

Around 1577 George Gower 1540-1596 (37). Portrait of Richard Drake 1535-1603 (42).
The heraldic escutcheon shows seven quarters as follows:
1: . Drake of Ash in the parish of Musbury, Devon
2: Argent, on a chief gules three cinquefoils of the first; Billet of Ash
3: Gules, on a fess argent two mullets sable; Hamton of Rockbere and Ash
4: Ermine, on a chief indented sable three crosslets fitchee or; Orwey of Orwey and Ash
5: Barry of seven argent and sable
6: Azure, six lioncels rampant argent crowned gules, 3, 2, 1; Forde of Forde
7: Argent, two chevrons sable (Esse/Ash of Ash);Esse/Ash of Ash

Ewell, Surrey

03 Feb 1308 Close Rolls Edward II 1307-1313. King Edward II of England (23). Ewell, Surrey. To the Treasurer and the Barons of the Exchequer.Whereas the king lately commanded them to put into execution all the writs of the late King pending in the exchequer, and although the late King commanded his treasurer and barons of the exchquer, at the supplication of the burgesses of Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, by his writ now in the exchequer, as the said burgesses assert, to allow them 1,000 marks in which the late king was bound to them for a loan in the time when John de Kirkeby was his treasurer, and 1,760l.for the arrears of the wages of divers men sent by them to the late King's command into Gascony for the expedition of this war and for remaining there for a great time, and also for 250l.which they expended, by the order of the late King, in the making of two galleys (galiarum) in the said town, and also 780l.for the wages of certain sailors and divers other costs expended by them at divers times for the expedition of the war in Scotland, to be allowed to them out of the debts owing by them to the said late King, as well as the tenth, eleventh, sixth, seventh, twentieth, and thirtieth granted by the community of the kingdom to the late King, as from other causes whatsoever; they are ordered to execute the said writs.Witness: Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (24).

Gatton, Surrey

On 07 Oct 1771 Charles Bennet 4th Earl Tankerville 1743-1822 (27) and Emma Colebrooke Countess Tankerville 1752-1836 (19) were married at Gatton, Surrey. Emma Colebrooke Countess Tankerville 1752-1836 (19) by marriage Countess Tankerville (3C 1714).

Guildford, Surrey

Murder of Aelfred "Aetheling" Wessex by Godwinson

In 1036 Aelfred "Aetheling" Wessex 1005-1036 (31) returned to England where he and his men were met by Godwin Godwinson 1st Earl Kent, Earl Wessex 1001-1053 (35) at Guildford, Surrey; ostensibly friendly.The following day, however, Godwin Godwinson 1st Earl Kent, Earl Wessex 1001-1053 (35) 's men attacked Aelfred's (31) men murdering most of them. Aelfred (31) was taken to Ely, Huntingdonshire where he was blinded and died shortly thereafter.

14 Oct 1274.Note. The year could be 1274-1279. Letters of Royal And Illustrious Ladies of Great Britain Volume 1. Letter XV. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (33) to Robert Burnell Lord Chancellor (35).
Eleanora, by God's grace qaeen of England, lady of Ireland, and duchess of Aquitaine to lord Robert Burnell, sends loving greeting.
We require and affectionately entreat you to give counsel and assistance to this affair, that the transgression injuriously committed against the bearer of these presents, the servant of the lady Constance1 our cousin, which Master John Clarell will shew you, may be reasonably redressed. For the confidence which we have in your benevolence is the cause why we so often direct to you our prayers on behalf of our friends. And do you for love of us give such diligence in this affair, that we may henceforth be bound to you by special favour. Given at Guildford, xiiij day of October.
1. There is much discussion among historians as to which Constance is being referred to here. Also which Eleanor wrote the letter: Eleanor of Provence or Eleanor of Castile..

Around 1512 John Parkhurst Bishop Norwich 1512-1575 was born in Guildford, Surrey.

East Horlsey, Guildford, Surrey

Loseley Park, Guildford, Surrey

Red Lion, Guildford, Surrey

22 Aug 1653. John Evelyn's Diary 1653 Aug. We all went to Guildford, to rejoice at the famous inn, the Red Lion, and to see the hospital, and the monument of Archbishop Abbot, the founder, who lies buried in the chapel of his endowment.

St Nicholas' Church, Guildford, Surrey

Loseley Chapel, St Nicholas' Church, Guildford, Surrey

Around 06 Feb 1626 Robert More 1581-1626 (44) died. He was buried at Loseley Chapel, St Nicholas' Church, Guildford, Surrey.

Henley Park, Surrey

Kew, Surrey

Royal Cottage, Kew, Surrey

On 11 Mar 1916 Eliza Amelia Gore Countess Erroll 1829-1916 (87) died in Royal Cottage, Kew, Surrey.

St Anne's Church, Kew, Surrey

On 12 Jun 1866 Francis Teck 1837-1900 (28) and Mary Adelaide Hanover 1833-1897 (32) were married at St Anne's Church, Kew, Surrey.

Kingston Upon Thames, Surrey

After 14 May 1471 Thomas "Bastard of Fauconberg" Neville 1429-1471 (42) made his way to Kingston Upon Thames, Surrey to cross the river.

On 05 Dec 1865 Everard Baring 1865-1932 was born to Edward Baring 1st Baron Revelstoke 1828-1897 (37) and Louisa Emily Charlotte Bulteel Baroness Revelstoke 1839-1892 (26) at Kingston Upon Thames, Surrey.

Boyle Farm, Kingston Upon Thames, Surrey

On 18 Aug 1806 Thomas Foley 3rd Baron Foley 1780-1833 (25) and Cecilia Olivia Geraldine Fitzgerald Baroness Foley 1786-1863 (20) were married at Boyle Farm, Kingston Upon Thames, Surrey. Cecilia Olivia Geraldine Fitzgerald Baroness Foley 1786-1863 (20) by marriage Baroness Foley of Kidderminster in Worcestershire (2C 1776).

Kingston Grammar School, Kingston Upon Thames, Surrey

Around 1650 Thomas Thynne 1st Viscount Weymouth 1640-1714 (10) educated at Kingston Grammar School, Kingston Upon Thames, Surrey.

Lageham, Surrey

Around 1281 John St John Lagenham 2nd Baron St John Lagenham 1281-1323 was born to John St John Lagenham 1st Baron St John Lagenham 1250-1316 (31) and Margaret Unknown Baroness St John Lagenham at Lageham, Surrey.

Around 1308 John St John Lagenham 3rd Baron St John Lagenham 1308-1349 was born to John St John Lagenham 2nd Baron St John Lagenham 1281-1323 (27) and Margery Unknown Baroness St John Lagenham at Lageham, Surrey.

Lambeth, Surrey

In 1390 Geoffrey Culpepper 1317-1390 (73) died at Lambeth, Surrey.

In 1479 Ralph Leigh 1479-1509 was born to John Leigh 1447-1523 (32) in Lambeth, Surrey.

On 28 Jan 1501 John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham 1433-1501 (68) died at Lambeth, Surrey. He was buried at Greyfriars Church, Farringdon Within, City of London.

Around 1523 Catherine Howard was born to Edmund Howard 1478-1539 (45) and Joyce Culpepper 1480-1528 (43) at Lambeth, Surrey.

Lambeth Palace, Lambeth, Surrey

Coronation of Henry VII

On 27 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) and Robert Fitzroger 5th Baron Warkworth 1240-1310 dined together at Lambeth Palace, Lambeth, Surrey.

On 18 Nov 1559 Cuthbert Tunstall Bishop of Durham 1474-1559 (85) died in Lambeth Palace, Lambeth, Surrey.

Consecration of Matthew Parker as Archbishop Canterbury

On 17 Dec 1559 Matthew Parker Archbishop Canterbury 1504-1575 (55) was consecrated Archbishop Canterbury at Lambeth Palace, Lambeth, Surrey by William Barlow Bishop St Asaph, St Davids, Chichester, Bath and Wells 1498-1568 (61).

On 02 Nov 1610 Richard Bancroft Archibishop Canterbury 1544-1610 (66) died at Lambeth Palace, Lambeth, Surrey.

On 11 Nov 1683 Francis Turner Bishop 1637-1700 (46) was consecrted Bishop of Rochester at Lambeth Palace, Lambeth, Surrey.

Frost Fair

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jan. 09 Jan 1684. I went crosse the Thames on the ice, now become so thick as to beare not onely streetes of boothes, in which they roasted meate, and had divers shops of wares, quite acrosse as in a towne, but coaches, carts, and horses, passed over. So I went from Westminster Stayres to Lambeth, and din'd with the Archbishop (66): where I met my Lord Bruce, Sir Geo. Wheeler (32), Coll. Cooke, and severall divines. After dinner and discourse with his Grace till evening prayers, Sir Geo. Wheeler (32) and I walked over the ice from Lambeth Stayres to the horse ferry. .

