Biography of Henry IV King England 1367-1413
On 15 Apr 1367 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (27) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (22) at Bolingbroke Castle, Lindsey, Lincolnshire.
On 12 Sep 1368 Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (23) died at Tutbury Castle, Tutbury, Staffordshire.Her last words were said to be "Souveyne vous de moi" ("Don't forget me") the 'S' of which was subsequently represented on the Lancastrian Esses Collar.She was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral, Castle Baynard, City of London.
On 23 Apr 1377 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (10) was appointed 62nd Knight Garter: Edward III.
On 05 Feb 1381 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (13) and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 (13) were married (he was her second-cousin, third-cousin) at Arundel Castle, Arundel, Sussex.
On 14 Jun 1381 the rebels gained access to the Tower Hill, City of London capturing Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 (52), the future Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (14), Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1484 (1) and Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury 1316-1381 (65). Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury 1316-1381 (65) was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London.
On 09 Aug 1386 Henry V King England 1386-1422 was born to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (19) and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 (18) at Monmouth Castle, Monmouth, Monmouthshire, South-East Wales
Battle of Radcot Bridge
On 22 Dec 1387 the forces of the Lords Appellant led by the future Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (20) defeated the forces of Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 (25) during the Battle of Radcot Bridge at Radcot, Oxfordshire. Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 (25) narrowly escaped.
Before 30 Sep 1388 Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 was born to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (21) and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 (20) at City of London
On 20 Jun 1389 John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 was born to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (22) and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 (21)
On 03 Oct 1390 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 was born to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (23) and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 (22)
In 1392 Blanche Lancaster Elector Palatinate 1392-1409 was born to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (24) and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 (24) at Peterborough Castle, Peterborough, Northamptonshire
On 04 Jun 1394 Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark 1394-1430 was born to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (27) and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 (26) at Peterborough Castle, Peterborough, Northamptonshire
On 04 Jun 1394 Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 (26) died in childbirth at Peterborough Castle, Peterborough, Northamptonshire.She was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newarke, Leicester, Leicestershire
Thomas Mowbray Duel
Before 16 Sep 1398 the future Henry IV (31) reported to King Richard II (31) that Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30) had made a treasonous remark regarding Richard's rule.Richard II proposed a duel of honour at Gosford Green, Caludon, Coventry, Warwickshire, neat Mowbray's home Caludon Castle.
On 16 Sep 1398 the future Henry IV (31) spent the night at Baginton Castle,Bagington, Warwickshire, the home of his friend William Bagot.Thomas Mowbray (30) spent the night at his home Caludon Castle, Caludon, Coventry, Warwickshire.
On 17 Sep 1398 King Richard II (31), the nobility and thousands of spectators assembled at Gosford Green to witness the duel between the future Henry IV (31) and Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30).the future Henry IV (31) had had new armour constructed.Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (25) and Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (24) managed the proceedings.Just as the duel was to commence King Richard II (31) stopped it.After two hours of deliberation King Richard II (31) had his decision announced; both men were to be exiled.the future Henry IV (31) for ten years,Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30) forever.
On 19 Oct 1398 Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30) left England never to return.
Death of John of Gaunt
On 03 Feb 1399 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (58) died at Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (48) was by his side. He was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral, Castle Baynard, City of London. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) witheld the future Henry IV's (31) inheritance from him giving Henry (31) reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.
On 03 Feb 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) succeeded 2nd Duke Lancaster (2C 1362), 7th Earl Leicester (2C 1265).Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 by marriage Duchess Lancaster (2C 1362).
15 Mar 1399.Letters of Royal And Illustrious Ladies of Great Britain Volume 1. Letter XXVII. Joanna of Navarre (29) afterwards Queen of Henry IV to King Richard II (32).
