Biography of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Timeline

On 29 Aug 1189 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (22) and Isabella Fitzrobert 3rd Countess Gloucester, Countess Essex 1173-1217 (16) were married at Marlborough Castle, Marlborough, Wiltshire

On 24 Aug 1200 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (33) and Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England 1188-1246 (12) were married at Angouleme

On 01 Oct 1207 Henry III King England 1207-1272 was born to John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (40) and Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England 1188-1246 (19) at Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire

On 19 Oct 1216 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (9) succeeded III King England: Plantagenet Angevin

Death of King John

On 19 Oct 1216 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (49) died at Newark Castle, Newark on Trent, Nottinghamshire. .
John Monmouth 1182-1248 (34) was present.
On his deathbed, John appointed a council of thirteen executors to help Henry reclaim the kingdom and requested that his son be placed into the guardianship of William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke 1146-1219 (70).
King John’s will is the earliest English royal will to survive in its original form. The document is quite small, roughly the size of a postcard and the seals of those who were present at the time would have been attached to it. Translation of the will taken from an article by Professor S. D. Church in the English Historical Review, June 2010:
I, John, by the grace of God king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, count of Anjou, hindered by grave infirmity and not being able at this time of my infirmity to itemize all my things so that I may make a testament, commit the arbitration and administration of my testament to the trust and to the legitimate administration of my faithful men whose names are written below, without whose counsel, even in good health, I would have by no means arranged my testament in their presence, so that what they will faithfully arrange and determine concerning my things as much as in making satisfaction to God and to holy Church for damages and injuries done to them as in sending succour to the land of Jerusalem and in providing support to my sons towards obtaining and defending their inheritance and in making reward to those who have served us faithfully and in making distribution to the poor and to religious houses for the salvation of my soul, be right and sure. I ask, furthermore, that whoever shall give them counsel and assistance in the arranging of my testament shall receive the grace and favour of God. Whoever shall infringe their arrangement and disposition, may he incur the curse and indignation of almighty God and the blessed Mary and all the saints.
In the first place, therefore, I desire that my body be buried in the church of St Mary and St Wulfstan at Worcester. I appoint, moreover, the following arbiters and administrators: the lord Guala, by the grace of God, cardinal-priest of the title of St Martin and legate of the apostolic see; the lord Peter bishop of Winchester; the lord Richard bishop of Chichester; the lord Silvester bishop of Worcester; Brother Aimery de St-Maur; William Marshal earl of Pembroke; Ranulf earl of Chester; William earl Ferrers; William Brewer; Walter de Lacy and John of Monmouth; Savaric de Mauléon; Falkes de Bréauté”.
The signatories were:
Guala Bicchieri (ca 1150 – 1227) Papal Legate
Peter des Roches (? – 1238), Bishop of Winchester
Richard le Poer (? – 1237), Bishop of Chichester
Sylvester of Worcester (? – 1218), Bishop of Worcester
Aimery de St-Maur (? - ?1219), Master of the English Templars
William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke 1146-1219 (70)
Ranulf de Blondeville Gernon 6th Earl Chester, 1st Earl Lincoln 1170-1232 (46)
William Ferrers 4th Earl Derby 1168-1247 (48)
William Brewer (? - 1226), 1st Baron Brewer
Walter de Lacy (ca 1172–1241) Lord of Meath
John: (1182 – 1248) Lord of Monmouth
Savaric de Mauléon (? – 1236) Seneschal of Poitou from 1205
Falkes de Bréauté (? – 1226) Seneschal of Cardiff Castle.

Gloucester Coronation of Henry III

On 28 Oct 1216 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (9) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester, Gloucestershire during the Gloucester Coronation of Henry III at which Cardinal Guala Bicchieri 1150-1227 (66) presided, Sylvester Unknown Bishop Worcester -1218 and Simon Apulia Bishop Exeter -1223 anointed the King. The coronation took place in Gloucester since London was at the time held by rebels. John Monmouth 1182-1248 (34) was present.

Westminster Coronation of Henry III

On 17 May 1220 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (12) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey, Westminster during the Westminster Coronation of Henry III since the Pope didn't consider the earlier Gloucester Coronation of Henry III to have been performed correctly. Stephen Langton Archbishop Canterbury 1150-1228 (70) presided.

In 1227 King Henry III (19) gave Abbot's Woods to Flaxby Abbey.

In 1232 Ednyfed "Fychan aka Younger" Tudor 1170-1246 represented Llewellyn "The Great" Aberffraw 1172-1240 at a meeting with Henry III King England 1207-1272 (24)

Wedding of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence

On 14 Jan 1236 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (28) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 were married at Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent by Edmund Rich Archbishop Canterbury 1174-1240 (61).

On 17 Jun 1239 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (31) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 at Westminster Palace, Westminster

On 29 Sep 1240 Margaret Plantagenet 1240-1275 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (32) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

On 24 Jun 1242 Beatrice Plantagenet 1242-1275 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (34) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 at Bordeaux

Battle of Taillebourg

On 21 Jul 1242 the forces of Henry III King England 1207-1272 (34) and Hugh Lusignan XI Count Lusignan, VI Count La Marche, II Count Angouleme 1221-1250 fought against the forces of at Louis IX King France 1214-1270 and his brother Alphonse Capet Count Poitou, II Count Toulose 1220-1271 at Taillebourg during the Battle of Taillebourg. The battle was a decisive victory for the French. Henry thereafter signed a five-year truce with the French.

On 16 Jan 1245 Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (37) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 at City of London

On 04 Jun 1246 Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England 1188-1246 (58) died at Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon.

In 1252 Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (37) was pardoned by Henry III King England 1207-1272 (44)

On 25 Nov 1253 Katherine Plantagenet 1253-1257 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (46) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 at Westminster Palace, Westminster

Annals Dunstable. 1260. In the year of grace 1260. Henry King of England (52), son of King John, etc
Original Latin Text:
Anno gratiae MCCLX. Henricus rex Angliae (52), filius regis Johannis, pace firmata cum rege Franciae, ibidem per longum tempus moram traxit; nec in Angliam redire curavit, donec episcopi et magnates Angliae ei literatorie mandaverunt quod reverti in Angliam properaret; quod si non faceret, ad placitum suum in Anglia non rediret. Quo audito, rex in se reversus, in Angliam rediit; sed quidam malitiosi falsis rumoribus inter patrem et filium suum Edwardum discordiam seminavervmt, asserentes quod dictus Edwardus et consiliarii sui guerram domino regi movere procurarunt; propter quod dominus rex supra modum iratus, multos milites de partibus transmarinis usque Londoniam secum adduxit; et eis ultra pontem dimissis in partibus Sureiae, ipse civitatem Londonise ingressus est, et ibi aliquandiu moram fecit, portis civitatis firmatis et seratis, apposuit custodes, ut nullus nisi ab eo licentiatus ingrederetur. Comes vero Gloverni, et Johannes Maunsel, et quidam alii qui de concilio regis fuerunt, ad placitum suum ingressum et egressum habuerunt. Rex vero proliibuit, ne filius suus Edwardus, nec aliquis qui de consilio suo extiterat, coram ipso venirent, dicens, "Coram me non appareat filius mens Edwardus, "quia si eum videro, quin ipsum osculer me non cohibebo. " Tandem, amore paterno commotus, et magnatum precibus devictus, ipsum ad osculum pacis recepit, et regina mater sua similiter, quae, ut dicebatur, causa totius malitise xtiterat. Dum ista aguntur, quantos honores et quantas expensas, omnibus qui interesse voluerint, dominus Edwardus fecerit, lingua vix potest explicare.

Battle of Lewes

On 14 May 1264 the army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 including Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (20), Henry Hastings 1235-1269 and Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave 1238-1295 (26) defeated the army of Henry III King England 1207-1272 (56) during the Battle of Lewes at Lewes, East Sussex, Sussex. Henry III King England 1207-1272 (56), his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (24), Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275, Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272 (55), John "Red Comyn" Comyn 1st Lord Baddenoch 1220-1275, Philip Marmion 5th Baron Marmion 1233-1291 (30) and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 (31) were captured. John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (33), John Balliol 1207-1268, Robert Bruce 5th Lord Annadale 1215-1295, Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (49) and William Valence 1st Earl Pembroke -1296 fought for the King. Guy Lusignan -1264 was killed. Fulk IV Fitzwarin 1220-1264 (44) drowned. Walter Cantilupe Bishop Worcester 1191-1266 (71) was present and blessed the Montfort army before the battle.

Battle of Evesham

On 04 Aug 1265 the army loyal to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (57), led by his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (26), supported by Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (21), Warin Basingburne and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 (33) defeated the rebel army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 at the Battle of Evesham.
Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (50) fought and reputedly saved the King's life.
Adam Mohaut rescued the King.
Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 and his son Henry Montfort 1238-1265 were killed.
Hugh Despencer 1st Baron Despencer 1223-1265 was killed by Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1231-1282.
Simon Beauchamp 1234-1265, Ralph Basset 1st Baron Basset Drayton 1242-1265, William Devereux 1219-1265, Hugh Troyes -1265, Richard Trussel -1265, Peter Montfort 1205-1265 (59), William Mandeville -1265, William Crepping -1265, William Birmingham -1265, Guy Balliol -1265 and Thomas Astley 1215-1265 were killed. Henry Hastings 1235-1269, Humphrey Bohun 1225-1265, Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave 1238-1295 (27), John Vesci -1289, John Fitzjohn and Guy Montfort Count Nola 1244-1288 were captured.
John Vesci -1289 was wounded and taken prisoner.

