Biography of Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln

Timeline

Around 1278 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln was born to Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster and Blanche Capet Queen Navarre.

In 1294 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln and Alice Lacy Countess Leicester, Countess Lancaster, 5th Countess Salisbury, 4th Countess Lincoln were married.

On 05 Jun 1296 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln succeeded 2nd Earl Leicester (2C 1265), 2nd Earl Lancaster. Alice Lacy Countess Leicester, Countess Lancaster, 5th Countess Salisbury, 4th Countess Lincoln by marriage Countess Leicester (2C 1265), Earl Lancaster.

Battle of Falkirk

On 22 Jul 1298 Edward "Longshanks" I King England defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry with infantry completing the defeat. The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials including:
Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick
Walter Beauchamp
Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk
Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex
Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford
Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester
William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby
Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley
Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley
Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor
Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton
John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Wilton
John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster
Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March
William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley
John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave
Nicholas Segrave
Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford
Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster
John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey
Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy
Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon
Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel
Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan
John Capet II Duke Brittany
Philip Darcy
Robert Fitzroger
Roger Fitzwalter
Simon Fraser
Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke
John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell, and
Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury.
William Scrope was knighted.
John Stewart was killed.
William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock fought.

Before 09 Mar 1301 seven Earls and 96 Barons signed a letter to the Pope refuting the Pope's claim that Scotland was subject to the Pope's feudal overlordship. The letter was never sent. Those who signed include: John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey, Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln, Ralph Monthermer 1st Baron Monthermer, Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex, Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk, Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel, Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke, William Leybourne, Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster, William Latimer 1st Baron Latimer Corby, Edmund Hastings, John Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings, 14th Baron Bergavenny, Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore, Fulk Fitzwarin 2nd Baron Fitzwarin, Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy, Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter, John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Somerset, William Braose 2nd Baron Braose, John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort, Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton, John Moels 1st Baron Moels, Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley, Robert Vere 5th Earl Oxford, John Strange 1st Baron Strange Knockin, Thomas Multon 1st Baron Multon Gilsland, Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford, Walter Beauchamp, Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby, John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave, William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby, Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu, Piers Mauley 1st Baron Mauley, Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby, John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster, Roger Scales 1st Baron Scales, Thomas Furnival 1st Baron Furnivall, Hugh Bardolf 1st Baron Bardolf, Gilbert Talbot 1st Baron Talbot, William Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt, Edmund Stafford 1st Baron Stafford, Walter Fauconberg 1st Baron Fauconberg [Baron's Letter to the Pope].

Death of Edward I

On 07 Jul 1307 Edward "Longshanks" I King England died at Burgh by Sands whilst on his way north to Scotland. Edward "Longshanks" I King England gathered around him Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln, Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford and charged them with looking after his son in particular ensuring Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall didn't return from exile. .

Coronation of Edward II and Isabella

On 25 Feb 1308 Edward II King England was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Henry Woodlock, Bishop Winchester. Isabella Capet Queen Consort England was crowned as Queen Consort England. .
Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall carried the Royal Crown.
William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal carried the Gilt Spurs.
Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex carried the Royal Sceptre.
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster carried the Royal Rod.
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln carried the sword Curtana (the sword of Edward the Confessor).
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March carried the table bearing the Royal Robes.
Thomas Grey and Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter attended.

On Feb 1311 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln jure uxoris 5th Earl Salisbury (1C 1149), 4th Earl Lincoln (4C 1217).

Council of Ordainers

Around 19 Mar 1311 the nobility attempt to constrain Edward II King England by imposing a Council of Ordainers upon him. The Council included twenty-one signatories including:
Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick
Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln
Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, 7th Earl Hertford
Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury
John Capet 5th Earl Richmond
William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal, and
Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke. .

Gaveston's Escape from Newcastle

On 04 May 1312 Edward II King England and Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall were at Newcastle on Tyne Castle where they barely escaped a force led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln, Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford. Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall escaped to Scarborough, Edward II King England to York. .

Trial of Piers Gaveston

Around 15 Jun 1312 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall was tried at Warwick Castle by Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick, Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex, Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln and Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel. He was condemned to death. .

In 1318 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln and Alice Lacy Countess Leicester, Countess Lancaster, 5th Countess Salisbury, 4th Countess Lincoln were divorced.

Battle of Boroughbridge

On 16 Mar 1322 the rebel army led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln attempted to cross the bridge at Boroughbridge. Their path was blocked by forces loyal to the King led by Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle. Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex was killed. Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere, Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March, John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort and John Maltravers 1st Baron Maltravers fought for the rebels. Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford, Nicholas Longford, Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln, John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray were captured. Warin Lisle hanged after the battle. .
Following the battle Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester and his wife Margaret Clare Countess Gloucester were both imprisoned. He in Nottingham Castle and she in Sempringham Priory.
John Clinton 2nd Baron Clinton, Ralph Greystoke 1st Baron Greystoke, William Latimer 2nd Baron Latimer Corby, Robert Lisle 1st Baron Lisle, Domhnall Mar II Earl Mar and Peter Saltmarsh fought for the King.

On 22 Mar 1322 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln was beheaded at Pontefract Castle [Despencer War Executions].

After 22 Mar 1322 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln was buried at Pontefract Priory.

Battle of Boroughbridge

On 25 Mar 1322 Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle was created 1st Earl Carlisle (1C 1322) in reward for his capture of Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln at the Battle of Boroughbridge.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

John "Lackland" I King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 13 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings England: Grand Son of Henry III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 5 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 3 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great Grand Son of Louis "Lion" VIII King France

Ancestry

Father: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster Son Henry III King England

GrandFather: Henry III King England Son John "Lackland" I King England

Great GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England Son Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy

Great x 3 GrandMother: Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy Daughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England

Great x 3 GrandFather: William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine

Great x 3 GrandMother: Aenor Chatellerault Duchess Aquitaine

Great GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Aymer Angouleme I Count Angouleme

Great x 3 GrandFather: William "Taillefer" Angouleme VI Count Angouleme

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Courtenay Count Angouleme

Great x 3 GrandFather: Peter Courtenay

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Unknown

GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

Great GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

Great x 2 GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alfonso II King Aragon

Great x 3 GrandMother: Sancha Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon

Great x 2 GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran Count Provence

Great GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy

Great x 3 GrandFather: Humbert Savoy III Count Savoy

Great x 3 GrandMother: Beatrice Macon Count Savoy

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Geneva Count Savoy

Mother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

GrandFather: Robert Capet Great Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France Great x 3 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip Augustus II King France Great x 2 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis VII King Franks

Great x 3 GrandMother: Adèle Blois Great Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabelle Flanders Queen Consort France

Great x 3 GrandFather: Baldwin Flanders V Count Hainault

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Metz Count Hainault, Count Flanders

Great GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Alfonso VIII King Castile

Great x 3 GrandFather: Sancho III King Castile

Great x 3 GrandMother: Blanche Ramirez Queen Consort Castile

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Consort Castile Daughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England

GrandMother: Matilda Reginar Count Saint-Pol Great x 2 Granddaughter Stephen I King England

Great GrandFather: Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant Great Grandson Stephen I King England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Reginar VIII Duke Lower Lorraine, I Duke Brabant

Great x 3 GrandFather: Godfrey Reginar VIII Duke Lower Lorraine

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Luxembourg Duchess Lower Lorraine

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maud Metz Granddaughter Stephen I King England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Matthew Metz Count Boulogne

Great x 3 GrandMother: Marie Blois I Count Boulogne Daughter Stephen I King England

Great GrandMother: Marie Swabia Duchess Brabant

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip Swabia