Biography of Henry VI King England, II King France

Timeline

On 06 Dec 1421 Henry VI King England, II King France was born to Henry V King England and Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England at Windsor Castle.

Death of Henry V

On 31 Aug 1422 Henry V King England died at Château de Vincennes, Vincennes possibly from dysentry, possibly from heatstroke. John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley brought the body of Henry V King England back to England. His only child Henry succeeded as VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. .

Death of Charles VI

On 21 Oct 1422 Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France died at Hôtel Saint-Pol. There two successors to the French throne:
King Henry VI succeeded as II King France: Lancaster.
Charles "Victorious" VII King France succeeded as VII King France: Capet Valois. Marie Valois-Anjou Queen Consort France by marriage Queen Consort France.

In 1426 Robert Wingfield was knighted by Henry VI King England, II King France at Hereford.

In 1426 Edmund Hungerford was knighted by Henry VI King England, II King France.

On 19 May 1426 Ralph Longford was knighted by Henry VI King England, II King France.

English Coronation of Henry VI

On 06 Nov 1429 Henry VI King England, II King France was crowned VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster by Cardinal Henry Beaufort at Westminster Abbey. Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick carried the child King. John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk attended. John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont was knighted. .

French Coronation of Henry VI

On 16 Dec 1431 Henry VI was crowned II King France: Lancaster at Notre Dame de Paris Cathedral. A somewhat futile exercise; the last gasps of the Hundred Years War. Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford was appointed Carver. Thomas Harrington, Hugh Courtenay 12th Earl Devon and his son Thomas attended. .

Trial and Punishment of Eleanor Cobham

In 1441 Eleanor Cobham, wife of the heir presumptive Humphrey 1st Duke Gloucester, brother of the deceased Henry V King England, uncle of Henry VI King England, II King France, was tried for predicting the future of the King; in reality a veiled attack on her husband who had over-reached himself. She had consulted two astrologers Thomas Southwell and Roger Bolingbroke. All three were arrested, tried and found guilty. Eleanor denied most of the charges but confessed to obtaining potions from Margery Jourdemayne, 'the Witch of Eye'. Thomas Southwell died whilst in the Tower of London. Roger Bolingbroke was hanged, drawn and quartered. Margery Jourdemayne was burned at the stake. Eleanor was sentenced to do public penance, divorce her husband and remain confined for the remainder of her life. . .

Treaty of Tours

On 28 May 1444 the Treaty of Tours was concluded. The terms included the marriage of Henry VI King England, II King France and Margaret of Anjou in return for which England ceded the strategically important French County of Maine to France; she brought no dowry. The Treaty was negotiated by William de la Pole Duke of Suffolk. The cessation of Maine subsequently came as something of surprise to Edmund Beaufort Earl Somerset who was its Governor. He, Somerset, was offered the Governorship of Normandy instead leading to a further rift between Somerset and Richard Duke of York who had already been offered Normandy. These seeds of the Wars of the Roses were falling on fertile ground.

In Sep 1444 Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham was created 1st Duke Buckingham (1C 1444) by Henry VI King England, II King France in reward many years of loyal and continuous service to the Crown. Anne Neville Duchess Buckingham by marriage Duchess Buckingham (1C 1444).

Richard of York meets Margaret of Anjou

On 18 Mar 1445 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales met Margaret of Anjou at Pontoise on his mission to bring her back to Endland for her marriage to Henry VI King England, II King France. .

Marriage of Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou

On 23 Apr 1445 Henry VI King England, II King France and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England were married at Titchfield Abbey. .

Knighting at Greenwich

On 05 Jan 1453 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu, Thomas Neville, William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke, brothers Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond and Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford and Roger Lewkenor were knighted by King Henry VI at Greenwich.

On Aug 1453 Henry VI King England, II King France suffered a mental breakdown.

Henry VI's first Illness

In Aug 1453 Henry VI King England, II King FranceCharles VI of France suffered a similar illness; his sobriquet "Mad". .

Birth of Edward of Westminster

On 13 Oct 1453 Edward Lancaster Prince Wales was born to Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou at Westminster Palace. When Henry VI King England, II King France recovered from his catatonic state, he greeted the child as a 'miracle'. There is some speculation as the child's actual father since Henry VI King England, II King France and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England had been married for eight years before the child was born. Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset was suggested at the time. .

On Jan 1455 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset was released by Henry VI King England, II King France.

On Jan 1455 Henry VI King England, II King France recovered.

First Battle of St Albans

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced with the First Battle of St Albans. Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury, Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury, Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham and Walter Strickland.
The Lancastrians Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset, Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland, William Cotton, Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford and Richard Fortescue were killed. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham was wounded and captured. Henry VI King England, II King France, John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley and Edmund Dudley were captured. Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock both fought.

