Biography of Edward IV King England

Timeline

On 28 Apr 1442 Edward IV King England was born to Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York at Rouen.

On Jun 1449 Edward IV King England travelled to at Ireland.

In 1457 John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield was appointed Lord Keeper of the Great Seal by Henry VI King England, II King France during his re-adeption but lost it again when Edward IV King England was restored in 1471.

Battle of Ludford Bridge

On 12 Oct 1459 the Battle of Ludford Bridge nearly took place at Ludford Bridge. In the event a large number of the Calais garrison refused to fight against Henry VI King England, II King France who was present. The Yorkist leaders left overnight: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales, the future Edward IV King England, Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland, Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury, Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury and John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham. Thomas Parr was present. The Lancastrian army included Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel.

Around Nov 1459 Edward IV King England fled to at Calais.

On Dec 1459 Edward IV King England was attainted.

Battle of Wakefield

On 11 Jun 1460 Parliament enacted attainders against the Yorkist supporters who fought, some of whom were killed, at the Battle of Wakefield including: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales, Edward IV King England, Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury.

On 26 Jun 1460 Edward IV King England and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury landed at Sandwich [Yorkist Raid on Sandwich].

Battle of Northampton

On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future Edward IV King England and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury, George Neville Archbishop York, William Neville 1st Earl Kent, Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent, Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton defeated the Lancastrian army at the Battle of Northampton. Henry VI King England, II King France was captured. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham, John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury, 2nd Earl Waterford, Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont and John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont were killed. Thomas Tresham fought. William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont and William Norreys were knighted. Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland was executed following the battle. .

On 30 Dec 1460 Edward IV King England succeeded 4th Duke York (1C 1385), 9th Earl Ulster, 3rd Earl Cambridge (3C 1414).

Battle of Mortimer's Cross

On 02 Feb 1461 at the Battle of Mortimer's Cross at Wigmore the future Edward IV King England commanded the Yorkist forces including William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings, John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet, John Savage and Roger Vaughan. In the Lancastrian army Owen Tudor (captured by Roger Vaughan ) and his son Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford fought as well as James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde. Gruffydd ap Nicholas Deheubarth was killed.
Following the battle Owen Tudor was beheaded in the Market Place. He was buried thereafter in Greyfriars Church in a tomb paid for by his son David Owen.

Second Battle of St Albans

On 18 Feb 1461 the Lancastrian army defeated the Yorkist army at Second Battle of St Albans and rescued Henry VI King England, II King France. The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter and included Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland, John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk, Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles. Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley, William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme, John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford and Thomas Tresham were knighted.
The Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury, William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel, John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex. John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu was captured. Robert Poynings and James Luttrell Baron Dunster were killed.
John Grey was killed fighting for Lancaster. A death that was to have far reaching consequences; his widow Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England subsequently married Edward IV King England.
After the battle William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville and Thomas Kyriell were beheaded after having protected Henry VI King England, II King France during the battle against all decent laws of battle. Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England reneged on their immunity and tried them in front of her seven year old son Prince Edward who ordered them to be beheaded.

Around Mar 1461 Thomas Billing was knighted on the accession of Edward IV King England.

On 04 Mar 1461 Edward IV King England usurped IV King England: Plantagenet York.

Proclamation of Edward IV as King

On 04 Mar 1461 Edward IV King England declared himself King of England. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings was present. .

Battle of Towton

On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for York bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses. Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.
The Yorkist army was commanded by Edward IV King England with John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk, Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter, William Neville 1st Earl Kent, William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy, Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex, John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock.
The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland, Richard Percy, Ralph Bigod, Ralph Bigod, John Bigod, Robert Cromwell, Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland, Ralph Eure, John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby, Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles, John Beaumont, Thomas Dethick, Everard Simon Digby, William Plumpton and William Welles who were killed.
Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme, John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley, William Norreys, Thomas Grey, Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford, John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford, Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles, Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers, James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde, John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde, William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont and Thomas Tresham. Cardinal John Morton was captured.
On 03 Apr 1461 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon was beheaded at York.

Edward IV marries Eleanor Talbot (possibly)

Around Jun 1461 , the record is very vague, Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Eleanor Talbot were possibly secretly married by Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells. The marriage came to light after Edward's death. Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells provided the information to the future Richard III King England in 1483; Richard used the information to justify his succeeding to be King since Edward IV's children with Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England were, therefore, illegitimate as a result of their marriage being bigamous and George Duke of Clarence's children were barred from the throne as a consequence of their father's attainder. .

Coronation of Edward IV

On 28 Jun 1461 Edward IV King England was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier who was assisted by William Booth Archbishop York at Westminster Abbey during the Coronation of Edward IV.

On 26 Jul 1461 Robert Ogle 1st Baron Ogle was created 1st Baron Ogle by Edward IV King England for having been the principal Northumbrian gentleman to support the Yorkist cause.

On 26 Jul 1461 William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings was created 1st Baron Hastings (2C 1430) for supporting Edward IV King England in his claim to the throne.

Vere Plot to Murder Edward IV

Before 20 Feb 1462 John Vere 12th Earl Oxford, his son Aubrey Vere and Thomas Tuddenham were arrested for treason against King Edward IV. They were subsequently tried by John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester.
On 20 Feb 1462 Aubrey Vere was executed at Tower Hill.
On 23 Feb 1462 William Tyrrell, John Montgomery and Thomas Tuddenham were beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 26 Feb 1462 John Vere 12th Earl Oxford hanged at Tower Hill.

On 28 Feb 1463 Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell succeeded his father as 9th Baron Lovel of Titchmarsh, 6th Baron Holand at around eight years of age. He became a ward of Edward IV King England who gave his wardship to Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury spending his childhood at Middleham Castle with the young (future) Richard III King England.

On 21 Aug 1463 Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles arrived at Dover with Edward IV King England.

In 1464 Henry Pierrepoint rewarded by Edward IV King England for his good and laudable services at his great cost and charges, and with manifold bodily dangers against the king's rebels levying war against him.

Around 1464 Elizabeth York was born to Edward IV King England and Elizabeth Waite.

Marriage of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville

Around May 1464 Edward IV King England and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England were married at Grafton Regis. Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford, Elizabeth's mother, being the only witness. .

Edward IV announces his marriage at Privy Council

On Sep 1464 Edward IV King England announced his recent marriage at Privy Council to the astonishment of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury who had until recently been actively seeking a French Princess as Edward's future wife. .

Coronation of Elizabeth Woodville

On 26 May 1465 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England was crowned as Queen Consort England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier at Westminster Abbey. Edward IV King England attended. John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne, Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers and Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers were appointed Knight of the Bath. .

On 11 Feb 1466 Elizabeth York Queen Consort England was born to Edward IV King England and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England at Westminster Palace.

In 1467 John Russell Bishop Rochester, Bishop Lincoln sent by Edward IV King England on a diplomatic mission to Charles "Bold" Valois-Burgundy Duke Burgundy at Bruges.

On 13 May 1467 John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln was created 1st Earl Lincoln (6C 1467) by Edward IV King England, his uncle. Margaret Fitzalan Countess Lincoln by marriage Countess Lincoln (6C 1467).

On 11 Aug 1467 Mary York was born to Edward IV King England and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England at Windsor Castle.

Marriage of Charles the Bold and Margaret of York

Before 03 Jul 1468 Charles "Bold" Valois-Burgundy Duke Burgundy and Margaret of Burgundy were married at Bruges. John Paston travelled with Margaret. The marriage re-enforced Edward's connection with the Low Countries. After Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury rebelled against Edward IV King England escaped to the Low Countries. .

