Biography of Edward IV King England 1442-1483

Timeline

On Oct 1429 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (18) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (14) were married. Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (14) by marriage Countess Cambridge (3C 1414) Countess Ulster.

On 28 Apr 1442 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (30) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (26) at Rouen

In Jun 1449 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (7) travelled to Ireland

In 1457 John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield 1400- (57) was appointed Lord Keeper of the Great Seal by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (35) during his re-adeption but lost it again when Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (14) was restored in 1471.

Battle of Ludford Bridge

On 12 Oct 1459 the Battle of Ludford Bridge nearly took place at Ludford Bridge, Ludlow, Shropshire. In the event a large number of the Calais garrison refused to fight against Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (37) who was present. The Yorkist leaders left overnight: Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (48), the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (17), Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (16), Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) and John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham 1433-1501 (26). Thomas Parr 1407-1464 was present. The Lancastrian army included Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (41).

Around Nov 1459 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (17) fled to Calais

On Dec 1459 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (17) was attainted

Yorkist Landing at Sandwich

On 26 Jun 1460 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32) landed at Sandwich, Kent.

Battle of Northampton 1460

On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32), George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 (27), William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (55), Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (43), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (45) and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 defeated the Lancastrian army at the Battle of Northampton 1460.
Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (38) was captured.
Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (57), John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury, 2nd Earl Waterford 1417-1460 (42), Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 and John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 were killed.
Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (40) fought.
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 and William Norreys 1441-1507 were knighted.
Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460 was executed following the battle.

On 30 Dec 1460 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) succeeded 4th Duke York (1C 1385), 9th Earl Ulster, 3rd Earl Cambridge (3C 1414)

Battle of Wakefield

On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle, Wakefield, Yorkshire. The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 and Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461, and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (25) and William Gascoigne 1430-1463 (30), both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461, John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461, Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33) and Thomas St Leger 1440-1483.
The Yorkist army was heavily defeated. Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49), Thomas Neville 1430-1460, Thomas Harrington 1400-1460, William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 (18) and Edward Bourchier -1460 were killed. Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460. William Bonville 1420-1460 (40) was executed. Thomas Parr 1407-1464 fought in the Yorkist army.
Following the battle Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (17) was executed by John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 by which he gained his sobriquet "Butcher".

Battle of Mortimer's Cross

On 02 Feb 1461 at the Battle of Mortimer's Cross at Wigmore, Herefordshire the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) commanded the Yorkist forces including William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30), John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61), John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490, John Savage 1444-1544 and Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (51). In the Lancastrian army Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (61) (captured by Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (51) ) and his son Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (29) fought as well as James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40). Gruffydd ap Nicholas Deheubarth 1393-1461 was killed.
Following the battle Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (61) was beheaded in the Market Place, Hereford, Herefordshire. He was buried thereafter in Greyfriars Church, Hereford, Herefordshire in a tomb paid for by his son David Owen 1459-1535 (2)

Second Battle of St Albans

On 18 Feb 1461 the Lancastrian army defeated the Yorkist army at Second Battle of St Albans and rescued Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (39). The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 and included Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461, John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45), Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470. Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33), William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46), John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12) and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41) were knighted.
The Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (33), William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (43), John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (56). John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (30) was captured. Robert Poynings 1419-1461 and James Luttrell Baron Dunster 1427-1461 (34) were killed.
John Grey 1432-1461 was killed fighting for Lancaster. A death that was to have far reaching consequences; his widow Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (23) subsequently married Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18).
After the battle William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 (68) and Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (64) were beheaded after having protected Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (39) during the battle against all decent laws of battle. Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (30) reneged on their immunity and tried them in front of her seven year old son Prince Edward who ordered them to be beheaded.

Around Mar 1461 Thomas Billing -1481 was knighted on the accession of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18).

On 04 Mar 1461 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) usurped IV King England: Plantagenet York

Proclamation of Edward IV as King

On 04 Mar 1461 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) declared himself King of England. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) was present.

Battle of Towton

On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses. Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.
The Yorkist army was commanded by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) with John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45), Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475, William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (56), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy 1416-1474, Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (56), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61).
The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461, Richard Percy 1426-1461, Ralph Bigod 1410-1461, John Bigod -1461, Robert Cromwell 1390-1461, Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1412-1461, Ralph Eure 1412-1461, John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461, Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461, John Beaumont 1428-1461, Thomas Dethick 1400-1461 (61), Everard Simon Digby -1461, William Plumpton -1461 and William Welles 1410-1461 who were killed.
Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (60), William Norreys 1441-1507, Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461, Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464, John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12), Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470, Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (56), James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde 1422-1476 (39), William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41). Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (41) were captured.
On 03 Apr 1461 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon 1432-1461 (28) was beheaded at York, Yorkshire.
Robert Dethick 1375-1461 (86) was killed.
John Heron of Ford Castle Northumberland 1416-1461 (44) was killed.
Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 was executed

Edward IV marries Eleanor Talbot (possibly)

Around Jun 1461 , the record is very vague, Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Eleanor Talbot 1436-1468 were possibly secretly married by Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (41). The marriage came to light after Edward's death. Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (41) provided the information to the future Richard III King England 1452-1485 (8) in 1483; Richard used the information to justify his succeeding to be King since Edward IV's (19) children with Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (24) were, therefore, illegitimate as a result of their marriage being bigamous and George Duke of Clarence's (11) children were barred from the throne as a consequence of their father's attainder.

Coronation of Edward IV

On 28 Jun 1461 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (19) was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (43) who was assisted by William Booth Archbishop York 1388-1464 at Westminster Abbey during the Coronation of Edward IV

Edward IV Rewards his Followers

On 26 Jul 1461 William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) was created 1st Baron Hastings (2C 1430) for supporting Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (19) in his claim to the throne.
Robert Ogle 1st Baron Ogle 1406-1469 (55) was created 1st Baron Ogle by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (19) for having been the principal Northumbrian gentleman to support the Yorkist cause.

Vere Plot to Murder Edward IV

Before 20 Feb 1462 John Vere 12th Earl Oxford 1408-1462, his son Aubrey Vere -1462 and Thomas Tuddenham 1401-1462 (60) were arrested for treason against King Edward IV (19). They were subsequently tried by John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (34).
On 20 Feb 1462 Aubrey Vere -1462 was executed at Tower Hill.
On 23 Feb 1462 William Tyrrell 1408-1462, John Montgomery -1462 and Thomas Tuddenham 1401-1462 (60) were beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 26 Feb 1462 John Vere 12th Earl Oxford 1408-1462 was hanged at Tower Hill.

On 28 Feb 1463 Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (7) succeeded his father as 9th Baron Lovel of Titchmarsh, 6th Baron Holand at around eight years of age. He became a ward of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (20) who gave his wardship to Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (35) spending his childhood at Middleham Castle, Middleham, Yorkshire with the young (future) Richard III King England 1452-1485 (10).

On 21 Aug 1463 Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 arrived at Dover, Kent with Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (21).

Around 1464 Elizabeth York 1464- was born illegitimately to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (21) and Elizabeth Waite

In 1464 Henry Pierrepoint -1463 rewarded by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (21) for his good and laudable services at his great cost and charges, and with manifold bodily dangers against the king's rebels levying war against him.

Marriage of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville

Around May 1464 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (22) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (27) were married at Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire. Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 (49), Elizabeth's mother, being the only witness.

Edward IV announces his marriage at Privy Council

On Sep 1464 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (22) announced his recent marriage at Privy Council to the astonishment of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (36) who had until recently been actively seeking a French Princess as Edward's future wife.

Coronation of Elizabeth Woodville

On 26 May 1465 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (28) was crowned as Queen Consort England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (47) at Westminster Abbey. Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (23) attended. John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499, Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (25) and Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (11) were appointed Knight of the Bath. .

On 11 Feb 1466 Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (23) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (28) at Westminster Palace, Westminster

In 1467 John Russell Bishop Rochester, Bishop Lincoln -1494 sent by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (24) on a diplomatic mission to Charles "Bold" Valois-Burgundy Duke Burgundy 1433-1477 (33) at Bruges

On 13 May 1467 John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (5) was created 1st Earl Lincoln (6C 1467) by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25), his uncle. Margaret Fitzalan Countess Lincoln by marriage Countess Lincoln (6C 1467).

Tournament Bastard of Burgundy

On 29 May 1467 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25) and Antoine "Bastard of Burgundy" 1421-1504 met at Chelsea. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (36), Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (62), Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (12), Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (27), James Douglas 9th Earl Douglas, 3rd Earl Avondale 1426-1488 (41) and Thomas Montgomery -1495 accompanied Edward.

On 08 Jun 1467 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25) and John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (40) went to Whitehall Palace, Westminster to retrieve the Great Seal from George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 (34). Considered as a slight against the Neville family to whom Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25) was increasingly distant.

On 11 Jun 1467 the fighting on horseback took place witnessed by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25). John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (40) was Master of Ceremonies accompanied by John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (42). The day ended with the Bastard's horse having being accidentally fatally injured by Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488 saddle.

On 14 Jun 1467 the Tournament ended with a great banquet attended by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (30) at the Grocer's Hall. John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (40) and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (49) were present.

On 16 Jun 1467 a great banquet was hosted by the King's older sister Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 (27) and, in the absence of her husband Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 who remained, her future husband Thomas St Leger 1440-1483. Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (30) attended as did Antoine "Bastard of Burgundy" 1421-1504.

On 11 Aug 1467 Mary York 1467-1482 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (30) at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

Meeting at Salisbury

On 10 May 1468 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (26), his brother Richard III King England 1452-1485 (15), John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (41) and John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 met in the Chapter House, Salisbury Cathedral, Salisbury, Wiltshire.

On 24 May 1468 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (26) was admitted to the confraternity of the Chapter of Salisbury in the Chapter House, Salisbury Cathedral, Salisbury, Wiltshire.

Marriage of Charles the Bold and Margaret of York

Before 03 Jul 1468 Charles "Bold" Valois-Burgundy Duke Burgundy 1433-1477 (34) and Margaret of Burgundy 1446-1503 were married at Bruges. John Paston 1444-1504 (24) travelled with Margaret. The marriage re-enforced Edward's connection with the Low Countries. After Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (40) rebelled against Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (26) escaped to the Low Countries.

Execution of Warwick's Supporters

On 17 Jan 1469 Thomas Hungerford -1469 and Henry Courtenay -1469 were beheaded in Salisbury Marketplace in the presence of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (26) for having supported Warwick The Kingmaker's Rebellion.

On 20 Mar 1469 Cecily York Viscountess Welles 1469-1507 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (26) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (31) at Westminster Palace, Westminster. Named after her father's mother Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (53).

Capture of Edward IV

After 26 Jul 1469 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) was captured by his brother George (19) at Olney, Buckinghamshire after the Battle of Edgecote Moor.

Around 05 Aug 1469 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) was imprisoned at Warwick Castle, Warwick, Warwickshire

Around 15 Aug 1469 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) was imprisoned at Middleham Castle, Middleham, Yorkshire

On 10 Sep 1469 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) was released by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (41) afer Warwick realised he didn't have sufficient support for an alternative regime.

Execution of the Neville Brothers

On 29 Sep 1469 brothers Humphrey Neville 1439-1469 and Charles Neville -1469 were beheaded at York, Yorkshire in the presence of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (41)bringing to and end the Neville-Neville fued that arose as a consequence of the senior line being dis-inherited.

Around Oct 1469 Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 rescued Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) from Middleham Castle, Middleham, Yorkshire

Battle of Losecoat Field (Empingham)

On 12 Mar 1470 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) fought at Empingham, Rutlandshire during the Battle of Losecoat Field (Empingham). Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby Eresby -1470 was captured.