My most dear and redoubted lord,
I desire every day to be certified of your good estate, which our Lord grant that it may ever be as good as your heart desires and as I should wish it for myself. If it would please you to let me know of it, you would give me great rejoicings in my heart, for every time that I hear good news of you I am most perfectly glad at heart. And if to know tidings from this side would give you pleasure, when this was written my lord (31), I, and our children were together in good health of our persons, thanks to our Lord, who by his grace ever grant you the same. I pray you, my dearest and most redoubted lord, that it would ever please you to have the affairs of my said lord well recommended, as well in reference to the deliverance of his lands as other things, which lands in your hands are the cause why he sends his people promptly towards you. So may it please you hereupon to provide him with your gracious remedy, in such manner that he may enjoy his said lands peaceably; even as he and I have our perfect surety and trust in you more than in any other. And let me know your good pleasure, and I will accomplish it willingly and with a good heart to my power.
My dearest and most redoubted lord, I pray the Holy Spirit that he will have you in his holy keeping.
Written at Vannes, the 15th day of March. The Duchess of Bretagne.
Henry IV lands at Ravenspur
On 07 Jul 1399 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (58) appointed William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 (49), Henry Green 1347-1399 (52) and John Bussy -1399 to protect Kent against invasion by Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32).
After 07 Jul 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) landed at Ravenspur, East Riding, Yorkshire with Thomas Rempston -1406.
Richard II Abdication
On 19 Aug 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) surrendered to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) at Flint Castle, Flint, Flintshire, North-East Wales.
On 30 Sep 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) became IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster.He had usurped his cousin Richard II (32) and Richard's heir the seven year old Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl of March (7) who was descended from Edward III's second son Lionel of Antwerp Duke of Clarence. This second usurption was to have far reaching consequences since it subsequently became the descent by which the House of York claimed precedence over the House of Lancaster being one of the causes of the Wars of the Roses.
Coronation of Henry IV
On 13 Oct 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury 1353-1414 (46).
Robert Braybrooke Bishop London -1404 carried the sacraments and said mass.
The future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (13) carried the Sword Curtana. Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (61) and/or John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 (26) carried a sword wrapped in red and bound with golden straps symbolising two-fold mercy. Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 carried the Lancaster Sword.
Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 carried the Steward's baton. Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (44) carried a Sword.
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (21) was appointed as Knight of the Bath. John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (10), John Arundell 1366-1435 and Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (17) were knighted.
Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (49) attended.
In Dec 1399 the Epiphany Rising was an attempt to restore Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) to the throne replacing Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32).
On 17 Dec 1399 the conspirators met at Abbey House, Westminster Abbey including Thomas Blount 1352-1400, Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (26), Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25), John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47), Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400, John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (49), Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26), Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (45). They plotted to capture Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) at a Tournament in Windsor, Berkshire on the Feast of Epiphany hence the Epiphany Rising.
Before 07 Jan 1400 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) was forewarned, probably by Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (27), and began to raise an army in London.
Parliament Henry IV 2: 30 Concerning the forfeiture of Earl of Kent and other lords
After 07 Jan 1400..Henry IV's (32) Parliament. Also, be it remembered that whereas Thomas Holland, formerly earl of Kent, John Holland, formerly earl of Huntingdon (48), John Montague, formerly earl of Salisbury, Thomas, formerly Lord Despenser (26), and Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400, knight, recently rose up in various parts of England and rode in warlike manner, treacherously, against our lord the king (32), contrary to their allegiance, to destroy our said lord the king and other great men of the realm, and to populate the said realm with people of another tongue, they were seized and beheaded in their armed uprising by the loyal lieges of oursaid lord the king; and for that reason all the lords temporal present in parliament, by the assent of the king, declared and adjudged the said Thomas, John, John, Thomas, and Ralph to be traitors for their armed uprising against their aforesaid liege lord, and that they should forfeit as traitors all the lands and tenements that they held in fee simple on 5 January, the eve of the feast of the Epiphany of our lord Jesus Christ, in the first year of the reign of our aforesaid lord , or after, as the law of the land requires, together with all their goods and chattels, notwithstanding the fact that they were killed during the said armed uprising without due process of law.
15 Feb 1400.Letters of Royal And Illustrious Ladies of Great Britain Volume 1. Letter XXVIII. Joanna of Navarre (30) afterwards Queen of Henry IV to her future Husband Henry IV (32).