Execution of Warwick's Supporters

On 17 Jan 1469 Thomas Hungerford and Henry Courtenay were beheaded in Salisbury Marketplace in the presence of Edward IV King England for having supported Warwick The Kingmaker's Rebellion. .

On 20 Mar 1469 Cecily York Viscountess Welles was born to Edward IV King England and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England at Westminster Palace.

Capture of Edward IV

After 26 Jul 1469 Edward IV King England was captured by his brother George at Olney after the Battle of Edgecote Moor. .

Around 05 Aug 1469 Edward IV King England was imprisoned at Warwick Castle.

Around 15 Aug 1469 Edward IV King England was imprisoned at Middleham Castle.

On 10 Sep 1469 Edward IV King England was released by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury afer Warwick realised he didn't have sufficient support for an alternative regime.

Execution of the Neville Brothers

On 29 Sep 1469 brothers Humphrey Neville of Brancepeth and Charles Neville of Brancepeth were beheaded at York in the presence of Edward IV King England and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisburybringing to and end the Neville-Neville fued that arose as a consequence of the senior line being dis-inherited. .

Around Oct 1469 Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh rescued Edward IV King England from Middleham Castle.

Battle of Losecoat Field (Empingham)

On 12 Mar 1470 Edward IV King England fought at Empingham during the Battle of Losecoat Field (Empingham). Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby Eresby was captured.

On 01 May 1470 Edward IV King England fled at Flanders.

Edward IV escapes to Flanders

In Sep 1470 Edward IV King England fled from King's Lynn to the court of Charles the Bold who was married to his sister Margaret two years earlier. .

Edward V born in Sanctuary

On 02 Nov 1470 the future Edward V was born to Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville in Sanctuary. His father was abroad in Flanders. His Godparents included the Abbot and Prior of Westminster, and Elizabeth St John Baroness Scrope Bolton, Baroness Zouche Harringworth. .

In 1471 the wardship of Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell was awarded by Edward IV King England to his sister Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk.

Edward IV lands at Ravenspur

On 14 Mar 1471 Edward IV King England landed at Ravenspur with William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings. .

Battle of Barnet

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV commanded at the Battle of Barnet supported by hos brothers George and Richard, John Babington, Wiliam Hastings (commanded), Ralph Hastings, William Norreys, William Parr, John Savage, Thomas St Leger, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet, Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh and Thomas Strickland.
The Yorkists William Blount, Humphrey Bourchier, Humphrey Bourchier and Thomas Parr were killed. Henry Stafford was killed making his wife Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond a widow for the second time.
The Lancastrians Warwick the Kingmaker, John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu, William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele and William Tyrrell were killed. Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford and John Paston were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford commanded, and John Paston and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont fought. .

Battle of Tewkesbury

On 04 May 1471 Edward IV was victorious at the Battle of Tewkesbury.
His brother Richard, Richard Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Powick, John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk, George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny, John Savage, John Savage, Thomas St Leger, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet, Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh fought. William Brandon, George Browne, Ralph Hastings, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby, James Tyrrell, Roger Kynaston were knighted. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings commanded.
Margaret of Anjou was captured. Her son Edward Lancaster Prince Wales was killed.
John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon, John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock and John Beaufort were killed. Edmund Beaufort 4th Duke Somerset and Hugh Courtenay were beheaded after the battle.
On 06 May 1471 Gervase Clifton was beheaded at Tewkesbury after the Battle of Tewkesbury.

On 09 May 1471 George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny was knighted by Edward IV King England.

On 10 Apr 1472 Margaret York was born to Edward IV King England and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England.

On 17 Aug 1473 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk was born to Edward IV King England and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England at Westminster Palace.

Anne Neville declared Legally Dead

In 1474 Parliament declared Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that Edward IV's two younger brothers George and the Richard, who had married Anne Beauchamp's daughters, Isabel and Anne respectively, could enjoy the significant Beauchamp inheritance after her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471. !Some of the inhertance should have been given to George Neville 1st Duke Bedford but he was only thirteen at the time; his father John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu, younger brother of Warwick the Kingmaker, had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet. He, George Neville 1st Duke Bedford, died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England and before Richard III King England acceded to the throne. Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male. Upon the death of George Neville 1st Duke Bedford the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier. .

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's marriage to Elizabeth of York sister of Edward IV King England.
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet who married Geoffrey Chaucer
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer and Philippa Roet.

Treaty of Picquigny

On 29 Aug 1475 Edward IV signed the Treaty of Picquigny; in effect a non-aggression pact or, possible, a protection racket. France would pay Edward a pension of 50,000 crowns per year as long as he didn't invade France. Cardinal Bourchier arbitrated on behalf of Edward. William Hastings received a pension of 2000 crowns per year, John Howard and Thomas Montgomery 1200 each, Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1000, Cardinal John Morton 600.
Edward's youngest brother Richard opposed the Treaty considering it dishonourable. Roger Cheney was present at the signing, and remained as a hostage until Edward IV King England returned to England.

In Sep 1475 Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter drowned on his return from France having probably been thrown over-board on the orders of Edward IV King England.

On 02 Nov 1475 Anne York was born to Edward IV King England and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England at Westminster Palace.

On 29 Jul 1476 Edward I's paternal grand-father Edward of York, his father Richard of York and and his younger brother Edmund were reburied at St Mary and All Saints in Fotheringhay in a ceremony attended by Edward IV King England, George York 1st Duke Clarence, Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset, William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings, Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers [Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York].

Trial and Execution of Ankarette Twynyho

On 22 Dec 1476 Isabel Neville died in childbirth. George York 1st Duke Clarence believed she had been murdered by Ankarette Twynyho.
On 12 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho was arrested at Keyford and taken to Bath.
On 13 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho taken to Cirencester.
On 15 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho was hanged at Myton Gallows. John Thursby was executed at Myton Gallows.
In 1478 Ankarette Twynyho was pardoned by Edward IV King England. .

On Mar 1477 George York 1st Duke Bedford was born to Edward IV King England and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England at Windsor Castle.

In 1478 Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells was imprisoned as a result of an unknown association with George York 1st Duke Clarence but speculated to be about Edward IV King England 's pre-contract with Eleanor Butler.

On 14 Aug 1479 Catherine York was born to Edward IV King England and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England.

On 10 Nov 1480 Bridget York was born to Edward IV King England and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England at Eltham Palace.

Mowbray Succession Changed

In Jan 1483 Edward IV King England had Parliament re-enact earlier legislation regarding the Mowbray succession so that his son, Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk, who had married Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk (who had died in 1481), would continue to benefit from them effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death. .

On 25 Mar 1483 Edward IV King England returned to Westminster from Windsor. A few days later he became sufficiently unwell to add codicils to his will, and to have urged reconciliation between William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset ; it isn't clear what the cause of the friction between the two men was although it appears well known that Hastings resented the Woodville family.

Death of Edward IV

On 09 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England died at Westminster. Those present included Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England, William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset. .

After 09 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England lay in state at St Stephen's Chapel.

Funeral of Edward IV

On 20 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England was buried at Altar. Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York celebrated the mass. John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk attended. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln was chief mourner. John Savage and Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle were pall-bearers. .

Around 09 Jun 1483 Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells informed a Council meeting that the coronation of Edward V King England could not proceed since he was illegitimate since his father's marriage to his mother Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England had been bigamous since Edward IV King England had previously married Eleanor Talbot at which Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells presided. The only witness being Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells.

After 13 Jun 1483 William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings was buried in North Aisle next to Edward IV King England.

On 16 Jun 1483 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier removed Edward IV's youngest son Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk from Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey to the Tower of London so that he could join his brother in preparation for his Coronation. . Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham was present. .

