Click on coloured text: Biographies, Paternal Family Trees, Places, Dates, General, Work in Progress.
Hover over the Photos and Paintings for larger images.
Hover over the Burger top left for the Menu.
Offices of State
Lord High Steward
09 Apr 1413
Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26)
King England: Plantagenet Lancaster
by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury 1353-1414 (60)
Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (31) was appointed Lord High Steward . Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (55) was appointed Lord High Constable . .
In 1414 John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (23) was created 1st Duke Bedford (1C 1414) , 1st Earl Richmond (6C 1414) , 1st Earl Kendal (1C 1414) . .
03 Dec 1461 . Westminster . Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Appointment of the king's (19) kinsman Richard, earl of Warwick (33) , to execute the office of steward of England at the trial of Henry VI and other rebels who murdered the King's father Richard, duke of York, at Wakefield.
In 1463 John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (35) was appointed as Lord High Steward .
30 Jun 1483 Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485 . Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) . Westminster .Commission to the king's kinsman John duke of Norfolk (58) , to execute the office of steward of England at the king's coronation.By K.
06 Jul 1483
Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30)
King England: Plantagenet York
Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65)
Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (27)
Queen Consort England
Coronation of Richard III
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was appointed as Lord High Steward . William Brandon 1425-1491 (58) , Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (33) , Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43) , Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (50) , Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46) , Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (39) , Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (32) and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (59) attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (22) attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (66) carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (40) carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (27) carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (40) carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13) bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 (5) carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 (30) was appointed as Knight of the Bath .
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (68) refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III . History doesn't record her reason.
15 May 1536
Queen Anne Boleyn (35)
tried at the
King's Hall in the Tower of London
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (63) was appointed Lord High Steward and presided. Henry Howard 1516-1547 (20) attended. Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu 1492-1539 (44) was one of the judges. Elizabeth Browne Countess Worcester 1502-1565 (34) was the principal witness.
The jurors were:
Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (52)
Edward Clinton 1st Earl Lincoln 1512-1585 (24)
Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1515-1541 (21)
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (49)
Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland 1492-1543 (44)
John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562 (56)
Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland 1498-1549 (38)
Henry Parker 11th Baron Marshal, 10th Baron Morley 1481-1556 (55)
Edward Stanley 3rd Earl Derby 1509-1572 (27)
Thomas Stanley 2nd Baron Monteagle 1507-1560 (28)
John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (65)
Thomas Wentworth 1st Baron Wentworth 1501-1551 (35)
Henry Somerset 2nd Earl Worcester 1496-1549 (40)
Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527
Thomas Burgh 7th Baron Cobham Sternborough, 5th Baron Strabolgi, 1st Baron Burgh 1488-1550 (48)
Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (40)
William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (60)
Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (24)
Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 (48)
Edward Powers Lord Powers
William Sandys 1st Baron Sandys Vyne 1470-1540 (66)
Andrew Windsor 1st Baron Windsor 1467-1543 (69)
George Brooke 9th Baron Cobham 1497-1558 (39) .
On 20 Jun 1541 Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1515-1541 (26) was tried for the murder of John Busbrig, servant of Nicholas Pelham 1517-1560 (24) on whose land they were poaching. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (68) was appointed as Lord High Steward .
20 Feb 1547
Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9)
King England and Ireland: Tudor
John Russell 1st Earl Bedford 1485-1555 (62) was appointed as Lord High Steward . Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (34) was appointed as Lord High Constable .
Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (18) and William Sharington 1495-1553 (52) were created Knight of the Bath.
Francis Hastings 2nd Earl Huntingdon 1514-1561 (33) , Edward Courtenay 1385-1418 , William Sharington 1495-1553 (52) ,John Shelton 1503-1558 (44) and Walter Buckler -1556 were knighted.
Edward Dymoke 1508-1566 (39) attended as the King's Champion.
In Jan 1572 Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (35) was tried for high treason for his involvement in the Ridolphi Plot . Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset 1536-1608 (36) acted as judge. George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury, 6th Earl Waterford 1528-1590 (44) was appointed as Lord High Steward for the trial.