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Nov. 14 Nov 1685. I dined at Lambeth, my Lord Archbishop (49) carrying me with him in his barge: there were my Lord Deputy of Ireland, the Bp. of Ely (48), and St. Asaph (58), Dr. Sherlock, and other divines; Sir Wm Hayward, Sir Paule Rycaut, &c.

On 24 Jan 1737 William Wake Archbishop Canterbury 1657-1737 (79) died in Lambeth Palace, Lambeth, Surrey.

Before 1737 Thomas Gibson 1680-1751 (56). Portrait of William Wake Archbishop Canterbury 1657-1737 (79).

On 03 Dec 1738 Joseph Butler Bishop Bristol, Bishop of Durham 1692-1792 (46) was consecrated Bishop Bristol at Lambeth Palace, Lambeth, Surrey.

On 01 Oct 1769 Shute Barrington Bishop Llandaff, Bishop Salisbury, Bishop of Durham 1734-1826 (35) was consecrated as Bishop Llandaff at Lambeth Palace, Lambeth, Surrey by Frederick Cornwallis Archbishop Canterbury 1713-1783 (56).

On 18 Jul 1807 Henry Pelham-Clinton 4th Duke Newcastle-under-Lyne 1785-1851 (22) and Georgiana Elizabeth Miller-Mundy Duchess Newcastle-under-Lyne 1789-1822 (18) were married in Lambeth Palace, Lambeth, Surrey. Georgiana Elizabeth Miller-Mundy Duchess Newcastle-under-Lyne 1789-1822 (18) by marriage Duchess Newcastle-under-Lyne.

On 21 Apr 1828 Charles Manners-Sutton Archbishop Canterbury 1755-1828 (73) died at Lambeth Palace, Lambeth, Surrey.

On 04 Aug 1839 Aubrey Spencer Bishop Newfoundland, Bishop Jamaica 1795-1872 (44) was consecrated as Bishop Newfoundland at Lambeth Palace, Lambeth, Surrey.

Consecration of new Bishops

Thomas Young Archbishop York 1507-1568 was consecrated Bishop St David's at Lambeth Palace, Lambeth, Surrey by Matthew Parker Archbishop Canterbury 1504-1575.

Leatherhead, Surrey

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Apr. 08 Apr 1685. Being now somewhat compos'd after my greate affliction, I went to London to hear Dr. Tenison (48) (it being on a Wednesday in Lent) at Whitehall. I observ'd that tho' the King (51) was not in his seate above in the chapell, the Doctor made his three congees, which they were not us'd to do when the late King was absent, making then one bowing onely. I ask'd the reason; it was sayd he had a special order so to do. The Princesse of Denmark (34) was in the King's Closet, but sat on the left hand of the chaire, the Clearke of the Closet (50) standing by His Ma*s chaire, as If he had ben present. I met the Queene Dowager (46) going now first from Whitehall to dwell at Somerset-house. This day my brother of Wotton and Mr. Onslow were candidates for Surrey against Sr Adam Brown and my cousin Sr Edwd Evelyn, and were circumvented in their election by a trick of the Sheriff's* taking advantage of my brother's party going out of the small village of Leatherhead to seek shelter and lodging, the afternoone being tempestuous, proceeding to the Election when they were gon; they expecting the next morning; whereas before and then they exceeded the other party by many hundreds, as I am assur'd. The Duke of Norfolk (30) led Sr Edw. Evelyn's and Sr Adam Brown's party. For this Parliament, very meane and slight persons (some of them gentlemen's servants, clearkes, and persons neither of reputation nor interest) were set up, but the country would choose my brother whether he would or no, and he miss'd it by the trick above mentioned. Sr Adam Brown was so deafe that he could not heare one word. S1 Edw. Evelyn was an honest gent much in favour with his Majesty.

Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler 1634-1687 (52). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (48).

Around 1663 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (44). Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 (36) depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza (24). Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel.The sitter looks to two putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head.She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms.

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (26).

Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696 (37). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (31).

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696 (62). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (57).

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696 (62). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (57).

Mansion House, Leatherhead, Surrey

Elizabeth's Royal Progress 1591

On 02 Aug 1591 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (57) left at Nonsuch Palace, Nonsuch Park, Cheam, Surrey to commence her Royal Progress.She travelled south to Mansion House, Leatherhead, Surrey ; the home of Edmund Tilney 1536-1610 (55).

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

Loseley, Surrey

Norbury Park, Surrey

On 08 Jun 1729 William Tyron 1729-1788 was born to Charles Tyron and Mary Shirley 1702-1771 (26) at Norbury Park, Surrey.

Oakley, Surrey

Battle of Oakley

Life of Alfred by Asser Part 1 849-887 Page 1. In the year of our Lord's incarnation 851, which was the third after the birth of king Alfred, Ceorl, earl of Devon, fought with the men of Devon against the pagans at a place called Wiegambeorg; and the Christians gained the victory; and that same year the pagans first wintered in the island called Sheppey, which means the Sheep-isle, and is situated in the river Thames between Essex and Kent, but is nearer to Kent than to Essex; it has in it a fine monastery.
The same year also a great army of the pagans came with three hundred and fifty ships to the mouth of the river Thames, and sacked Dorobernia, which is the city of the Cantuarians, and also the city of London, which lies on the north bank of the river Thames, on the confines of Essex and Middlesex; but yet that city belongs in truth to Essex; and they put to flight Berthwulf, king of Mercia, with all the army, which he had led out to oppose them.
After these things, the aforesaid pagan host went into Surrey, which is a district situated on the south bank of the river Thames, and to the west of Kent. And Ethelwulf, king of the West-Saxons, and his son Ethelbald, with all their army, fought a long time against them at a place called Ac-lea, i.e. the Oak-plain, and there, after a lengthened battle, which was fought with much bravery on both sides, the greater part of the pagan multitude was destroyed and cut to pieces, so that we never heard of their being so defeated, either before or since, in any country, in one day; and the Christians gained an honourable victory, and were triumphant over their graves.
In the same year king Athelstan, son of king Ethelwulf, and earl Ealhere slew a large army of pagans in Kent, at a place called Sandwich, and took nine ships of their fleet; the others escaped by flight.

Ockham, Surrey

On 22 Jul 1734 Peter King 1st Baron King 1669-1734 (65) died in Ockham, Surrey. His son John King 2nd Baron King 1706-1740 (28) succeeded as 2nd Baron King.

Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Peter King 1st Baron King 1669-1734 (53).

In 1740 John King 2nd Baron King 1706-1740 (34) died in Ockham, Surrey. His brother Peter King 3rd Baron King 1709-1754 (31) succeeded as 3rd Baron King.

In 1754 Peter King 3rd Baron King 1709-1754 (45) died in Ockham, Surrey.His His brother William King 4th Baron King 1711-1767 (43) succeeded as 4th Baron King.

In 1767 William King 4th Baron King 1711-1767 (56) died in Ockham, Surrey. His brother Thomas King 5th Baron King 1712-1779 (55) succeeded as 5th Baron King.

In 1779 Thomas King 5th Baron King 1712-1779 (67) died in Ockham, Surrey. His son Peter King 6th Baron King 1736-1793 (43) succeeded as 6th Baron King.

Oxted, Surrey

In 1640 John Hoskins of Oxted 1640-1717 was born to Charles Hoskins 1603-1657 (37) in Oxted, Surrey.

In Oct 1698 Catherine Hoskyns Duchess Devonshire 1700-1777 was born to John Hoskins of Oxted 1640-1717 (58) in Oxted, Surrey.

On 16 May 1717 John Hoskins of Oxted 1640-1717 (77) died in Oxted, Surrey.

Petersham, Surrey

On 21 Dec 1784 Robert John Wilmot 3rd Baronet Wilmot 1784-1841 was born to Robert Wilmot 2nd Baronet Wilmot Osmaston 1752-1834 (32) in Petersham, Surrey.

On 19 Sep 1802 Hugh Francis Tollemache 1802-1890 was born to William Tollemache 1766-1833 (36) at Petersham, Surrey.

On 16 Jul 1881 Claude Bowes-Lyon 14th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne 1855-1944 (26) and Cecilia Nina Cavendish-Bentinck 1862-1938 (18) were married at Petersham, Surrey.

Church of St Peter, Petersham, Surrey

On 05 Jun 1698 Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (71) died at Ham House, Ham, Richmond, Surrey. She was buried at Church of St Peter, Petersham, Surrey. Her son Lionel Tollemache 3rd Earl Dysart 1649-1727 (49) succeeded as 3rd Earl Dysart.

Around 1641 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (22). Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (14).

Around 1648 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (29). Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (21).

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (38).

Around 1675 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (56). Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 (58) and Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (48).

Around 1647 John Weesop -1652. Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (20).

Putney, Surrey

In 1453 Walter Cromwell 1453-1510 was born to John Cromwell 1437-1480 (16) at Putney, Surrey.

Around 1485 Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540 was born to Walter Cromwell 1453-1510 (32) and Katherine Glossop at Putney, Surrey.

In 1510 Walter Cromwell 1453-1510 (57) died at Putney, Surrey.

On 01 Jan 1575 Thomas Palmer 1575-1608 was born to Thomas Palmer 1st Baronet Palmer 1540-1626 (35) and Margaret Poley Baronetess Palmer 1542-1625 (33) at Putney, Surrey.

On 13 May 1652 Henry Compton -1652 was killed in a duel with George Brydges 6th Baron Chandos 1620-1655 (31) at Putney, Surrey.

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May. Tuesday 11 May 1669. My wife (28) again up by four o’clock, to go to gather May-dew; and so back home by seven, to bed, and by and by I up and to the office, where all the morning, and dined at noon at home with my people, and so all the afternoon. In the evening my wife (28) and I all alone, with the boy, by water, up as high as Putney almost, with the tide, and back again, neither staying going nor coming; but talking, and singing, and reading a foolish copy of verses upon my Lord Mayor’s (53) entertaining of all the bachelors, designed in praise to my Lord Mayor, and so home and to the office a little, and then home to bed, my eyes being bad. Some trouble at Court for fear of the Queen’s (59) miscarrying; she being, as they all conclude, far gone with child.

Around 1625 John Hoskins 1590-1664 (35). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (42). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (32) and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (42). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (32) and her son Charles James Stewart 1629-1629.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (42). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (32).

Reigate, Surrey

On 09 Oct 1632 Lodowick Howard 1632-1702 was born to Francis Howard 1585-1651 (46) and Jane Monson 1588-1685 (44) at Reigate, Surrey.

Richmond

Apr 1509. Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 1 1509-1514.Will of Henry VII (52):
At his manor of Richmond March 24 Hen. VII., the King (52) makes his last will, commending his soul to the Redeemer with the words he has used since his first "years of discretion," Domine Jesu Christe, qui me ex nichilo creasti, fecisti, redemisti et predestinasti ad hoc quod sum, Tu scis quid de me facere vis, fac de me secundum voluntatem Tuam cum misericordia, trusting in the grace of His Blessed Mother in whom, after Him, has been all his (testator's) trust, by whom in all his adversities he has had special comfort, and to whom he now makes his prayer (recited), as also to all the company of Heaven and especially his "accustumed avoures" St. Michael, St. John Baptist, St. John Evangelist, St. George, St. Anthony, St. Edward, St. Vincent, St. Anne, St. Mary Magdalene and St. Barbara, to defend him at the hour of death and be intercessors for the remission of his sins and salvation of his soul.
Desires to be buried at Westminster, where he was crowned, where lie buried many of his progenitors, especially his granddame Katharine wife to Henry V and daughter to Charles of France, and whereto he means shortly to translate the remains of Henry IV in the chapel which he has begun to build (giving full directions for the placing and making of his tomb and finishing of the said chapel according to the plan which he has "in picture delivered" to the prior of St. Bartholomew's beside Smithfield, master of the works for the same); and he has delivered beforehand to the abbot, &c., of Westminster, 5,000l., by indenture dated Richmond, 13 April 23 Hen VII, towards the cost.
His executors shall cause 10,000 masses in honor of the Trinity, the Five Wounds, the Five Joys of Our Lady, the Nine Orders of Angels, the Patriarchs, the Twelve Apostles and All Saints (numbers to each object specified) to be said within one month after his decease, at 6d. each, making in all 250l, and shall distribute 2,000l. in alms; and to ensure payment he has left 2,250l. with the abbot, &c., of West-minster, by indenture dated _ (blank) day of _ (blank) in the _ (blank) year of his reign.
His debts are then to be paid and reparation for wrongs made by his executors at the discretion of the following persons, by whom all complaints shall be tenderly weighed, viz, the abp of Canterbury (59), Richard bp of Winchester (61), the bps of London and Rochester (39), Thomas Earl of Surrey (66), Treasurer General, George Earl of Shrewsbury (41), Steward of the House, Sir Charles Somerset Lord Herbert (49), Chamberlain, the two Chief Justices, Mr. John Yong (44), Master of the Rolls, Sir Thos. Lovell (30), Treasurer of the House, Mr. Thomas Routhall, secretary, Sir Ric Emson (59), Chancellor of the Duchy, Edm. Dudley (47), the King's attorney at the time of his decease, and his confessor, the Provincial of the Friars Observants, and Mr. William Atwater, dean of the Chapel, or at least six of them and three of his executors.
His executors shall see that the officers of the Household and Wardrobe discharge any debts which may be due for charges of the same.
Lands to the yearly value of above 1,000 mks have been "amortised" for fulfilment of certain covenants (described) with the abbey of Westminster.
For the completion of the hospital which he has begun to build at the Savoie place beside Charingcrosse, and towards which 10,000 mks in ready money has been delivered to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's, by indenture dated _ (blank), his executors shall deliver any more money which may be necessary; and they shall also make (if he has not done it in his lifetime) two similar hospitals in the suburbs of York and Coventry.
Certain cathedrals, abbeys, &c., named in a schedule hereto annexed [not annexed now] have undertaken to make for him orisons, prayers and suffrages "while the world shall endure," in return for which he has made them large confirmations, licences and other grants; and he now wishes 6s. 8d. each to be delivered soon after his decease to the rulers of such cathedrals, &c., 3s. 4d. to every canon and monk, being priest, within the same and 20d. to every canon, monk, vicar and minister not being priest. His executors shall bestow 2,000l. upon the repair of the highways and bridges from Windsor to Richmond manor and thence to St. George's church beside Southwark, and thence to Greenwich manor, and thence to Canterbury.
To divers lords, as well of his blood as other, and also to knights, squires and other subjects, he has, for their good service, made grants of lands, offices and annuities, which he straitly charges his son, the Prince (17), and other heirs to respect; as also the enfeoffments of the Duchy of Lancaster made by Parliaments of 7 and 19 Hen. VII. for the fulfilment of his will.
Bequests for finishing of the church of the New College in Cambridge and the church of Westminster, for the houses of Friars Observants, for the altar within the King's grate (i.e. of his tomb), for the high altar within the King's chapel, for the image of the King to be made and set upon St. Edward's shrine, for the College of Windsor, for the monastery of Westminster, for the image of the King to be set at St. Thomas's shrine at Canterbury, and for chalices and pixes of a certain fashion to be given to all the houses of Friars and every parish church not suitably provided with such.
Bequest of a dote of 50,000l. for the marriage of Lady Mary (13) the King's daughter with Charles Prince of Spain (9), as contracted at Richmond _ (blank) Dec. 24 Hen. VIII., or (if that fail) her marriage with any prince out of the realm by "consent of our said son the Prince (17), his Council and our said executors.".

Before 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (34). Portrait of William Warham Archbishop Canterbury 1450-1532 (81).

Around 1620 based on a work of 1526.Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Warham Archbishop Canterbury 1450-1532.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire.Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window.She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

On 20 Nov 1559 Frances Brandon Marchioness Dorset 1517-1559 (42) died at Richmond.

In 1580 Thomas St Paul -1582 was knighted by Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (46) at Richmond.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

On 10 Mar 1627 Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby 1575-1627 (51) died at Richmond. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

In 1746 Henry Arundell 6th Baron Arundel Wardour 1694-1746 (52) died at Richmond. His son Henry Arundell 7th Baron Arundel Wardour 1717-1756 (29) succeeded as 7th Baron Arundel Wardour in Wiltshire.

On 13 Aug 1803 Charles Douglas 6th Marquess Queensberry 1777-1837 (26) and Caroline Scott Marchioness Queensbury 1774-1854 (29) were married at Richmond. Caroline Scott Marchioness Queensbury 1774-1854 (29) by marriage Marchioness Queensberry.

On 27 Apr 1824 William Kerr 6th Marquess Lothian 1763-1824 (60) died at Richmond. His son John Kerr 7th Marquess Lothian 1794-1841 (30) succeeded as 7th Marquess Lothian.

