Biography of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Timeline

Wedding of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence

On 14 Jan 1236 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (28) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (13) were married at Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent by Edmund Rich Archbishop Canterbury 1174-1240 (61).

On 17 Jun 1239 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (31) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (16) at Westminster Palace, Westminster

Christening of Edward I

On 22 Jun 1239 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 was christened at Westminster Abbey. Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 as godfather. He was named after Edward "Confessor" King England 1003-1066

Wedding of Edward I and Eleanor of Castile

On 01 Nov 1254 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (15) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (13) were married at Abbey of Santa Maria la Real de Huelgas. .

Battle of Northampton

On 06 Apr 1264 the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (24), Philip Marmion 5th Baron Marmion 1233-1291 (30) and Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (49) fought for the King at Northampton Castle, Northampton, Northamptonshire during the Battle of Northampton. Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 fought for the rebels with his son Simon "Younger" Montfort 1240-1271 who was captured.

Battle of Lewes

On 14 May 1264 the army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 including Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (20), Henry Hastings 1235-1269 and Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave 1238-1295 (26) defeated the army of Henry III King England 1207-1272 (56) during the Battle of Lewes at Lewes, East Sussex, Sussex. Henry III King England 1207-1272 (56), his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (24), Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275, Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272 (55), John "Red Comyn" Comyn 1st Lord Baddenoch 1220-1275 (44), Philip Marmion 5th Baron Marmion 1233-1291 (30) and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 (31) were captured. John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (33), John Balliol 1207-1268 (56), Robert Bruce 5th Lord Annadale 1215-1295 (49), Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (49) and William Valence 1st Earl Pembroke -1296 fought for the King. Guy Lusignan -1264 was killed. Fulk IV Fitzwarin 1220-1264 (44) drowned. Walter Cantilupe Bishop Worcester 1191-1266 (71) was present and blessed the Montfort army before the battle.

On 28 May 1264 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (24) escaped at Hereford, Herefordshire

Prince Edward's Escape from Kenilworth Castle

On 28 May 1265 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (25), with the help of Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (50) escaped from Kenilworth Castle. .

Battle of Evesham

On 04 Aug 1265 the army loyal to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (57), led by his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (26), supported by Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (21), Warin Basingburne and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 (33) defeated the rebel army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 at the Battle of Evesham.
Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (50) fought and reputedly saved the King's life.
Adam Mohaut rescued the King.
Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 and his son Henry Montfort 1238-1265 were killed.
Hugh Despencer 1st Baron Despencer 1223-1265 was killed by Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1231-1282.
Simon Beauchamp 1234-1265, Ralph Basset 1st Baron Basset Drayton 1242-1265, William Devereux 1219-1265, Hugh Troyes -1265, Richard Trussel -1265, Peter Montfort 1205-1265 (59), William Mandeville -1265, William Crepping -1265, William Birmingham -1265, Guy Balliol -1265 and Thomas Astley 1215-1265 were killed. Henry Hastings 1235-1269, Humphrey Bohun 1225-1265, Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave 1238-1295 (27), John Vesci -1289, John Fitzjohn and Guy Montfort Count Nola 1244-1288 were captured.
John Vesci -1289 was wounded and taken prisoner.

On 18 Jun 1269 Eleanor Plantagenet 1269- was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (30) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (28) at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

On Apr 1272 Joan of Acre Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford 1272-1307 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (32) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (31) at Acre

Death of Henry III

On 16 Nov 1272 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (65) died at Westminster.

On 16 Nov 1272 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (33) succeeded I King England: Plantagenet Angevin

On 24 Nov 1273 Alfonso Plantagenet 1273-1284 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (34) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (32)

Coronation Edward I

On 19 Aug 1274 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (35) was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (33) was crowned as Queen Consort England. .

On 15 Mar 1275 Margaret Plantagenet Duchess Brabant 1275-1333 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (35) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (34) at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

Treaty of Aberconwy

In 1277 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (38) and Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw 1233-1282 signed the Treaty of Aberconwy by which Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw 1233-1282 agreed that Welsh self-rule would end with the death of Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw 1233-1282. As part of the Treaty Owain "The Red" Aberffraw 1232-1282 was released from Dolbadarn Castle, Dolbadarn, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales.

On 11 Mar 1279 Mary Plantagenet 1279-1332 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (39) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (38) at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire

On 07 Aug 1282 Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland 1282-1316 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (43) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (41) at Rhuddlan Castle, Rhuddlan, Denbighshire, North-East Wales

In 1283 Roger Mowbray 1st Baron Mowbray 1257-1297 (25) was created 1st Baron Mowbray (1C 1283) by Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (43).

On 22 Jun 1283 Dafydd ap Gruffudd Aberffraw Prince Wales 1238-1283 and Owain ap Dafydd Aberffraw 1275-1325 were captured at Nanhysglain, Bangor, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales. Dafydd ap Gruffudd Aberffraw Prince Wales 1238-1283, seriously wounded in the struggle, was brought to King Edward's (44) camp at Rhuddlan, Denbighshire, North-East Wales that same night. Dafydd ap Gruffudd Aberffraw Prince Wales 1238-1283 was taken from here to Chester, Cheshire and then on to Shrewsbury, Shropshire. Dafydd ap Gruffudd Aberffraw Prince Wales 1238-1283 and Dafydd's wife Elizabeth Ferrers 1236-1300, their daughter Gladys ferch Dafydd Aberffraw, infant niece Gwenllian "Lady of Wales" Aberffraw 1282-1337, and Dafydd's six illegitimate daughters were also taken prisoner at the same time.

On 25 Apr 1284 Edward II King England 1284-1327 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (44) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (43) at Caernarfon Castle, Caernarfon, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales

In Jun 1285 John Vesci -1289 was sent with two others to negotiate the marriage between Edward's (45) daughter Elizabeth (2) and John, son of Floris V, Count of Holland.

On 28 Nov 1290 Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (49) died at Harby, Nottinghamshire. Her viscera were buried at Lincoln Cathedral.

On 24 Jun 1291 Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (68) died at Amesbury, Wiltshire

Marriage of Princess Elizabeth and John of Holland

On 08 Jan 1297 John Gerulfing I Count Holland 1284-1299 (12) and Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland 1282-1316 (14) were married at Ipswich, Suffolk. Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland 1282-1316 (14) by marriage Count Holland. The wedding was attended by her sister Margaret Plantagenet Duchess Brabant 1275-1333, her father King Edward I (57), her brother Edward (12) and her future second husband Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (21).

Battle of Falkirk

On 22 Jul 1298 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (59) defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry with infantry completing the defeat. The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials including:
Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315
Walter Beauchamp 1243-1303
Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk 1245-1306 (53)
Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex 1249-1298
Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (24)
Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326
William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby 1272-1325
Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321
Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley 1271-1326
Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor 1255-1308
Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton 1240-1308
John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Wilton 1268-1323
John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330
Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (11)
William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley 1255-1316
John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325 (42)
Nicholas Segrave 1256-1321 (42)
Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford 1257-1331 (41)
Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (20)
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (17)
John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (67)
Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314
Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340 (21)
Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302 (31)
Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340
John Capet II Duke Brittany 1239-1305 (59)
Philip Darcy 1258-1333
Robert Fitzroger
Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 (50), or possiby a Roger Fitzwalter?
Simon Fraser -1306
Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (23)
John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell 1268-1300 (30), and
Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311 (47).
William Scrope 1245-1312 was knighted.
John Stewart -1298 was killed.
William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock 1705-1746 (-407) fought.

On 08 Sep 1299 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (60) and Margaret Capet Count Blois 1279-1318 (20) were married

On 01 Jun 1300 Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (60) and Margaret Capet Count Blois 1279-1318 (21) at Brotherton, Yorkshire

On 25 Sep 1300 Edmund "Almain" Cornwall 2nd Earl Cornwall 1249-1300 (50) died. He was buried, heart and flesh, at Ashridge, Kent.
His bones were interred at Hailes Abbey, Winchcombe, Gloucestershire during a service attended by Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (61).

On 05 Aug 1301 Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (62) and Margaret Capet Count Blois 1279-1318 (22) at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire

Robert "The Bruce" murders John "Red Comyn"

On 10 Feb 1305 John Comyn 3rd Lord Baddenoch 1269-1305 (36) was murdered by Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (30) before the High Altar at Greyfriars Monastery Chapel, Greyfriars Monastery, Dumfries. Robert Comyn -1305, John's uncle, was killed by Christopher Seton 1278-1306. Christopher's brother John Seton 1278-1306 was also preset.
Murder, in a church, in front of the altar, regarded as a terrible crime. The act gave Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (65) just cause to invade Scotland.

On 26 Feb 1307 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 exiled by Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (67) for being Edward II King England 1284-1327 (22) 's favourite

Death of Edward I

On 07 Jul 1307 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (68) died at Burgh by Sands, Cumberland whilst on his way north to Scotland. Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (68) gathered around him Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (29), Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (32) and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (33) and charged them with looking after his son in particular ensuring Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 didn't return from exile. .

After 07 Jul 1307 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 was buried at Westminster Abbey

On 14 Feb 1318 Margaret Capet Count Blois 1279-1318 (38) died.

In 1339 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 (39) visited Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 at Château Gaillard

On 28 Feb 1347 John Graham Earl Menteith -1347 was hanged, drawn and quartered by direct orders of King Edward I to whom he had previously sworn fealty.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 12 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings England: Son of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Kings Scotland: Great x 4 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 12 Grand Son of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine, I King Franks 778-840

Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Son of Louis "Fat" VI King France 1081-1137

Ancestry

Father: Henry III King England 1207-1272 Son John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Son Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 2 GrandFather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151

Great x 3 GrandFather: Fulk "Young" King Jerusalem 1089-1143

Great x 3 GrandMother: Ermengarde La Flèche-De Baugency Count Anjou

Great x 2 GrandMother: Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 Daughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135 Son William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandMother: Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England 1080-1118

Great GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204

Great x 2 GrandFather: William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine 1099-1137

Great x 3 GrandFather: William "Troubadour" Poitiers IX Duke Aquitaine 1071-1127

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Rouerge Duchess Aquitaine

Great x 2 GrandMother: Aenor Chatellerault Duchess Aquitaine 1103-1130

Great x 3 GrandFather: Aimery Chatellerault Viscount Châtellerault

Great x 3 GrandMother: Dangereuse Ile-Bouchard Viscountess Chatellerault 1079-1151

GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England 1188-1246

Great GrandFather: Aymer Angouleme I Count Angouleme 1160-1202

Great x 2 GrandFather: William "Taillefer" Angouleme VI Count Angouleme -1179

Great x 3 GrandFather: Wulfgrin Angouleme II Count Angouleme -1140

Great x 3 GrandMother: Pontia La Marche Count Angouleme

Great GrandMother: Alice Courtenay Count Angouleme -1218

Great x 2 GrandFather: Peter Courtenay 1126-1183

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis "Fat" VI King France 1081-1137

Great x 3 GrandMother: Adelaide Savoy Queen Consort France -1154

Great x 2 GrandMother: Elizabeth Courtenay 1140-1205

Great x 3 GrandFather: Renaud Courtenay 1105-1164

Great x 3 GrandMother: Helene du Donjon 1095-1189

Mother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

Great GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence 1174-1209

Great x 2 GrandFather: Alfonso II King Aragon 1157-1196

Great x 3 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Barcelona V Count Barcelona 1114-1162

Great x 2 GrandMother: Sancha Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon 1155-1208

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alfonso VII King Castile, VII King Leon 1105-1157

Great x 3 GrandMother: Richeza Unknown Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon

Great GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran Count Provence

GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy 1178-1233

Great x 2 GrandFather: Humbert Savoy III Count Savoy 1134-1188

Great x 3 GrandFather: Amadeus Savoy III Count Savoy 1095-1148

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mahaut Albon Count Savoy

Great x 2 GrandMother: Beatrice Macon Count Savoy

Great GrandMother: Margaret Geneva Count Savoy