My very dear and most honourable lord and cousin, Since I am desirous to hear of your good estate, which our Lord grant that it may ever be as good as your noble heart knows best how to desire, and, indeed, as I would wish it for myself, I pray you, my most dear and honoured lord and cousin, that it would please you very often to let me know the certainty of it, for the very great joy and gladness of my heart; for every time that I can hear good news of you, it rejoices my heart very greatly. And if of your courtesy you would hear the same from across here, thanks to you, at the writing of these presents I and my children were together in good health of our persons, thanks to God who grant yon the same, as Johanna of Bayalen, who is going over to you, can tell you more fully, whom please it yon to have recommended in the business on which she is going over. And if anything that I can do over here will give you pleasure, I pray you to let me know it, and I will accomplish it with a very good heart, according to my power.
My dearest and most honoured lord and cousin, I pray the Holy Spirit to have you in his holy keeping.
Written at Vannes, the 15th day of February. Thb Duchess of Bretagne.
12 Nov 1400.Letters of Royal And Illustrious Ladies of Great Britain Volume 1. Letter XXIX. The Prioress of Rowney to King Henry IV (33).
To the most excellent prince and lord in Christy lord' Henry, by God's grace illustrous king of England and France, and lord of Ireland, his humble and devoted oratrice the prioress of Rowney sends the divine suffrages of prayers, with all sorts of reverence and honour;
By the tenor of these presents I certify to your royal highness that the sister Joanna Adeleshey, a nun of the order of St. Benedict, and notoriously professed in the same house, wanders and roams abroad from country to country, in a secular habit despising her vow of obedience to the grievous danger of her soul, and manifest scandal of her order, and pernicious example of others. May it therefore please your royal excellency of your royal clemency, hitherto ever gracious, to extend the secular arm for the capture of the said Joanna, to be chastised according to the rule of her order in a ease of this kind, lest for want of due chastisement a plant given up to divine culture may thus perish. And may He who gives to all kings to reign preserve your royal majesty in prosperity. Given at Rbwney, the 12th day of November, a.d. 1400.
Parliament Henry IV 2: 32 Suppression of the Lollards
In Mar 1401..Henry IV's (33) Parliament enacted "De heretico comburendo" by which heretics were to be burned at the stake in reation to the Lollard movement.
The request "... the said church would be injured or gravely oppressed or even perturbed by certain perverse doctrines, or wicked, heretical or erroneous opinions; nevertheless, various perfidious and perverse people of a certain new sect, believing damnable things of the said faith, the sacrament of the church, and its authority, rashly usurping the office of preacher, contrary to divine and ecclesiastical law, perversely and maliciously preach and teach these days, publicly and secretly, under simulation of the colour of sanctity, various new doctrines and wicked, heretical and erroneous opinions, contrary to this same faith and the holy decrees of the sacrosanct church ...".
The answer: "and they shall cause these same persons to be publicly burnt in a high place; and may punishment of this sort strike fear into the minds of others."
On 02 Mar 1401 William Sawtrey was the first heretic to be burned although his burning pre-dated the statute.
Battle of Bryn Glas
On 22 Jun 1402 Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr" Mathrafal Prince Powys 1359-1415 (43) defeated the army of Edmund Mortimer 1376-1408 at Knighton, Radnorshire, Welsh March, who was captured, at the Battle of Bryn Glas.
Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) made no attempt to ransom Edmund Mortimer 1376-1408 and, as a consequence, Edmund Mortimer 1376-1408 changed his allegiance, and subsequently married Owain's (43) daughter.
On 25 Jun 1402 Walter Devereux 1361-1402 died from wounds.
Battle of Homildon Hill
On 14 Sep 1402 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 and his son Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 lay in wait at at Homildon Hill, Northumberland for the Scots to return from their laying waste to Northumberland.The Battle of Homildon Hill was a victory for the English forces whose longbowmen decimated the Scottish schiltrons. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 fought for the English.
John Swinton -1402 was killed.
Thomas Dunbar 5th Earl Moray 1371-1422 (31) and Henry Sinclair 2nd Earl Orkney 1375-1420 (27) were captured.
Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 (30) was wounded. Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) forbade the ransoming of Scottish prisoners so that he could concentrate on the Welsh.By doing so he created a rift with the Percy family who subsequently defected to Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr (43).
William Stewart -1402 was executed by Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 having been captured.
John Stewart -1420 fought at the Battle of Homildon Hill.
1403.Letters of Royal And Illustrious Ladies of Great Britain Volume 1. Letter XXX. Christine Dunbar Countess of March to Henry IV (35).
My most excellent and redoubted sovereign lord,
I recommend myself to you as entirely as terrestrial creature can think or devise to the crowned king of the world, humbly thanking you on my knees for the high favours and benefits that you have conferred upon me before this time, piously supplicating for your gracious continuance, and particularly for the gracious refreshment which you lately sent. May God reward you for it, since I cannot.
My most gracious lord, may it please you to know that my lord my husband (65) and I have been in such hardships and distress since we were banished from our country, that I am yet involved in heavy debt, from which without your gracious aid and succour I cannot deliver myself; and now the pestilence is so violent and severe where we are, that I am very fearful lest I shoald die in this great debt that I have incurred. And by no intreaty that we can make can we obtain sufferance from our enemies to retire to our fortress of Colbrandspath, there to wait till the mortality has ceased. And for this cause I humbly entreat your high royal majesty that you will be pleased to have me in remembrance when you shall find leisure, and help me, that by your gracious relief I may be freed from the debt which makes me sad. Besides this, my most redoubted and gracious lord, we suffer great enmity on account of the death of Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403, which oftentimes is so heavy to my husband and his people, that they wish themselves dead, if they may not retire from this country, seeing that the people of the said Sir Henry Percy do nothing but hear comfortable news of you, in order then to do the malice that is in their hearts. And, my most gracious and sovereign lord, touching the capture of our people by those attending on the Earl of Douglas (13) deign to give credence to the bearer of this, and ordain such remedy as you please, according to what the said bearer shall tell you by word of mouth. And I pray most earnestly the ever-blessed God of Heaven to grant you a long life, with all increase of honour and joy, together with victory over yoar enemies; and after this mprtal life may he grant you the kingdom of glory. Amen.
Your humble oratrice, The Countess of March of Scotland.
On 07 Feb 1403 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) and Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) were married (he was her third-cousin) at Winchester, Hampshire.Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) was crowned Queen Consort England
Battle of Shrewsbury
On 21 Jul 1403 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36), with his son the future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16), defeated the rebel army of Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 at the Battle of Shrewsbury at the site now known as Battlefield, Shrewsbury, Shropshire. Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16) took an arrow to the side of his face leaving him severely scarred. John Stanley 1350-1414 was wounded in the throat. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 fought and was awarded £38 and two of the rebel Henry's horses. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (21) fought for the King. Walter Blount 1348-1403, the King's Standard Bearer, was killed by Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 (31). Edmund Cockayne 1356-1403 and Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (25) were killed. Hugh Shirley 1351-1403 (52) was killed ; he was one of four knights dressed as Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36).
Of the rebels, Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403, Madog Kynaston 1360-1403 (43) and John Clifton -1403 were killed. Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 was beheaded after the battle. Richard Vernon 1355-1403 was hanged.
04 Nov 1405.Letters of Royal And Illustrious Ladies of Great Britain Volume 1. Letter XXXI. Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 to her brother Henry IV (38).
Most high and most puissant prince, my most supremely beloved brother.
I recommend myself to your high nobleness as humbly and entirely as I can or know how with all my entire heart, supremely desiring to hear and know often of your estate and health; and in special of the prosperity of your most genteel person, as good, pleasant, and joyous news as you yourself, most noble prince, could best devise, or in any manner desire, for your sovereign ease and comfort. And because I am certain that you would most willingly hear similar things from here, I signify to you that the king my sovereign lord, all my children, your own nephews, who wish always to be most humbly recommended to you, and I their mother, your own sister, at the making of these presents were all well and hearty of body, thanks to our Creator, who ever maintain you in honour and prosperity according to your desire.