25 Jul 1603
James VI King Scotland I King England Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (37)
King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart
Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (67) was appointed as Lord High Steward .
Robert Chichester 1578-1627 (25) was appointed Knight of the Bath .
Francis Fane 1st Earl Westmoreland 1580-1629 (23) was appointed Knight of the Bath .
William Pope 1st Earl Downe 1573-1631 (29) , Gervase Clifton 1st Baronet Clifton 1587-1666 (15) , Thomas Berkeley 1575-1611 (28) , Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1563-1644 (40) and William Herbert 1st Baron Powis 1573-1655 (30) were appointed Knight of the Bath .
Coronation George I
20 Oct 1714
George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727 (54)
King Great Britain and Ireland: Hanover
by Thomas Tenison Archbishop Canterbury 1636-1715 (78)
Charles Fitzroy 2nd Duke Grafton 1683-1757 (30) was appointed as Lord High Steward
Coronation of George III
22 Sep 1761
George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (23)
King Great Britain and Ireland: Hanover
Charles Compton 7th Earl Northampton 1737-1763 (24) was the Bearer of the Ivory Rod with the Dove.
William Talbot 1st Earl Talbot 1710-1782 (51) was appointed as Lord High Steward .
In 1274 Robert Burnell Bishop Bath and Wells 1239-1292 (35) was appointed as Lord Chancellor
Around 1455 Thomas Browne Lord Treasurer Lord Chancellor 1402-1460 (53) was appointed as Lord Chancellor
In Oct 1529 Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (51) was appointed Lord Chancellor by Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (38)
In 1603 Thomas Egerton 1st Viscount Brackley 1540-1617 (63) was appointed as Lord Chancellor
John Evelyn's Diary 1685 Oct . 31 Oct 1685 . I din'd at our greate Lord Chancellor Jefferies (40) , who us'd me with much respect. This was the late Chief Justice who had newly ben the Western Circuit to try the Monmouth conspirators, and had formerly don such severe justice amongst the obnoxious in Westmr Hall , for which his Ma* (52) dignified him by creating him first a Baron , and now Lord Chancellor . He had some years past ben conversant at Deptford; is of an assur'd and undaunted spirit, and has serv'd the Court interest on all the hardiest occasions; is of nature cruel and a slave of the Court.
In 1432 John Scrope 4th Baron Scrope Masham 1388-1455 (44) was appointed as Lord Treasurer
Around 1450 Thomas Browne Lord Treasurer Lord Chancellor 1402-1460 (48) was appointed as Lord Treasurer
On 29 May 1455 Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (51) was appointed as Lord Treasurer .
In 1484 John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (58) was appointed as Lord Treasurer .
Lord High Treasurer
In 1452 John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (24) was appointed as Lord High Treasurer .
In 1454 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (33) was appointed as Lord High Treasurer .
In 1454 James "White Earl" Butler 4th Earl Ormonde 1393-1452 was appointed as Lord High Treasurer .
18 Mar 1461 . Westminster . Patent Rolls.Edward IV.1461 .Grant, during the King's pleasure, to the King's kinsman Henry, viscount Bourchier (57) , of the office of treasurer of the Exchequer in the same manner as Walter Hungerford , knight, late treasurer.
In 1468 John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (40) was appointed as Lord High Treasurer .
On Sep 1684 Sidney Godolphin 1st Earl Godolphin 1645-1712 (39) was appointed as Lord High Treasurer .
Lord Privy Seal
On 14 Nov 1397 Richard Boteville Bishop Bath and Wells, Bishop Worcester, Bishop London -1421 was appointed Lord Privy Seal ; he resigned on 04 Nov 1401.
In 1530 Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (53) was appointed as Lord Privy Seal
In 1540 William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (50) was appointed as Lord Privy Seal .
In 1699 Thomas Herbert 8th Earl Pembroke, 5th Earl Montgomery 1656-1733 (43) was appointed as Lord Privy Seal .
On 14 May 1735 Francis Godolphin 2nd Earl Godolphin 1678-1766 (56) was appointed as Lord Privy Seal
In 1755 Charles Spencer 3rd Duke Marlborough 1706-1758 (48) was appointed as Lord Privy Seal .
