Biography of Richard II King England

Timeline

On 06 Jan 1367 Richard II King England was born to Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales at Bordeaux.

In 1377 Simon Burley was confirmed an annual grant of £100 by Richard II King England.

On 23 Apr 1377 Richard II King England was appointed 61st Knight Garter: Edward III.

On 21 Jun 1377 Richard II King England succeeded II King England: Plantagenet Angevin.

Coronation of Richard II

On 16 Jul 1377 Richard II King England was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury.
On 16 Jul 1377 at the Coronation of Richard II Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel carried the Crown. Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon was appointed 1st Earl Huntingdon (3C 1377). Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York and Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington were knighted. Roger Scales 4th Baron Scales attended. John Mowbray 1st Earl Nottingham was created 1st Earl Nottingham (1C 1377).

Peasant's Revolt

On 11 Jun 1381 Richard II King England held council with his mother Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales, Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick, William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury, Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel, Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury and Robert Hales at the Tower of London [Peasant's Revolt].
On 14 Jun 1381 the rebels gained access to the Tower Hill capturing Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales, the future Henry IV King England, Joan Holland Duchess York and Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury. Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury was beheaded at Tower Hill. .
On 15 Jun 1381 Richard II King England met with Wat Tyler at Smithfield. During the course of the meeting Wat Tyler was wounded by William Walworth Lord Mayor. Wat Tyler was then killed by John Cavendish [Peasant's Revolt].
On 15 Jun 1381 John Cavendish was captured at Church of St Mary during the Peasant's Revolt. He was beheaded in the Market Place in Bury St Edmunds.

Marriage of Richard II and Anne of Bohemia

On 20 Jan 1382 Richard II King England and Anne Bohemia Queen Consort England were married at Westminster Abbey. Arranged by Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk the marriage not popular since it brought no dowry and little prospect of increased trade since Bohemia not a primary English trade partner.

Wonderful Parliament

Around Sep 1386 the Wonderful Parliament sought to reform the administration of Richard II King England. Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk was impeached for his failures in France.

In 1387 David Hamner was knighted by Richard II King England.

Merciless Parliament

In Feb 1388 Merciless Parliament sought to cleanse Richard II King England 's administration. Simon Burley was executed. Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk was sentenced to be hung, drawn and quartered. Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland was attainted. Nicholas Brembre was tried.

Richard II holds Christmas Court

On 30 Dec 1389 Richard II King England held his Christmas Court at Woodstock Palace. John Hastings 3rd Earl Pembroke was killed jousting. .

Death of Anne of Bohemia

On 07 Jun 1394 Anne Bohemia Queen Consort England died of plague (probably) at Sheen Palace. Richard II King England was so distraught at her death he ordered the destruction of Sheen Palace. .

Funeral of Anne of Bohemia

On 03 Aug 1394 Anne Bohemia Queen Consort England was buried at St Edward the Confessor's Chapel with Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury presiding. Richard II King England attended. Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel, brother of the presiding Archbishop, and his wife Philippa Mortimer Countess Pembroke, Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey, arrived late causing Richard, in a rage, to snatch a wand and strike FitzAlan in the face drawing blood. .

Richard II Travels to Ireland

In Oct 1394 Richard II King England travelled to Ireland with William Hankford. .

On 22 Nov 1395 Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland was buried when Richard II King England had the coffin opened to kiss his lost friend's hand and to gaze on his face one last time.

Marriage of Richard II and Isabella of Valois

On 31 Oct 1396 Richard II King England and Isabella Valois Queen Consort England were married. The marriage being one of the terms of a twenty-eight year peace treaty with France. He twenty-nine, she six. The marriage sowed the seeds subsequent rebellion since there was no prospect of an heir to securee the Crown. .

In 1397 Richard Redman Master of the Horse campaigned with Richard II King England at Ireland.

In 1397 Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle served Richard II King England as Ambassador to various German Princes.

On 12 Jul 1397 Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel was arrested for his opposition to Richard II King England[Arrest and Execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel].

On 29 Sep 1397 Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk was created 1st Duke Norfolk (1C 1397) by Richard II King England probably for arranging the murder of Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk. Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk by marriage Duchess Norfolk (1C 1397).

Richard II Awards his Half-Brothers Dukedoms

On 29 Sep 1397 King Richard II awarded his older maternal half-brothers Dukedoms for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel. John Holland was created 1st Duke Exeter (1C 1397). Thomas Holland was created 1st Duke Surrey. .

Before 17 Sep 1398the future Henry IV reported to King Richard II that Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk has made a treasonous remark regarding Richard's rule. Richard II proposed a duel of honour at Gosford Green, neat Mowbray's home Caludon Castle.
On 16 Sep 1398the future Henry IV spent the night at Baginton Castle, the home of his friend William Bagot. Thomas Mowbray spent the night at his home Caludon Castle.
On 17 Sep 1398King Richard II}, the nobility and thousands of spectators assembled at Gosford Green to witness the duelthe future Henry IV had had new armour constructed. Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York and Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey managed the proceedings. Just as the duel was to commence King Richard II stopped it. After two hours of deliberation King Richard II had his decision announced; both men were to be exiled. the future Henry IV for ten years,Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk forever.
On 19 Oct 1398 Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk left England never to return.

