Biography of Henry IV King England

Timeline

On 15 Apr 1367 Henry IV King England was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster at Bolingbroke Castle.

On 23 Apr 1377 Henry IV King England was appointed 62nd Knight Garter: Edward III.

On 05 Feb 1381 Henry IV King England and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster were married at Arundel Castle.

Peasant's Revolt

On 11 Jun 1381 Richard II King England held council with his mother Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales, Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick, William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury, Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel, Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury and Robert Hales at the Tower of London [Peasant's Revolt].
On 14 Jun 1381 the rebels gained access to the Tower Hill capturing Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales, the future Henry IV King England, Joan Holland Duchess York and Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury. Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury was beheaded at Tower Hill. .
On 15 Jun 1381 Richard II King England met with Wat Tyler at Smithfield. During the course of the meeting Wat Tyler was wounded by William Walworth Lord Mayor. Wat Tyler was then killed by John Cavendish [Peasant's Revolt].
On 15 Jun 1381 John Cavendish was captured at Church of St Mary during the Peasant's Revolt. John Cavendish was beheaded in the Market Place in Bury St Edmunds.

On 09 Aug 1386 Henry V King England was born to Henry IV King England and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster at Monmouth Castle.

Battle of Radcot Bridge

On 22 Dec 1387 the forces of the Lords Appellant led by the future Henry IV King England defeated the forces of Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland during the Battle of Radcot Bridge at Radcot. Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland narrowly escaped.

Before 30 Sep 1388 Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence was born to Henry IV King England and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster at City of London.

On 20 Jun 1389 John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford was born to Henry IV King England and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster.

On 03 Oct 1390 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester was born to Henry IV King England and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster.

In 1392 Blanche Lancaster Elector Palatinate was born to Henry IV King England and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster at Peterborough Castle.

On 04 Jun 1394 Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark was born to Henry IV King England and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster at Peterborough Castle.

Before 17 Sep 1398the future Henry IV reported to King Richard II that Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk has made a treasonous remark regarding Richard's rule. Richard II proposed a duel of honour at Gosford Green, neat Mowbray's home Caludon Castle.
On 16 Sep 1398the future Henry IV spent the night at Baginton Castle, the home of his friend William Bagot. Thomas Mowbray spent the night at his home Caludon Castle.
On 17 Sep 1398King Richard II}, the nobility and thousands of spectators assembled at Gosford Green to witness the duelthe future Henry IV had had new armour constructed. Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York and Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey managed the proceedings. Just as the duel was to commence King Richard II stopped it. After two hours of deliberation King Richard II had his decision announced; both men were to be exiled. the future Henry IV for ten years,Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk forever.
On 19 Oct 1398 Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk left England never to return.

On 03 Feb 1399 Henry IV King England succeeded 2nd Duke Lancaster (2C 1362), 7th Earl Leicester (2C 1265). Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster by marriage Duke Lancaster (2C 1362).

On 03 Feb 1399 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster died at Leicester Castle;Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster was by his side. He was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral. Richard II King England witheld the future Henry IV's inheritance from him giving the future Henry IV reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.

On 07 Jul 1399 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York appointed William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire, Henry Green and John Bussy to protect Kent against invasion by Henry IV King England.
After 07 Jul 1399 Henry IV King England landed at Ravenspur with Thomas Rempston [Henry IV lands at Ravenspur].

In 1399 Henry Green was executed by Henry IV King England for having been a councillor of Richard II King England at Bristol Castle.

Richard II Abdication

On 12 Aug 1399 Richard II King England negotiated with Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland at Conwy Castle.
On 19 Aug 1399 Richard II King England surrendered to Henry IV King England at Flint Castle.
On 29 Sep 1399 Richard II King England abdicated II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Tower of London. Thomas Grey, William Willoughby 5th Baron Willoughby Eresby, Hugh Burnell 2nd Baron Burnell and Thomas Rempston were present.
On 30 Sep 1399 Henry IV King England became IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. He had usurped his cousin Richard II and Richard's heir the seven year old Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl of March}] who was descended from Edward III's second sonLionel of Antwerp Duke of Clarence. This second usurption was to have far reaching consequences since it subsequently became the descent by which the House of York claimed precedence over the House of Lancaster being one of the causes of the Wars of the Roses.

Coronation of Henry IV

On 13 Oct 1399 Henry IV King England was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury.
Robert Braybrooke Bishop London carried the sacraments and said mass.
The future Henry V King England carried the Sword Curtana. Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick and/or John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset carried a sword wrapped in red and bound with golden straps symbolising two-fold mercy. Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland carried the Lancaster Sword.
Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester carried the Steward's baton. Thomas Erpingham carried a Sword. .
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford was appointed as Knight of the Bath. John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford, John Arundell and Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick were knighted.
Richard Scrope Archbishop York attended.

Epiphany Rising

In Dec 1399 the Epiphany Rising was an attempt to restore Richard II King England to the throne replacing Henry IV King England.

On 17 Dec 1399 the conspirators met at Abbey House including Thomas Blount, Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester, Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey, John Holland 1st Duke Exeter, Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley, John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury, Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York, Bernard Brocas. They plotted to capture Henry IV King England at a Tournament in Windsor on the Feast of Epiphany hence the Epiphany Rising.

Before 07 Jan 1400 Henry IV King England was forewarned, probably by Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York, and began to raise an army in London. .

Henry IV 2: 30 Concerning the forfeiture of Earl of Kent and other lords

After 07 Jan 1400. . Henry IV's Parliament. Also, be it remembered that whereas Thomas Holland, formerly earl of Kent, John Holland, formerly earl of Huntingdon, John Montagu 3rd Earl SalisburyJohn Montague, formerly earl of Salisbury, Thomas Despencer 1st Earl GloucesterThomas, formerly Lord Despenser, and Ralph Lumley 1st Baron LumleyRalph Lumley, knight, recently rose up in various parts of England and rode in warlike manner, treacherously, against our lord the Henry IV King Englandking, contrary to their allegiance, to destroy our said lord the king and other great men of the realm, and to populate the said realm with people of another tongue, they were seized and beheaded in their armed uprising by the loyal lieges of oursaid lord the king; and for that reason all the lords temporal present in parliament, by the assent of the king, declared and adjudged the said Thomas, John, John, Thomas, and Ralph to be traitors for their armed uprising against their aforesaid liege lord, and that they should forfeit as traitors all the lands and tenements that they held in fee simple on 5 January, the eve of the feast of the Epiphany of our lord Jesus Christ, in the first year of the reign of our aforesaid lord [1400], or after, as the law of the land requires, together with all their goods and chattels, notwithstanding the fact that they were killed during the said armed uprising without due process of law.

Henry IV 2: 32 Suppression of the Lollards

In Mar 1401. Henry IV's Parliament enacted "De heretico comburendo" by which heretics were to be burned at the stake in reation to the Lollard movement.
The request ". . . the said church would be injured or gravely oppressed or even perturbed by certain perverse doctrines, or wicked, heretical or erroneous opinions; nevertheless, various perfidious and perverse people of a certain new sect, believing damnable things of the said faith, the sacrament of the church, and its authority, rashly usurping the office of preacher, contrary to divine and ecclesiastical law, perversely and maliciously preach and teach these days, publicly and secretly, under simulation of the colour of sanctity, various new doctrines and wicked, heretical and erroneous opinions, contrary to this same faith and the holy decrees of the sacrosanct church . . . ".
The answer: "and they shall cause these same persons to be publicly burnt in a high place; and may punishment of this sort strike fear into the minds of others. "
On 02 Mar 1401 William Sawtrey was the first heretic to be burned although his burning pre-dated the statute.

Battle of Bryn Glas

On 22 Jun 1402 Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr" Mathrafal Prince Powys defeated the army of Edmund Mortimer at Knighton, who was captured, at the Battle of Bryn Glas.
Henry IV King England made no attempt to ransom Edmund Mortimer and, as a consequence, Edmund Mortimer changed his allegiance, and subsequently married Owain's daughter.
On 25 Jun 1402 Walter Devereux died at Bodenham from wounds received during the Battle of Bryn Glas.

Battle of Homildon Hill

On 14 Sep 1402 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland and his son Henry "Hotspur" Percy lay in wait for the Scots to return from their laying waste to Northumberland at Homildon Hill. The Battle of Homildon Hill was a victory for the English forces whose longbowmen decimated the Scottish schiltrons. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh fought for the English. John Swinton was killed. Thomas Dunbar 5th Earl Moray and Henry Sinclair 2nd Earl Orkney were captured.
Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine was wounded. Henry IV King England forbade the ransoming of Scottish prisoners so that he could concentrate on the Welsh. By doing so he created a rift with the Percy family who subsequently defected to Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr.

On 07 Feb 1403 Henry IV King England and Joan Évreux Queen Consort England were married at Winchester. Joan Évreux Queen Consort England was crowned Queen Consort England.

Battle of Shrewsbury

On 21 Jul 1403 Henry IV King England, with his son the future Henry V King England, defeated the rebel army of Henry "Hotspur" Percy at the Battle of Shrewsbury at the site now known as Battlefield. Henry V King England took an arrow to the side of his face leaving him severely scarred. John Stanley was wounded in the throat. Thomas Strickland fought and was awarded £38 and two of the rebel Henry's horses. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick fought for the King. Walter Blount, the King's Standard Bearer, was killed by Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine. Edmund Cockayne and Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford were killed. Hugh Shirley was killed ; he was one of four knights dressed as Henry IV King England.
Of the rebels, Henry "Hotspur" Percy, Madog Kynaston and John Clifton were killed. Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester was beheaded after the battle. Richard Vernon was hanged.

Death of King Henry IV

On 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV King England died at Jerusalem Chamber (confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem). His sons Henry V King England and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester were present .

After 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV King England was buried at Chancel.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Maud Saye

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 15 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 14 Grand Son of Maredudd ab Owain King Deheubarth, King Powys, King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 16 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 13 Grand Son of Llywelyn ap Seisyll King Gwynedd, King Powys, King Deheubarth

Kings England: Grand Son of Edward III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 8 Grand Son of David I King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 6 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Ancestry

Father: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster

GrandFather: Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: Edward II King England

Great Great GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great Great Great GrandFather: Henry III King England

Great Great Great GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

Great Great GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England

Great Great Great GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon

Great Great Great GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon

Great GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England

Great Great GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France

Great Great Great GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France

Great Great Great GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France

Great Great GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre

Great Great Great GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre

Great Great Great GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre

GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England

Great GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland

Great Great GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland

Great Great Great GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault

Great Great Great GrandMother: Adelaide Gerulfing Count Hainault

Great Great GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland

Great Great Great GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur

Great Great Great GrandMother: Margaret Bar Count Luxembourg, Count Namur

Great GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault

Great Great GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois

Great Great Great GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France

Great Great Great GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France

Great Great GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois

Great Great Great GrandFather: Charles II King Naples

Great Great Great GrandMother: Mary Unknown

Mother: Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster

GrandFather: Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster

Great GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster

Great Great GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster

Great Great Great GrandFather: Henry III King England

Great Great Great GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

Great Great GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre

Great Great Great GrandFather: Robert Capet

Great Great Great GrandMother: Matilda Reginar Count Saint-Pol

Great GrandMother: Maud Chaworth

Great Great GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth

Great Great Great GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth

Great Great GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer

Great Great Great GrandFather: William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick

Great Great Great GrandMother: Maud Fitzjohn Countess Warwick

GrandMother: Isabel Beaumont Duchess Lancaster

Great GrandFather: Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan

Great Great GrandFather: Louis Brienne Viscount Beaumont

Great Great Great GrandFather: John I King Jerusalem

Great Great Great GrandMother: Beregaria Ivrea

Great Great GrandMother: Agnes Beaumont-Sarthe

Great Great Great GrandFather: Raoul Beaumont-Sarthe I Viscount

Great Great Great GrandMother: Agnes de La Flèche Flèche Viscountess

Great GrandMother: Alice Comyn Baroness Beaumont

Great Great GrandFather: Alexander Comyn

Great Great Great GrandFather: Alexander Comyn 2nd Earl Buchan

Great Great Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Quincy Countess Buchan

Great Great GrandMother: Joanna Latimer

Great Great Great GrandFather: William Latimer 1st Baron Latimer Corby

Great Great Great GrandMother: Alicia Ledet Baroness Latimer Corby