Barnes, Richmond, Surrey

Barn Elms, Barnes, Richmond, Surrey

On 08 Jun 1602 Ursula St Barbe 1532-1602 (70) died at her home in Barn Elms, Barnes, Richmond, Surrey. She was buried the following night in Old St Paul's Cathedral, Castle Baynard, City of London.

In 1583 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Unkown Woman formerly known as Ursula St Barbe 1532-1602 (51).

On 10 Sep 1800 Frances Anne Acland 1735-1800 (65) died at Barn Elms, Barnes, Richmond, Surrey.

Around 1798. Samuel Woodford 1763-1817 (34). Portrait of Frances Anne Acland 1735-1800 (63) as a boy.

St Paul's School, Barnes, Richmond, Surrey

Bushy Park, Richmond, Surrey

On 08 Apr 1822 Stillborn twins Fitzclarence 1822- was born to William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (56) and Adelaide Saxe-Meiningen Queen Consort England at Bushy Park, Richmond, Surrey.

Church pf St Mary Magdalene, Richmond

On 04 Jan 1688 Henry Brouncker 3nd Viscount Brounckner 1627-1688 (61) died without issue at Sheen Abbey, Sheen, Richmond, Surrey. He was buried in the Church pf St Mary Magdalene, Richmond. Viscount Brouckner of Lyons in Leinster extinct.

Ham, Richmond, Surrey

Ham House, Ham, Richmond, Surrey

Before 05 Aug 1661 Cornelius Johnson 1593-1661 (67). Portrait of Thomas Hales 1695-1762 (-33) and John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 (45). Ham House, Ham, Richmond, Surrey.

Before 05 Aug 1661 Cornelius Johnson 1593-1661 (67). Portrait of Thomas Hales 1695-1762 (-33) and John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 (45). Ham House, Ham, Richmond, Surrey.

On 05 Jun 1698 Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (71) died at Ham House, Ham, Richmond, Surrey. She was buried at Church of St Peter, Petersham, Surrey. Her son Lionel Tollemache 3rd Earl Dysart 1649-1727 (49) succeeded as 3rd Earl Dysart.

Around 1641 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (22). Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (14).

Around 1648 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (29). Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (21).

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (38).

Around 1675 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (56). Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 (58) and Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (48).

Around 1647 John Weesop -1652. Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (20).

On 20 Feb 1799 Lionel Tollemache 5th Earl Dysart 1734-1799 (64) died at Ham House, Ham, Richmond, Surrey without issue. His brother Wilbrahim Tollemache 6th Earl Dysart 1739-1821 (59) succeeded as 6th Earl Dysart.

Hampton, Richmond, Surrey

On 31 Dec 1713 Edward Proger 1621-1713 (92) died. He was buried under his pew at Hampton, Richmond, Surrey.

On 17 Jun 1865 Charles Fitzroy 1791-1865 (73) died at Hampton, Richmond, Surrey.

Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey

In 1510 William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (67) and Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk 1477-1545 (33) at Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey.

Birth and Christening Edward VI

On 12 Oct 1537 Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 was born to Henry VIII (46) and Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 (28) at Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

Death of Jane Seymour

On 24 Oct 1537 Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 (28) died at Hampton Court Palace at two in the morning as a result of complications arising childbirth.

Marriage of Henry VIII and Catherine Parr

On 12 Jul 1543 Henry VIII (52) and Catherine Parr (30) were married at Hampton Court Palace. Catherine Parr Queen Consort England 1512-1548 (30) was crowned Queen Consort England. Margaret Douglas Countess Lennox 1515-1578 (27) attended.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

On 21 May 1545 Robert Townshend -1556 was knighted by Henry VIII (53) at Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

Trial and Execution of Thomas Seymour

On 16 Jan 1549 Thomas Seymour (41), the King's uncle, was caught trying to break in to the King's apartments at Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey. He entered the privy garden and awoke one of the King's pet spaniels.In response to the dog's barking, he shot and killed it.He was arrested and taken to the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London.

Edward VI's 14th Birthday

11 Oct 1551, the day before his fourteenth birthday, King Edward VI (13) celebrated at Hampton Court Palace by rewarding his guardians; it may have been a case of his guardians rewarding themselves.
John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553 (47), leader of the Council, was created 1st Duke Northumberland (1C 1551).
His son Henry Dudley 1517-1568 (34) was knighted.
Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (34) was created 1st Duke Suffolk (3C 1551) for having married King Edward VI's (13) first cousin Frances Brandon Marchioness Dorset 1517-1559 (34).
William Paulet (68), Master of the Kings Wards, was created 1st Marquess Winchester. His wife Elizabeth Capell Marchioness Winchester -1558 by marriage Marchioness Winchester.
William Herbert (50), his guardian, was created 1st Earl Pembroke (10C 1551). His wife Anne Parr Countess Pembroke 1515-1552 (36) by marriage Countess Pembroke (10C 1551).
Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (51), the King's (13) uncle attended.

On 11 Oct 1551 Henry Dudley 1517-1568 (34) was knighted at Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey.

On 15 Jan 1569 Catherine Carey 1524-1569 (45) died at Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey.

On 17 Mar 1570 William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1501-1570 (69) died at Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey. His son Henry Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1538-1601 (32) succeeded as 2nd Earl Pembroke (10C 1551). Catherine Talbot Countess Pembroke by marriage Countess Pembroke (10C 1551).

On 12 Jan 1573 William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 (63) died at Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey. He was buried at Reigate, Kent. His son Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (37) succeeded as 2nd Baron Howard of Effingham (1C 1554). Katherine Carey Countess Nottingham 1550-1603 (23) by marriage Baroness Howard of Effingham (1C 1554).

On 16 Sep 1607 Princess Mary Stewart 1605-1607 (2) died of pneumonia at the Stanwell Park, Stanwell, Surrey home of Thomas Knyvet 1st Baron Knyvet 1545-1622 (62) in whose care she had been placed.As soon as Mary died, the Earl of Worcester (57), the Earl of Leicester (43) and the Earl of Totnes (52) went to Hampton Court Palace, to inform the Queen (32) of her daughter's death. Seeing the three men before her, Queen Anne realized what had happened and spared the men the task of telling her.

Charles I's Flight from Hampton Court Palace

On 10 Nov 1647 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (46) escaped from Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey with John Berkeley 1st Baron Berkeley 1602-1678 (45). .

On 16 May 1674 Thomas Lennard Earl Sussex 1654-1715 (20) and Anne Fitzroy Countess Sussex 1661-1722 (13) were married (he was her first-cousin once-removed) at Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey.

Chapel Royal, Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey

Birth and Christening Edward VI

On 15 Oct 1537 the future Edward VI was christened by John Stokesley Bishop London 1475-1539 (62) at the Chapel Royal in Hampton Court Palace. Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (48) performed the Baptismal Rites, and was appointed Godfather. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (64) and Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (21) were Godparents.
Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex, 3rd Count Eu -1540 carried the Salt. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (53) was Godfather and supported the Marchioness of Exeter. Richard Long 1494-1546 (43) was knighted. Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540 (52), Philip Boteler 1492-1545 (44), John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (66) and John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 (57) attended. Mary Scrope 1476-1548 (61) carried Lady Mary's train. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (54) carried a covered basin. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (54) carried the canopy.
Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (37) helped his young niece the future Elizabeth I to carry the Crisom. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (41) supported his wife Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (33) to carry the child. Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (60) bore a taper of virgin wax. William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (61) carried the train of the Prince's robe.Christopher Barker Garter King of Arms -1550 proclaimed the Prince's titles. Arthur Hopton 1489-1555 (48) attended.
Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (37) was created 1st Earl Hertford (2C 1537), 1st Viscount Beauchamp.
Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 was created as Duke Cornwall, Earl Chester (9C 1537).
Nicholas Carew (41), Francis Bryan, Anthony Browne 1500-1548 (37) and John Russell 1st Earl Bedford 1485-1555 (52) surrounded the font.
Henry Knyvet of Charlton Wiltshire 1510-1547 (27), Edward Neville 1471-1538 (66), Thomas Seymour 1st Baron Seymour Sudeley 1508-1549 (29), Richard Long 1494-1546 (43) and John Wallop 1490-1551 (47) carried the canopy.

