Biography of George York 1st Duke Clarence

Timeline

On 21 Oct 1449 George York 1st Duke Clarence was born to Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York at Dublin Castle, Dublin, County Dublin.

In 1461 George York 1st Duke Clarence was appointed 185th Knight Garter: Edward IV.

In 1461 George York 1st Duke Clarence was created 1st Duke Clarence (3C 1461).

Edward IV marries Eleanor Talbot (possibly)

Around Jun 1461 , the record is very vague, Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Eleanor Talbot were possibly secretly married by Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells. The marriage came to light after Edward's death. Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells provided the information to the future Richard III King England in 1483; Richard used the information to justify his succeeding to be King since Edward IV's children with Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England were, therefore, illegitimate as a result of their marriage being bigamous and George Duke of Clarence's children were barred from the throne as a consequence of their father's attainder. .

Marriage of George Duke of Clarence and Isabel Neville

On 11 Jul 1469 George York 1st Duke Clarence and Isabel Neville were married by George Neville Archbishop York at the Église Notre-Dame de Calais in Calais witnessed by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury. Isabel Neville by marriage 1st Duchess Clarence (3C 1461). .

Capture of Edward IV

After 26 Jul 1469 Edward IV King England was captured by his brother George at Olney after the Battle of Edgecote Moor. .

Around 14 Apr 1470 Anne York was born to George York 1st Duke Clarence and Isabel Neville.

Battle of Barnet

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV commanded at the Battle of Barnet supported by hos brothers George and Richard, John Babington, Wiliam Hastings (commanded), Ralph Hastings, William Norreys, William Parr, John Savage, Thomas St Leger, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet, Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh and Thomas Strickland.
The Yorkists William Blount, Humphrey Bourchier, Humphrey Bourchier and Thomas Parr were killed. Henry Stafford was killed making his wife Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond a widow for the second time.
The Lancastrians Warwick the Kingmaker, John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu, William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele and William Tyrrell were killed. Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford and John Paston were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford commanded, and John Paston and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont fought. .

In 1472 George York 1st Duke Clarence was created 1st Earl Salisbury (3C 1472).

On 14 Aug 1473 Margaret York 8th Countess Salisbury was born to George York 1st Duke Clarence and Isabel Neville at Farleigh Hungerford Castle.

Anne Neville declared Legally Dead

In 1474 Parliament declared Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that Edward IV's two younger brothers George and the Richard, who had married Anne Beauchamp's daughters, Isabel and Anne respectively, could enjoy the significant Beauchamp inheritance after her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471. !Some of the inhertance should have been given to George Neville 1st Duke Bedford but he was only thirteen at the time; his father John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu, younger brother of Warwick the Kingmaker, had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet. He, George Neville 1st Duke Bedford, died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England and before Richard III King England acceded to the throne. Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male. Upon the death of George Neville 1st Duke Bedford the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier. .

On 25 Feb 1475 Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick was born to George York 1st Duke Clarence and Isabel Neville at Warwick Castle.

On 29 Jul 1476 Edward I's paternal grand-father Edward of York, his father Richard of York and and his younger brother Edmund were reburied at St Mary and All Saints in Fotheringhay in a ceremony attended by Edward IV King England, George York 1st Duke Clarence, Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset, William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings, Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers [Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York].

On 06 Oct 1476 Richard York was born to George York 1st Duke Clarence and Isabel Neville at Tewkesbury Abbey.

Trial and Execution of Ankarette Twynyho

On 22 Dec 1476 Isabel Neville died in childbirth. George York 1st Duke Clarence believed she had been murdered by Ankarette Twynyho.
On 12 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho was arrested at Keyford and taken to Bath.
On 13 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho taken to Cirencester.
On 15 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho was hanged at Myton Gallows. John Thursby was executed at Myton Gallows.
In 1478 Ankarette Twynyho was pardoned by Edward IV King England. .

After 22 Dec 1476 Isabel Neville was buried at Tewkesbury Abbey. George York 1st Duke Clarence and Isabel Neville were originally buried in the vault.

In 1478 Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells was imprisoned as a result of an unknown association with George York 1st Duke Clarence but speculated to be about Edward IV King England 's pre-contract with Eleanor Butler.

Execution of George Duke of Clarence

On 18 Feb 1478 Edward's brother George York 1st Duke Clarence was executed; drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine (allegedly) in the Bowyer Tower in the Tower of London. William Hussey conducted the impeachment of the Duke of Clarence for treason. .

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 2 Grand Son of Edward III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 4 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Ancestry

Father: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales Great Grandson Edward III King England

GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge Grandson Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York Son Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward III King England Son Edward II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward II King England Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Constanza Manuel Queen Consort Castile

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maria Padilla

Great x 3 GrandFather: Juan García Padilla 1st Lord Villagera

Great x 3 GrandMother: María González Henestrosa Lady Villagera

GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster Great Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, 5th Earl Ulster Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl March Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Montagu Countess March

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Plantagenet Countess March, 5th Countess Ulster Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence Son Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Burgh 4th Countess Ulster Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great GrandMother: Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey Great Granddaughter Henry III King England

Mother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York Great Granddaughter Edward III King England

GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby

Great x 3 GrandMother: Euphemia Clavering Baroness Neville Raby Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke, Baroness Neville Raby Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley Stratton Audley Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isolde Mortimer Baroness Audley Stratton Audley Great x 3 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Clare Baroness Clifford, Baroness Welles Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster Son Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward III King England Son Edward II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward II King England Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster

Great x 2 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet