York, Yorkshire

Massacre of the Jews at York

On 17 Mar 1190 at York, Yorkshire the Jewish population sought protection from violence in Clifford's Tower, York Castle, York, Yorkshire.The tower was besieged by the mob of crusaders preparing to leave on the Third Crusade.The Jewish men killed their wives and children, after which they set fire to the wooden keep.Those who did escape were murdered.


On 22 Apr 1279 Walter Giffard Archbishop York 1225-1279 (54) died at York, Yorkshire.He was buried at York Minster, York, Yorkshire.


Around 1290 Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1290-1339 was born to William Dacre 1266-1318 and Joan Gernet 1270-1324 (20) at York, Yorkshire


Edward I 43rd Parliament 1298

In 1298 Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316 attended at York, Yorkshire during the Edward I 43rd Parliament 1298


On 04 May 1312 Edward II King England 1284-1327 (28) and Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 were at Newcastle on Tyne Castle, Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland where they barely escaped a force led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (34), Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (38). Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 escaped to Scarborough, North Yorkshire, Yorkshire, Edward II King England 1284-1327 (28) to York, Yorkshire.


On Mar 1322 Alice Lacy Countess Leicester, Countess Lancaster, 5th Countess Salisbury, 4th Countess Lincoln 1281-1348 (40) was imprisoned at York, Yorkshire.


On 23 Mar 1322 Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford 1300-1322 and John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray 1286-1322 were hanged at York, Yorkshire.


In 1391 John Dunbar 4th Earl Moray -1391 was killed in a tournament at York, Yorkshire from wounds received from Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (5).


On 31 Jul 1392 Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham 1312-1392 died at York, Yorkshire


Northern Rising

On 27 May 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) assembled a force of around 8000 men at Shipton Moor, Shipton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire, Yorkshire.Believing they had been given safe conduct by Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (41) and assured their demands would be met, the rebel army disbanded .
On 29 May 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) were arrested and taken to Pontefract Castle, Pontefract, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire.
On 03 Jun 1405 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (28) arrived at York.The King denied the accused trial by their peers. Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey, 12th Earl Arundel 1381-1415 (23) and Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (28) sat in judgement of Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19). William Gascoigne 1350-1419 (55) refused to pronounce sentence on Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) asserting their right to be tried by their peers.
On 08 Jun 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) was beheaded before a great crowd at York, Yorkshire for having led the Northern Rising.
On 20 Jul 1405 John Fauconberg -1405 was beheaded in Durham, County Durham


On 27 Apr 1458 John Darcy 7th Baron Darcy Knayth 1404-1458 died at York, Yorkshire


Battle of Towton

On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses.Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.
The Yorkist army was commanded by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) with John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45), Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30), William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (56), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy 1416-1474, Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61).
The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461, Richard Percy 1426-1461, Ralph Bigod 1410-1461, John Bigod -1461, Robert Cromwell 1390-1461, Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1412-1461, Ralph Eure 1412-1461, John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461, Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461, John Beaumont 1428-1461, Thomas Dethick 1400-1461 (61), Everard Simon Digby -1461, William Plumpton -1461 and William Welles 1410-1461 who were killed.
Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (60), William Norreys 1441-1507, Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461, Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464, John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12), Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470, Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (56), James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde 1422-1476 (39), William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41). Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (41) were captured.
On 03 Apr 1461 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon 1432-1461 (29) was beheaded at York, Yorkshire.
Robert Dethick 1375-1461 (86) was killed.
John Heron of Ford Castle Northumberland 1416-1461 (45) was killed.
Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 was executed


08 May 1461.York, Yorkshire.Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461.Grant for life to William Herbert, knight, of the offices of office of chief justice and chamberlain of South Wales, steward of the commontes in the counties of Caermarthen and Cardigan, and chief forester in those counties (Carmarthenshire,Cardignshire).


08 May 1461.York, Yorkshire.Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461.Commission to John Harrington 1414-1481, esquire, John Kyrton, Thomas Banke and William Boleyn to arrest Thomas CLaymond, esquire, Robert Heryng, 'sowter' and John Hedale, carpenter, and bring them before the king (19) in Chancery.


On 29 Sep 1469 brothers Humphrey Neville 1439-1469 and Charles Neville -1469 were beheaded at York, Yorkshire in the presence of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (41) bringing to an end the Neville-Neville fued that arose as a consequence of the senior line being dis-inherited.


On 28 Apr 1489 Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland 1449-1489 was hanged at York, Yorkshire by the rebels when attempting to collect the tax.The King then sent an army of 8000 north led by Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (46).The rebels dispersed; their leader John à Chambre was hanged for treason.The rebels then chose John Percy 1459- as their leader.His leadership proved less than reliable; he eventually fled to the court of Margaret Duchess of Burgundy 1446-1503 (sister of Edward IV and Richard III) who remained sympathetic to the Yorkist cause.


After 27 Jun 1503 Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (13) stayed at York, Yorkshire


In 1528 John Constable 1528-1584 was born to John Constable 1510-1550 at York, Yorkshire.


In 1546 John Constable 1546-1592 was born to John Constable 1528-1584 at York, Yorkshire.


In 1568 Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (31) attended to hear evidence against Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (25) at York, Yorkshire


In 1584 John Constable 1528-1584 died at York, Yorkshire.


On 14 Dec 1595 Henry Hastings 3rd Earl Huntingdon 1535-1595 (60) died at York, Yorkshire.His son George Hastings 4th Earl Huntingdon 1540-1604 (55) succeeded his brother as 4th Earl Huntingdon (7C 1529), 6th Baron Hastings (2C 1430)


In Jun 1642 William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 (24) was with King Charles I (41) at York, Yorkshire


Battle of Marston Moor

17 Aug 1654. John Evelyns's Diary 1654. Passed through Pontefract; therichard castle famous for many sieges both of late and ancient times, and the death of that unhappy King murdered in it, was now demolishing by the Rebels; it stands on a mount, and makes a goodly show at a distance. The Queen (44) has a house here, and there are many fair seats near it, especially Mr. Pierrepont's (48), built at the foot of a hill out of the castle ruins. We all alighted in the highway to drink at a crystal spring, which they call Robin Hood's Well; near it, is a stone chair, and an iron ladle to drink out of, chained to the seat. We rode to Tadcaster, at the side of which we have prospect of the Archbishop's Palace (which is a noble seat), and in sight of divers other gentlemen's fair houses. This tract is a goodly, fertile, well-watered, and wooded country, abounding with pasture and plenty of provisions.
To York, the second city of England, fairly walled, of a circular form, watered by the brave river Ouse, bearing vessels of considerable burden on it; over it is a stone bridge emulating that of London, and built on; the middle arch is larger than any I have seen in England, with a wharf of hewn stone, which makes the river appear very neat. But most remarkable and worth seeing is St. Peter's Cathedral, which of all the great churches in England had been best preserved from the fury of the sacrilegious, by composition with the Rebels when they took the city, during the many incursions of Scotch and others. It is a most entire magnificent piece of Gothic architecture. The screen before the choir is of stone carved with flowers, running work and statues of the old kings. Many of the monuments are very ancient. Here, as a great rarity in these days and at this time, they showed me a Bible and Common Prayer Book covered with crimson velvet, and richly embossed with silver gilt; also a service for the altar of gilt wrought plate, flagons, basin, ewer, plates, chalices, patins, etc., with a gorgeous covering for the altar and pulpit, carefully preserved in the vestry, in the hollow wall whereof rises a plentiful spring of excellent water. I got up to the tower, whence we had a prospect toward Durham, and could see Ripon, part of Lancashire, the famous and fatal Marston Moor, the Spas of Knaresborough, and all the environs of that admirable country. Sir —— Ingoldsby has here a large house, gardens, and tennis court; also the King's house and church near the castle, which was modernly fortified with a palisade and bastions. The streets are narrow and ill-paved, the shops like London.