Catherine Howard Trial

On 01 Nov 1541 Henry VIII (50) received a warrant for Catherine's arrest from Archbishop Cranmer at Chapel Royal, Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

Presence Chamber, Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey

Parr Family Ennobled

On 23 Dec 1543 Henry VIII (52) enobled his new wife's (31) brother and uncle at ceremony in the Presence Chamber, Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey. Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (26) and Edward Stanley 3rd Earl Derby 1509-1572 (34) were present. Christopher Barker Garter King of Arms -1550 read the Patents.
William Parr 1st Baron Parr Horton 1483-1547 (60) was created 1st Baron Parr Horton. William was sixty with five daughters. He died four years later at which time the Barony became extinct.
William Parr 1st Marquess Northampton 1512-1571 (31) was created 1st Earl Essex (7C 1543). His estranged wife Anne Bourchier 7th Baroness Bourchier 1517-1571 (26) was daughter of the last Earl of Essex of the Fifth Creation. A somewhat curious choice given his wife had eloped the year previous year with John Lyngfield, the prior of St. James's Church, in Tanbridge, Surrey, by whom she had an illegitimate child.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

Kew, Richmond, Surrey

On 11 Jul 1818 William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (52) and Adelaide Saxe-Meiningen Queen Consort England were married at Kew, Richmond, Surrey. Adelaide Saxe-Meiningen Queen Consort England by marriage Duchess Clarence and St Andrews.

Capel House, Kew, Richmond, Surrey

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Sep. 05 Sep 1685. I accompanied his Lordship to Windsor (dining by the way at Sir Henry Capel's (47) at Kew), where his Ma* (51) receiving me with extra ordinary kindnesse, I kiss'd his hand. I told him how. sensible I was of his Ma*s (51) gracious favour to me, that I would endeavour to serve him with all sincerity, diligence, and loyalty, not more out of my duty than inclination. He said he doubted not of it, and was glad he had the opportunity to shew me the kindnesse he had for me. After this came aboundance of greate men to give me joy.

Richmond Palace, Richmond, Surrey

Margaret Tudor's journey to Scotland

On 27 Jun 1503 Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (13) left for Scotland at Richmond Palace accompanied by Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (26), Edward Howard 1476-1513 (27), Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 (35) and Ralph Ogle 3rd Baron Ogle 1468-1512 (34). .

Marriage of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1509. This yeare, in Aprill, died King Henry the Vllth (51) at Richmond; and his Sonne King Henry the VIII (17) was proclaymed Kinge on St. Georges daye, in the same moneth. And in June follwinge the King (17) was married to Queene Katherin (23), late wife of his brother Prince Arthure, and were both crowned on Mid-sommer day. See Marriage of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

Around 1492. Juan de Flandes 1440-1519 (32). Portrait of Catherine of Aragon (6).

Around 1520 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England 1485-1536 (34).

Death of Henry VII

On 21 Apr 1509 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (52) died of tuberculosis at Richmond Palace, Richmond, Surrey. His son Henry VIII (17) succeeded as VIII King England and Ireland: Tudor.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

Birth of Prince Henry

On 01 Jan 1511 Henry Tudor Duke Cornwall 1511-1511 was born to Henry VIII (19) and Catherine of Aragon (25) at Richmond Palace. Henry Tudor Duke Cornwall 1511-1511 was appointed as Duke Cornwall.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

Around 1492. Juan de Flandes 1440-1519 (32). Portrait of Catherine of Aragon (6).

Around 1520 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England 1485-1536 (34).

On 07 Aug 1574 Robert Dudley 1574-1649 was born illegitimately to Robert Dudley 1st Earl Leicester 1532-1588 (42) and Douglas Howard Baroness Sheffield 1542-1608 (32) at Richmond Palace, Richmond, Surrey.

Death of Queen Elizabeth

On 24 Mar 1603 Elizabeth I (69) died at Richmond Palace, Richmond, Surrey around three in the morning.
Her first-cousin twice-removed James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (36) succeeded as I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart. He was Elizabeth's second cousin being the son of Mary Queen of Scots who was the daughter of Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 who was the daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.
Immediately following her death Robert Carey 1st Earl Monmouth 1560-1639 (43) started on horseback for Edinburgh to inform James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (36) arriving at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood late on the 26 Mar 1603. His conduct met with general disapproval and merited censure as contrary to all decency, good manners and respect. George Carew -1612 and Thomas Lake 1561-1630 (41) were sent by the Council to formally inform James VI's death.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

In 1571 François Clouet Portrait Painter 1510-1572 (61). Portrait known as "Lady in her Bath" believed to depict Diane de Poitiers or Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (28).

Around 1525 Unknown Artist.French.Portrait of an Unknown Woman formerly known as Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (35).

On 20 Jun 1667 James Stewart 1st Duke Cambridge 1663-1667 (3) died at Richmond Palace, Richmond, Surrey. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Richmond Park, Richmond, Surrey

Sheen, Richmond, Surrey

On 07 Sep 1779 Catherina de Jong Jong -1779 died at Sheen, Richmond, Surrey.

Sheen Abbey, Sheen, Richmond, Surrey

On 04 Jan 1688 Henry Brouncker 3nd Viscount Brounckner 1627-1688 (61) died without issue at Sheen Abbey, Sheen, Richmond, Surrey. He was buried in the Church pf St Mary Magdalene, Richmond. Viscount Brouckner of Lyons in Leinster extinct.

Twickenham, Richmond, Surrey

On 19 Sep 1708 Francis Newport 1st Earl Bradford 1620-1708 (88) died at Twickenham, Richmond, Surrey. His son Richard Newport 2nd Earl Bradford 1644-1723 (64) succeeded as 2nd Earl Bradford (1C 1694), 2nd Viscount Newport of Bradford in Shropshire. Mary Wilbraham Countess Bradford 1661-1737 (47) by marriage Countess Bradford (1C 1694).

Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694 (76). Portrait of Mary Wilbraham Countess Bradford 1661-1737 (32) at Weston Park, Weston, Staffordshire.

On 22 Oct 1710 Fulke Greville 5th Baron Brooke 1643-1710 (67) died at Twickenham, Richmond, Surrey. He was buried at St Mary's Church, Warwick, Warwickshire. His grandson Fulke Greville 6th Baron Brooke 1693-1711 (17) succeeded as 6th Baron Brooke of Beauchamps Court.

On 09 Aug 1761 George Gilbert Archbishop York 1693-1761 (67) died in Twickenham, Richmond, Surrey.

On 23 Sep 1790 William Graham 2nd Duke Montrose 1712-1790 (78) died at Twickenham, Richmond, Surrey. His son James Graham 3rd Duke Montrose 1755-1836 (35) succeeded as 3rd Duke Montrose. Caroline Maria Montagu Duchess Montrose -1847 by marriage Duchess Montrose.

On 27 Jul 1866 Charlotte Herbert Duchess Northumberland 1787-1866 (78) died at Twickenham, Richmond, Surrey.She was buried at Westminster Abbey.

York House, Twickenham, Richmond, Surrey

On 19 Mar 1844 William Lowther 1st Earl Lonsdale 1757-1844 (86) died at York House, Twickenham, Richmond, Surrey. On 19 Mar 1844 His son William Lowther 2nd Earl Lonsdale 1787-1872 (56) succeeded as 2nd Earl Lonsdale (2C 1807), 3rd Viscount Lowther, 3nd Baron Lowther.

Shere, Surrey

Around 1205 John Fitzpeter 1205-1258 was born to Geoffrey Fitzpeter 1st Earl Essex 1162-1213 (43) and Aveline Clare Countess Essex at Shere, Surrey.

Around 1238 Maud Fitzjohn Countess Warwick 1238-1301 was born to John Fitzpeter 1205-1258 (33) and Isabel Bigod 1212-1250 (26) at Shere, Surrey.

On 26 Sep 1490 John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (64) died at Shere, Surrey. His son James Tuchet 7th Baron Audley Heighley 1463-1497 (27) succeeded as 7th Baron Audley Heighley in Staffordshire. Joan Bourchier Baroness Audley Heighley, Baroness Tuchet -1532 by marriage Baroness Audley Heighley in Staffordshire, Baron Tuchet.

Southwark, Surrey

On 14 May 1471 Thomas "Bastard of Fauconberg" Neville 1429-1471 (42) reached Southwark, Surrey with his army. The City of London refused him entry so Thomas "Bastard of Fauconberg" Neville 1429-1471 (42) burned Southwark, Surrey.