Most high and puissant prince, my best beloved brother, please it you to know that by Mr. John Wiltshire, knight and ambassador of our cousin the Earl of Arundel (20), I am here informed how a sum of gold is yet owing to you by the said earl, which he pledged himself to pay you for the license which it pleased your gracious lordship to grant and give him in his nonage,, that he might marry according to his wish, and in whatever place he saw fitting to his estate. And since you know well, my supremely best-loved brother, that he is now married not after his own seeking but as by your commandment, in part at my instance, I therefore supplicate you, since you are so great and noble a prince, as entirely as I know how, that it will please you to quit claim to the said sum at this my request, in order that I, who am in part the cause of his marriage, may be the cause of the acquittal of the said sum. And if there be anything in these parts which might give you pleasure, may it please you to command and certify it to me, and I will do it to my utmost power without hypocrisy. So I pray our sovereign Lord Jesu ever to give you prosperity, plesaunce, and joy, and very long to endure. Written at the palace of Lisbon, the 4th day of November.
Your entire and loyal sister, P. de P.
1406.Letters of Royal And Illustrious Ladies of Great Britain Volume 1. Letter XXXII. Joanna Counters of Westmoreland (27) to her brother Henry IV (38).
Most high and puissant prince, and most excellent sovereign lord,
I recommend myself to your royal and high lordship in the most obedient manner which, with my whole, entire, and simple heart, I can most humbly do, as she who desires to know of you, and of your most noble estate and most perfect health, such prosperity as your royal and most honourable heart can desire. And may it please your high nobleness to understand that I write now to your royal presence in behalf of your loyal liege and esquire, Christopher Standith, who, as he has certified me, has been in your service in Wales every time you have been there against your enemies, and besides, in all your most honourable journeys since your coronation, in which he has expended the substance that he could acquire of his own and of his friends, in such wise that, whereas he and my well beloved his wife Margaret (daughter to Mr. Thomas Fleming, who was chancellor and servant during his life to my most honoured and redoubted lord your father, whom God assoil) kept house and establishment, they have left it, and the said Margaret is lodged very uncomfortably with her children, of whom she has many, having one or two every year; and all this on account of the great charge which her said husband has incurred and still incurs in your service; to whom, of your gracious goodness and gentleness, you have aforetime promised guerdon of his labour, whenever he should spy out [something] from which [he could have a living] of 40 marks or of 40 pounds. And, most puissant and excellent prince and my most sovereign lord, he is the youngest [and his father has dismissed him from] his service, and that merely because he and his wife married each other for downright love, without thinking this time [what they should have to live upon. Wherefore 1) entreat your most high and puissant lordship to consider that the said Margaret should dwell [in some suitable place, or else with the queen your wife, whom God protect; and that she is come to me trusting that my [intercession] might avail her with you. May it please you to be gracious lord to her and her said husband, and of your guerdon [assist them] to support in their persons poor gentility, that their affiance may turn to good effect for them, and to my honour, if it please you, by their finding succour from your royal and most excellent nobility^ on account of this my most effectual supplication.
Most high and puissant prince and most excellent sovereign lord, I pray God to grant you a most honourable and long life, and preserve you in his most excellent keeping, and give entire joy and gladness as much as your gentle and most noble heart would choose or desire. !Written at the castle of Raby. Your most humble and obedient subject, if it please you, J. DB W.
1412.Letters of Royal And Illustrious Ladies of Great Britain Volume 1. Letter XXXIII. Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418, to her brother Henry IV (44).
Most high and powerful Don Henry, by God's grace king of England and France, lord of Ireland, my most dear and beloved, and with all my heart, and with my entire mind, most cherished brother and lord, I, undoubted Queen of Castile and Leon, mother of the king and his guardian, and governor of his realms, send to recommend myself to your favour and benediction, and much to salute you as him, to whom I pray that God would give as much health and life with honour as you yourself desire.