Lord Godolphin made Chamberlaine to ye Queene ; Lord Peterborow Groome of ye Stole in place of the Earle of Bath ; the Treasurer's staff to the Earle of Rochester ; and his brother the Earle of Clarendon Lord Privie Seale in place of the Marquis of Halifax , who was made President of the Council ; the Secretarys of State remaining as before.
In 1461 William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) was appointed as Lord Chamberlain
In 1550 Thomas Wentworth 1st Baron Wentworth 1501-1551 (49) was appointed as Lord Chamberlain
After 05 Apr 1551 Thomas Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Chiche 1506-1558 (44) was appointed as Lord Chamberlain
14 Jan 1236
Chronica Majora: The ceremonies at the marriage of Henry the Third
. There were assembled at the
nuptial festivities such a host of nobles of both sexes, such numbers of religious men, such crowds of the populace, and such a variety of actors, that London, with its capacious bosom, could scarcely contain them. The whole city was ornamented with flags and banners, chaplets and hangings, candles and lamps, and with wonderful devices and extraordinary representations, and all the roads were cleansed from mud and dirt, sticks, and everything offensive. The citizens, too, went out to meet the
and queen, dressed out in their ornaments, and vied with each other in trying the speed of their horses. On the same day, when they left the city for Westminster, to perform the duties of butler to the king (which office belonged to them by right of old, at the coronation), they proceeded thither dressed in silk garments, with mantles worked in gold, and with costly changes of raiment, mounted on valuable horses, glittering with new bits and saddles, and riding in troops arranged in order. They carried with them three hundred and sixty gold and silver cups, preceded by the king's trumpeters and with horns sounding, so that such a wonderful novelty struck all who beheld it with astonishment. The archbishop of Canterbury (61)
, by the right especially belonging to him, performed the duty of crowning, with the usual solemnities, the bishop of London
assisting him as a dean, the other bishops taking their stations according to their rank. In the same way all the abbats, at the head of whom, as was his right, was the abbat of St. Alban's (for as the Protomartyr of England, B. Alban, was the chief of all the martyrs of England, so also was his abbat the chief of all the abbats in rank and dignity), as the authentic privileges of that church set forth. The nobles, too, performed the duties, which, by ancient right and custom, pertained to them at the coronations of kings. In like manner some of the inhabitants of certain cities discharged certain duties which belonged to them by right of their ancestors. The earl of Chester (29)
carried the sword of St. Edward, which was called " Curtein"
, before the king, as a sign that he was earl of the palace, and had by right the power of restraining the king if he should commit an error. The earl was attended by the constable of Chester (44)
, and kept the people away with a wand when they pressed forward in a disorderly way. The
grand marshal of England, the earl of Pembroke (39)
, carried a wand before the king and cleared the way before him both, in the church and in the banquet-hall, and arranged the banquet and the guests at table. The Wardens of the Cinque Ports
carried the pall over the king, supported by four spears, but the claim to this duty was not altogether undisputed. The
earl of Leicester (28)
supplied the king with water in basins to wash before his meal; the
performed the duty of king's cupbearer
, supplying the place of the earl of Arundel
, because the latter was a youth and not as yet made a belted knight. Master Michael Belet
was butler ex officio; the
earl of Hereford (32)
performed the duties of
marshal of the king's household
William Beauchamp (51)
held the station of almoner. The justiciary of the forests arranged the drinking cups on the table at the king's right hand, although he met with some opposition, which however fell to the ground. The citizens of London passed the wine about in all directions, in costly cups, and those of Winchester superintended the cooking of the feast; the rest, according to the ancient statutes, filled their separate stations, or made their claims to do so. And in order that the nuptial festivities might not be clouded by any disputes, saving the right of any one, many things were put up with for the time which they left for decision at a more favourable opportunity. The office of chancellor of England, and all the offices connected with the king, are ordained and assized in the Exchequer. Therefore the chancellor, the chamberlain, the marshal, and the constable, by right of their office, took their seats there, as also did the barons, according to the date of their creation, in the city of London, whereby they each knew his own place. The ceremony was splendid, with the gay dresses of the clergy and knights who were present. The abbat of Westminster
sprinkled the holy water, and the treasurer, acting the part of sub-dean, carried the paten
. Why should I describe all those persons who reverently ministered in the church to God as was their duty? Why describe the abundance of meats and dishes on the table & the quantity of venison, the variety of fish, the joyous sounds of the glee-men, and the gaiety of the waiters? Whatever the world could afford to create pleasure and magniiicence was there brought together from every quarter.