On 01 May 1470 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (28) fled at Flanders

Edward IV escapes to Flanders

In Sep 1470 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (28) fled from King's Lynn, Norfolk to the court of Charles the Bold (36) who was married to his sister Margaret of Burgundy 1446-1503 two years earlier.

Edward V born in Sanctuary

On 02 Nov 1470 the future Edward V was born to Edward IV (28) and Elizabeth Woodville (33) in Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey. His father was abroad in Flanders. His Godparents included the Abbot and Prior of Westminster, and Elizabeth St John Baroness Scrope Bolton, Baroness Zouche Harringworth -1494.

In 1471 the wardship of Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (15) was awarded by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (28) to his sister Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (26).

Edward IV lands at Ravenspur

On 14 Mar 1471 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (28) landed at Ravenspur, East Riding, Yorkshire with William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (40).

Battle of Barnet

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV (28) commanded at the Battle of Barnet supported by hos brothers George (21) and Richard (18), John Babington 1423-1485, Wiliam Hastings (40) (commanded), Ralph Hastings -1495, William Norreys 1441-1507, William Parr 1434-1483, John Savage 1422-1495, Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490, Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 and Thomas Strickland -1494.
The Yorkists William Blount -1471, Humphrey Bourchier 1431-1471, Humphrey Bourchier 1435-1471 and Thomas Parr -1471 were killed. Henry Stafford 1425-1471 was killed making his wife Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (27) a widow for the second time.
The Lancastrians Warwick the Kingmaker (43), John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (40), William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele 1428-1471 and William Tyrrell -1471 were killed. !Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford 1425-1471 and John Paston 1444-1504 (27) were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (28) commanded, and John Paston 1442-1479 (29) and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 fought. .
Robert Harleston 1435-1471 (36) was killed.
Thomas Hen Salusbury 1409-1471 was killed.

Battle of Tewkesbury

On 04 May 1471 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (29) was victorious at the Battle of Tewkesbury.
His brother Richard (18), Richard Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Powick 1435-1503, John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (46), George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492, John Savage 1422-1495, John Savage 1444-1544, Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490, Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 fought. William Brandon 1425-1491, George Browne 1440-1483, Ralph Hastings -1495, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503, James Tyrrell 1455-1502, Roger Kynaston 1433-1495 (38) were knighted. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (40) commanded.
Margaret of Anjou (41) was captured. Her son Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (17) was killed. He was the last of the Lancastrian line excluding the illegitmate Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 (10) whose line continues to the present.
John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (36), John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (71) and John Beaufort 1441-1471 were killed. Edmund Beaufort 4th Duke Somerset 1439-1471 (31) and Hugh Courtenay 1427-1471 (44) were beheaded after the battle.
04 May 1471 William Vaux of Harrowden 1436-1471 (35) was killed

On 09 May 1471 George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492 was knighted by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (29)

On 10 Apr 1472 Margaret York 1472-1472 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (29) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (35)

On 17 Aug 1473 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (36) at Westminster Palace, Westminster

Anne Neville declared Legally Dead

In 1474 Parliament declared Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that Edward IV's (31) two younger brothers George (24) and the Richard (21), who had married Anne Beauchamp's (47) daughters, Isabel (22) and Anne (17) respectively, could enjoy the significant Beauchamp inheritance after her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471.
Some of the inhertance should have been given to George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) but he was only thirteen at the time; his father John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, younger brother of Warwick the Kingmaker, had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet. He, George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13), died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) and before Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) acceded to the throne. Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male. Upon the death of George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (55).

