Biography of Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464

Timeline

In 1435 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (28) and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (26) were married

On 26 Jan 1436 Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 was born to Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (29) and Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (27)

On 22 May 1455 Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) succeeded 3rd Duke Somerset (2C 1448)

First Battle of St Albans

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced with the First Battle of St Albans. Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (43) commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (27), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (55), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (40) and Walter Strickland 1411-1467 (44).
The Lancastrians Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49), Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland 1393-1455, William Cotton 1410-1455 (45), Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 and Richard Fortescue 1414-1455 were killed. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (52) was wounded and captured. Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (33), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 were captured. Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (34) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) both fought.

On Dec 1456 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (25) attacked by Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (20) at Cheapside, City of London

Loveday

On 24 Mar 1458 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (39) presided at Westminster Abbey at a ceremony known as the "Loveday". John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461, Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (58), Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (30), Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (22), Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (46), Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461, Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 attended in an attempt to reconcile the Lancastrian and Yorkist factions.

After Nov 1459 Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (23) was appointed as Captain Calais

In 1460 Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 was born illegitimately to Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (24) and Joan Hill 1412-1493 (48)

Battle of Hedgeley Moor

On 25 Apr 1464 a Yorkist army commanded by John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (33) defeated a Lancastrian army commanded by Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) at Hedgeley Moor, Glanton, Northumberland during the Battle of Hedgeley Moor. Lancastrians Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 and Ralph Percy 1425-1464 were killed.

Battle of Hexham

On 15 May 1464 a Yorkist army commanded by John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (33) defeated a Lancastrian army commanded by Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) at Hexham, Northumberland during the Battle of Hexham.
Those fighting for York included John Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire 1427-1473 (36), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470.
Of the Lancastrian army William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (49) fought. Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464 and Philip Wentworth 4th Baron Despencer 1424-1464 were both captured.
Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) was beheaded following the battle.
On 18 May 1464 Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464 was executed at Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland. Philip Wentworth 4th Baron Despencer 1424-1464 was executed at Middleham, Yorkshire.

On 06 Mar 1468 Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 (59) died at Baynard's Castle, Castle Baynard, City of London.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Margaret Pipard Baroness Lisle 1323-1375

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England 1312-1377

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 18 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 2 Grand Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 4 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 Great Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 Grandson Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son Edward II King England 1284-1327

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327 Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Great x 2 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380

GrandMother: Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 Great x 2 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 Great Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 Great x 4 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Holland 1st Baron Holand 1283-1328

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Zouche Baroness Holand Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Wake Countess Kent 1305-1349 Great x 3 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 Great x 4 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372 Great Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

Mother: Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 Great x 4 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

GrandFather: Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 Great x 4 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandFather: Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Tosny Countess Warwick 1284-1325 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 2 GrandMother: Katherine Mortimer Countess Warwick 1314-1369 Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 Great x 3 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore, 2nd Baroness Geneville 1286-1356 Great x 7 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great GrandMother: Margaret Ferrers Countess Warwick Great x 3 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Ferrers 3rd Baron Ferrers Groby 1333-1372 Great x 2 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Groby 1303-1343 Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabel Verdun Baroness Ferrers Groby 1316-1349 Great Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Percy Baroness Ferrers Groby 1330-1375 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352 Great x 5 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy 1303-1365 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

GrandMother: Elizabeth Berkeley Countess Warwick 1386-1422 Great x 3 Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: Thomas Berkeley 9th Baron Berkeley, 3rd Baron Lisle 1352-1417 Great x 2 Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Maurice Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley 1320-1368 Great x 4 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Rich Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley 1296-1361 Great x 3 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Mortimer Baroness Berkeley 1304-1337 Great x 4 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandMother: Elizabeth Despencer Baroness Berkeley 1325-1389 Great Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh "Younger" Despencer 1286-1326 Great x 5 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Clare Baroness Zouche Mortimer 1292- Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandMother: Margaret Lisle Baroness Berkeley, 3rd Baroness Lisle 1362-1391 Great x 7 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandFather: Warin Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1330-1382 Great x 6 Grandson John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Gerard Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1304-1360

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan 1320-1389 Great x 5 Granddaughter John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Pipard Baroness Lisle 1323-1375

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Pipard 1308-1349