Most dear and beloved brother and lord, I entreat that by all means, as continually as you can, you will certify and let me know of your health, and life, and good estate and of the Queen (42) your companion, my dearest and best-loved sister; and of the Prince of Wales (25), and the other princes your sons, my dearest and best-loved nephews; by which you will do me most singular pleasure and honour, and it will be a thing which will greatly please me, since it ia one of the most principal things of this world at which my heart is most joyous and consoled. And since, dearest and best-loved brother and lord, I know well that you will be pleased with the same thing, I certify and let you know, that, at the time when this letter was written, the said king my son (6), your dearest and best-loved nephew, and I, and the infantas Donna Maria (10) and Donna Catalina my daughters, your dearest and best-loved nieces, are well, and in good disposition of our persons; praise to God, who thus grant us to continue, and by his same grace grant it to you at all times.
Moreover, dearest and best-loved brother and lord, we give you to know that, having seen your writing which you sent me by John de Samora, your messenger, and understood its contents, whereas I find there how you complain that the truce was past some days before a prolongation was fixed for another following year, according as he will make relation to you. About this, and, moreover, about the coming of your ambassadors, who should come to join themselves with those whom the king my son should send, to see and determine upon the damage and mischief which those who are injured have received of their own goods, f send to you the said John de Samora, who will speak of some things that he will have to say to you from me, and of others which have been already confirmed in my name, which he will tell you. Wherefore, dearest and best-beloved brother and lord, I request you that it would please you to give faith and credence to the things that he will say to you on my part in this matter. Dearest and best-loved brother and lord, may the Holy Trinity ever have you in his holy keeping! Written in the city of Valladolid, the 30th day of July. I THE Queen.
After 1412.Letters of Royal And Illustrious Ladies of Great Britain Volume 1. Letter XXXIV. Joanna de Kynnesley to King Henry IV (44).
Supplicates most humbly a poor and simple woman, Joanna de Kynnesley; that whereas John de Kynnesley, her husband, by hate and malice, was put in prison within the castle of Norwich, where he has long lain through false suggestions, that it would please your most gracious lordship, for the love of God, and for the souls of your most noble faher and mother, whom God assoil, to grant and give to your said suppliant your gracious letters, sealed under your seal, made in due form, directed to the sheriff of the county of Norfolk, charging and straitly commanding him to deliver up the body of the said John out of prison, that he may go at large, to an swer before your royalty, in case any one should accuse him; and she will pray God for you and for your progenitors for ever.
Death of King Henry IV
On 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) died in the Jerusalem Chamber, Cheyneygates, Westminster Abbey in Westminster Abbey confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem.His sons Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (22) were present. He Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) was buried in the Chancel, Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent of Canterbury Cathedral.
On 10 Jun 1437 Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (67) died
22 May 1441.Letters of Royal And Illustrious Ladies of Great Britain Volume 1. Letter XXXVI. Constance Lady Hussey to King Henry IV.
To the king our sovereign lord,
Beseecheth meekly your humble and continual oratrice Dame Constance, the wife of Henry Husee, knight, the which was menial servant with the most worthy and Christian king your father, whose soul God assoil, and continued in his service as well beyond the sea as on this side the sea all the times of his noble reign, without any fee or reward; that whereas your said oratrice continued in the service of the noble princess your grandame, whose soul God assoil, as well in the time of your full noble father and ayeul (grandfather) as in yours, unto the time of his dying, in recompense of which service it liked the queen your said grandame, of her grace special, for the term of her life, to grant by her gracious letters patent unto your said oratrice 20/. yearly, to be taken of the issues and profits of the manor of Kingsthorp, in the county of Northampton; and also in likewise 100^. yearly, to be taken of the issues and profits of the manor of Odiham, in the county of Southampton, as in the said letters patent openly appeareth; that it please you of your especial grace tenderly to consider the long service of the said Sir Henry and Dame Constance, that they never had other fee nor reward than the said 25/., the which is now ceased by the death of your said grandame, and thereupon to grant unto your said oratrice, by your several letters patents, the said 25/. in like form as she had it, term of her life, yearly to be taken of the issues and profits of the manors abovesaid. And your said oratrice shall pray God continually for you. Beneath is written — "The Chamberlain of England. My lord hath granted this bill; notwithstanding that it was signed with his ow^n hand, yet he commanded me to endorse it."
Apr 1509.Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 1 1509-1514.Will of Henry VII (52):
At his manor of Richmond March 24 Hen. VII., the King (52) makes his last will, commending his soul to the Redeemer with the words he has used since his first "years of discretion," Domine Jesu Christe, qui me ex nichilo creasti, fecisti, redemisti et predestinasti ad hoc quod sum, Tu scis quid de me facere vis, fac de me secundum voluntatem Tuam cum misericordia, trusting in the grace of His Blessed Mother in whom, after Him, has been all his (testator's) trust, by whom in all his adversities he has had special comfort, and to whom he now makes his prayer (recited), as also to all the company of Heaven and especially his "accustumed avoures" St. Michael, St. John Baptist, St. John Evangelist, St. George, St. Anthony, St. Edward, St. Vincent, St. Anne, St. Mary Magdalene and St. Barbara, to defend him at the hour of death and be intercessors for the remission of his sins and salvation of his soul.
Desires to be buried at Westminster, where he was crowned, where lie buried many of his progenitors, especially his granddame Katharine wife to Henry V and daughter to Charles of France, and whereto he means shortly to translate the remains of Henry IV in the chapel which he has begun to build (giving full directions for the placing and making of his tomb and finishing of the said chapel according to the plan which he has "in picture delivered" to the prior of St. Bartholomew's beside Smithfield, master of the works for the same); and he has delivered beforehand to the abbot, &c., of Westminster, 5,000l., by indenture dated Richmond, 13 April 23 Hen VII, towards the cost.
His executors shall cause 10,000 masses in honor of the Trinity, the Five Wounds, the Five Joys of Our Lady, the Nine Orders of Angels, the Patriarchs, the Twelve Apostles and All Saints (numbers to each object specified) to be said within one month after his decease, at 6d. each, making in all 250l, and shall distribute 2,000l. in alms; and to ensure payment he has left 2,250l. with the abbot, &c., of West-minster, by indenture dated His debts are then to be paid and reparation for wrongs made by his executors at the discretion of the following persons, by whom all complaints shall be tenderly weighed, viz, the abp of Canterbury (59), Richard bp of Winchester (61), the bps of London and Rochester (39), Thomas Earl of Surrey (66), Treasurer General, George Earl of Shrewsbury (41), Steward of the House, Sir Charles Somerset Lord Herbert (49), Chamberlain, the two Chief Justices, Mr. John Yong (44), Master of the Rolls, Sir Thos. Lovell (30), Treasurer of the House, Mr. Thomas Routhall, secretary, Sir Ric Emson (59), Chancellor of the Duchy, Edmund Dudley 1462-1510, the King's attorney at the time of his decease, and his confessor, the Provincial of the Friars Observants, and Mr. William Atwater, dean of the Chapel, or at least six of them and three of his executors.
His executors shall see that the officers of the Household and Wardrobe discharge any debts which may be due for charges of the same.
Lands to the yearly value of above 1,000 mks have been "amortised" for fulfilment of certain covenants (described) with the abbey of Westminster.
For the completion of the hospital which he has begun to build at the Savoie place beside Charingcrosse, and towards which 10,000 mks in ready money has been delivered to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's, by indenture dated Certain cathedrals, abbeys, &c., named in a schedule hereto annexed [not annexed now] have undertaken to make for him orisons, prayers and suffrages "while the world shall endure," in return for which he has made them large confirmations, licences and other grants; and he now wishes 6s. 8d. each to be delivered soon after his decease to the rulers of such cathedrals, &c., 3s. 4d. to every canon and monk, being priest, within the same and 20d. to every canon, monk, vicar and minister not being priest. His executors shall bestow 2,000l. upon the repair of the highways and bridges from Windsor to Richmond manor and thence to St. George's church beside Southwark, and thence to Greenwich manor, and thence to Canterbury.
To divers lords, as well of his blood as other, and also to knights, squires and other subjects, he has, for their good service, made grants of lands, offices and annuities, which he straitly charges his son, the Prince (17), and other heirs to respect; as also the enfeoffments of the Duchy of Lancaster made by Parliaments of 7 and 19 Hen. VII. for the fulfilment of his will.