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32).
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32).
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32).
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32).
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32).
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32).
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32).
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32).
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32).
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32).
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387

After 1475. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter in St Mary's Church, Ewelme, Oxfordshire. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 Roet impaled Chaucer; Alice's paternal grandparents
2 De la Pole impaled Stafford; her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 De la Pole quartered Chaucer
5 Roet impaled Chaucer
6 Chaucer
7 De la Pole
8 De la Pole impaled Royal Arms of England signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (30) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (32).
Detail of the North Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess of Suffolk. Arms from left to right . . .
1 De la Pole quarterd Chaucer impaled Unknown
2 De la Pole; her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 De la Pole quarted Chaucer; Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 Chaucer; Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer; Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 Roet; Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 Roet impaling Royal Arms of England probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 Roet impaling Chaucer; her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387

Treaty of Picquigny

On 29 Aug 1475 Edward IV (33) signed the Treaty of Picquigny; in effect a non-aggression pact or, possible, a protection racket. France would pay Edward a pension of 50,000 crowns per year as long as he didn't invade France. Cardinal Bourchier (57) arbitrated on behalf of Edward. William Hastings (44) received a pension of 2000 crowns per year, John Howard (50) and Thomas Montgomery 1200 each, Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York (52) 1000, Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (55) 600.
Edward's youngest brother Richard (22) opposed the Treaty considering it dishonourable. Roger Cheney 1442-1499 was present at the signing, and remained as a hostage until Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (33) returned to England.

In Sep 1475 Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 drowned on his return from France having probably been thrown over-board on the orders of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (33).

On 02 Nov 1475 Anne York 1475-1511 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (33) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (38) at Westminster Palace, Westminster

Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York

On 29 Jul 1476 Edward I's paternal grand-father Edward of York, his father Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460{Richard of York} and and his younger brother Edmund were reburied at St Mary and All Saints in Fotheringhay in a ceremony attended by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34), George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (26), Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (21), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (45), Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (36). .

Trial and Execution of Ankarette Twynyho

On 22 Dec 1476 Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (25) died in childbirth. George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (27) believed she had been murdered by Ankarette Twynyho -1477.
On 12 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was arrested at Keyford, Somerset and taken to Bath, Somerset.
On 13 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 taken to Cirencester, Gloucestershire.
On 15 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was hanged at Myton Gallows, Warwick, Warwickshire. John Thursby -1477 was executed at Myton Gallows, Warwick, Warwickshire.
In 1478 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was pardoned by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34).

On Mar 1477 George York 1st Duke Bedford 1477-1479 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (39) at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

In 1478 Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (58) was imprisoned as a result of an unknown association with George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (28) but speculated to be about Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (35) 's pre-contract with Eleanor Butler.

On 14 Aug 1479 Catherine York 1479-1527 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (37) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (42)

On 10 Nov 1480 Bridget York 1480-1517 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (38) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (43) at Eltham Palace, Eltham, Greenwich, Kent

Mowbray Succession Changed

In Jan 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (40) had Parliament re-enact earlier legislation regarding the Mowbray succession so that his son, Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473-, who had married Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (who had died in 1481), would continue to benefit from them effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death.

On 25 Mar 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (40) returned to Westminster from Windsor, Berkshire. A few days later he became sufficiently unwell to add codicils to his will, and to have urged reconciliation between William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28) ; it isn't clear what the cause of the friction between the two men was although it appears well known that Hastings resented the Woodville family.

Death of Edward IV

On 09 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (40) died at Westminster. Those present included Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28).

After 09 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 lay in state at St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster Palace, Westminster

Funeral of Edward IV

On 20 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was buried at Altar, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire. Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) celebrated the mass. John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) attended. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) was chief mourner. John Savage 1444-1544 and Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 were pall-bearers.

Around 09 Jun 1483 Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (63) informed a Council meeting that the coronation of Edward V King England 1470- could not proceed since he was illegitimate since his father's marriage to his mother Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46) had been bigamous since Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had previously married Eleanor Talbot 1436-1468 at which Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (63) presided. The only witness being Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (63).

Execution of Hastings

On 13 Jun 1483 William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) was beheaded having been accused of treasonable conspiracy with the Queen at the earlier Council Meeting convened by Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) and attended by Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) at Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) and Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) were arrested.
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) was buried in North Aisle, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire next to Edward IV King England 1442-1483.

On 16 Jun 1483 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) removed Edward IV's youngest son Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- from Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey to the Tower of London so that he could join his brother in preparation for his Coronation. . Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) was present.

The Princes of the Tower described as Illegitimate

On 22 Jun 1483 Ralph Shaa -1484 preached the bastardy of Edward IV's children by Elizabeth Woodville, including Edward V, and were therefore ineligible to be King, at St Paul's Cross.

Richard III Rewards his Supporters

On 28 Jun 1483 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) by Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) was created 1st Earl Nottingham (4C 1483). Significant insofar as both men were heirs to the vast Mowbray estates that had been inherited by Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 who had then been married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473-. Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- 's father Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had attempted by very flawed legal process to legislate so that even in the event of Anne's death his son Richard would continue to benefit from the inheritance. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was restoring John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) to their rightful inheritance.

On 08 Jun 1492 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (55) died at Bermondsey, Southwark, Surrey. She was buried at the Altar, St George's Chapel.

On 31 May 1495 Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (80) died. She was buried at St Mary and All Saints, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire.

04 May 1461. Westminster. Patent Rolls. Edward IV. 1461. Grant for life to the king's kinsman George, bishop of Exeter, from Easter last of the custody of the king's manor manor or lordship of Chiltern Langley, Hertfordshire, with mills, rents, vert and other profits, excepting 250 rabbits yearly for the king's hosehold, at a yearly rent of 50 marks 20d as formerly and 6s 8d besides; with acquittance of repairs and alloanc for any annuity granted out of the manor. By K.

07 May 1461. Middleham Castle, Middleham, Yorkshire. Patent Rolls. Edward IV. 1461. Grant to the king's kinsman Richard, earl of Warwick, of the custody of all lordships, manors and lands with knight's fees and advowsons held by the king's uncle George Neville 1st Baron Latimer Snape 1407-1469, knight, lord Latymer, within the county of York or elsewhere, during the idiotcy of the latter, even though no inquisition has been taken. By other letters patent.

12 Mar 1461. Westminster. Patent Rolls. Edward IV. 1461. Commission to the king's kinsman Richard, earl of Warwick, to receive deserters from the party of Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 and to cause proclamations to be made to the effect, and to seize the possessions of all recusants. By K by word of mouth.

On 05 Jun 1461. Westminster. Patent Rolls. Edward IV. 1461. Grant for life to Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury, of the custody of the lordship, manor and park of Langle by Maydeston, co Kent, rendering 5 marks yearly. By K.

26 Nov 1461. Westminster. Patent Rolls. Edward IV. 1461. The like (Grant for life) to Margaret, duchess of Somerset, of 166l 13s 4d yearly from Michaelmas, 39 Henry VI, from the king's petty custom in the port of London and the same at the same at the receipt of the Exchequer, in lieu of a grant and confirmation to her of the same sums in pdwer by latters atent dated 9 July, surrendered. By K.

02 Dec 1461. Westminster. Patent Rolls. Edward IV. 1461. Grant for life to the king's kinsman John, earl of Worcester, of the office of the constable of the Tower of London, with the accustomed fees.

02 May 1461. Westminster. Patent Rolls. Edward IV. 1461. The like (Grant for life) to the king's kinsman John Neville of Montagu, knight, from Easter last, of the king's mines in Decon and Cornwall in which gold and silver can be found or worked for, at a rent of 110l yearly, as the king's father used to pay, with power of demise the same for 10, 15 or 20 years, provided that after his death the holders pay a tithe of the pure silver or lead to the king or his farmer. By p. s.

03 Dec 1461. Westminster. Patent Rolls. Edward IV. 1461. Appointment of the king's kinsman Richard, earl of Warwick, to execute the office of steward of England at the trial of Henry VI and other rebels who murdered the King's father Richard, duke of York, at Wakefield.

Funeral of Edward IV

On 17 Apr 1483, the coffin of Edward IV was carried to Westminster Abbey by Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524, John Savage 1444-1544, Thomas Wortley 1433-1514, Thomas Molyneux 1445-1483, probably John Welles 1st Viscount Welles 1450-1498 who had married Edward's daughter Cecily), John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499, Walter Hungerford 1464-1516, Guy Wolston 1433-1490, John Sapcote 1448-1501, Thomas Tyrrell 1453-1512, John Risley, Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525, John Norreys, Louis de Bretelles and John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch 1294-1314.
Those in the procession included:
Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, widow of Edward's sister Anne
William Parr 1434-1483
John Astley 1373-1488
William Stonor 1450-1494
Henry Ferrers 1443-1500
James Radclyffe 1440-1484
George Browne 1440-1483
Gilbert Debenham
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 walked in front of the coffin with Edward's personal arms.
John Marlow Abbot Bermondsey followed by:
Thomas Kempe Bishop London 1382-1489
John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield 1400- (Bishop of Chester?)
Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491
Edward Story Bishop Chichester -1503
Richard Bell Bishop Carlisle -1496
James Goldwell Bishop Norwich -1499
William Dudley Bishop Durham 1425-1483
John Russell Bishop Rochester, Bishop Lincoln -1494
Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (as Bishop Ely)
Edmund Audley Bishop Rochester, Bishop Hereford, Bishop Salisbury -1524 (as Bishop Rochester)
Peter Courtenay Bishop Exeter, Bishop Winchester -1492, and
Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury 1447-1484
Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 brought up the rear.
Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486, then Archbishop of Canterbury, took no part due to infirmity.
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 ; the King's nephew,
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501
William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1451-1491 (some sources say Earl of Huntingindon?)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504
Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1415-1483
John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487
George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492
John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490
Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485
Edward Grey 1st Viscount Lisle 1432-1492
Henry Lovell 9th Baron Marshal, 8th Baron Morley 1476-1489
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491
John Brooke 7th Baron Cobham 1447-1512
Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495
Thomas Bourchier -1492
Thomas Bourchier -1533.

08 May 1461. York, Yorkshire. Patent Rolls. Edward IV. 1461. Commission to John Harrington 1414-1481, esquire, John Kyrton, Thomas Banke and William Boleyn to arrest Thomas CLaymond, esquire, Robert Heryng, 'sowter' and John Hedale, carpenter, and bring them before the king in Chancery.

Arthur York 1st Viscount Lisle -1542 was born illegitimately to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Waite

Funeral of Edward IV

On 10 Apr 1483, in the morning, the coffin of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was moved to St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster Palace, Westminster. Edward Story Bishop Chichester -1503 sang the masses. Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1415-1483, Chamberlain to Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492, offered on the Queen's behalf.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England 1312-1377

Edward IV King England 1442-1483

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 2 Grand Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 4 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 Great Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son Edward II King England 1284-1327

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327 Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile 1311-1350 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Constanza Manuel Queen Consort Castile

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maria Padilla 1344-1361

Great x 3 GrandFather: Juan García Padilla 1st Lord Villagera -1350

Great x 3 GrandMother: María González Henestrosa Lady Villagera -1356

GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge 1390-1411 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster 1374-1398 Great Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381 Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl March 1328-1360 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Montagu Countess March 1332-1381

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Plantagenet Countess March, 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Burgh 4th Countess Ulster 1332-1363 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great GrandMother: Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster 1370-1405 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372 Great Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Mother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 Great Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1262-1331

Great x 3 GrandMother: Euphemia Clavering Baroness Neville Raby 1267-1329 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke, Baroness Neville Raby 1304-1374 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley Stratton Audley 1267-1347 Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isolde Mortimer Baroness Audley Stratton Audley 1270- Great x 3 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352 Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy 1303-1365 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Clare Baroness Clifford, Baroness Welles 1276-1327 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son Edward II King England 1284-1327

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327 Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Great x 2 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380