Richard II's Second Trip to Ireland

In 1398 Richard II King England travelled to Ireland with Rhys ap Tudor Tudor and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor. .

On 03 Feb 1399 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster died at Leicester Castle;Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster was by his side. He was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral. Richard II King England witheld the future Henry IV's inheritance from him giving the future Henry IV reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.

On 16 Apr 1399 Richard II King England wrote his Last Will from which the following extracts are taken … "Also we bequeath to our beloved nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey ten thousand marks and to our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York two thousand marks and to our beloved brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter three thousand marks and to our faithful and beloved William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire two thousand marks. . . we ordain and set aside for the fulfilment of all and singular the premises the sum of ninety-one thousand marks, of which sixty-five thousand marks are in the keeping of Sir John Ikelyngton and twenty-four thousand marks in the hands and keeping of our dear nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey.
. . Of this our royal testament we nominate make and depute executors the venerable fathers in Christ Richard Mitford Bishop Chichester, Bishop Salisbury, Edmund Stafford Bishop Exeter, Robert Tideman of Winchcombe Bishop Llandaff, Bishop Worcester, Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle and Guy Mone Aka Mohun Bishop St David's ; our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York, our nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey, our brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter and William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire to each of whom we bequeath a gold cup of the value of twenty pounds and our beloved and faithful clerks Master Richard Boteville Bishop Bath and Wells, Bishop Worcester, Bishop London Keeper of our Privy Seal, Master Richard Maudeleyn, Master William Fereby and Master John Ikelyngton clerks and John Lufwyk and William Serle laymen, to each of whom we will shall be paid their expenses and necessary costs while it shall happen that they or any of them are employed about the execution of our present last will, but according to the discretion of their said co-executors. . .
Whom all and singular we have charged and charge that they shall do as much as in them is for the due execution and fulfilment of this our last will as they shall wish to answer before God. We create ordain depute and make overseers of this our will the reverend fathers in Christ Roger Walden Archbishop Canterbury and Richard Scrope Archbishop York, William bishop of Winchester and William abbot of the monastery of Westminster Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York our uncle and Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland our cousin. ".

Richard II's Third Trip to Ireland

In May 1399 Richard II King England travelled to Ireland with Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle, Rhys ap Tudor Tudor and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor. .

On 24 Jul 1399 Richard II King England landed at Wales.

In 1399 Henry Green was executed by Henry IV King England for having been a councillor of Richard II King England at Bristol Castle.

Richard II Abdication

On 12 Aug 1399 Richard II King England negotiated with Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland at Conwy Castle.
On 19 Aug 1399 Richard II King England surrendered to Henry IV King England at Flint Castle.
On 29 Sep 1399 Richard II King England abdicated II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Tower of London. Thomas Grey, William Willoughby 5th Baron Willoughby Eresby, Hugh Burnell 2nd Baron Burnell and Thomas Rempston were present.
On 30 Sep 1399 Henry IV King England became IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. He had usurped his cousin Richard II and Richard's heir the seven year old Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl of March}] who was descended from Edward III's second sonLionel of Antwerp Duke of Clarence. This second usurption was to have far reaching consequences since it subsequently became the descent by which the House of York claimed precedence over the House of Lancaster being one of the causes of the Wars of the Roses.

Epiphany Rising

In Dec 1399 the Epiphany Rising was an attempt to restore Richard II King England to the throne replacing Henry IV King England.

On 14 Feb 1400 King Richard II died at Pontefract Castle, possibly murdered, possibly starved to death, as a consequence of the Epiphany Rising.
On 17 Feb 1400 Richard's corpse was displayed at St Paul's Cathedral
On 06 Mar 1400 Richard's remains were buried at King's Langley Priory.

In 1413 Richard II King England was reburied at St Edward the Confessor's Chapel.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

John "Lackland" I King England

Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 15 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 6 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 12 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 7 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Grand Son of Edward III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 7 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 6 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France

Ancestry

Father: Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales Son Edward III King England

GrandFather: Edward III King England Son Edward II King England

Great GrandFather: Edward II King England Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England Son Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry III King England Son John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon Great Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon

Great GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre Great x 4 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland Great x 3 Grandson Stephen I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault Great x 4 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Adelaide Gerulfing Count Hainault Great x 2 Granddaughter Stephen I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland Great x 5 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Bar Count Luxembourg, Count Namur Great x 4 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England

Great GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles II King Naples Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mary Unknown

Mother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England Son Henry III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry III King England Son John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England Son Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

Great x 3 GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Blois Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis IX King France Great Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maria Reginar Queen Consort France Great x 3 Granddaughter Stephen I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Reginar III Duke Brabant Great x 2 Grandson Stephen I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Adelaide Burgundy Duchess Brabant Great x 5 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England

GrandMother: Margaret Wake Countess Kent Great x 3 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great GrandFather: John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell Great x 2 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Baldwin Wake

Great x 2 GrandMother: Hawise Quincy Great Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Quincy

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elen ferch Llewellyn Aberffraw Countess Huntingdon, Countess Mar Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great GrandMother: Joan Fiennes Baroness Wake Liddell Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Fiennes

Great x 3 GrandFather: Enguerrand Ingleram Fiennes

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabel Provence

Great x 2 GrandMother: Blanche Beaumont Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Beaumont Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Jeanne Chateaudun