Dictum of Kenilworth

On 31 Oct 1266 the Dictum of Kenilworth was issued. The Dictum was a peace agreement between Henry III King England 1207-1272 (59) and the rebels who were besieged in the impregnable Kenilworth Castle. The committee included:
Walter Branscombe Bishop Exeter 1220-1280 (46)
Walter Giffard Archbishop York 1225-1279 (41)
Nicholas Ely Bishop Worcester, Bishop Winchester -1280
Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, 7th Earl Hertford -1314
Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275
Philip Basset 1184-1271
John Balliol 1207-1268
Robert Walerand
Alan Zouche 1203-1270
Roger Somery 2nd Baron Dudley 1190-1273 (76), and
Warin Bassingbourne
Robert Ferrers 6th Earl Derby 1239-1279 (27) and Henry Hastings 1235-1269 were fined seven times their annual income. The Dictum, however, required the rebels to pay their fines before being restored to their lands; something of a Catch-22 since if they weren't restored to their lands, they would have no income to pay the fine.

Death of Henry III

On 16 Nov 1272 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (65) died at Westminster.

On 24 Jun 1291 Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 died at Amesbury, Wiltshire

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Helene du Donjon 1095-1189

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 11 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings England: Son of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Kings Scotland: Great x 3 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 11 Grand Son of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine, I King Franks 778-840

Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Louis "Fat" VI King France 1081-1137

Ancestry

Father: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Son Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great GrandFather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151

Great x 2 GrandFather: Fulk "Young" King Jerusalem 1089-1143

Great x 3 GrandFather: Fulk "Réchin" Anjou 4th Count Anjou 1043-1109

Great x 3 GrandMother: Bertrade Montfort Queen Consort France

Great x 2 GrandMother: Ermengarde La Flèche-De Baugency Count Anjou

Great x 3 GrandFather: Elias La Flèche-De Baugency I Count Maine -1110

Great x 3 GrandMother: Matilda Chateau-Du-Loir Count Maine

Great GrandMother: Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 Daughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135 Son William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandFather: William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 Great x -2 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandMother: Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083

Great x 2 GrandMother: Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England 1080-1118

Great x 3 GrandFather: Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Wessex Queen Consort Scotland 1045-1093

GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204

Great GrandFather: William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine 1099-1137

Great x 2 GrandFather: William "Troubadour" Poitiers IX Duke Aquitaine 1071-1127

Great x 3 GrandFather: Guy William Poitiers VIII Duke Aquitaine 1025-1086

Great x 3 GrandMother: Hildegarde Burgundy Duchess Aquitaine 1056-1104

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Rouerge Duchess Aquitaine

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Rouerge Duke Narbonne 1040-1094

Great x 3 GrandMother: Emma Mortain Duchess Narbonne

Great GrandMother: Aenor Chatellerault Duchess Aquitaine 1103-1130

Great x 2 GrandFather: Aimery Chatellerault Viscount Châtellerault

Great x 2 GrandMother: Dangereuse Ile-Bouchard Viscountess Chatellerault 1079-1151

Great x 3 GrandFather: Bartholomew Île-Bouchard

Mother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England 1188-1246

GrandFather: Aymer Angouleme I Count Angouleme 1160-1202

Great GrandFather: William "Taillefer" Angouleme VI Count Angouleme -1179

Great x 2 GrandFather: Wulfgrin Angouleme II Count Angouleme -1140

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Angouleme V Count Angouleme -1120

Great x 3 GrandMother: Vitapoy Benauges Count Angouleme

Great x 2 GrandMother: Pontia La Marche Count Angouleme

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger "The Poitevin" Montgomery Viscount Hiemois 1065-1139

Great x 3 GrandMother: Almodis La Marche

GrandMother: Alice Courtenay Count Angouleme -1218

Great GrandFather: Peter Courtenay 1126-1183

Great x 2 GrandFather: Louis "Fat" VI King France 1081-1137

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Amorous" I King France 1052-1108

Great x 3 GrandMother: Bertha Gerulfing Queen Consort France 1055-1094

Great x 2 GrandMother: Adelaide Savoy Queen Consort France -1154

Great x 3 GrandFather: Humbert "Fat" Savoy II Count Savoy 1065-1103

Great x 3 GrandMother: Gisela Ivrea Count Savoy

Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Courtenay 1140-1205

Great x 2 GrandFather: Renaud Courtenay 1105-1164

Great x 3 GrandFather: Miles Courtenay 1068-1127

Great x 2 GrandMother: Helene du Donjon 1095-1189