On 10 Feb 1316 Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338 (15) was appointed Earl Marshal
On 22 Sep 1399 Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (31) died of plague in Venice . His son Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (14) succeeded as 4th Earl Norfolk (3C 1312) , 2nd Earl Nottingham (2C 1383) , 7th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283) , 8th Baron Segrave (1C 1295) and Earl Marshal . In 1425 His son John Mowbray 2nd Duke Norfolk 1392-1432 (7) succeeded as 2nd Duke Norfolk (1C 1397) . Katherine Neville Duchess Norfolk 1400-1483 (-1) by marriage Duchess Norfolk (1C 1397) .
On 30 Sep 1399 Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (35) was appointed as Earl Marshal .
On 19 Oct 1432 John Mowbray 2nd Duke Norfolk 1392-1432 (40) died at Epworth, Lincolnshire . His son John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (17) succeeded as 3rd Duke Norfolk (1C 1397) 6th Earl Norfolk (3C 1312) , 4th Earl Nottingham (2C 1383) , 9th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283) , 10th Baron Segrave (1C 1295) and Earl Marshal .
On 06 Nov 1461 John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (46) died . He was buried at Thetford Priory, Thetford, Norfolk . His son John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk 1444-1476 (17) succeeded as 4th Duke Norfolk (1C 1397) 7th Earl Norfolk (3C 1312) , 5th Earl Nottingham (2C 1383) , 10th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283) , 11th Baron Segrave (1C 1295) and Earl Marshal .
On 19 Feb 1485 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59) was appointed as Earl Marshal .
In 1572 George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury, 6th Earl Waterford 1528-1590 (44) was appointed as Earl Marshal
On 13 Jan 1684 Henry Howard 6th Duke Norfolk 1628-1684 (55) died . His son Henry Howard 7th Duke Norfolk 1655-1701 (29) succeeded as 7th Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) , 25th Earl Arundel (Sussex) , 8th Earl Surrey (3C 1483) , 5th Earl Norfolk (5C 1644) , 2nd Earl Norwich (3C 1672) , 18th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283) , 22nd Baron Segrave (1C 1295) , 16th Baron Furnivall (1C 1295) , 20th Baron Strange Blackmere (1C 1309) , 15th Baron Maltravers (1C 1330) , 17th Baron Talbot (1C 1331) , 15th Baron Arundel (1C 1377) , 2nd Baron Howard of Castle Rising , Earl Marshal . Mary Mordaunt Duchess Norfolk 1659-1705 (25) by marriage Duchess Norfolk (3C 1483) .
On 23 Dec 1732 Thomas Howard 8th Duke Norfolk 1683-1732 (49) died . His brother Edward Howard 9th Duke Norfolk 1686-1777 (46) succeeded as 9th Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) , 27th Earl Arundel (Sussex) , 10th Earl Surrey (3C 1483) , 7th Earl Norfolk (5C 1644) , 4th Earl Norwich (3C 1672) , 20th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283) , 24th Baron Segrave (1C 1295) , 18th Baron Furnivall (1C 1295) , 22nd Baron Strange Blackmere (1C 1309) , 17th Baron Maltravers (1C 1330) , 19th Baron Talbot (1C 1331) , 17th Baron Arundel (1C 1377) , 4th Baron Howard of Castle Rising and Earl Marshal and Earl Marshal . Mary Blount Duchess Norfolk 1711-1773 (20) by marriage Duchess Norfolk (3C 1483) .
Lord High Admiral
In 1547 Thomas Seymour 1st Baron Seymour Sudeley 1508-1549 (39) was appointed as Lord High Admiral
Lord High Steward of Ireland