In 1694 William Howard 3rd Baron Howard -1694 died at York, Yorkshire


On 19 Dec 1726 Henry Willoughby 5th Baron Middleton 1726-1800 was born to Thomas Willoughby 1694-1742 and Elizabeth Southby at York, Yorkshire


On 05 Dec 1820 Jane Lawley 1820-1900 was born to Paul Thompson 1st Baron Wenlock 1784-1852 (36) and Caroline Griffin Baroness Wenlock -1868 in York, Yorkshire.


1845 Francis Grant 1803-1878 (41). Portrait of Jane Lawley 1820-1900 (24).

On 05 Apr 1824 Julia Louisa Bosville Baroness Middleton 1824-1901 was born at York, Yorkshire


Bishopsthorpe, York, Yorkshire

On 10 Dec 1776 Robert Hay-Drummond Archbishop York 1711-1776 (65) died at Bishopsthorpe, York, Yorkshire.


Church of the Black Friars, York, Yorkshire

On 22 Mar 1426 Richard Redman Master of the Horse 1350-1426 (76) died at Harewood Castle, Harewood, West Yorkshire, Yorkshire.He was buried at Church of the Black Friars, York, Yorkshire.


Heworth Moor, York, Yorkshire

Battle of Heworth Moor

On 24 May 1453 Thomas Neville 1430-1460 and Maud Stanhope 4th Baroness Cromwell, Baroness Willoughby Eresby -1497 were married. Maud Stanhope 4th Baroness Cromwell, Baroness Willoughby Eresby -1497 was the niece and heiress of Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456 (50) meaning traditional Percy lands would become Neville lands. The Percy's, being the older family, especially Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460, took umbrage.
John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (22) was ambushed at Heworth Moor, York, Yorkshire by Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 leading a force of 700 or more men when returning with his brother's wedding party from Tattershall Castle, Tattershall, Lincolnshire to Sheriff Hutton, Yorkshire.


Fulford, York, Yorkshire

Battle of Fulford

On 20 Sep 1066 Harald III King Norway 1015-1066 (51), with Tostig Godwinson 1026-1066, defeated the brothers Eadwine Mercia -1071 and Morcar Mercia -1087 at the Battle of Fulford at Fulford, York, Yorkshire.


St Deny's Church, York, Yorkshire

After 29 Mar 1461 Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 was buried at St Deny's Church, York, Yorkshire.


The Pavement, York, Yorkshire

On 22 Aug 1572 Thomas Percy 7th Earl Northumberland 1528-1572 was beheaded at The Pavement in York


York Castle, York, Yorkshire

On Feb 1294 Simon Constable 1243-1294 died at York Castle, York, Yorkshire


Around 1387 Richard Hastings 1387-1436 was born to Ralph Hastings 1340-1398 and Maud Sutton 1356-1400 (31) at York Castle, York, Yorkshire.


In 1398 Ralph Hastings 1340-1398 died at York Castle, York, Yorkshire. He was buried at Sulby, Northamptonshire.


In 1433 Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 was born to Leonard Hastings 1396-1455 and Alice Camoys at York Castle, York, Yorkshire


On 10 Sep 1436 Richard Hastings 1387-1436 died at York Castle, York, Yorkshire.


After 17 Feb 1461 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (30) was imprisoned at York Castle, York, Yorkshire


Around 1466 Anne Hastings 1466- was born to Ralph Hastings -1495 and Anne Tattershall 1439-1499 (27) at York Castle, York, Yorkshire


Around 1470 Katherine Hastings 1470- was born to Ralph Hastings -1495 and Anne Tattershall 1439-1499 (31) at York Castle, York, Yorkshire


Around 1478 Isabel Hastings 1478- was born to Ralph Hastings -1495 and Anne Tattershall 1439-1499 (39) at York Castle, York, Yorkshire


