Biography of Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk

Timeline

On 17 Aug 1473 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk was created 1st Duke York (2C 1474).

On 17 Aug 1473 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk was born to Edward IV King England and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England at Westminster Palace.

In 1475 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk was appointed 215th Knight Garter: Edward IV.

Death of the Duke of Norfolk

On 14 Jan 1476 John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk died at Framlingham Castle. Suspicious since he was only 32. His only child Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk who inherited the vast Mowbray estates was subsequently married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk two years later. .

On 14 Jan 1476 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk by marriage 8th Earl Norfolk (3C 1312).

On 12 Jun 1476 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk was created 1st Earl Nottingham (3C 1476).

On 07 Feb 1477 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk was created 1st Duke Norfolk (2C 1481).

Marriage of Richard Duke of York and Anne Mowbray

On 15 Jan 1478 Edward IV's youngest son Richard of Shrewsbury and Anne Mowbray were married at St Stephen's Chapel in Westminster. She had recently inherited the vast Mowbray inheritance when her father John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk died in 1476. The ceremony was attended by Edward's daughters Elizabeth, Mary York and Cecily York Viscountess Welles. The day before Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk was knighted In 1483 Parliament changed the succession so Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk would continue to enjoy her inheritance (she died in 1481) effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death. .

Mowbray Succession Changed

In Jan 1483 Edward IV King England had Parliament re-enact earlier legislation regarding the Mowbray succession so that his son, Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk, who had married Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk (who had died in 1481), would continue to benefit from them effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death. .

Elizabeth Woodville takes Sanctuary at Westminster Abbey

Around 03 May 1483 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England took Sanctuary with Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset. Her brother Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury was with her. .

On 16 Jun 1483 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier removed Edward IV's youngest son Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk from Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey to the Tower of London so that he could join his brother in preparation for his Coronation. . Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham was present. .

Richard III Rewards his Supporters

On 28 Jun 1483 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk was created 1st Duchess Norfolk (3C 1483) by Richard III King England. William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley was created 1st Earl Nottingham (4C 1483). Significant insofar as both men were heirs to the vast Mowbray estates that had been inherited by Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk who had then been married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk. Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 's father Edward IV King England had attempted by very flawed legal process to legislate so that even in the event of Anne's death his son Richard would continue to benefit from the inheritance. Richard III King England was restoring John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley to their rightful inheritance. .

Robert Brackenbury appointed Constable of the Tower of London

On 17 Jul 1483 Robert Brackenbury was appointed Constable Tower of London for life meaning he was in direct care of The Princes in the Tower: Edward V King England and his brother Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk. .

Disappearance of the Princes in the Tower

Around Aug 1483 Edward V King England and his brother Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk disappeared from the Tower of London. Thomas More reports, sometime after the event, that Richard III King England requested Robert Brackenbury undertake the murder of the children. Upon Brackenbury's refusal Richard III King England instructed Robert Brackenbury give the keys to the Tower to James Tyrrell who would then undertake the task. .

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England

Edward IV King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 18 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 10 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 16 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 11 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Son of Edward IV King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 11 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 9 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 5 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Ancestry

Father: Edward IV King England Great x 2 Grandson Edward III King England

GrandFather: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales Great Grandson Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York Son Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward III King England Son Edward II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maria Padilla

Great GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster Great Grandson Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, 5th Earl Ulster Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Plantagenet Countess March, 5th Countess Ulster Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England

GrandMother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York Great Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke, Baroness Neville Raby Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland Granddaughter Edward III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster Son Edward III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward III King England Son Edward II King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster

Great x 3 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet

Mother: Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry III King England

GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers

Great GrandFather: Richard Woodville

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Woodville

Great GrandMother: Joan Bittelsgate

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Bittelsgate

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Beauchamp

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Beauchamp

GrandMother: Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great GrandFather: Peter Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol Great x 4 Grandson Henry III King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Luxembourg Great x 3 Grandson Henry III King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Guy Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol, I Count Ligny Great x 8 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mathilde Chatillon Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Brienne

Great GrandMother: Margherita Baux Great x 5 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Francesco Baux 1st Duke Andria

Great x 2 GrandMother: Sueva Orsini Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Nicholas Orsini Count Great x 3 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Jeanne Sabran