Apr 1509. Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 1 1509-1514.Will of Henry VII (52):
At his manor of Richmond March 24 Hen. VII., the King (52) makes his last will, commending his soul to the Redeemer with the words he has used since his first "years of discretion," Domine Jesu Christe, qui me ex nichilo creasti, fecisti, redemisti et predestinasti ad hoc quod sum, Tu scis quid de me facere vis, fac de me secundum voluntatem Tuam cum misericordia, trusting in the grace of His Blessed Mother in whom, after Him, has been all his (testator's) trust, by whom in all his adversities he has had special comfort, and to whom he now makes his prayer (recited), as also to all the company of Heaven and especially his "accustumed avoures" St. Michael, St. John Baptist, St. John Evangelist, St. George, St. Anthony, St. Edward, St. Vincent, St. Anne, St. Mary Magdalene and St. Barbara, to defend him at the hour of death and be intercessors for the remission of his sins and salvation of his soul.
Desires to be buried at Westminster, where he was crowned, where lie buried many of his progenitors, especially his granddame Katharine wife to Henry V and daughter to Charles of France, and whereto he means shortly to translate the remains of Henry IV in the chapel which he has begun to build (giving full directions for the placing and making of his tomb and finishing of the said chapel according to the plan which he has "in picture delivered" to the prior of St. Bartholomew's beside Smithfield, master of the works for the same); and he has delivered beforehand to the abbot, &c., of Westminster, 5,000l., by indenture dated Richmond, 13 April 23 Hen VII, towards the cost.
His executors shall cause 10,000 masses in honor of the Trinity, the Five Wounds, the Five Joys of Our Lady, the Nine Orders of Angels, the Patriarchs, the Twelve Apostles and All Saints (numbers to each object specified) to be said within one month after his decease, at 6d. each, making in all 250l, and shall distribute 2,000l. in alms; and to ensure payment he has left 2,250l. with the abbot, &c., of West-minster, by indenture dated _ (blank) day of _ (blank) in the _ (blank) year of his reign.
His debts are then to be paid and reparation for wrongs made by his executors at the discretion of the following persons, by whom all complaints shall be tenderly weighed, viz, the abp of Canterbury (59), Richard bp of Winchester (61), the bps of London and Rochester (39), Thomas Earl of Surrey (66), Treasurer General, George Earl of Shrewsbury (41), Steward of the House, Sir Charles Somerset Lord Herbert (49), Chamberlain, the two Chief Justices, Mr. John Yong (44), Master of the Rolls, Sir Thos. Lovell (30), Treasurer of the House, Mr. Thomas Routhall, secretary, Sir Ric Emson (59), Chancellor of the Duchy, Edm. Dudley (47), the King's attorney at the time of his decease, and his confessor, the Provincial of the Friars Observants, and Mr. William Atwater, dean of the Chapel, or at least six of them and three of his executors.
His executors shall see that the officers of the Household and Wardrobe discharge any debts which may be due for charges of the same.
Lands to the yearly value of above 1,000 mks have been "amortised" for fulfilment of certain covenants (described) with the abbey of Westminster.
For the completion of the hospital which he has begun to build at the Savoie place beside Charingcrosse, and towards which 10,000 mks in ready money has been delivered to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's, by indenture dated _ (blank), his executors shall deliver any more money which may be necessary; and they shall also make (if he has not done it in his lifetime) two similar hospitals in the suburbs of York and Coventry.
Certain cathedrals, abbeys, &c., named in a schedule hereto annexed [not annexed now] have undertaken to make for him orisons, prayers and suffrages "while the world shall endure," in return for which he has made them large confirmations, licences and other grants; and he now wishes 6s. 8d. each to be delivered soon after his decease to the rulers of such cathedrals, &c., 3s. 4d. to every canon and monk, being priest, within the same and 20d. to every canon, monk, vicar and minister not being priest. His executors shall bestow 2,000l. upon the repair of the highways and bridges from Windsor to Richmond manor and thence to St. George's church beside Southwark, and thence to Greenwich manor, and thence to Canterbury.
To divers lords, as well of his blood as other, and also to knights, squires and other subjects, he has, for their good service, made grants of lands, offices and annuities, which he straitly charges his son, the Prince (17), and other heirs to respect; as also the enfeoffments of the Duchy of Lancaster made by Parliaments of 7 and 19 Hen. VII. for the fulfilment of his will.
Bequests for finishing of the church of the New College in Cambridge and the church of Westminster, for the houses of Friars Observants, for the altar within the King's grate (i.e. of his tomb), for the high altar within the King's chapel, for the image of the King to be made and set upon St. Edward's shrine, for the College of Windsor, for the monastery of Westminster, for the image of the King to be set at St. Thomas's shrine at Canterbury, and for chalices and pixes of a certain fashion to be given to all the houses of Friars and every parish church not suitably provided with such.
Bequest of a dote of 50,000l. for the marriage of Lady Mary (13) the King's daughter with Charles Prince of Spain (9), as contracted at Richmond _ (blank) Dec. 24 Hen. VIII., or (if that fail) her marriage with any prince out of the realm by "consent of our said son the Prince (17), his Council and our said executors.".

Before 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (34). Portrait of William Warham Archbishop Canterbury 1450-1532 (81).

Around 1620 based on a work of 1526.Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Warham Archbishop Canterbury 1450-1532.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire.Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window.She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

On 01 Mar 1534 Henry Brandon 1523-1534 (11) died at Southwark, Surrey.

On 01 Jul 1718 Thomas Tipping 1st Baronet Tipping 1653-1718 (65) died in debt in prison in Southwark, Surrey.

On 24 Nov 1740 John Bacon Sculptor 1740-1799 was born in Southwark, Surrey.

On 07 Aug 1799 John Bacon Sculptor 1740-1799 (58) died in Southwark, Surrey.

Bermondsey, Southwark, Surrey

On 28 Feb 1155 Henry the Young King 1155-1183 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (33) at Bermondsey, Southwark, Surrey.

On 08 Jun 1492 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (55) died at Bermondsey, Southwark, Surrey.She was buried at the Altar, St George's Chapel.

Bermondsey Abbey

In May 1513 Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513 died in Bermondsey Abbey.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

Charlton, Southwark, Surrey

St Luke's Church, Charlton, Southwark, Surrey

On 28 Jul 1726 John Blackwood 1696-1777 (29) and Anne Shovell were married at St Luke's Church, Charlton, Southwark, Surrey.

Globe Theatre, Southwark, Surrey

King's Bench Prison, Southwark, Surrey

On 29 Mar 1834 John Mytton 1796-1834 (37) died in King's Bench Prison, Southwark, Surrey.

In 1835 Georgiana Carolina Dashwood Baroness Hastings 1796-1835 (39) died of scarlet fever at King's Bench Prison, Southwark, Surrey.

Queen's Bench Prison, Southwark, Surrey

Essex Rebellion

In Jul 1601 John Lyttelton 1561-1601 (40) died in the Queen's Bench Prison, Southwark, Surrey havign been tried for high treason for involvement in the Essex Rebellion.

Marshalsea, Southwark, Surrey

On 06 Jan 1437 Edward Hastings 8th Baron Hastings 1382-1437 (54) died at Marshalsea, Southwark, Surrey. His son John Hastings 9th Baron Hastings 1412-1477 (25) succeeded as 9th Baron Hastings (1C 1295). Anne Morley Baroness Hastings 1413-1471 (24) by marriage Baroness Hastings (1C 1295).

Marshalsea Prison, Southwark, Surrey

On Dec 1447 Robert Wingfield 1403-1454 (44) was imprisoned for rioting at Marshalsea Prison, Southwark, Surrey.

In 1448 William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (33) was imprisoned at Marshalsea Prison, Southwark, Surrey.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Jul. 09 Jul 1685. Just as I was coming into the lodgings at Whitehall, a little before dinner, my Lord of Devonshire (45) standing very neere his Ma's (51) bed-chamber doore in the lobby, came Col. Culpeper (50), and in a rude manner looking my Lord in the face, asked whether this was a time and place for excluders to appeare; my Lord at first tooke little notice of what he said, knowing him to be a hot-headed fellow, but he reiterating it, my Lord ask'd Culpeper whether he meant him; he said, yes, he meant his Lordship. My Lord told him he was no excluder (as indeed he was not); the other affirming it againe, my Lord told him he lied, on which Culpeper struck him a box on the eare, which my Lord return'd and fell'd him. They were soone parted, Culpeper was seiz'd, and his Ma*, who was all the while in his bed-chamber, order'd him to be carried to the Green Cloth Officer, who sent him to the Marshalsea as he deserv'd. My Lord Devon had nothing said to him. I supp'd this night at Lambeth at my old friend's Mr. Elias Ashmole's (68), with my Lady Clarendon, ye Bishop of St. Asaph (57), and Dr. Tenison (48), when we were treated at a greate feast.

After 09 Jul 1685 Thomas Culpepper 1637-1708 (47) was imprisoned in Marshalsea Prison, Southwark, Surrey for having insulted his litagee by striking him within the precincts of the court at Whitehall Palace, Westminster on 9 Jul 1685, and was sentenced to losing a hand; his wife's intervention saved him.