Around 1480 Elizabeth Hastings 1480- was born to Ralph Hastings -1495 and Anne Tattershall 1439-1499 (41) at York Castle, York, Yorkshire


Around 1486 Emma Hastings 1486- was born to Ralph Hastings -1495 and Anne Tattershall 1439-1499 (47) at York Castle, York, Yorkshire


Around 1488 Cecilia Hastings 1488- was born to Ralph Hastings -1495 and Anne Tattershall 1439-1499 (49) at York Castle, York, Yorkshire


On 09 Jan 1499 Anne Tattershall 1439-1499 (60) died at York Castle, York, Yorkshire


On 24 Oct 1745 Thomas Herring Archbishop Canterbury 1693-1757 (52) in a speech at York Castle, York, Yorkshire during the Jacobite Rebellion said:
"these Commotions in the North are but Part of a Great Plan concerted for our Ruin—They have begun under the Countenance, and will be supported by the Forces of France and Spain, our old and inveterate, (and late Experience calls upon me to add, our savage and blood-thirsty) Enemies—A Circumstance that should fire the Indignation of every honest Englishman. If these Designs should succeed, and Popery and Arbitrary Power come in upon us, under the Influence and Direction of these two Tyrannical and Corrupted Courts, I leave you to reflect, what would become of every Thing that is valuable to us! We are now bless'd with the mild Administration of a Just and Protestant King, who is of so strict an Adherence to the Laws of our Country, that not an Instance can be pointed out, during his whole reign, wherein he made the least Attempt upon the Liberty, or Property, or Religion, of a single Person. But if the Ambition and Pride of France and Spain, is to dictate to us, we must submit to a Man to govern us under their hated and accursed Influence, who brings his Religion from Rome, and Rules and Maxims of his Government from Paris and Madrid."
Horace Walpole 4th Earl Orford 1717-1797 (28) said this speech "had as much true spirit, honesty and bravery in it as ever was penned by an historian for an ancient hero".


Clifford's Tower, York Castle, York, Yorkshire

Massacre of the Jews at York

On 17 Mar 1190 at York, Yorkshire the Jewish population sought protection from violence in Clifford's Tower, York Castle, York, Yorkshire.The tower was besieged by the mob of crusaders preparing to leave on the Third Crusade.The Jewish men killed their wives and children, after which they set fire to the wooden keep.Those who did escape were murdered.


York Minster, York, Yorkshire

On 26 Dec 1251 Alexander III King Scotland 1241-1286 (10) and Margaret Plantagenet 1240-1275 were married at York Minster, York, Yorkshire


On 22 Apr 1279 Walter Giffard Archbishop York 1225-1279 (54) died at York, Yorkshire.He was buried at York Minster, York, Yorkshire.


On 09 Jan 1284 Antony Bek Bishop Durham 1245-1311 (39) was consecrated Bishop Durham at which time he also had the remains of Saint William of York moved to a new shrine in York Minster.


On 24 Jan 1328 Edward III King England 1312-1377 (15) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (13) were married (they were second-cousins x 2) at York Minster, York, Yorkshire. Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (13) was appointed as Queen Consort England.


Before 03 Mar 1337 William Plantagenet 1337-1337 died.He was buried at York Minster, York, Yorkshire


On 19 Jul 1352 William Zouche Archbishop York -1352 died at Cawood, Selby, North Yorkshire, Yorkshire.He was buried at York Minster, York, Yorkshire.


On 18 Dec 1374 Alexander Neville Archbishop York 1341-1392 (33) was consecrated as Archbishop York at York Minster, York, Yorkshire


After 08 Jun 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 was buried at York Minster, York, Yorkshire


On 18 Sep 1452 John Scrope 1422-1452 died. He was buried at York Minster, York, Yorkshire


Edward of Middleham created Prince of Wales

On 08 Sep 1483 Edward York Prince Wales 1473-1484 (9) was created Prince Wales, Earl Chester (6C 1483) at York Minster. His parents Richard III (30) and Anne Neville (27) attended as did Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13). Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (8) and John York 1471-1499 were knighted .