Bequests for finishing of the church of the New College in Cambridge and the church of Westminster, for the houses of Friars Observants, for the altar within the King's grate (i.e. of his tomb), for the high altar within the King's chapel, for the image of the King to be made and set upon St. Edward's shrine, for the College of Windsor, for the monastery of Westminster, for the image of the King to be set at St. Thomas's shrine at Canterbury, and for chalices and pixes of a certain fashion to be given to all the houses of Friars and every parish church not suitably provided with such.
Bequest of a dote of 50,000l. for the marriage of Lady Mary (13) the King's daughter with Charles Prince of Spain (9), as contracted at Richmond Prince (17), his Council and our said executors."
Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet
Maternal Family Tree: Maud Saye
Descendants Family Trees:
Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Edward III King England 1312-1377
Kings Wessex: Great x 15 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858
Kings Gwynedd: Great x 14 Grand Son of Maredudd ab Owain King Deheubarth, King Powys, King Gwynedd -999
Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 16 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950
Kings Powys: Great x 14 Grand Son of Maredudd ab Owain King Deheubarth, King Powys, King Gwynedd -999
Kings England: Grand Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377
Kings Scotland: Great x 8 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093
Kings Franks: Great x 6 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180
Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314
Father: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son Edward III King England 1312-1377
GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son Edward II King England 1284-1327
Great GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327 Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son Henry III King England 1207-1272
Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272 Son John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216
Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291
Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 3 GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon 1199-1252 Great Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon 1220-1279
Great GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314 Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271
Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre 1244-1274 Great x 4 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087
Great x 3 GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 Great x 4 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154
Great x 2 GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304 Great x 3 Grandson Stephen I King England 1094-1154
Great x 3 GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault 1218-1257 Great x 4 Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087
Great x 3 GrandMother: Adelaide Gerulfing Count Hainault 1230-1284 Great x 2 Granddaughter Stephen I King England 1094-1154
Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland 1252-1311 Great x 5 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087
Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur 1216-1281
Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Bar Count Luxembourg, Count Namur 1220-1275 Great x 4 Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087
Great GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 2 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271
Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299 Great x 3 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles II King Naples 1254-1309 Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 3 GrandMother: Mary of Hungary Queen Consort Naples 1257-1323
Mother: Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry III King England 1207-1272
GrandFather: Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 Great Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272
Great GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Grandson Henry III King England 1207-1272
Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 Son Henry III King England 1207-1272
Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272 Son John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216
Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291
Great x 2 GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Capet 1216- Great Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 3 GrandMother: Matilda Reginar Count Saint-Pol 1224-1288 Great x 2 Granddaughter Stephen I King England 1094-1154
Great GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322
Great x 2 GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1250-1283
Great x 3 GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1218-1258
Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer 1263-1306
Great x 3 GrandFather: William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick 1237-1298
Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Fitzjohn Countess Warwick 1238-1301
GrandMother: Isabel Beaumont Duchess Lancaster 1320-1361 Great x 4 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135
Great GrandFather: Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 Great x 3 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135
Great x 2 GrandFather: Louis Brienne Viscount Beaumont 1227-1297 Great x 2 Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 3 GrandFather: John de Brienne I King Jerusalem 1170-1237
Great x 3 GrandMother: Beregaria Ivrea 1204-1237 Great Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 2 GrandMother: Agnes Beaumont-Sarthe Great x 2 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135
Great x 3 GrandFather: Raoul Beaumont-Sarthe I Viscount 1172-1239 Great Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135
Great x 3 GrandMother: Agnes de La Flèche Flèche Viscountess
Great GrandMother: Alice Comyn Baroness Beaumont Great x 7 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135
Great x 2 GrandFather: Alexander Comyn -1308 Great x 6 Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135
Great x 3 GrandFather: Alexander Comyn 2nd Earl Buchan 1217-1289
Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Quincy Countess Buchan Great x 5 Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135
Great x 2 GrandMother: Joanna Latimer 1269-1320
Great x 3 GrandFather: William Latimer 1st Baron Latimer Corby 1243-1304
Great x 3 GrandMother: Alicia Ledet Baroness Latimer Corby 1251-1316