Winchester Palace, Southwark, Surrey

Catherine Howard Trial

On 07 Nov 1541 Catherine Howard (18) was interrogated by Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury (52) and John Gresham Lord Mayor (46) at Winchester Palace in Southwark. .

1533 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (36). Portrait of Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (43).

In 1544 Gerlach Flicke 1520-1558 (24). Portrait of Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (54).

Stanwell, Surrey

Around 1532 Edward Windsor 3rd Baron Windsor 1532-1575 was born to William Windsor 2nd Baron Windsor 1498-1554 (34) in Stanwell, Surrey.

Stanwell Church, Stanwell, Surrey

On 27 Jul 1622 Thomas Knyvet 1st Baron Knyvet 1545-1622 (77) died. He was buried at Stanwell Church, Stanwell, Surrey.

Elizabeth Hayward Baroness Knyvet was buried at Stanwell Church, Stanwell, Surrey.

Stanwell Park, Stanwell, Surrey

On 16 Sep 1607 Princess Mary Stewart 1605-1607 (2) died of pneumonia at the Stanwell Park, Stanwell, Surrey home of Thomas Knyvet 1st Baron Knyvet 1545-1622 (62) in whose care she had been placed.As soon as Mary died, the Earl of Worcester (57), the Earl of Leicester (43) and the Earl of Totnes (52) went to Hampton Court Palace, to inform the Queen (32) of her daughter's death. Seeing the three men before her, Queen Anne realized what had happened and spared the men the task of telling her.

Sterborough Castle, Surrey

After 25 Oct 1415 Charles Valois Duke Orléans 1394-1465 (20) was imprisoned at Sterborough Castle, Surrey.

Stoke D'Abernon, Surrey

Around 1412 Henry Norbury 1412-1464 was born to John Norbury 1375-1414 (37) and Elizabeth Boteler 1386-1465 (26) at Stoke D'Abernon, Surrey.

In 1438 Elizabeth Norbury 1438-1488 was born to Henry Norbury 1412-1464 (26) at Stoke D'Abernon, Surrey.

Around 1438 John IV Norbury 1438-1504 was born to Henry Norbury 1412-1464 (26) at Stoke D'Abernon, Surrey.

On 12 Aug 1504 John IV Norbury 1438-1504 (66) died at Stoke D'Abernon, Surrey. He was buried at Stoke D'Abernon, Surrey.

Streatham, Surrey

On 21 Jan 1565 Margaret Mundy 1510-1565 (55) died. She was buried the next day in Streatham, Surrey.

On 30 Sep 1710 John Russell 4th Duke Bedford 1710-1771 was born to Wriothesley Russell 2nd Duke Bedford 1680-1711 (29) and Elizabeth Howland Duchess Bedford 1682-1724 (28) at Streatham, Surrey.

Thames Ditton, Surrey

On 06 Mar 1706 Admiral George Pocock 1706-1792 was born at Thames Ditton, Surrey.

Around 1746 Thomas Hudson 1701-1779 (45). Portrait of Admiral George Pocock 1706-1792 (39).

On 01 Sep 1797 William Fitzgerald-De-Ros 22nd Baron Ros Helmsley 1797-1874 was born to Henry Fitzgerald 1761-1829 (36) and Charlotte Boyle 20th Baroness Ros Helmsley 1769-1831 (28) at Thames Ditton, Surrey.

Thorpe, Surrey

Weybridge, Surrey

Oatlands Palace, Weybridge, Surrey

Marriage of Catherine Howard

On 28 Apr 1540 Henry VIII (48) and Catherine Howard (17) were married at Oatlands Palace. Catherine Howard (17) was appointed as Queen Consort England.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19). William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17).
Physician holding urine bottle

Elizabeth's Royal Progress 1591

On 26 Oct 1591 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (58) arrived in Oatlands Palace, Weybridge, Surrey. .

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

Wimbledon, Surrey

Around 1658 Theodore Janssen 1658-1748 was born at Wimbledon, Surrey.

On 19 Sep 1678 Charles "Don Carlo" Fitzcharles 1st Earl Plymouth 1657-1680 (21) and Bridget Osborne Countess Plymouth -1718 were married in Wimbledon, Surrey. Bridget Osborne Countess Plymouth -1718 by marriage Countess Plymouth (1C 1675).

On 25 Mar 1795 Robert Jenkinson 2nd Earl Liverpool 1770-1828 (24) and Louisa Theodosia Hervey Countess Liverpool 1767-1821 (28) were married at Wimbledon, Surrey.

Around 1825. Thomas Lawrence 1769-1830 (55). Portrait of Robert Jenkinson 2nd Earl Liverpool 1770-1828 (54).

1819. George Hayter 1792-1871 (26). Portrait of Robert Jenkinson 2nd Earl Liverpool 1770-1828 (48).

On 14 Sep 1879 Charles Baring Bishop of Durham 1807-1879 (72) died at Wimbledon, Surrey. He was buried at Holy Innocents Church, High Beach, Essex.

Windlesham, Surrey

Ribsden Holt, Windlesham, Surrey

On 08 Oct 1972 Alexander Ramsay 1881-1972 (91) died at Ribsden Holt, Windlesham, Surrey.

Woking, Surrey

In 1583 Richard Drake 1535-1603 (48) leased the manor of Woking, Surrey from Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (47).

Around 1577 George Gower 1540-1596 (37). Portrait of Richard Drake 1535-1603 (42).
The heraldic escutcheon shows seven quarters as follows:
1: . Drake of Ash in the parish of Musbury, Devon
2: Argent, on a chief gules three cinquefoils of the first; Billet of Ash
3: Gules, on a fess argent two mullets sable; Hamton of Rockbere and Ash
4: Ermine, on a chief indented sable three crosslets fitchee or; Orwey of Orwey and Ash
5: Barry of seven argent and sable
6: Azure, six lioncels rampant argent crowned gules, 3, 2, 1; Forde of Forde
7: Argent, two chevrons sable (Esse/Ash of Ash);Esse/Ash of Ash

