Biography of Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester

Timeline

On 03 Oct 1390 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester was born to Henry IV King England and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster.

Around 1400 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester was appointed 96th Knight Garter: Henry IV.

Death of King Henry IV

On 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV King England died at Jerusalem Chamber (confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem). His sons Henry V King England and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester were present .

In 1414 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester was created 1st Duke Gloucester (2C 1414), 1st Earl Pembroke (5C 1414) [Henry V awards his brothers Dukedoms].

Battle of Agincourt

On 25 Oct 1415 Henry V King England defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt. Henry V King England commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys commanded the Rearguard.
Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford commanded. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester was wounded, and was protected by his brother Henry V King England. Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York, commander of the Vanguard, was killed; the most senior English casualty. John Fortescue, Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk, Dafydd Gam Brecon and Edward Burnell, were killed.
The English included: Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick, William Botreaux 3rd Baron Botreaux, William Bourchier 1st Count Eu, John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope, 1st Baron Milbroke, Edward Courtenay, Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell, Thomas Dutton, Edmund Ferrers 5th Baron Ferrers Chartley, Roger Fiennes, Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh, John Grey, John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville, William Harrington as the King's Standard Bearer, Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford, Piers Legh (wounded), Alfred Longford, Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury, Thomas Morley 6th Baron Marshal, 5th Baron Morley, John Rodney, Richard Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Bolton, Robert Strelley, James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley, Robert Umfraville, Thomas West 2nd Baron West, Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby. Thomas Erpingham commanded the archers. Thomas Rempston was present. Thomas Strickland carried the Banner of St George.
The Welsh included: William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert, Walter Sais, Roger Vaughan and his son Roger Vaughan. Owen Tudor is believed to have been present as a squire.
The French army suffered significant casualties. Charles Albret, Robert Bar Count Soissons, Count Marle, Edward Bar III Duke Bar, Anthony Valois-Burgundy Duke Brabant, Philip Valois-Burgundy II Count Nevers, John Valois-Alençon I Duke Alençon, John Bar, Jacques Chatillon, Frederick Metz I Count Vaudémont, David Rambures and his three sons: Jean Rambures, Hugues Rambures and Philippe Rambures, Waleran Luxembourg were killed. Charles Valois Duke Orléans, John Bourbon I Duke Bourbon and Charles Artois Count Eu were captured.

Around 1423 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester and Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant were married.

Before 1428 Arthur Lancaster was born to Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester.

Before 1428 Antigone Lancaster Countess Tankerville was born to Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester.

In 1428 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester and Eleanor Cobham were married.

Trial and Punishment of Eleanor Cobham

In 1441 Eleanor Cobham, wife of the heir presumptive Humphrey 1st Duke Gloucester, brother of the deceased Henry V King England, uncle of Henry VI King England, II King France, was tried for predicting the future of the King; in reality a veiled attack on her husband who had over-reached himself. She had consulted two astrologers Thomas Southwell and Roger Bolingbroke. All three were arrested, tried and found guilty. Eleanor denied most of the charges but confessed to obtaining potions from Margery Jourdemayne, 'the Witch of Eye'. Thomas Southwell died whilst in the Tower of London. Roger Bolingbroke was hanged, drawn and quartered. Margery Jourdemayne was burned at the stake. Eleanor was sentenced to do public penance, divorce her husband and remain confined for the remainder of her life. . .

On 20 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester arrested on a charge of treason.

Death of Humphrey of Lancaster

On 23 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester died. He was possibly poisoned although more likely he died from a stroke at Bury St Edmunds. He had been arrested three days previously on a charge of treason. .

After 23 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester was buried at St Albans Cathedral.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Aoife NI Diarmait Macmurrough Countess Pembroke, Countess Buckingham

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 16 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 14 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Son of Henry IV King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 9 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 7 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Ancestry

Father: Henry IV King England Grandson Edward III King England

GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster Son Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: Edward III King England Son Edward II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward II King England Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England Son Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland Great x 3 Grandson Stephen I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland Great x 5 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

GrandMother: Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great GrandFather: Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster Great Grandson Henry III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster Grandson Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster Son Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth

Great x 3 GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer

Great GrandMother: Isabel Beaumont Duchess Lancaster Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis Brienne Viscount Beaumont Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Agnes Beaumont-Sarthe Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Comyn Baroness Beaumont

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alexander Comyn

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joanna Latimer

Mother: Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 7th Earl Hereford, 6th Earl Essex, 2nd Earl Northampton Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great GrandFather: William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex

Great x 3 GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Fiennes Countess Essex, Countess Hereford

Great x 2 GrandMother: Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland Daughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England Son Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere

Great x 3 GrandFather: Gunselin Badlesmere

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Fitzbernard

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Clare Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Juliana Fitzgerald Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

GrandMother: Joan Fitzalan Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Countess Northampton Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel Great x 4 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel Great x 3 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo Countess Arundel

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Warenne

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Vere

Great GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey Great Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster Grandson Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster Son Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth

Great x 3 GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer