Biography of Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales

Timeline

On 15 Jun 1330 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales was born to Edward III King England and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England at Woodstock Palace.

On 17 Mar 1337 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales was appointed as Duke Cornwall.

On 12 May 1343 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales was appointed as Prince Wales.

On 23 Apr 1344 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales was appointed 1st Knight Garter: Founder.

Battle of Crecy

On 26 Aug 1346 the army of Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales defeated the French army at the Battle of Crecy. The English army was commanded by Edward III King England, his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales, Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick, William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton and John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick.
The English army was included: James Audley, Robert Bourchier 1st Baron Bourchier, Bartholomew "The Younger" Burghesh 2nd Baron Burghesh, Reginald Cobham 1st Baron Cobham Sternborough, John Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Knayth, Robert Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Chartley, Richard Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Bolton, William Scrope, Stephen Scrope, William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby, John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle, Gerard Lisle 1st Baron Lisle, Nicholas Longford, Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu, Walter Paveley 4th Baron Burghesh, Michael Poynings 2nd Baron Poynings, Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk, John Vere 7th Earl Oxford, Thomas West, John Willoughby 2nd Baron Willoughby Eresby, John Wingfield, Henry Percy 3rd Baron Percy, Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon (possibly), Walter "Elder" Devereux, John Devereux, Enion Sais Brecon, John Chandos, Richard Pembridge and John Sully.
The French army suffered significant casualties. Philip "Fortunate" VI King France was wounded. Charles Valois Count Alençon, Louis Chatillon II Count Blois, I Count Chatillon, Louis Dampierre II Count Nevers, I Count Flanders, William Guines and his son Enguerrand Guines, John I King Bohemia and Rudolph "Valiant" Metz I Duke Lorraine were killed.

Tournament at Lichfield

On 09 Apr 1347 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales attended a Tournament at Lichfield. John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle, Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon (or possibly his son also Hugh Courtenay ) and Robert Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Chartley took part in the Tournament. .

Battle of Winchelsea

On 29 Aug 1350 the English fleet defeated a Castilian fleet at Winchelsea during the Battle of Winchelsea. Around twenty Castilian ships were captured; several were sunk. For the English Edward III King England and his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales, James Audley, Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham, Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster and John Sully fought.

Battle of Bordeaux

On 13 Jan 1356 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales and Ralph Basset 3rd Baron Basset Drayton fought at Bordeaux during the Battle of Bordeaux.

Battle of Poitiers

On 19 Sep 1356 the army of Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales defeated the French and Scottish army led by John "The Good" II King France at the Battle of Poitiers. John "The Good" II King France was captured.
The the English army included: James Audley, Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick, Bartholomew "The Younger" Burghesh 2nd Baron Burghesh, Reginald Cobham 1st Baron Cobham Sternborough, Edward Despencer 1st Baron Despencer, 3rd Baron Burghesh, Ralph Ferrers, William Scrope, William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury, Walter Paveley 4th Baron Burghesh, Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk, William Ufford 2nd Earl Suffolk, John Vere 7th Earl Oxford, John Willoughby 3rd Baron Willoughby Eresby, Thomas Arderne, Enion Sais Brecon, John Chandos, Richard Pembridge, Jean Grailly and John Sully. Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon protected the baggage train. .
he French and Scottish army included: John "The Good" II King France, Philip "Bold" Valois-Burgundy II Duke Burgundy, Jean Bourbon I Count La Marche, Archibald "Grim" Douglas 3rd Earl Douglas, John "sans Terre" Artois 1st Count Eu; all captured.
Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon and William Douglas 1st Earl Douglas fought. Peter Bourbon Duke Bourbon was killed. .

Black Monday Hailstorm

On 13 Apr 1360 a freak weather event known as Black Monday Hailstorm occurred as the army of Edward III King England were camped outside Chartres. Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick, William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton, Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster, Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales and Walter Mauny were present. Around one thousand English were killed, with up to six thousand horses. Edward III King England believed the event to be an Act of God and proceeded to negotiate with the French resulting in the Treaty of Bretigny.
Guy Beauchamp died from injuries received during the Black Monday Hailstorm.

Treaty of Brétigny

On 24 Oct 1360 , three weeks after the Black Monday Hailstorm, Edward III King England and John "The Good" II King France, and their eldest sons Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales and the future Charles V King France, ratified the Treaty of Brétigny at Calais. Louis Valois-Anjou I Duke Anjou and John Valois 1st Duke Berry were given as hostages. Philip "Bold" Valois-Burgundy II Duke Burgundy was ransomed. The treaty confirmed lands held by Edward III King England including Aquitaine. John "The Good" II King France was ransomed for three million écus being released after the payment of the first third.

On 10 Oct 1361 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales were married. Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales by marriage Prince Wales.

On 27 Jan 1365 Edward Plantagenet was born to Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales at Château d'Angouleme, Angouleme.

On 06 Jan 1367 Richard II King England was born to Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales at Bordeaux.

Battle of Nájera

On 03 Apr 1367 the forces of Peter "Cruel" I King Castile commanded by Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales defeated the army of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile at the Battle of Nájera at Nájera. The English forces included John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster, John Ferrers 3rd Baron Ferrers Chartley, William Scrope, Peter Courtenay, John Devereux 1st Baron Devereux and Thomas Banastre. The forces of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile included Bertrand Geusclin. The battle achieved little since Bertrand Geusclin escaped.

Death of the Black Prince

On 08 Jun 1376 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales died of dysentery at Westminster Palace. .

After 08 Jun 1376 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales was buried at Canterbury Cathedral.

Simon Burley raised with Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

John "Lackland" I King England

Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 15 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings England: Son of Edward III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 7 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 5 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Ancestry

Father: Edward III King England Son Edward II King England

GrandFather: Edward II King England Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England Son Henry III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry III King England Son John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England Son Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

Great x 3 GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon Great Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alfonso IX King Leon

Great x 3 GrandMother: Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon

Great x 3 GrandFather: Simon Dammartin

Great x 3 GrandMother: Marie Montgomery Count Ponthieu

GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis IX King France Great Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France

Great x 3 GrandFather: James I King Aragon

Great x 3 GrandMother: Violant Unknown Queen Consort Aragon

Great GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre Great x 4 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Theobald IV King Navarre Great x 3 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Bourbon Queen Consort Navarre

Great x 2 GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Capet Great Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Matilda Reginar Count Saint-Pol Great x 2 Granddaughter Stephen I King England

Mother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England

Great GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland Great x 3 Grandson Stephen I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault Great x 4 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Bouchard Avesnes

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Flanders II Count Flanders Great x 3 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Adelaide Gerulfing Count Hainault Great x 2 Granddaughter Stephen I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Floris Gerulfing IV Count Holland

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mathilde Reginar Count Holland, Count Palatine Great Granddaughter Stephen I King England

Great GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland Great x 5 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur

Great x 3 GrandFather: Waleran Luxembourg III Duke Limburg

Great x 3 GrandMother: Ermesinda Luxembourg Duchess Limburg

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Bar Count Luxembourg, Count Namur Great x 4 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Bar II Count Bar Great x 3 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Capet Count Bar

GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis IX King France Great Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France

Great x 3 GrandFather: James I King Aragon

Great x 3 GrandMother: Violant Unknown Queen Consort Aragon

Great GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Charles II King Naples Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles King Sicily Great Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Beatrice Provence Queen Consort Sicily

Great x 2 GrandMother: Mary Unknown