Biography of Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York

Timeline

Around 1373 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York was born to Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York and Isabella of Castile Duchess York at King's Langley.

Coronation of Richard II

On 16 Jul 1377 Richard II King England was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury.
On 16 Jul 1377 at the Coronation of Richard II Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel carried the Crown. Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon was appointed 1st Earl Huntingdon (3C 1377). Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York and Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington were knighted. Roger Scales 4th Baron Scales attended. John Mowbray 1st Earl Nottingham was created 1st Earl Nottingham (1C 1377).

In 1381 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York and Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork were married.

On May 1387 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York was appointed 76th Knight Garter: Richard II.

On 25 Feb 1390 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York was created 1st Earl Rutland (1C 1390). Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork by marriage Countess Rutland (1C 1390).

In 1394 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York was created 1st Earl Cork. Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork by marriage Countess Cork.

On 29 Sep 1397 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale (2C 1397). Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork by marriage Countess Rutland (1C 1390).

Before 17 Sep 1398the future Henry IV reported to King Richard II that Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk has made a treasonous remark regarding Richard's rule. Richard II proposed a duel of honour at Gosford Green, neat Mowbray's home Caludon Castle.
On 16 Sep 1398the future Henry IV spent the night at Baginton Castle, the home of his friend William Bagot. Thomas Mowbray spent the night at his home Caludon Castle.
On 17 Sep 1398King Richard II}, the nobility and thousands of spectators assembled at Gosford Green to witness the duelthe future Henry IV had had new armour constructed. Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York and Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey managed the proceedings. Just as the duel was to commence King Richard II stopped it. After two hours of deliberation King Richard II had his decision announced; both men were to be exiled. the future Henry IV for ten years,Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk forever.
On 19 Oct 1398 Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk left England never to return.

Before 07 Oct 1398 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York and Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess York were married. Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess York by marriage Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale (2C 1397).

On 16 Apr 1399 Richard II King England wrote his Last Will from which the following extracts are taken … "Also we bequeath to our beloved nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey ten thousand marks and to our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York two thousand marks and to our beloved brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter three thousand marks and to our faithful and beloved William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire two thousand marks. . . we ordain and set aside for the fulfilment of all and singular the premises the sum of ninety-one thousand marks, of which sixty-five thousand marks are in the keeping of Sir John Ikelyngton and twenty-four thousand marks in the hands and keeping of our dear nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey.
. . Of this our royal testament we nominate make and depute executors the venerable fathers in Christ Richard Mitford Bishop Chichester, Bishop Salisbury, Edmund Stafford Bishop Exeter, Robert Tideman of Winchcombe Bishop Llandaff, Bishop Worcester, Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle and Guy Mone Aka Mohun Bishop St David's ; our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York, our nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey, our brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter and William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire to each of whom we bequeath a gold cup of the value of twenty pounds and our beloved and faithful clerks Master Richard Boteville Bishop Bath and Wells, Bishop Worcester, Bishop London Keeper of our Privy Seal, Master Richard Maudeleyn, Master William Fereby and Master John Ikelyngton clerks and John Lufwyk and William Serle laymen, to each of whom we will shall be paid their expenses and necessary costs while it shall happen that they or any of them are employed about the execution of our present last will, but according to the discretion of their said co-executors. . .
Whom all and singular we have charged and charge that they shall do as much as in them is for the due execution and fulfilment of this our last will as they shall wish to answer before God. We create ordain depute and make overseers of this our will the reverend fathers in Christ Roger Walden Archbishop Canterbury and Richard Scrope Archbishop York, William bishop of Winchester and William abbot of the monastery of Westminster Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York our uncle and Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland our cousin. ".

Epiphany Rising

On 17 Dec 1399 the conspirators met at Abbey House including Thomas Blount, Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester, Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey, John Holland 1st Duke Exeter, Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley, John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury, Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York, Bernard Brocas. They plotted to capture Henry IV King England at a Tournament in Windsor on the Feast of Epiphany hence the Epiphany Rising.

Before 07 Jan 1400 Henry IV King England was forewarned, probably by Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York, and began to raise an army in London. .

Henry IV 2: 31 The Names of the Lords Present

After 07 Jan 1401. The names of the lords who were present at the said declaration are as follows:
Henry, prince of Wales
Edmund, duke of York
Edward, earl of Rutland
Thomas, earl of Arundel
John, earl of Somerset
Edmund, earl of Stafford
Henry, earl of Northumberland
Ralph, earl of Westmorland
Thomas, earl of Worcester
Michael, earl of Suffolk
Richard, Lord Grey of Codnor
Thomas, Lord Berkeley
John, Lord Charlton
Reginald, Lord Grey of Ruthin
Thomas, Lord Camoys
Thomas, Lord Furnivall
Robert, Lord Scales
John, Lord Beaumont
William, Lord Willoughby
Hugh, Lord Burnell
William, Lord Ferrers of Groby
William, Lord Bergavenny
John, Lord Lovell
Robert, Lord Harrington
Richard Lescrope.

On 01 Aug 1402 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York succeeded 2nd Duchess York (1C 1385), 2nd Earl Cambridge (2C 1362). Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess York by marriage Duchess York (1C 1385).

Battle of Agincourt

On 25 Oct 1415 Henry V King England defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt. Henry V King England commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys commanded the Rearguard.
Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford commanded. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester was wounded, and was protected by his brother Henry V King England. Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York, commander of the Vanguard, was killed; the most senior English casualty. John Fortescue, Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk, Dafydd Gam Brecon and Edward Burnell, were killed.
The English included: Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick, William Botreaux 3rd Baron Botreaux, William Bourchier 1st Count Eu, John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope, 1st Baron Milbroke, Edward Courtenay, Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell, Thomas Dutton, Edmund Ferrers 5th Baron Ferrers Chartley, Roger Fiennes, Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh, John Grey, John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville, William Harrington as the King's Standard Bearer, Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford, Piers Legh (wounded), Alfred Longford, Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury, Thomas Morley 6th Baron Marshal, 5th Baron Morley, John Rodney, Richard Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Bolton, Robert Strelley, James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley, Robert Umfraville, Thomas West 2nd Baron West, Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby. Thomas Erpingham commanded the archers. Thomas Rempston was present. Thomas Strickland carried the Banner of St George.
The Welsh included: William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert, Walter Sais, Roger Vaughan and his son Roger Vaughan. Owen Tudor is believed to have been present as a squire.
The French army suffered significant casualties. Charles Albret, Robert Bar Count Soissons, Count Marle, Edward Bar III Duke Bar, Anthony Valois-Burgundy Duke Brabant, Philip Valois-Burgundy II Count Nevers, John Valois-Alençon I Duke Alençon, John Bar, Jacques Chatillon, Frederick Metz I Count Vaudémont, David Rambures and his three sons: Jean Rambures, Hugues Rambures and Philippe Rambures, Waleran Luxembourg were killed. Charles Valois Duke Orléans, John Bourbon I Duke Bourbon and Charles Artois Count Eu were captured.

After 25 Oct 1415 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York was buried at St Mary and All Saints.

After 1437. Tomb of Thomas Chaucer and Maud Burghesh in St Mary's Church.
The arms in two rows left to right . . .
Top Row . . .
1 Beaufort; Royal arms of England (France modern) within a bordure compony argent and azure
2 Possibly Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York; possibly Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York who married Philippa Mohun
3 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter
4 Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk impaled Neville
5 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter (again?)
6 Stafford impaled Neville
7 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Burghesh (Burghesh here appears represented with an Argent (white) Chief (top bar) whichmay be a mistake when repainted).

Bottom Row
1 Beauchamp quartered with Newburgh; Earl Warwick reflecting the Beauchamp family having inherited the Earldom of Warwick through marriage to Isabel Maudit who was the sister of William Maudit 8th Earl Warwick who died without issue. Isabel Maudit and William Maudit 8th Earl Warwick were the children of William Maudit and Alice Beaumont-Roger. Alice Beaumont-Roger inherited the Earldom of Warwick when her half-niece Margaret Beaumont-Roger 7th Countess Warwick died.
2 Mohun impaled Beaufort
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Mohun
4 Montacute and Monthermer quartered Neville
5 De la Pole quartered Neville
6 Despencer impaled Burghesh
7 Mohun impaled Burghesh; John Mohun 2nd Baron Mohun Dunster and Joan Burghesh Baroness Mohun Dunster.

On 29 Jul 1476 Edward I's paternal grand-father Edward of York, his father Richard of York and and his younger brother Edmund were reburied at St Mary and All Saints in Fotheringhay in a ceremony attended by Edward IV King England, George York 1st Duke Clarence, Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset, William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings, Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers [Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York].

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 16 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings England: Grand Son of Edward III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 8 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 6 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Ancestry

Father: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York Son Edward III King England

GrandFather: Edward III King England Son Edward II King England

Great GrandFather: Edward II King England Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England Son Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry III King England Son John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon Great Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon

Great GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre Great x 4 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland Great x 3 Grandson Stephen I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault Great x 4 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Adelaide Gerulfing Count Hainault Great x 2 Granddaughter Stephen I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland Great x 5 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Bar Count Luxembourg, Count Namur Great x 4 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England

Great GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles II King Naples Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mary Unknown

Mother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandFather: Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Ferdinand IV King Castile, IV King Leon Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Sancho IV King Castile, IV King Leon Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maria Molina Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon

Great x 2 GrandMother: Constance Burgundy Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Denis I King Portugal Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elisabeth Barcelona Queen Consort Portugal

Great GrandMother: Constanza Manuel Queen Consort Castile

GrandMother: Maria Padilla

Great GrandFather: Juan García Padilla 1st Lord Villagera

Great x 2 GrandFather: Garcia Padilla

Great GrandMother: María González Henestrosa Lady Villagera

Great x 2 GrandFather: Fernán González Henestrosa