In 1506 Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 was buried at York Minster, York, Yorkshire.


After 26 Jun 1568 Thomas Young Archbishop York 1507-1568 was buried in the Choir of York Minster, York, Yorkshire.


Battle of Marston Moor

17 Aug 1654. John Evelyns's Diary 1654. Passed through Pontefract; therichard castle famous for many sieges both of late and ancient times, and the death of that unhappy King murdered in it, was now demolishing by the Rebels; it stands on a mount, and makes a goodly show at a distance. The Queen (44) has a house here, and there are many fair seats near it, especially Mr. Pierrepont's (48), built at the foot of a hill out of the castle ruins. We all alighted in the highway to drink at a crystal spring, which they call Robin Hood's Well; near it, is a stone chair, and an iron ladle to drink out of, chained to the seat. We rode to Tadcaster, at the side of which we have prospect of the Archbishop's Palace (which is a noble seat), and in sight of divers other gentlemen's fair houses. This tract is a goodly, fertile, well-watered, and wooded country, abounding with pasture and plenty of provisions.
To York, the second city of England, fairly walled, of a circular form, watered by the brave river Ouse, bearing vessels of considerable burden on it; over it is a stone bridge emulating that of London, and built on; the middle arch is larger than any I have seen in England, with a wharf of hewn stone, which makes the river appear very neat. But most remarkable and worth seeing is St. Peter's Cathedral, which of all the great churches in England had been best preserved from the fury of the sacrilegious, by composition with the Rebels when they took the city, during the many incursions of Scotch and others. It is a most entire magnificent piece of Gothic architecture. The screen before the choir is of stone carved with flowers, running work and statues of the old kings. Many of the monuments are very ancient. Here, as a great rarity in these days and at this time, they showed me a Bible and Common Prayer Book covered with crimson velvet, and richly embossed with silver gilt; also a service for the altar of gilt wrought plate, flagons, basin, ewer, plates, chalices, patins, etc., with a gorgeous covering for the altar and pulpit, carefully preserved in the vestry, in the hollow wall whereof rises a plentiful spring of excellent water. I got up to the tower, whence we had a prospect toward Durham, and could see Ripon, part of Lancashire, the famous and fatal Marston Moor, the Spas of Knaresborough, and all the environs of that admirable country. Sir —— Ingoldsby has here a large house, gardens, and tennis court; also the King's house and church near the castle, which was modernly fortified with a palisade and bastions. The streets are narrow and ill-paved, the shops like London.


On 24 Feb 1685 Charles Howard 1st Earl Carlisle 1629-1685 (56) died.He was buried at York Minster, York, Yorkshire.His son Edward Howard 2nd Earl Carlisle 1646-1692 (38) succeeded as 2nd Earl Carlisle (3C 1661).Elizabeth Uvedale Countess Carlisle -1696 by marriage Countess Carlisle (3C 1661).


On 27 Dec 1685 Henriette Stanley Countess Strafford 1630-1685 (55) died.She was buried at York Minster, York, Yorkshire


On 16 Oct 1695 William Wentworth 2nd Earl Strafford 1626-1695 (69) died.He was buried at York Minster, York, Yorkshire.


On 06 Oct 1723 Thomas Watson 1665-1723 (58) died.He was buried in York Minster, York, Yorkshire.


Chapter House, York Minster, York, Yorkshire

Scrope Chapel, York Minster, York, Yorkshire

On 15 Nov 1455 John Scrope 4th Baron Scrope Masham 1388-1455 died.He was buried at Scrope Chapel, York Minster, York, Yorkshire.His son Thomas Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Masham 1429-1483 succeeded as 5th Baron Scrope Masham.Elizabeth Greystoke Baroness Scrope Masham 1436-1490 by marriage Baroness Scrope Masham.