Biography of Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset

Timeline

On 26 Jan 1436 Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset was born to Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset.

On 22 May 1455 Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset succeeded 3rd Duke Somerset (2C 1448).

First Battle of St Albans

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced with the First Battle of St Albans. Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury, Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury, Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham and Walter Strickland.
The Lancastrians Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset, Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland, William Cotton, Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford and Richard Fortescue were killed. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham was wounded and captured. Henry VI King England, II King France, John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley and Edmund Dudley were captured. Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock both fought.

On Dec 1456 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu attacked by Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset at Cheapside.

Loveday

On 24 Mar 1458 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier presided at Westminster Abbey at a ceremony known as the "Loveday". John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford, Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury, Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury, Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset, Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales, Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland, Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England attended in an attempt to reconcile the Lancastrian and Yorkist factions.

After Nov 1459 Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset was appointed as Captain Calais.

In 1460 Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester was born to Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset and Joan Hill.

Battle of Hedgeley Moor

On 25 Apr 1464 a Yorkist army commanded by John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu defeated a Lancastrian army commanded by Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset at Hedgeley Moor during the Battle of Hedgeley Moor. Lancastrians Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley and Ralph Percy were killed.

Battle of Hexham

On 15 May 1464 a Yorkist army commanded by John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu defeated a Lancastrian army commanded by Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset at Hexham during the Battle of Hexham. Those fighting for York included John Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire, John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles. Of the Lancastrian army William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme fought. Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford and Philip Wentworth 4th Baron Despencer were both captured. Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset was beheaded following the battle.
On 18 May 1464 Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford was executed at Newcastle on Tyne. Philip Wentworth 4th Baron Despencer was executed at Middleham. .

The Beauchamp Family, pronounced bee-cham, meaning 'beautiful field(s)', is of French or Norman, origin. Earls of Warwick from 1088. Ultimately the male line ended with Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick whose daughter died young. The inheritance passed, after a legal challenge by her half-sisters, to Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick who had married Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury giving him, unexpectedly, an Earldom, his first of two by which he became "Kingmaker", attracting the enmity of Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset, his half-brother-in-law who believed he was entitled to a share of the inheritance. The enmity was one of the causes of the Wars of the Roses.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 18 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 2 Grand Son of Edward III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 9 Grand Son of David I King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 4 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Ancestry

Father: Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset Great Grandson Edward III King England

GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset Grandson Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster Son Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward III King England Son Edward II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward II King England Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster

Great x 2 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet

GrandMother: Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Holland 1st Baron Holand

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Zouche Baroness Holand Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Wake Countess Kent Great x 3 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel Great x 4 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey Great Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster Grandson Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth

Mother: Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset Great x 4 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

GrandFather: Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick Great x 4 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great GrandFather: Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Tosny Countess Warwick Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Katherine Mortimer Countess Warwick Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March Great x 3 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore, 2nd Baroness Geneville Great x 7 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great GrandMother: Margaret Ferrers Countess Warwick Great x 3 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Ferrers 3rd Baron Ferrers Groby Great x 2 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Groby Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabel Verdun Baroness Ferrers Groby Great Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Umfraville Baroness Ferrers Groby

GrandMother: Elizabeth Berkeley Countess Warwick Great x 3 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great GrandFather: Thomas Berkeley 9th Baron Berkeley, 3rd Baron Lisle Great x 2 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Maurice Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley Great x 4 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Rich Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley Great x 3 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Mortimer Baroness Berkeley Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Elizabeth Despencer Baroness Berkeley Great Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh "Younger" Despencer Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Clare Baroness Zouche Mortimer Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great GrandMother: Margaret Lisle Baroness Berkeley, 3rd Baroness Lisle Great x 7 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Warin Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle Great x 6 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Gerard Lisle 1st Baron Lisle

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan Great x 5 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Pipard Baroness Lisle

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Pipard