Biography of Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Timeline

On 17 Jun 1239 Edward "Longshanks" I King England was born to Henry III King England and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England at Westminster Palace.

Christening of Edward I

On 22 Jun 1239 Edward "Longshanks" I King England was christened at Westminster Abbey. Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex as godfather. He was named after Edward "Confessor" King England.

On 01 Nov 1254 Edward "Longshanks" I King England and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England were married at Abbey of Santa Maria la Real de Huelgas [Wedding of Edward I and Eleanor of Castile].

Battle of Northampton

On 06 Apr 1264 the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England, Philip Marmion 5th Baron Marmion and Roger Leybourne fought for the King at Northampton Castle during the Battle of Northampton. Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester fought for the rebels with his son Simon "Younger" Montfort who was captured.

Battle of Lewes

On 14 May 1264 the army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester including Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford, Henry Hastings and Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave defeated the army of Henry III King England during the Battle of Lewes at Lewes. Henry III King England, his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England, Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex, Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall, John "Red Comyn" Comyn 1st Lord Baddenoch, Philip Marmion 5th Baron Marmion and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield were captured. John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey, John Balliol, Robert Bruce 5th Lord Annadale, Roger Leybourne and William Valence 1st Earl Pembroke fought for the King. Guy Lusignan was killed. Fulk IV Fitzwarin drowned. Walter Cantilupe Bishop Worcester was present and blessed the Montfort army before the battle.

On 28 May 1264 Edward "Longshanks" I King England escaped at Hereford.

On 28 May 1265 Edward "Longshanks" I King England, with the help of Roger Leybourne escaped from Kenilworth Castle [Prince Edward's Escape from Kenilworth Castle].

Battle of Evesham

On 04 Aug 1265 the army loyal to Henry III King England, led by his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England, supported by Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford, Warin Basingburne and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield defeated the rebel army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester at the Battle of Evesham.
Roger Leybourne fought and reputedly saved the King's life.
Adam Mohaut rescued the King.
Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester and his son Henry Montfort were killed.
Hugh Despencer 1st Baron Despencer was killed by Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer Wigmore.
Simon Beauchamp, Ralph Basset 1st Baron Basset Drayton, William Devereux, Hugh Troyes, Richard Trussel, Peter Montfort, William Mandeville, William Crepping, William Birmingham, Guy Balliol and Thomas Astley were killed. Henry Hastings, Humphrey Bohun, Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave, John Vesci, John Fitzjohn and Guy Montfort Count Nola were captured.

On 18 Jun 1269 Eleanor Plantagenet was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England at Windsor Castle.

On Apr 1272 Joan of Acre Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England at Acre.

On 16 Nov 1272 Edward "Longshanks" I King England succeeded I King England: Plantagenet Angevin.

On 24 Nov 1273 Alfonso Plantagenet was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England.

On 19 Aug 1274 Edward "Longshanks" I King England was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England was crowned as Queen Consort England [Coronation Edward I].

On 15 Mar 1275 Margaret Plantagenet Duchess Brabant was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England at Windsor Castle.

Treaty of Aberconwy

In 1277 Edward "Longshanks" I King England and Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw signed the Treaty of Aberconwy by which Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw agreed that Welsh self-rule would end with the death of Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw. As part of the Treaty Owain "The Red" Aberffraw was released from Dolbadarn Castle.

On 11 Mar 1279 Mary Plantagenet was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England at Woodstock Palace.

On 07 Aug 1282 Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England at Rhuddlan Castle.

On 25 Apr 1284 Edward II King England was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England at Caernarfon Castle.

On 08 Jan 1297 John Gerulfing I Count Holland and Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland were married at Ipswich. Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland by marriage Count Holland. The wedding was attended by her sister Margaret Plantagenet Duchess Brabant, her father King Edward I, her brother Edward and her future second husband Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex.