The Princes of the Tower described as Illegitimate

On 22 Jun 1483 Ralph Shaa preached the bastardy of Edward IV's children by Elizabeth Woodville, including Edward V, and were therefore ineligible to be King, at St Paul's Cross. .

Richard III Rewards his Supporters

On 28 Jun 1483 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk was created 1st Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) by Richard III King England. William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley was created 1st Earl Nottingham (4C 1483). Significant insofar as both men were heirs to the vast Mowbray estates that had been inherited by Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk who had then been married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk. Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 's father Edward IV King England had attempted by very flawed legal process to legislate so that even in the event of Anne's death his son Richard would continue to benefit from the inheritance. Richard III King England was restoring John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley to their rightful inheritance. .

Funeral of Edward IV

On 10 Apr 1483, in the morning, the coffin of Edward IV King England was moved to St Stephen's Chapel. Edward Story Bishop Chichester sang the masses. Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland, Chamberlain to Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England, offered on the Queen's behalf. .

Arthur York 1st Viscount Lisle was born to Edward IV King England and Elizabeth Waite.

On 17 Apr 1483, the coffin of Edward IV was carried to Westminster Abbey by Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle, John Savage, Thomas Wortley, Thomas Molyneux, probably John Welles 1st Viscount Welles who had married Edward's daughter Cecily), John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne, Walter Hungerford, Guy Wolston, John Sapcote, Thomas Tyrrell, John Risley, Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland, John Norreys, Louis de Bretelles and John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch.
Those in the procession included:
Thomas St Leger, widow of Edward's sister Anne
William Parr
John Astley
William Stonor
Henry Ferrers
James Radclyffe
George Browne
Gilbert Debenham
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk walked in front of the coffin with Edward's personal arms.
John Marlow Abbot Bermondsey followed by:
Thomas Kempe Bishop London
John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield (Bishop of Chester?)
Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells
Edward Story Bishop Chichester
Richard Bell Bishop Carlisle
James Goldwell Bishop Norwich
William Dudley Bishop Durham
John Russell Bishop Rochester, Bishop Lincoln
Cardinal John Morton (as Bishop Ely)
Edmund Audley Bishop Rochester, Bishop Hereford, Bishop Salisbury (as Bishop Rochester)
Peter Courtenay Bishop Exeter, Bishop Winchester, and
Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury
Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York brought up the rear.
Cardinal Thomas Bourchier, then Archbishop of Canterbury, took no part due to infirmity.
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln ; the King's nephew,
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset
William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke (some sources say Earl of Huntingindon?)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby
Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland
John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley
George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny
John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet
Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley
Edward Grey 1st Viscount Lisle
Henry Lovell 9th Baron Marshal, 8th Baron Morley
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers
John Brooke 7th Baron Cobham
Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby
Thomas Bourchier
Thomas Bourchier.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England

Edward IV King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 2 Grand Son of Edward III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 4 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Ancestry

Father: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales Great Grandson Edward III King England

GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge Grandson Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York Son Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward III King England Son Edward II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward II King England Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Constanza Manuel Queen Consort Castile

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maria Padilla

Great x 3 GrandFather: Juan García Padilla 1st Lord Villagera

Great x 3 GrandMother: María González Henestrosa Lady Villagera

GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster Great Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, 5th Earl Ulster Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl March Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Montagu Countess March

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Plantagenet Countess March, 5th Countess Ulster Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence Son Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Burgh 4th Countess Ulster Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great GrandMother: Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey Great Granddaughter Henry III King England

Mother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York Great Granddaughter Edward III King England

GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby

Great x 3 GrandMother: Euphemia Clavering Baroness Neville Raby Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke, Baroness Neville Raby Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley Stratton Audley Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isolde Mortimer Baroness Audley Stratton Audley Great x 3 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Clare Baroness Clifford, Baroness Welles Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster Son Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward III King England Son Edward II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward II King England Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster

Great x 2 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet