Biography of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Timeline

After 10 Jun 1128 Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151 (14) and Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 (26) were married

On 05 Mar 1133 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 was born to Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151 (19) and Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 (31) at Le Mans

On 07 Sep 1151 Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151 (38) died at Château-du-Loir. He was buried at St Julien's Cathedral.

Around 1152 Geoffrey Plantagenet Archbishop York 1152-1212 was born illegitimately to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (18) and Ykenai Unknown

Marriage of Henry I and Eleanor of Aquitaine

On 18 May 1152 Whit Sunday Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (19) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (30) were married at Poitiers Cathedral, Poitiers. They were more closely related than Eleanor and her previous husband Louis. The marriage brought the Kingdom of England, the Duchies of Normandy and Aquitaine under the control of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (19) ; once conquered.

Around 05 Jun 1152 Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (30) visited Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon where she met Matilda Anjou Abbess Fontevraud 1111-1154 (her husband's Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (19) 's aunt by marriage - Matilda Anjou Abbess Fontevraud 1111-1154 had married William Adelin Normandy Duke Normandy 1103-1120 brother of his mother Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 (50) who had died in the White Ship Disaster).

Henry II visits his mother in Rouen

Before Jan 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (19) visited his mother Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 (50) in Rouen to seek funds for his impending invasion of England.

Henry II Sails to England

In Jan 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (19) sailed from Barfleur, Basse Normandie to England, arriving the next day, with a fleet of twenty-six ships, and an army, to bring Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (59) submit to Henry's authority.

Henry II Relieves Wallingford Castle

In Jul 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) arrived at Wallingford Castle, Wallingford, Oxfordshire to relieve the siege that Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (59) had commenced in 1152.

Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster

Around Aug 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) and Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (59) agreed the Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster by which Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) would inherit the throne on the death of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (59). The Treaty was ratified by Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury 1090-1161 (63) at Westminster in Christmas 1153.

On 17 Aug 1153 William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers 1153-1156 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (31) at Poitiers

Henry Holds Easter at Rouen

Around Mar 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) returned to Rouen and met with his mother Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 (52), and his brothers. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (32) joined them to celebrate Easter with their first son William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers 1153-1156 who met his father for the first time aged around eight months.

On 25 Oct 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) succeeded II King England: Plantagenet Angevin

Henry II Leaves Barfleur

On 07 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21), the seven months pregnant Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (32) and their son William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers 1153-1156 (1) left Barfleur, Basse Normandie for England.

Henry II Lands Southampton

On 08 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) and his party landed near Southampton, Hampshire.

Coronation of Henry and Eleanor

On 19 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (32) was crowned Queen Consort England. Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury 1090-1161 (64) presided.

On 28 Feb 1155 Henry the Young King 1155-1183 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (33) at Bermondsey, Southwark, Surrey.

In Jul 1155 Roger Fitzmiles 2nd Earl Hereford 1124-1155 (30) and Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (22) were in Bridgnorth, Shropshire.

In Aug 1155 Roger Fitzmiles 2nd Earl Hereford 1124-1155 (30) and Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (22) were in Salisbury, Wiltshire.

In 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (22) besieged Chinon Castle, Chinon

On 06 Jan 1156 Matilda Plantagenet Duchess Saxony 1156-1189 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (22) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (34) at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire (probably) and named after her paternal grandmother Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 (53).

Henry II travels to Normandy

On 10 Jan 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (22) crossed from Dover, Kent to Wissant. Richard "The Loyal" Lucy 1089-1179 (67) was appointed Regent in Henry's absence. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (34) was placed in the care of Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury 1090-1161 (66) and John of Salisbury Bishop Chartres 1118-1180 (37). Her party included her sister Petronilla Poitiers 1125-1193 (31).

Henry II pays homage to Louis VII

On 05 Feb 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (22) paid homage to Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 (36) for his lands in Normandy, Anjou and Aquitaine.

Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine Reunited

Before 29 Aug 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (23) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (34) were reunited in Saumur.

In Dec 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (23) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (34) held Christmas in Bordeaux.

Around 30 May 1157 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (24) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (35) spent Whitsun at Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk for a ceremonial crown wearing.

On 08 Sep 1157 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (24) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (35) at Beaumont Palace, Oxford, Oxfordshire

In Dec 1157 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (24) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (35) held Christmas Court at Cherbourg.

In Dec 1157 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (24) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (35) held Christmas Court at Lincoln, Lincolnshire.

On 23 Sep 1158 Geoffrey Plantagenet 2nd Duke Brittany 1158-1186 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (25) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (36)

Henry II and Louis II make Peace

In Oct 1161 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (28) and Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 (41) met at Fréteval and made peace.

On 13 Oct 1161 Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Consort Castile 1161-1214 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (28) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (39) at Domfront Castle, Domfront named Eleanor after her mother Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (39). She was baptised by Cardinal Henry of Pisa with Robert of Torigni as godfather.

Constitutions of Clarendon

On 25 Jan 1164 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (30) attempted to constrain ecclesiastical privileges by the sixteen articles of the Constitutions of Clarendon. Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 (44) rejected the articles.

Trial of Thomas a Becket

In Oct 1164 Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 (44) was put on trial in Northampton, Northamptonshire by Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (31) on a charge of contempt. After a week of discussion Becket fled to Flanders with John of Salisbury Bishop Chartres 1118-1180 (46).

In Dec 1164 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (31) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (42) held Christmas Court at Marlborough, Wiltshire.

Becket's Relatives Banished

In 26 Dec 1164 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (31) banished all of Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 (45) 's relatives from England. Around 400 people were affected. They were stripped of their possessions and shipped to Flanders.

Henry II meets Rosamund Clifford

Around Aug 1165 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (32) commenced his affair with Rosamund Clifford 1136-1176 who he may have first met when staying at her father Walter Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1113-1190 house in Bredelais, Herefordshire (assumed to be in Herefordshire).

On Oct 1165 Joan Plantagenet Queen Consort Sicily 1165-1199 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (32) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (43) at Chateau de Angers, Angers

On 16 Mar 1166 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (33) travelled from St Andrew's Church, Owlesbury, Hampshire to Falaise, Calvados, Basse Normandie.

On 24 Dec 1166 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (33) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (44)

On 10 Sep 1167 Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 (65) died. She was buried under the high alter at Bec Abbey during a service performed by Rotrou Newburgh Archbishop Rouen -1183. Her tomb's epitaph reads 'Great by birth, greater by marriage, greatest in her offspring: here lies Matilda, the daughter, wife, and mother of Henry'.

In Jan 1169 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (11) and Alys Capet Count Ponthieu 1160-1220 (8) were engaged to be married as part of a peace treaty. Alys Capet Count Ponthieu 1160-1220 (8) was sent to England to be a ward of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (35).

Murder of Thomas a Becket

On 29 Dec 1170 Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 (51) was murdered at Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent by four knights on behalf of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (37).

Treaty of Falaise

In Dec 1174 William "Lion" I King Scotland 1143-1214 (31), imprisoned at Falaise Castle, Falaise, Calvados, Basse Normandie, signed the Treaty of Falaise by which he agreed Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (41) was overlord of Scotland.

Around 1176 William "Longsword" Longespée 3rd Earl Salisbury 1176-1226 was born illegitimately to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (42) and Ida Tosny Countess Norfolk 1156-1226 (20)

In 1177 Cardinal Peter of Saint Chrysogonus, on behalf of the Pope, threatened to place England's continental possessions under an interdict if Henry did not proceed with the marriage. Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (19) was somewhat reluctant given the rumours that Alys Capet Count Ponthieu 1160-1220 (16) had become the mistress of his father Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (43) and, possibly, had a child by him.

On 11 May 1183 Walter de Coutances -1207 was elected to Bishop Lincoln being selected by Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (50) over three other candidates.

Death of Henry II

On 06 Jul 1189 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (56) died at Chinon Castle, Chinon. Geoffrey Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex, Count Aumale -1189 was present.

After 06 Jul 1189 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 was buried at Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon.

Death of Eleanor of Aquitaine

On 01 Apr 1204 Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (82) died at Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon.

Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 was created as Duke Normandy

Between 1165 and 1173 Orford Castle, Orford, Suffolk was constructed on behalf of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189. "One of the most remarkable keeps in England", is of a unique design possibly based on Byzantine architecture.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 9 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings England: Grand Son of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Kings Scotland: Great Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 9 Grand Son of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine, I King Franks 778-840

Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Son of Robert "Pious" II King France 972-1031

Ancestry

Father: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151

GrandFather: Fulk "Young" King Jerusalem 1089-1143

Great GrandFather: Fulk "Réchin" Anjou 4th Count Anjou 1043-1109

Great x 2 GrandFather: Geoffrey "Ferréol" Anjou 2nd Count Gâtinais -1043

Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh Anjou

Great x 3 GrandMother: Béatrice Unknown

Great x 2 GrandMother: Ermengarde-Blanche Ingelger Queen Consort Jerusalem 1018-1076

Great x 3 GrandFather: Fulk "Black" Ingelger III Count Anjou 970-1040

Great x 3 GrandMother: Hildegarde Sundgau Count Anjou

Great GrandMother: Bertrade Montfort Queen Consort France

Great x 2 GrandFather: Simon Montfort 1025-1087

Great x 3 GrandFather: Aumary Reginarids -1052

Great x 3 GrandMother: Bertrade Unknown

Great x 2 GrandMother: Agnes Normandy

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Normandy 2nd Count Évreux -1067

Great x 3 GrandMother: Godechildis Unknown Count Évreux

GrandMother: Ermengarde La Flèche-De Baugency Count Anjou

Great GrandFather: Elias La Flèche-De Baugency I Count Maine -1110

Great x 2 GrandFather: Jean de la Flèche La Flèche-De Baugency

Great x 2 GrandMother: Paula Maine

Great x 3 GrandFather: Herbert "Wakedog" Maine I Count Maine 984-1035

Great GrandMother: Matilda Chateau-Du-Loir Count Maine

Great x 2 GrandFather: Gervais II Lord Chateau-Du-Loir

Mother: Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 Daughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

GrandFather: Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135 Son William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great GrandFather: William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Great x -2 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 2 GrandFather: Robert "Magnificent" Normandy I Duke Normandy 1000-1035

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard "Good" Normandy II Duke Normandy 963-1026

Great x 3 GrandMother: Judith Penthièvre Duchess Normandy 982-1017

Great x 2 GrandMother: Herleva Falaise

Great x 3 GrandFather: Father of Beatrix and Herleva

Great GrandMother: Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083

Great x 2 GrandFather: Baldwin "The Good" Flanders V Count Flanders 1012-1067

Great x 3 GrandFather: Baldwin "Bearded" Flanders IV Count Flanders 980-1035

Great x 3 GrandMother: Ogive Luxembourg-Ardennes Count Flanders -1036

Great x 2 GrandMother: Adela Capet Duchess Normandy 1009-1079

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert "Pious" II King France 972-1031

Great x 3 GrandMother: Constance Arles Queen Consort France 986-1034

GrandMother: Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England 1080-1118

Great GrandFather: Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Great x 2 GrandFather: Duncan "The Sick" I King Scotland 1001-1040

Great x 2 GrandMother: Bethóc Unknown Queen Consort Scotland

Great GrandMother: Margaret Wessex Queen Consort Scotland 1045-1093

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward "The Exile" Wessex 1016-1057

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund "Ironside" I King England 1015-1016

Great x 3 GrandMother: Ealdgyth Unknown

Great x 2 GrandMother: Agatha Unknown