Biography of Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455

Timeline

On 27 Nov 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (24) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 were married.Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 by marriage Countess Somerset (2C 1397).

In 1406 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 was born to John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (33) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439

On 16 Mar 1410 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (37) died at Hospital of St Katharine's by the Tower, Tower Hill, City of London.He was buried at St Michael's Chapel, Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent.His son Henry Beaufort 2nd Earl Somerset 1401-1418 (8) succeeded as 2nd Earl Somerset (2C 1397)

Parliament Passes a Bill to Prevent Catherine of Valois Marrying

In 1428 Parliament Passes a Bill to Prevent Catherine of Valois Marrying without the consent of the King.The Bill appears to be in response to rumours that Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (26) and Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (21) were having an affair, and were planning to marry.

Birth of Edmund Tudor

On 11 Jun 1430 Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 was born to Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (30) and Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (28) at Much Hadham Palace, Much Hadham, Hertfordshire (which belonged to the Bishops of London).There is speculation that the biological father was Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (24) with whom Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (28) was rumoured to have had an affair. Interesting, perhaps, that he was named Edmund rather than Owen.Interesting that he took the Royal Arms of England differenced.Also interesting that his younger brother was named Jasper; a Persian name meaning 'Keeper of the Treasure.'

Around 1432 Eleanor Beaufort Countess Ormonde 1432-1501 was born to Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (26) and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (24)

In 1433 Joan Beaufort Baroness Howth 1433-1518 was born to Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (27) and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (24)

In 1435 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (28) and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (26) were married

In 1435 Anne Beaufort 1435-1496 was born to Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (28) and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (26)

In 1436 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (29) was appointed 150th Knight Garter: Henry VI

On 26 Jan 1436 Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 was born to Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (29) and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (27)

Around 1437 Margaret Beaufort 1437-1474 was born to Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (30) and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (28)

In 1439 Edmund Beaufort 4th Duke Somerset 1439-1471 was born to Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (33) and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (30)

On 31 Dec 1439 Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 died

In 1441 John Beaufort 1441-1471 was born to Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (34) and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (32)

In 1442 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (35) was created 1st Marquess Dorset (2C 1442), 1st Earl Dorset (3C 1442).Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (33) by marriage Marchioness Dorset (2C 1442)

In 1442 Thomas Beaufort 1442-1463 was born to Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (35) and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (33)

In 1443 Elizabeth Beaufort 1443-1471 was born to Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (36) and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (34)

On 27 May 1444 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (38) succeeded 4th Earl Somerset (2C 1397).Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (35) by marriage Countess Somerset (2C 1397).

Treaty of Tours

On 28 May 1444 the Treaty of Tours was concluded. The terms included the marriage of Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (22) and Margaret of Anjou (14) in return for which England ceded the strategically important French County of Maine to France; she brought no dowry. The Treaty was negotiated by William de la Pole Duke of Suffolk (47). The cessation of Maine subsequently came as something of surprise to Edmund Beaufort Earl Somerset (38) who was its Governor. He, Somerset (38), was offered the Governorship of Normandy instead leading to a further rift between Somerset (38) and Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460{Richard Duke of York} who had already been offered Normandy. These seeds of the Wars of the Roses were falling on fertile ground.

Warwick Succeeds

On 03 Jan 1448 Anne Beauchamp 15th Countess Warwick 1443-1448 (4) died at Ewelme, Oxfordshire aged four whilst in the care of Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (43).After a prolonged legal dispute between her three half-aunts, and her full aunt, the courts decided her full aunt Anne Beauchamp (21) should succeed; Anne Beauchamp (21) succeeded as 16th Countess Warwick.Her husband Richard Neville (20) became jure uxoris 16th Earl Warwick (1C 1088); the first step on his journey to becoming Kingmaker. The decision of the court was not subscribed to by Edmund Beaufort Earl Somerset (41) who was married to Anne's (21) half-sister Eleanor (39); he wanted his share of the considerable Beauchamp inheritance.

On Mar 1448 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (41) succeeded 2nd Duke Somerset (2C 1448).Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (39) by marriage Duchess Somerset (2C 1448).

On Oct 1453 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (47) was imprisoned by Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (42) at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Birth of Edward of Westminster

On 13 Oct 1453 Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 was born to Henry VI (31) and Margaret of Anjou (23) at Westminster Palace. When King Henry (31) recovered from his catatonic state, he greeted the child as a 'miracle'. There is some speculation as the child's actual father since Kingn Henry (31) and Queen Margaret (23) had been married for eight years before the child was born. Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (47) was suggested at the time..

On Jan 1455 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (48) was released by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (33)

On Jan 1455 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (48) was appointed as Captain Calais

First Battle of St Albans

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced with the First Battle of St Albans. Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (43) commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (27), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (55), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (40) and Walter Strickland 1411-1467 (44).
The Lancastrians Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49), Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland 1393-1455, William Cotton 1410-1455 (45), Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 and Richard Fortescue 1414-1455 were killed. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (52) was wounded and captured. Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (33), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (54) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 were captured. Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (34) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) both fought.

On 06 Mar 1468 Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (59) died at Baynard's Castle, Castle Baynard, City of London.

Mary Beaufort was born to Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Aoife NI Diarmait Macmurrough Countess Pembroke, Countess Buckingham 1145-1188

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Edward III King England 1312-1377

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 8 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 14 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 9 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great Grand Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377

Kings Scotland: Great x 9 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 7 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son Edward II King England 1284-1327

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327 Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314 Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304 Great x 3 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland 1252-1311 Great x 5 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Great GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380

Mother: Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Robert Holland 1st Baron Holand 1283-1328

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert de Holand of Upholland

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maud Zouche Baroness Holand Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314 Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Segrave

Great GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Blois 1279-1318 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Wake Countess Kent 1305-1349 Great x 3 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell 1268-1300 Great x 2 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Fiennes Baroness Wake Liddell -1309 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 Great x 4 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302 Great x 3 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo Countess Arundel

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Warenne -1286

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Vere

Great GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372 Great Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 Son Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

Great x 3 GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1250-1283

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer 1263-1306