Battle of Falkirk

On 22 Jul 1298 Edward "Longshanks" I King England defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry with infantry completing the defeat. The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials including:
Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick
Walter Beauchamp
Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk
Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex
Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford
Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester
William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby
Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley
Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley
Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor
Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton
John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Wilton
John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster
Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March
William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley
John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave
Nicholas Segrave
Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford
Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster
John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey
Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy
Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon
Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel
Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan
John Capet II Duke Brittany
Philip Darcy
Robert Fitzroger
Roger Fitzwalter
Simon Fraser
Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke
John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell, and
Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury.
William Scrope was knighted.
John Stewart was killed.
William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock fought.

On 08 Sep 1299 Edward "Longshanks" I King England and Margaret Capet Count Blois were married.

On 01 Jun 1300 Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England and Margaret Capet Count Blois at Brotherton.

On 05 Aug 1301 Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England and Margaret Capet Count Blois at Woodstock Palace.

Robert "The Bruce" murders John "Red Comyn"

On 10 Feb 1305 John Comyn 3rd Lord Baddenoch was murdered by Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland before the High Altar at Greyfriars Monastery Chapel, Greyfriars Monastery, Dumfries. Robert Comyn, John's uncle, was killed by Christopher Seton. Christopher's brother John Seton was also preset.
Murder, in a church, in front of the altar, regarded as a terrible crime. The act gave Edward "Longshanks" I King England just cause to invade Scotland. .

On 26 Feb 1307 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall exiled by Edward "Longshanks" I King England for being Edward II King England 's favourite.

Death of Edward I

On 07 Jul 1307 Edward "Longshanks" I King England died at Burgh by Sands whilst on his way north to Scotland. Edward "Longshanks" I King England gathered around him Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln, Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford and charged them with looking after his son in particular ensuring Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall didn't return from exile. .

After 07 Jul 1307 Edward "Longshanks" I King England was buried at Westminster Abbey.

In 1339 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl visited Edward "Longshanks" I King England at Château Gaillard.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

John "Lackland" I King England

Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 12 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings England: Son of Henry III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 4 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 12 Grand Son of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine, I King Franks

Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Son of Louis "Fat" VI King France

Ancestry

Father: Henry III King England Son John "Lackland" I King England

GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England Son Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy

Great x 3 GrandFather: Fulk "Young" King Jerusalem

Great x 3 GrandMother: Ermengarde La Flèche-De Baugency Count Anjou

Great x 2 GrandMother: Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy Daughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry "Beauclearc" I King England Son William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England

Great GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England

Great x 2 GrandFather: William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine

Great x 3 GrandFather: William "Troubadour" Poitiers IX Duke Aquitaine

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Rouerge Duchess Aquitaine

Great x 2 GrandMother: Aenor Chatellerault Duchess Aquitaine

Great x 3 GrandFather: Aimery Chatellerault Viscount Châtellerault

Great x 3 GrandMother: Dangereuse Ile-Bouchard Viscountess Chatellerault

GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England

Great GrandFather: Aymer Angouleme I Count Angouleme

Great x 2 GrandFather: William "Taillefer" Angouleme VI Count Angouleme

Great x 3 GrandFather: Wulfgrin Angouleme II Count Angouleme

Great x 3 GrandMother: Pontia La Marche Count Angouleme

Great GrandMother: Alice Courtenay Count Angouleme

Great x 2 GrandFather: Peter Courtenay

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis "Fat" VI King France

Great x 3 GrandMother: Adelaide Savoy Queen Consort France

Great x 2 GrandMother: Elizabeth Unknown

Mother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

Great GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence

Great x 2 GrandFather: Alfonso II King Aragon

Great x 3 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Barcelona V Count Barcelona

Great x 2 GrandMother: Sancha Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alfonso VII King Castile, VII King Leon

Great x 3 GrandMother: Richeza Unknown Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon

Great GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran Count Provence

GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy

Great x 2 GrandFather: Humbert Savoy III Count Savoy

Great x 3 GrandFather: Amadeus Savoy III Count Savoy

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mahaut Albon Count Savoy

Great x 2 GrandMother: Beatrice Macon Count Savoy

Great GrandMother: Margaret Geneva Count Savoy