Biography of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond

Timeline

On 31 May 1443 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond was born to John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset and Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset at Bletsoe Castle.

Around 07 Feb 1444 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond were married. The date somewhat suspect; possibly Jan 1450. Papal dispensation was granted on 18 August 1450 which supports the later date. Margaret never recognised this marriage, and considered her next husband her first;as confirmed by her 1472 will.

On 01 May 1450 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk succeeded 2nd Marquess Suffolk (1C), 5th Earl Suffolk (3C 1385). Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond by marriage Marchioness Suffolk (1C).

On Feb 1453 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond were divorced.

On 01 Nov 1455 Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond were married at Bletsoe Castle. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond by marriage 1st Countess Richmond (7C 1452).

On 03 Nov 1456 Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond died of plague at Carmarthen Castle leaving his twelve year old wife Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond pregnant with their child Henry VII King England and Ireland.

On 28 Jan 1457 Henry VII King England and Ireland was born to the late Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond at Pembroke Castle.

On 03 Jan 1458 Henry Stafford and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond were married at Maxstoke Castle.

Battle of Barnet

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV commanded at the Battle of Barnet supported by hos brothers George and Richard, John Babington, Wiliam Hastings (commanded), Ralph Hastings, William Norreys, William Parr, John Savage, Thomas St Leger, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet, Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh and Thomas Strickland.
The Yorkists William Blount, Humphrey Bourchier, Humphrey Bourchier and Thomas Parr were killed. Henry Stafford was killed making his wife Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond a widow for the second time.
The Lancastrians Warwick the Kingmaker, John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu, William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele and William Tyrrell were killed. Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford and John Paston were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford commanded, and John Paston and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont fought. .

Around 12 Jun 1472 Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond were married. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond by marriage King Mann, Baron Stanley.

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England by marriage Queen Consort England. See Coronation of Richard III.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk was appointed as Lord High Steward. William Brandon, Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel, Thomas St Leger, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby, Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England, Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk, Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland attended.
Robert Dymoke attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby was appointed as Knight of the Bath.
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III. History doesn't record her reason.

Buckingham's Rebellion

In Oct 1483 Buckingham's Rebellion was an attempt to replace Richard III King England with Henry Tudor. Richard Haute took part. He escaped execution, and was subsequently pardoned.
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers was attainted.
On 02 Nov 1483 Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham was beheaded in Salisbury Marketplace for his part in the rebellion.
On 08 Nov 1483 Thomas St Leger was executed at Exeter Castle.
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset and Eleanor Bohun Countess Ormonde escaped to Henry VII in Brittany. Walter Hungerford, Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney and Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon took part. !The rebellion was suppressed by Richard Guildford and Robert Willoughby 1st Baron Willoughby Broke.
On 04 Dec 1483 George Browne was beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 23 Jan 1484 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond was subject to an attainder in the first Parliament of Richard III for her involvement. Whilst the Act was described as an Attainder Richard in effect transferred all of Margaret's property to her husband Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby.
An act for the attainder of Margaret, countess of Richmond.
Because Margaret, countess of Richmond, mother of the king's great rebel and traitor, Henry, earl of Richmond, has lately conspired, leagued and committed high treason against our sovereign lord King Richard III in various ways, and in particular by sending messages, writings and tokens to the said Henry, urging, instigating and stirring him by them to come into this realm to make war upon our said sovereign lord; to which urging, instigation and stirring the said Henry applied himself, as experience has recently shown. Also, the said countess supplied great sums of money within the city of London as well as elsewhere in this realm to be employed in the execution of the said treason and malicious purpose; and the said countess also conspired, leagued and plotted the destruction of our said sovereign lord, and knew of and assented to, and assisted in the treason planned and committed by Henry, late duke of Buckingham, and his supporters, for which he and some of his supporters have been attainted by an act in this present parliament. Nevertheless, our said sovereign lord, of his special grace, mindful of the good and faithful service which Thomas, Lord Stanley, has given and intends to give our said sovereign lord, and for the sincere love and trust which the king has in him, and for his sake, remits and will forbear the great punishment of attainting the said countess, which she or anyone else doing the same has deserved; and in consideration of the foregoing, our said sovereign lord wills that it be enacted, ordained and decreed, by the assent of the lords spiritual and temporal and the commons assembled in this present parliament, and by authority of the same, that the said countess henceforth shall be legally unable to have, inherit or enjoy any manors, lands or tenements, or other hereditaments or possessions whatsoever, and also henceforth shall be unable to bear or have any name of estate or dignity; and that the said countess shall forfeit to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs all the castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments and possessions, whatsoever they may be, of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised or possessed of estate of fee-simple, fee-tail, term of life, in dower or otherwise. And be it ordained by the said authority that all the said castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments with the appurtenances of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised of estate of fee-simple or fee-tail, shall remain to the said Thomas for term of his life, and after his death to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs. And moreover, all the lordships, manors, lands, tenements, rents, services and reversions of which the said countess, or any other person to her use, is now seised of estate, term of her life or in dower, shall remain to the said Thomas during her life. And if the said Thomas dies during the lifetime of the said countess, they shall remain to the king; saving to every person and persons, except the said countess and her heirs, their right, title and interest in the said lands and tenements.

Henry VII's Coronation

On 30 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland was crowned VII King England and Ireland: Tudor by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier at Westminster Abbey. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond, his mother, attended. Robert Dymoke attended as the Kings' Champion. Henry VII King England and Ireland carried the Sword of State. John Vere 13th Earl Oxford carried the King's train. .

In 1488 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond was appointed Lady of the Garter by her son Henry VII King England and Ireland.

In 1499 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond took a vow of chastity in the presence of Richard FitzJames, Bishop of London with, apparently, the permission of her husband; it was always a marriage of convenience. Thereafter the Countess lived at Collyweston.

In 1505 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond founded Corpus Christi College.

Funeral of Henry VII

On 11 May 1509 Henry VII King England and Ireland was buried in the Henry VII Chapel. Henry Willoughby and Anthony Wingfield attended. The ladies given mantelets and kerchiefs were as follows:
Household of Mary Tudor:
  Mary Tudor Queen Consort France
  Catherine York
Elizabeth Stafford Viscountess Fitzwalter. Possibly Margaret Whetehill.
Anne Percy or Anne Percy Countess Arundel
 Elizabeth Hussey Countess Kent
Eleanor Pole
 Mary Brandon
 Elizabeth Empson
 Elizabeth Powys Viscountess Sydney
 Mary Scrope
 Jane Popincourt
 Alice Vaux
Household of the Princess of Wales Catherine of Aragon:
 Catherine of Aragon
 Agnes or Inez Vanegas
 Maria Salinas Baroness Willoughby Eresby
Household of Margaret Beaufort the King's Mother:
Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond
 Joan Vaux
 Mary Hussey Baroness Willoughby Eresby.

On 29 Jun 1509 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond died in the Deanery.

After 29 Jun 1509 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond was buried at Henry VII Chapel. Her tomb was created by Pietro Torrigiano. The gilded bronze sculpture on the tomb depicts Margaret with her head resting on pillows and her hands raised in prayer, wearing garments characteristic of widowhood; the face was probably sculpted from a death mask. The black marble tomb is embellished with heraldic bronze insignia, including a Yale, her heraldic badge, at her feet.

Around 1510 Meynart Weywyck. Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond in the Masters Lodge. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop Rochester.

Around 1510 Meynart Weywyck 1499-1525. Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire.Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop Rochester 1469-1535.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Daughter of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Daughter of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Daughter of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Daughter of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 2 Grand Daughter of Edward III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Daughter of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Daughter of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 4 Grand Daughter of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Ancestry

Father: John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset Great Grandson Edward III King England

GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset Grandson Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster Son Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward III King England Son Edward II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward II King England Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster

Great x 2 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet

GrandMother: Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Holland 1st Baron Holand

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Zouche Baroness Holand Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Wake Countess Kent Great x 3 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel Great x 4 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey Great Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster Grandson Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth

Mother: Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset Great x 7 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 3rd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Walter Beauchamp

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Tosny Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Sibyl Pateshull Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe

Great GrandMother: Joanne Clopton Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Clopton

Great x 3 GrandFather: Walter Clopton

Great x 2 GrandMother: Ivetta Grey

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Grey

Great x 3 GrandMother: Agnes Bayles

GrandMother: Edith Stourton Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandFather: John Stourton

Great GrandMother: Jane Basset Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Ralph Basset 3rd Baron Basset Drayton Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Basset Great x 7 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke, Baroness Neville Raby Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Beauchamp Baroness Basset Drayton Great x 5 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Katherine Mortimer Countess Warwick Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England