Biography of Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland

Timeline

On 17 May 1443 Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland was born to Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York at Rouen.

In 1446 Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland was created 1st Earl Rutland (2C 1446).

Battle of Ludford Bridge

On 12 Oct 1459 the Battle of Ludford Bridge nearly took place at Ludford Bridge. In the event a large number of the Calais garrison refused to fight against Henry VI King England, II King France who was present. The Yorkist leaders left overnight: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales, the future Edward IV King England, Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland, Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury, Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury and John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham. Thomas Parr was present. The Lancastrian army included Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel.

Battle of Wakefield

On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle. The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter and Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland, and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon and William Gascoigne, both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde, John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford, John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby, Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley and Thomas St Leger.
The Yorkist army was heavily defeated. Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales, Thomas Neville, Thomas Harrington, William Bonville 6th Baron Harington and Edward Bourchier were killed. Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland. William Bonville was executed. Thomas Parr fought in the Yorkist army.
Following the battle Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland was executed by John "Butcher" Clifford by which he gained his sobriquet "Butcher".

After 30 Dec 1460 Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland was buried at Pontefract Priory.

On 29 Jul 1476 Edward I's paternal grand-father Edward of York, his father Richard of York and and his younger brother Edmund were reburied at St Mary and All Saints in Fotheringhay in a ceremony attended by Edward IV King England, George York 1st Duke Clarence, Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset, William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings, Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers [Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York].

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 2 Grand Son of Edward III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 4 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Ancestry

Father: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales Great Grandson Edward III King England

GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge Grandson Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York Son Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward III King England Son Edward II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward II King England Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Constanza Manuel Queen Consort Castile

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maria Padilla

Great x 3 GrandFather: Juan García Padilla 1st Lord Villagera

Great x 3 GrandMother: María González Henestrosa Lady Villagera

GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster Great Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, 5th Earl Ulster Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl March Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Montagu Countess March

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Plantagenet Countess March, 5th Countess Ulster Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence Son Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Burgh 4th Countess Ulster Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great GrandMother: Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey Great Granddaughter Henry III King England

Mother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York Great Granddaughter Edward III King England

GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby

Great x 3 GrandMother: Euphemia Clavering Baroness Neville Raby Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke, Baroness Neville Raby Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley Stratton Audley Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isolde Mortimer Baroness Audley Stratton Audley Great x 3 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Clare Baroness Clifford, Baroness Welles Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster Son Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward III King England Son Edward II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward II King England Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster

Great x 2 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet