Biography of George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478

Timeline

On Oct 1429 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (18) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (14) were married. Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (14) by marriage Countess Cambridge (3C 1414) Countess Ulster.

On 21 Oct 1449 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (38) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (34) at Dublin Castle, Dublin, County Dublin

Battle of Wakefield

On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle, Wakefield, Yorkshire. The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 and Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461, and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (25) and William Gascoigne 1430-1463, both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461, John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461, Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 and Thomas St Leger 1440-1483.
The Yorkist army was heavily defeated. Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49), Thomas Neville 1430-1460, Thomas Harrington 1400-1460, William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 (18) and Edward Bourchier -1460 were killed. Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460. William Bonville 1420-1460 (40) was executed. Thomas Parr 1407-1464 fought in the Yorkist army.
Following the battle Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (17) was executed by John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 by which he gained his sobriquet "Butcher".

In 1461 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (11) was created 1st Duke Clarence (3C 1461)

In 1461 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (11) was appointed 185th Knight Garter: Edward IV

Edward IV marries Eleanor Talbot (possibly)

Around Jun 1461 , the record is very vague, Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Eleanor Talbot 1436-1468 were possibly secretly married by Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (41). The marriage came to light after Edward's death. Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (41) provided the information to the future Richard III King England 1452-1485 (8) in 1483; Richard used the information to justify his succeeding to be King since Edward IV's (19) children with Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (24) were, therefore, illegitimate as a result of their marriage being bigamous and George Duke of Clarence's (11) children were barred from the throne as a consequence of their father's attainder.

Tournament Bastard of Burgundy

On 30 May 1467 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (17) and John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (40) visited Antoine "Bastard of Burgundy" 1421-1504 at his lodgings in Chelsea.

Marriage of George Duke of Clarence and Isabel Neville

On 11 Jul 1469 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (19) and Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (17) were married by George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 (36) at the Église Notre-Dame de Calais, Calais{Église Notre-Dame de Calais in Calais} witnessed by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (41). Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (17) by marriage 1st Duchess Clarence (3C 1461).

Capture of Edward IV

After 26 Jul 1469 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) was captured by his brother George (19) at Olney, Buckinghamshire after the Battle of Edgecote Moor.

Around 14 Apr 1470 Anne York 1470-1470 was born to George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (20) and Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (18)

Battle of Barnet

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV (28) commanded at the Battle of Barnet supported by hos brothers George (21) and Richard (18), John Babington 1423-1485, William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (commanded), Ralph Hastings -1495, William Norreys 1441-1507, William Parr 1434-1483, John Savage 1422-1495, Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490, Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 and Thomas Strickland -1494.
The Yorkists William Blount -1471, Humphrey Bourchier 1431-1471, Humphrey Bourchier 1435-1471 and Thomas Parr -1471 were killed. Henry Stafford 1425-1471 was killed making his wife Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (27) a widow for the second time.
The Lancastrians Warwick the Kingmaker (43), John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (40), William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele 1428-1471 and William Tyrrell -1471 were killed. !Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford 1425-1471 and John Paston 1444-1504 (27) were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (28) commanded, and John Paston 1442-1479 (29) and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 fought. .
Robert Harleston 1435-1471 (36) was killed.
Thomas Hen Salusbury 1409-1471 was killed.

In 1472 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (22) was created 1st Earl Salisbury (3C 1472)

On 14 Aug 1473 Margaret York 8th Countess Salisbury 1473-1541 was born to George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (23) and Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (21) at Farleigh Hungerford Castle, Farleigh Hungerford, Somerset

Anne Neville declared Legally Dead

In 1474 Parliament declared Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that Edward IV's (31) two younger brothers George (24) and the Richard (21), who had married Anne Beauchamp's (47) daughters, Isabel (22) and Anne (17) respectively, could enjoy the significant Beauchamp inheritance after her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (46) had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471.
Some of the inhertance should have been given to George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) but he was only thirteen at the time; his father John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (42), younger brother of Warwick the Kingmaker (46), had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet. He, George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13), died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) and before Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) acceded to the throne. Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male. Upon the death of George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (55).

06 Jun 1474. Westminster. Parliament Rolls. Edward IV Oct 1472. Second Roll. Exemplification at the request of Richard Duke of Gloucester (21), of the tenour of an act (English) in the Parliament summoned at Westminster, 6 October, 12 Edward IV, and continued to 9 May, 14 Edward IV, ordaining that George Duke Clarence (24), and Isabel (22) his wife and Richard Duke of Gloucester, and Anne (17) his wife, daughters and heirs to Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471{Richard Nevyle}, late Earl of Warwick, and daughters and heirs apparent to Anne Beauchamp (47), his wife should possess and enjoy as in the right of the said wives all possessions belonging to the said Countess as though she were naturally dead and that she should be barred and excluded therefrom, that they should make partition of the premises and the same partition should be good in law, that the said Dukes should enjoy for life all the possessions of their wives if they should outlive the latter, that the said George (24) and Isabel (22) should not make any alienation, grant, fine or recovery of any of the premises to the hurt of the said Richard (21) and Anne (17) or the latter to the hurt of the former, that if the said Richard and Anne be divorced and afterwards married this Act should hold good, that if they be divorced and he do his effectual diligence to be married to her and during her life be not wedded to any other woman he should enjoy as much of the premises as should appertain to her during his life, and that notwithstanding the restraint of alienation or recovery above specified the lordship, manor and wappentake of Chesterfield, Derbyshire and Scarvesdale with the appurtenances and all the lands and tenements in Chesterfield, Derbyshire and Scarvesdale sometime of Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462, late Countess of Salisbury, might be given to the King and his heirs in exchange for other lands and tenements, which shall however be subject of this Act.

On 25 Feb 1475 Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 was born to George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (25) and Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (23) at Warwick Castle, Warwick, Warwickshire

Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York

On 29 Jul 1476 Edward I's paternal grand-father Edward of York (103), his father Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460{Richard of York} and and his younger brother Edmund (33) were reburied at St Mary and All Saints in Fotheringhay in a ceremony attended by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34), George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (26), Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (21), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483, Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (36). .

On 06 Oct 1476 Richard York 1476-1477 was born to George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (26) and Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (25) at Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire

Trial and Execution of Ankarette Twynyho

On 22 Dec 1476 Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (25) died in childbirth. George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (27) believed she had been murdered by Ankarette Twynyho -1477.
On 12 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was arrested at Keyford, Somerset and taken to Bath, Somerset.
On 13 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 taken to Cirencester, Gloucestershire.
On 15 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was hanged at Myton Gallows, Warwick, Warwickshire. John Thursby -1477 was executed at Myton Gallows, Warwick, Warwickshire.
In 1478 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was pardoned by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34).

After 22 Dec 1476 Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (25) was buried at Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire. George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (27) and Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (25) were originally buried in the vault.

In 1478 Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (58) was imprisoned as a result of an unknown association with George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (28) but speculated to be about Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (35) 's pre-contract with Eleanor Butler.

Execution of George Duke of Clarence

On 18 Feb 1478 Edward's brother George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (28) was executed; drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine (allegedly) in the Bowyer Tower in the Tower of London. William Hussey 1443-1495 conducted the impeachment of the Duke of Clarence for treason.

On 31 May 1495 Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (80) died. She was buried at St Mary and All Saints, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England 1312-1377

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 2 Grand Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 4 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 Great Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son Edward II King England 1284-1327

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327 Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 Great x 6 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile 1311-1350 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Constanza Manuel Queen Consort Castile

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maria Padilla 1344-1361

Great x 3 GrandFather: Juan García Padilla 1st Lord Villagera -1350

Great x 3 GrandMother: María González Henestrosa Lady Villagera -1356

GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge 1390-1411 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster 1374-1398 Great Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381 Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl March 1328-1360 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Montagu Countess March 1332-1381

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Plantagenet Countess March, 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandFather: Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Burgh 4th Countess Ulster 1332-1363 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great GrandMother: Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster 1370-1405 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372 Great Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Mother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 Great Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1262-1331

Great x 3 GrandMother: Euphemia Clavering Baroness Neville Raby 1267-1329 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke, Baroness Neville Raby 1304-1374 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley Stratton Audley 1267-1347 Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isolde Mortimer Baroness Audley Stratton Audley 1270- Great x 3 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352 Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy 1303-1365 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Clare Baroness Clifford, Baroness Welles 1276-1327 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 Granddaughter Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son Edward II King England 1284-1327

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327 Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Great x 2 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380