Wotton, Surrey

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Mar. 10 Mar 1685. She receiv'd the blessed Sacrament; after which, disposing herselfe to suffer what God should determine to inflict, she bore the remainder of her sicknesse with extraordinary patience and piety, and more than ordinary resignation and blessed frame of mind. She died the 14th, to our unspeakable sorrow and affliction, and not to ours onely, but that of all who knew her, who were many of the best quality, greatest and most virtuous persons. The justnesse of her stature, person, comelinesse of countenance, gracefull nesse of motion, unaffected tho' more than ordinary beautifull, were the least of her ornaments compared with those of her mind. Of early piety, singularly religious, spending a part of every day in private devotion, reading and other vertuous exereises; she had collected and written out many of the most usefull and judicious periods of the books she read in a kind of common-place, as out of Dr. Hammond on the New Testament, and most of the best practical treatises. She had read and digested a considerable deale of history and of places. The French tongue was as familiar to her as English; she understood Italian, and was able to render a laudable account of what she read and observed, to which assisted a most faithful memory and discernment; and she did make very prudent and discreete reflexions upon what she had observed of the conversations among which she had at any time ben, which being continualy of persons of the best quality, she thereby improved. She had an excellent voice, to which she play'd a thorough-bass on the harpsichord, in both which she arived to that perfection, that of the schollars of those two famous masters Signors Pietro and Bartholomeo she was esteem'd the best; for the sweetnesse of her voice and management of it added such an agreeablenesse to her countenance, without any constraint or concerne, that when she sung, it was as charming to the eye as to the eare; this I rather note, because it was a universal remarke, and for which so many noble and judicious persons in musiq desired to heare her, the last being at Lord Arundel's of Wardour (see above). What shall 1 say, or rather not say, of the cheerefullness and agreeablenesse of her humour ? condescending to the meanest servant in the family, or others, she still kept up respect, without the least pride. She would often reade to them, examine, instruct, and pray with them if they were sick, so as she was exceedingly beloved of every body. Piety was so prevalent an ingredient in her constitution (as I may say) that even amongst equals and superiors she no sooner became intimately acquainted, but she would endeavour to improve them, by insinuating something of religious, and that tended to bring them to a love of devotion; she had one or two confidents with whom she used to passe whole dayes In fasting, reading and prayers, especialy before the monethly communion and other solemn occasions. She abhorr'd flattery, and tho' she had aboundance of witt, the raillery was so innocent and ingenuous that it was most agreeable; she sometimes would see a play, but since the stage grew licentious, express'd herselfe weary of them, and the time spent at the theater was an unaccountable vanity. She never play'd at cards without extreame importunity and for the company, but this was so very seldome that I cannot number it among any thing she could name a fault. No one could read prose or verse better or with more judgment; and as she read, so she writ, not only most correct orthography, with that maturitie of judgment and exactnesse of the periods, choice of expressions, and familiarity of stile, that some letters of hers have astonish'd me and others to whom she has occasionally written. She had a talent of rehersing any comical part or poeme, as to them she might be decently free with was more pleasing than heard on yb theater; she daunc'd with the greatest grace I had ever seene, and so would her master say, who was Monsr Isaac; but she seldome shew'd that perfection, save in the gracefullnesse of her carriage, which was with an aire of spritely modestie not easily to be described. Nothing affected, but natural and easy as well in her deportment as in her discourse, which was always materiall, not trifling, and to which the extraordinary sweetnesse of her tone, even in familiar speaking, was very charming. Nothing was so pretty as her descending to play with little children, whom she would caresse and humour with greate delight. But she most affected to be with grave and sober men, of whom she might learne something, and improve herselfe. I have ben assisted by her in reading and praying by me; comprehensive of uncommon notions, curious of knowing every thing to some excesse, had I not sometimes repressed it. Nothing was so delightfull to her as to go into my study, where she would willingly have spent whole dayes, for as I sayd she had read aboundance of history, and all the best poets, even Terence, Plautus, Homer, Virgil, Horace, Ovid; all the .best romances and modern poemes; she could compose happily, and put in pretty symbols, as in the Mundus Mulie bris, wherein is an enumeration of the immense variety of the modes and ornaments belonging to the sex; but all these are vaine trifles to the virtues which adorn'd her soule; she was sincerely religious, most dutifull to her parents, whom she lov'd with an affection temper'd with greate esteeme, so as we were easy and free^ and never were so well pleas'd as when she was with us, nor needed we other conversation; she was kind to her sisters, and was still improving them by her constant course of piety. Oh deare, sweete, and desireable child, how shall I part with all this goodness and virtue without the bittemesse of sorrow and reluctancy of a tender parent! Thy affection, duty, and love to me was that of a friend as well as a child. Nor lesse deare to thy mother, whose example and tender care of thee was unparellel'd, nor was thy returne to her lesse conspicuous; Oh ! how she mourns thy loss! how desolate hast thou left us! To the grave shall we both carry thy memory!
God alone (in whose bosom thou art at rest and happy !) give us to resigne thee and all our contentments (for thou indeede wert all in this world) to his blessed pleasure ! Let him be glorified by our submission, and give us grace to blesse him for the graces he planted in thee, thy virtuous life, pious and holy death, which is indeede the onely comfort of our soules, hastening thro' the infinite love and mercy of the Lord Jesus to be shortly with thee, deare child, and with thee and those blessed saints like thee, glorifye the Redeemer of the world to all eternity ! Amen !
It was in the 19th year of her age that this sicknesse happen'd to her. An accident contributed to this disease; she had an apprehension of it in particular, and which struck her but two days before she came home, by an imprudent gentlewoman whom she went with Lady Falkland to visite, who after they had ben a good while in the house, told them she had a servant sick of the small pox (who indeede died the next day); this my poore child acknowledg'd made an impression on her spirits. There were foure gentlemen of quality offering to treate with me about marriage, and I freely gave her her owne choice, knowing her discretion. She showed great indifference to marrying at all, for truly, says she to her mother (the other day), were I assur'd of your life and my deare father's, never would I part from you; I love you and this home, where we serve God, above all things, nor ever shall I be so happy; I know and consider the vicissitudes of the world, I have some experience of its vanities, and but for decency more than inclination, and that you judge it expedient for me, I would not change my condition, but rather add the fortune you designe me to my sisters, and keepe up the reputation of our family, This was so discreetly and sincerely utter'd that it could not but proceede from an extraordinary child, and one who lov'd her parents beyond example.
At London she tooke this fatal disease, and the occasion of her being there was this; my Lord Viscount Falkland's (29) Lady having ben our neighbour (as he was Treasurer of the Navy), she tooke so greate an affection to my daughter, that when they went back in the autumn to the Citty, nothing would satisfie their incessant importunity but letting her accompany my Lady, and staying sometime with her; it was with yc greatest reluctance I complied. Whilst she was there, my Lord (29) being musical, when I saw my Lady would not part with her till Christmas, I was not unwilling she should improve the opportunity of learning of Signr Pietro, who had an admirable way both of composure and teaching. It was the end of February before I could prevail with my Lady to part with her; but my Lord going into Oxfordshire to stand for Knight of the Shire there, she express'd her wish to come home, being tir'd of ye vain and empty conversation of the towne, ye theatres, the court, and trifling visites wch consum'd so much precious time, and made her sometimes misse of that regular course of piety that gave her ye greatest satisfaction. She was weary of this life, and I think went not thrice to Court all this time, except when her mother or I carried her. She did not affect shewing herselfe, she knew ye Court well, and pass'd one summer in it at Windsor with Lady Tuke one of the Queene's women of the bed chamber (a most virtuous relation of hers); she was not fond of that glittering scene, now become abominably licentious, though there was a designe of Lady Rochester (39) and Lady Clarendon to have made her a maid of honour to the Queene as soon as there was a vacancy. But this she did not set her heart upon, nor in deede on any thing so much as the service of God, a quiet and regular life, and how she might improve herselfe in the most necessary accomplishments, and to wch she was ariv'd at so greate a measure. This is y° little history and imperfect character of my deare child, whose piety, virtue, and incomparable endowments deserve a monument more durable than brasse and marble. Precious is the memorial of the just.
Much I could enlarge on every peribd of this hasty account, but that I ease and discharge my overcoming passion for the present, so many things worthy an excellent Christian and dutifull child crowding upon me. Never can I say enough, oh deare, my deare child, whose memory is so precious to me! This deare child was born at Wotton in the same house and chamber in which I first drew my breath, my wife having retir'd to my brother there in the great sicknesse that yeare upon the first of that moneth, and neere the ve'ry houre that I was borne, upon the last : viz. October. 16 March. She was interr'd in the South-east end of the Church at Deptford, neere her grandmother and severall of my younger children and relations. My desire was she should have ben carried and layed among my own parents and relations at Wotton, where I desire to be interr'd myselfe, when God shall call me out of this uncertaine transitory life, but some circumstances did not permit it. Our vicar Dr. Holden preach'd her funeral sermon on 1 Phil. 21. "For to me to live is Christ and to die is gaine," upon which he made an apposite discourse, as those who heard it assur'd me (for griefe suffer'd me not to be present), concluding with a modest recital of her many virtues and signal piety, so as to draw both teares and admiration from the hearers. I was not altogether unwilling that something of this sort should be spoken, for the edification and encouragement of other young people. Divers noble persons honour'd her funeral, some in person, others sending their coaches, of wch there were six or seven with six horses, viz. the Countesse of Sunderland (39), Earle of Clarendon, Lord Godolphin (6), Sr Stephen Fox (57), Sr Wm Godolphin, Viscount Falkland, and others. There were distributed amongst her friends about 60 rings. Thus liv'd, died, and was buried the joy of my life, and ornament of her sex and of my poore family ! God Almighty of his infinite mercy grant me the grace thankfully to resigne myselfe and all I have, or had, to his Divine pleasure, and in his good time, restoring health and comfort to my family : " teach me so to number my days that I may apply my heart to wisdom," be prepar'd for my dissolution, and that into the hands of my blessed Saviour I may recommend my spirit ! Amen !
On looking into her closet, it is incredible what a number of collections she had made from historians, poetes, travellers, &c. but above all devotions, contemplations, and resolutions on these contemplations, found under her hand in a booke most methodicaly dispos'd; prayers, meditations, and devotions on particular occasions, with many pretty letters to her confidants; one to a divine (not nam'd) to whom she writes that he would be her ghostly father, and would not despise her for her many errors and the imperfections of her youth, but beg of God to give her courage to acquaint him with all her faults, imploring his assistance and spiritual directions. I well remember she had often desir'd me to recommend her to such a person, but I did not think fit to do it as yet, seeing her apt to be scrupulous, and knowing the great innocency and integrity of her life. It is astonishing how one who had acquir'd such substantial and practical knowledge in other ornamental parts of education, especialy music both vocal and instrumental, In dauncing, paying and receiving visites, and necessary conversation, could accomplish halfe of what she has left; but as she never affected play or cards, which consume a world of precious time, so she was in continual exercise, which yet abated nothing of her most agreeable conversation. But she was a little miracle while she liv'd, and so she died!.

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of Henrietta Boyle Countess Rochester 1646-1687 (19).One of the Windsor Beauties.