In 1457 John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield was appointed Lord Keeper of the Great Seal by Henry VI King England, II King France during his re-adeption but lost it again when Edward IV King England was restored in 1471.

Battle of Ludford Bridge

On 12 Oct 1459 the Battle of Ludford Bridge nearly took place at Ludford Bridge. In the event a large number of the Calais garrison refused to fight against Henry VI King England, II King France who was present. The Yorkist leaders left overnight: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales, the future Edward IV King England, Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland, Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury, Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury and John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham. Thomas Parr was present. The Lancastrian army included Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel.

Battle of Northampton

On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future Edward IV King England and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury, George Neville Archbishop York, William Neville 1st Earl Kent, Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent, Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton defeated the Lancastrian army at the Battle of Northampton. Henry VI King England, II King France was captured. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham, John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury, 2nd Earl Waterford, Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont and John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont were killed. Thomas Tresham fought. William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont and William Norreys were knighted. Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland was executed following the battle. .

Act of Accord (39 Hen VI)

On 25 Oct 1460 Parliament enacted the Act of Accord (39 Hen VI) by which Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales was declared heir to Henry VI King England, II King France disinheriting Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471[Edward of Westminster at the same Parliament on 31 Oct 1460 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales was appointed as Prince Wales, Earl Chester, Duke Cornwall and Lord Protector.

Second Battle of St Albans

On 18 Feb 1461 the Lancastrian army defeated the Yorkist army at Second Battle of St Albans and rescued Henry VI King England, II King France. The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter and included Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland, John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk, Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles. Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley, William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme, John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford and Thomas Tresham were knighted.
The Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury, William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel, John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex. John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu was captured. Robert Poynings and James Luttrell Baron Dunster were killed.
John Grey was killed fighting for Lancaster. A death that was to have far reaching consequences; his widow Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England subsequently married Edward IV King England.
After the battle William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville and Thomas Kyriell were beheaded after having protected Henry VI King England, II King France during the battle against all decent laws of battle. Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England reneged on their immunity and tried them in front of her seven year old son Prince Edward who ordered them to be beheaded.

On 13 Jul 1465 James Harrington assisted with the capture of the fugitive Henry VI King England, II King France by being the instrument of persuasion that induced Sir Thomas Talbot of Bashall, and Sir Richard Tempest of Bracewell, who were sheltering the King, to betray him, and received £66 and £100 for expenses and reward.

Angers Agreement

On 22 Jul 1470 Warwick the Kingmaker, Henry VI King England, II King France and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England signed the Angers Agreement at Angers Cathedral. The agreement had been brokered by King Louis XI of France. Edward Lancaster Prince Wales and Anne Neville Queen Consort England were formally betrothed as part of the Agreement.

Re-adeption of Henry VI

On 03 Oct 1470 Henry VI was re-adepted VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. Thomas Tresham was released. .

Death of Henry VI

On 21 May 1471 Henry VI died (possibly murdered) in the Wakefield Tower in the Tower of London. Death of Henry VI.

Henry VI King England, II King France was buried at Altar.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 10 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 11 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Son of Henry V King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Grand Son of Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France

Ancestry

Father: Henry V King England Son Henry IV King England

GrandFather: Henry IV King England Grandson Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster Son Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward III King England Son Edward II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward II King England Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandMother: Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster Great Grandson Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster Grandson Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabel Beaumont Duchess Lancaster Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Comyn Baroness Beaumont

GrandMother: Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 7th Earl Hereford, 6th Earl Essex, 2nd Earl Northampton Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex

Great x 3 GrandMother: Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland Daughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandMother: Joan Fitzalan Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Countess Northampton Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel Great x 4 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey Great Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster Grandson Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth

Mother: Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry III King England

GrandFather: Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France Great x 4 Grandson Henry III King England

Great GrandFather: Charles V King France Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: John "The Good" II King France Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Fortunate" VI King France Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan "Lame" Burgundy Queen Consort France Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Bonne Luxembourg Queen Consort France Great x 7 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John I King Bohemia Great x 6 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Bohemia Queen Bohemia

Great GrandMother: Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Peter Bourbon Duke Bourbon Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis Bourbon I Duke Bourbon Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mary Hainault Duchess Bourbon Great x 4 Granddaughter Stephen I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Valois Duchess Bourbon Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mahaut Chatillon Count Valois Great Granddaughter Henry III King England

GrandMother: Isabeau Wittelsbach Queen Consort France Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandFather: Stephen "Magnificient, Fop" Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Stephen Wittelsbach II Duke Bavaria Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis Wittelsbach IV Holy Roman Emperor Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Beatrix Świdnica Holy Roman Empress

Great x 2 GrandMother: Elisabeth Barcelona Duchess Bavaria Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Frederick III King Sicily

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Capet Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandMother: Taddea Visconti Duchess Bavaria

Great x 2 GrandFather: Bernabò Visconti

Great x 2 GrandMother: Beatrice Scala