Biography of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Timeline

On 05 Mar 1133 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England was born to Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy and Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy at Le Mans.

Around 1152 Geoffrey Plantagenet Archbishop York was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Ykenai Unknown.

Marriage of Henry I and Eleanor of Aquitaine

On 18 May 1152 Whit Sunday Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England were married at Poitiers Cathedral, Poitiers. They were more closely related than Eleanor and her previous husband Louis. The marriage brought the Kingdom of England, the Duchies of Normandy and Aquitaine under the control of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England ; once conquered. .

Around 05 Jun 1152 Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England visited Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon where she met Matilda Anjou Abbess Fontevraud (her husband's Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 's aunt by marriage - Matilda Anjou Abbess Fontevraud had married William Adelin Normandy Duke Normandy brother of his mother Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy who had died in the White Ship Disaster).

Henry II visits his mother in Rouen

Before Jan 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England visited his mother Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy in Rouen to seek funds for his impending invasion of England. .

Henry II Sails to England

In Jan 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England sailed from Barfleur, Basse Normandie to England, arriving the next day, with a fleet of twenty-six ships, and an army, to bring Stephen I King England submit to Henry's authority. .

Henry II Relieves Wallingford Castle

In Jul 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England arrived at Wallingford Castle to relieve the siege that Stephen I King England had commenced in 1152. .

Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster

Around Aug 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Stephen I King England agreed the Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster by which Henry "Curtmantle" II King England would inherit the throne on the death of Stephen I King England. The Treaty was ratified by Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury at Westminster in Christmas 1153.

On 17 Aug 1153 William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England at Poitiers.

Henry Holds Easter at Rouen

Around Mar 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England returned to Rouen and met with his mother Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy, and his brothers. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England joined them to celebrate Easter with their first son William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers who met his father for the first time aged around eight months. .

On 25 Oct 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England succeeded II King England: Plantagenet Angevin.

Henry II Leaves Barfleur

On 07 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England, the seven months pregnant Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England and their son William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers left Barfleur, Basse Normandie for England. .

Henry II Lands Southampton

On 08 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and his party landed near Southampton. .

Coronation of Henry and Eleanor

On 19 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England was crowned Queen Consort England. Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury presided. .

On 28 Feb 1155 Henry the Young King was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England at Bermondsey.

In Jul 1155 Roger Fitzmiles 2nd Earl Hereford and Henry "Curtmantle" II King England were in Bridgnorth.

In Aug 1155 Roger Fitzmiles 2nd Earl Hereford and Henry "Curtmantle" II King England were in Salisbury.

In 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England besieged Chinon Castle, Chinon.

On 06 Jan 1156 Matilda Plantagenet Duchess Saxony was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England at Windsor Castle (probably) and named after her paternal grandmother Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy.

On 10 Jan 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England crossed from Dover to Wissant. Richard "The Loyal" Lucy was appointed Regent in Henry's absence. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England was placed in the care of Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury and John of Salisbury Bishop Chartres. Her party included her sister Petronilla Poitiers [Henry II travels to Normandy].

Henry II pays homage to Louis VII

On 05 Feb 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England paid homage to Louis VII King Franks for his lands in Normandy, Anjou and Aquitaine. .

Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine Reunited

Before 29 Aug 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England were reunited in Saumur. .

In Dec 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England held Christmas in Bordeaux.

Around 30 May 1157 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England spent Whitsun at Bury St Edmunds for a ceremonial crown wearing.

On 08 Sep 1157 Richard "Lionheart" I King England was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England at Beaumont Palace.

In Dec 1157 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England held Christmas Court at Lincoln.

In Dec 1157 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England held Christmas Court at Cherbourg.

On 23 Sep 1158 Geoffrey Plantagenet 2nd Duke Brittany was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England.

Henry II and Louis II make Peace

In Oct 1161 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Louis VII King Franks met at Fréteval and made peace. .

On 13 Oct 1161 Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Consort Castile was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England at Domfront Castle, Domfront named Eleanor after her mother Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England. She was baptised by Cardinal Henry of Pisa with Robert of Torigni as godfather.

Constitutions of Clarendon

On 25 Jan 1164 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England attempted to constrain ecclesiastical privileges by the sixteen articles of the Constitutions of Clarendon. Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury rejected the articles.

Trial of Thomas a Becket

In Oct 1164 Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury was put on trial in Northampton by Henry "Curtmantle" II King England on a charge of contempt. After a week of discussion Becket fled to Flanders with John of Salisbury Bishop Chartres. .

In Dec 1164 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England held Christmas Court at Marlborough.

Becket's Relatives Banished

In 26 Dec 1164 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England banished all of Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 's relatives from England. Around 400 people were affected. They were stripped of their possessions and shipped to Flanders. .

Henry II meets Rosamund Clifford

Around Aug 1165 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England commenced his affair with Rosamund Clifford who he may have first met when staying at her father Walter Clifford's house in Bredelais (assumed to be in Herefordshire). .

On Oct 1165 Joan Plantagenet Queen Consort Sicily was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England at Chateau de Angers, Angers.

On 16 Mar 1166 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England travelled from St Andrew's Church to Falaise, Calvados, Basse Normandie.

On 24 Dec 1166 John "Lackland" I King England was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England.

In Jan 1169 Richard "Lionheart" I King England and Alys Capet Count Ponthieu were engaged to be married as part of a peace treaty. Alys Capet Count Ponthieu was sent to England to be a ward of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England.

Murder of Thomas a Becket

On 29 Dec 1170 Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury was murdered at Canterbury Cathedral by four knights on behalf of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England. .

Treaty of Falaise

In Dec 1174 William "Lion" I King Scotland, imprisoned at Falaise Castle, Falaise, Calvados, Basse Normandie, signed the Treaty of Falaise by which he agreed Henry "Curtmantle" II King England was overlord of Scotland.

Around 1176 William "Longsword" Longespée 3rd Earl Salisbury was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Ida Tosny Countess Norfolk.

In 1177 Cardinal Peter of Saint Chrysogonus, on behalf of the Pope, threatened to place England's continental possessions under an interdict if Henry did not proceed with the marriage. Richard "Lionheart" I King England was somewhat reluctant given the rumours that Alys Capet Count Ponthieu had become the mistress of his father Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and, possibly, had a child by him.

Death of Henry II

On 06 Jul 1189 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England died at Chinon Castle, Chinon. Geoffrey Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex, Count Aumale was present. .

After 06 Jul 1189 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England was buried at Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon.

Henry "Curtmantle" II King England was created as Duke Normandy.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

William "Conqueror" I King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 9 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings England: Grand Son of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Kings Scotland: Great Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 9 Grand Son of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine, I King Franks

Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Son of Robert "Pious" II King France

Ancestry

Father: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy

GrandFather: Fulk "Young" King Jerusalem

Great GrandFather: Fulk "Réchin" Anjou 4th Count Anjou

Great x 2 GrandFather: Geoffrey "Ferréol" Anjou 2nd Count Gâtinais

Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh Anjou

Great x 3 GrandMother: Béatrice Unknown

Great x 2 GrandMother: Ermengarde-Blanche Ingelger Queen Consort Jerusalem

Great x 3 GrandFather: Fulk "Black" Ingelger III Count Anjou

Great x 3 GrandMother: Hildegarde Sundgau Count Anjou

Great GrandMother: Bertrade Montfort Queen Consort France

Great x 2 GrandFather: Simon Montfort

Great x 3 GrandFather: Aumary Reginarids

Great x 3 GrandMother: Bertrade Unknown

Great x 2 GrandMother: Agnes Normandy

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Normandy 2nd Count Évreux

Great x 3 GrandMother: Godechildis Unknown Count Évreux

GrandMother: Ermengarde La Flèche-De Baugency Count Anjou

Great GrandFather: Elias La Flèche-De Baugency I Count Maine

Great x 2 GrandFather: Jean de la Flèche La Flèche-De Baugency

Great x 2 GrandMother: Paula Maine

Great x 3 GrandFather: Herbert "Wakedog" Maine I Count Maine

Great GrandMother: Matilda Chateau-Du-Loir Count Maine

Great x 2 GrandFather: Gervais II Lord Chateau-Du-Loir

Mother: Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy Daughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

GrandFather: Henry "Beauclearc" I King England Son William "Conqueror" I King England

Great GrandFather: William "Conqueror" I King England Great x -2 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Robert "Magnificent" Normandy I Duke Normandy

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard "Good" Normandy II Duke Normandy

Great x 3 GrandMother: Judith Penthièvre Duchess Normandy

Great x 2 GrandMother: Herleva Unknown

Great GrandMother: Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Baldwin "The Good" Flanders V Count Flanders

Great x 3 GrandFather: Baldwin "Bearded" Flanders IV Count Flanders

Great x 3 GrandMother: Ogive Luxembourg-Ardennes Count Flanders

Great x 2 GrandMother: Adela Capet Duchess Normandy

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert "Pious" II King France

Great x 3 GrandMother: Constance Arles Queen Consort France

GrandMother: Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England

Great GrandFather: Malcolm III King Scotland

Great x 2 GrandFather: Duncan "The Sick" I King Scotland

Great x 2 GrandMother: Bethóc Unknown Queen Consort Scotland

Great GrandMother: Margaret Wessex Queen Consort Scotland

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward "The Exile" Wessex

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund "Ironside" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Ealdgyth Unknown

Great x 2 GrandMother: Agatha Unknown